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The purpose of this study is to provide the statisti
The first is a brief overview of the status of minorities
The second section includes an analysis of
underutilization, Department-wide, as well as in adminis
trations and regions.
The final section of the first part
is a McKersie analysis which compares the position of blacks
in the Department to their status in private industry.
While the first part of the statistical analysis evaluates
the status of minorities and women, the second part attempts
to provide an understanding of their underutilization.
contains two sections.
The first examines the demographic
characteristics such as service, age, or education, which
determine an employee's position in the Department, and con
siders the effect of these factors on underutilization,
The second section conducts a correlation study of the fac
tors responsible for the status of minorities and women in
This study does not contain any time-series analysis
which would include such factors as rates of promotion and
turnover, or vacancy chains.
The reason for this omission
is that historical data past 1970 is not available.
ever, the study does include some limited time-series analy
Second, while the analysis presented here attempted
to include the major determinants of an employee's position,
it was not possible to consider all such factors.
tion to race, sex, and professional or nonprofessional sta
tus this study takes into account education, length of ser
vice, time-in-grade, age, geographic location, and organiza
Not included were such factors as occupation
or personal ability.
The third limitation is that the nonblack minorities-
Spanish-surnamed Americans, American Indians, and Orientals-
this study except that on education came from the Depart
ment's automated personnel file.
The educational data were
taken from individual employee's personnel folders
The reliability of both these sources of data were checked.
They appeared generally correct although each contained
While not accounting for all limitations, the Task
Force believes that this study overcomes enough of them to
serve as a basis for making and implementing policy.
1/ see p.
of the statistical appendix for more information on the educational data.
focuses on the representation and distribution of employees within the professional ranks. 2/ But in order to gain a
more complete perspective of the status of minorities and
women, it is useful to begin by looking at the whole pic
employees are in professional jobs, while this same propor
tion of blacks and 68 percent of women are nonprofessionals.
The largest concentration of employees in nonprofessional
jobs is found among black women, 80 percent of whom fall
into this classification.
Nonblack minorities tend to be
2/ This study focuses on the professional classification
since this is the area in which most of the underutilization of these groups is found.