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The purpose of this study is to provide the statisti

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The first is a brief overview of the status of minorities

and women.

The second section includes an analysis of

underutilization, Department-wide, as well as in adminis

trations and regions.

The final section of the first part

is a McKersie analysis which compares the position of blacks

in the Department to their status in private industry.

While the first part of the statistical analysis evaluates

the status of minorities and women, the second part attempts

to provide an understanding of their underutilization.


contains two sections.

The first examines the demographic

characteristics such as service, age, or education, which

determine an employee's position in the Department, and con

siders the effect of these factors on underutilization,

The second section conducts a correlation study of the fac

tors responsible for the status of minorities and women in

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This study does not contain any time-series analysis

which would include such factors as rates of promotion and

turnover, or vacancy chains.

The reason for this omission

is that historical data past 1970 is not available.


ever, the study does include some limited time-series analy


Second, while the analysis presented here attempted

to include the major determinants of an employee's position,

it was not possible to consider all such factors.

In addi

tion to race, sex, and professional or nonprofessional sta

tus this study takes into account education, length of ser

vice, time-in-grade, age, geographic location, and organiza

tional unit.

Not included were such factors as occupation

or personal ability.

The third limitation is that the nonblack minorities-

Spanish-surnamed Americans, American Indians, and Orientals-

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this study except that on education came from the Depart

ment's automated personnel file.

The educational data were

taken from individual employee's personnel folders

lers. 1

The reliability of both these sources of data were checked.

They appeared generally correct although each contained

some mistakes.

While not accounting for all limitations, the Task

Force believes that this study overcomes enough of them to

serve as a basis for making and implementing policy.

1/ see p.

of the statistical appendix for more information on the educational data.

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focuses on the representation and distribution of employees within the professional ranks. 2/ But in order to gain a

more complete perspective of the status of minorities and

women, it is useful to begin by looking at the whole pic

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employees are in professional jobs, while this same propor

tion of blacks and 68 percent of women are nonprofessionals.

The largest concentration of employees in nonprofessional

jobs is found among black women, 80 percent of whom fall

into this classification.

Nonblack minorities tend to be

2/ This study focuses on the professional classification

since this is the area in which most of the underutilization of these groups is found.

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