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assisting in our humble measure, in their idea, preach the whole gospel, the propagation of the religion of get do they not preach parts of it? Christ.”
Yea, many solemn and interesting parts Under the first head we are of it? Are not parts of it good for happy to find JESUS Christ in- something? Are they not indeed, di
vinc seed, which may spring up, and troduced, as a diyine teacher and bear the fruits of immortal life and Sayiour. But we feel some diffi- bliss? If their stated ministers and culty in reconciling the following missionaries promote, by their teachremarks with the idea of his di- ing in common, some of the most imvinity, or with the character of portant subjects of the religion they Him, in whom dwelleth all the ful respects, to rejoice in their labours,
believe, is it not their duty, in these ness of the godhcad bodily. and wish them success ? Let us now
“ But with all his divine abilities, appeal to the fact to determine how he felt the infirmities of a man, and far, in union together, they preach the needed human assistance. He chose truths of the gospel. Do they not twelve of the number of his followers unitedly preach" the evidences of to be his confidential friends and min- Christ's mission; state his gospel the isters, who, being arıund his person, only infallible directory of our faith and in every place and circumstance, manners, and charge us to consult it might promptly afford him their aid." upon all important questions with What impression, it is candid- teachable minds, if we would b)made
“ wise unto salvation ?" Do they not ly asked, does this representation
propose, and warmly recommend to of Christ make on the mind? Is the love and imitation of their hearers, it not that of weakness and de his example ? An example pure and pendence ? Is it not that of a exalted beyond what poels had fanci• leader, peeding a lifeguard, rath- described before he lived; for till then,
ed, or historians, sacred or human, er than of him, by whom the they never beheld, nor heard of such worlds were made ?
excellence of worth, such beauty of These queries are made, not character in our form. Do they not that we doubt the preacher's be- urge upon us his precepts, as the sulief of the sacred TRINITY ; but because the wisdom which is from
rule of our temper and conduct, because we think such a repre- above, is first pure, then peaceable, sentation of the Son of God little gentle and easy to be entreated, full calculated to excite the reverence of mercy and good fruits, without paror gratitude of those whom he tiality, and without hypocrisy? Do
they not affirm, in the words of the came to redeem.
apostle, notwithstanding their hypothUnder the second head of his esis to render the subject more intele discourse the main object of the ligible may differ, all have sinned preacher appears to be, not to and come short of the glory of God prove that differences of opinion being justified freely by his grace
through the redemption that is in relative to doctrine, &c. have ex. Jesus Christ; whom God hath set isted in all ages of the church ; forth to be a propitiation through faith but lo shew that the preaching in his blood, to declare his righteousof the gospel, though various ness for the remission of sins, that and partial, has produced very God? Do they not, divinely taught
are past, through the forbearance of beneficial effects, spiritual and by their Master, bring life and imtemporal. In evidence of this, mortality beyond the grave, into a and as a specimen of our au
state of clearer and more splendid thor's manner, the following ex- light, than it had been by the philostract is given.
ophers of the world, and even by in
spired teachers before he came, and “ Though the instructors whom place it in a point of view, calculated, they conceive erroneous, may not, in more than any other, deeply to ima No.7. Vol. II.
press the human mind and passions, or missionaries,” If all the a scene of complete moral retribution
truths, which such teachers Do not the motives they inculcate to
here excite us to well doing, and to deter preach“ in union,” are us from evil, exceed in weight and named by our author ; it may consequence all which any other reli- well be doubted, whether the ingious instructor has ever taught for Auence of Christianity on the this holy end ?”
moral character of individuals, or With our benevolent author
even on society, would much we cheerfully admit, as a delight- surpass that of the philosophy of ful fact, that “high spiritual Socrates, did not other preachadvantages have attended the
ers often exceed their limits. If preaching of Christ, though the
we are taught in the gospel, that salutary office has been perform- by nature we are morally deprav. ed with varying degrees of light, ed and children of wrath; that ability, and success; that the
are dead i trespasses and Christian world is the fairest por- sins, and enemies to God; that tion of this earth; and that no
we must be born again and beparticular class of Christians can
come new creatures ; that sin is claim these good effects, as aris- atoned only by the blood of Jesus, ing exclusively from their modes and that this Jesus is a divine of teaching." Still, however, it person ; that justification is the seems reasonable to suppose, work of God's Spirit, and that that the influence of the gospel our salvation is wholly of grace, would have been greater, had it through faith, and that not of been preached with more light, ourselves ;-these doctrines must ability and uniformity; especial- not only be parts, but the essenly if the whole gospel had been tial parts, of the gospel, since thus preached. Admitting, with they give to man, and to Chrisour catholic author, that instruct- tianity, à character and features, ors, deemed erroneous, "preach not merely different, but oppoparts of the gospel,” and that site to those, usually ascribed to they unitedly preach the evi- them, in systems of theology, in dences of Christ's mission," and which these doctrines are set state his gospel the only infalli- aside. The Scripture constantly ble directory of our faith and supposes that the truth inay be manners ; that they warmly re- preached, as well as professed, commend his example and urge by bad men and from bad mo-, upon us his precepts; that they tives. Still it is truth; and this exhibit “ life and immortality in a was the ground of the apostle's more splendid light, than any joy. He rejoiced, that in any philosophers or even inspired way or with any disposition (even teachers” before his coming, and if the motive were cruel) Christ inculcate “ motives" to virtue, was preached. Here is no refexceeding in weight those of any erence, either to the nature or former religious teacher; never- number of the doctrines preach. theless, if other instructions be ed. The fair import of the pasnot added, we are painfully ap sage is, that those, who were acprehensive, that the most im- tuated by envy, preached the portant parts of the gospel are same doctrines with those, who not preached by such“ miniaters preached from good will. This
text, therefore, does not warrant religion, which alone "gives the supposition, that Paul ever glory to God, on earth peace, rejoiced in any preaching, or sys- good will towards men.” tem of theology, which was in The length, peculiar structure, his view deficient in any essential and consequent intricacy of some article of the Christian faith ; periods in this discourse, may, and, it is presumed, more will perhaps, have led us to mistake not be required of us, than of our author's meaning. Errors him.
springing from this source, will We now leave it to the intelli- not be charged to our account. gent reader to determine for With frankness we confess, that himself, whether the kind of the perusal of this sermon has preaching, above described, tho', frequently reminded us of the like the ancient philosophy, it old, but useful adage, Bis ad may be useful to civil society, limam quod semel ad linguam. may not endanger the final sal. The appendix to this discourse vation of the individual, by con: contains an account of the pro: cealing from him bis true char- ceedings of the Society, before acter and the only medium of whom it was preached. The pardon, and by leading him to greater part of their funds, it apdepend on himself, and not upon pears, are expended in books for God alone.
distribution, and in the support It is a great pleasure to us, in of missionaries and schools in the this connexion, that we are able district of Maine, which, for conto except the worthy author of venience, they have divided into this discourse from the number seven missionary districts, here of those superficial preachers, described ; in each district books whom he has described. Nor are deposited, with some suitable would our duty, on this occasion, person, for distribution.
The have been equally imperious, had instructions given by the Society the mantle of catholicism been to their missionaries, together cast by a gentleman, less res with an account of the number pectable for talents, natural and of missionaries employed the acqnired.
current year, and some interestTo the correctness and weight ing extracts from their journals,* of sentiment, expressed by our are inserted in this appendix, author under the last head of his which concludes with a list of the discourse, we are happy to give present officers of the Society. our cordial testimony. We rejoice to find the preacher here
These extracts are inserted under in his own element, while cele- the head of “ Religious Intelligence," brating the excellencies of that which see.
UNITED STATES. SOCIETY FOR PROPAGATING THE in North America, in their Annual
Report of Nov. 1806, state, that they THE Society for Propagating the have employed four missionaries this Gaspel among the Indians and others year in the District of Maine. The
Journal of one only (the Rer. Mr. them, as “ wonderful ;” twenty-one Hidden) had been received.
have been added to their church, unMr. Hidden completed his missio. der his ministration, in this small set. nary labours, in the counties of York tement. They cor 'ude by express, and Oxford, early in November. His ing their earnest de: that “ we who journal has been received, from which send, and they wh
ceire, may it appears, that he has travelled about
unite in our prayers tu 1, that he seven hundred miles, preached ninety- would continue the gosp: among two sermons, baptized seven adult them.” A letter to the Society, of persons, one by immersion, and forty- like import, has been received from the three children ; received twenty-four inhabitants of the town of Albany. persons into church communion, vis. From the acceptance and success ited twenty-seven aged and sick per. of Mr. Hidden's labours, and the good sons, established four schools, admin- dispositions manifested by the people istered the Lord's supper four times, to whom he was sent, the Society have visited eleven schools, and sixty fam- great reason to be satisfied witi their ilies, and distributed about two hun, missionary, and much encouragement dred books. Mr. Ħidden observes,
to continue their attentions to those, that “the weather was so favourable who so gratefully receive, and so com. during the whole of his mission, (of mendably improve them. three months) that he was hindered Since our last annual report, the from travelling but a single day:” that aged and reverend Zechariah May“people in general were very ready hew, long a diligent and faithful mis: to attend on the word and ordinances sionary in the service of the Society, of God,” that “ many manifested among the remnant of Indians on warm gratitude to God, and thankful- Martha's Vineyard, has deceased. ness to the society for their notice of The ancestors of these Indians were them ;” that “ he found the schools, among the first of the aborigines of which had been begun by the society, New England, who embraced Chuisin excellent order. Of the inhabit. tianity ; and from that time to the ants in many of the towns he visited, present, they have not ceased to enjoy he speaks in terms of high commenda
the ordinances of the gospel. Though tion, for their industry, frugality, these people have at present among peace and order; and particularly for them, two ordained Indian teachers, their attention and exertions in edu- by tie name of Hansuit and Jeffer, cating their children. Of the town of (the latter a temperate, worthy inan) Lovel especially, containing forty y'et as both are advanced in life, thé families, all of the Congregational de Society contemplate making further nomination, he says,
is there is the provision for their instruction, and will greatest attention to religion in this not cease to contribute, according to place, according to the number of peo. their means, to the support of reliple, and the least enthusiasm, I ever gious ordinances among them. saw." “ Sabbath, Nov. 2, preached
The venerable Mr. Hawley, now in at Lovel, and administered the Lord's the eightieth year of his age, and in supper ; received nineteen persons in the fifty-fifth of his missionary la. to the church, baptized one adult and bours, and who receives annually a ten children. One received into the church was seventy-nine years old, another sixteen. God is doing wonders here. This was one of the most * The number of people of colour, solemn and joyful days I ever saw.” taken from actual enumeration, at Gay Though few in number, they contein- Head, Martha's Vineyard, were as fol. plate settling a minister among them. lows, in October, 1806. The church in a letter to the secreta
Between four and twenty-one ry, in very affectionate terms, express years old!,
9.4 their grateful acknowledgments to of twenty-one years and upgard, God and to the Society, for “ send- men 43, women 75,
118 ing missionaries to preach to poor, perishing sinners, the unsearchable
212 riches of Christ.” They speak of the The number ander four years not mensuccess of Mr. Hidden's labours among tioned.
part of his support from the Society, vail among Christians who enjoy so is still diligent, active, and successful, many gospel privileges ; that so few, in discharging the duties of his mis- compared with the whole number of sion at Marshpee. He is justly ven- sinners who hear the gospel, feel its erated by his people, who are chiefly power and accept its otters in love ; of mixed blood, as their father, and that in some societies gross sins the protector of their rights and prop- abound, and into others essential er. erty. ( To be continued.) rors have crept. Deeming it a sa
cred duty to contend earnestly for the faith once delivered to the saints,
Synod take this opportunity of raising Extract from the Minutes of the pro- their warning voice against this cold.
ceedings of the Synod of Albany of the ness; these sins and errors. It is Presbyterian Church, at their Ses- mournful that they who are snatched sion in Whitesborough, held on the 1st from perdition by the grace of Jesus and 20 days of October, 1806. should ever be careless in the service
The Synod have heard with plea- of their Master; should ever permit sure, that the institutions of religion their love to decay in its ardour or within their bounds are well attended, its public expression. Christians and treated with marked reverence ought ever to be awake and walk, as and affection. In some places strik. becometh children of light, and the ing instances of the triumphs of the redeemed of God. It is high time cross have occurred, and in most the for them to do so, since the night is work of God seems to be advancing, far spent, and the day is at hand. though silently, yet surely. The They must gird on the armour of youth are instructed in the principles Jehovah, and bear testimony against of our holy religion with considerable sins, especially those which abound. and commendable assiduity. Peace Drunkenness and profanity, and sab. and harmony prevail generally, and bath breaking ought not to be so much the good order of the church is pre. as named among Christians ; and Sy. served unimpaired. Vacant congrega- nod hope that all who are in their tions are snpplying, new ones are
connexion will most studiously avoid forming, and the cry for additional the appearance of evil as well as its preachers of the word becomes more practice ; and that they will admonish loud and urgent. The pastors appear and exhort all, who are guilty of imto fulfil their duties, and the focks morality, to repent and live godly in theirs, so that between them, except. Christ Jesus. ing in very few instances, exists the. Error in practice arises from error unity of the Spirit in the bond of in doctrine ; not that all who are cor. peace.
rect in the latter, are always so in the Although the prospect externally formper ; for many are only nominal is thus promising, Synod regret that believers, who though they profess so much coldness and formality pre- the truth in words, hold it in uns
righteousness. Between sound princi.
ple and sound conduct there is an s One hundred dollars, beside some inseparable connexion. Synod there. occasional grants of small sums, sta- fore, whilst they warn their churches tionary and books.
against immorality, warn them solemn. 1 These Indians possess several thou- ly against errors. Those which fant acres of land, which were seques- chiefly prevail respect the future dered and secured to their ancestors, and destiny of sinners, and the character their successors, by Richard Bourn, their and work of the Redeemer. Satan pastor, who firse plante:! Christianity is still instilling into the hearts of sine here, about a century and a half ago. ners what he said unto the woman in This plantation is an asylum for In- paradise, “ye shall not surely die." dians from various parts of New Eng- He is filling them with the hope, that land and Long Island, and some have though they live after the flesh, they resorted here from Georgia, and even will finally be saved. Thus he is ex. from the East-Indies. They are not citing them to turn the grace of God
The Indians of unmixed into licentiousness. Christians ought blood do not exceed forty or fifty persons. not to be deceived. Sin is an awful