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The use indices become progressively worse in
the remaining regions reflecting both the poor represen
tation and inequitable distribution of black professionals.
Half the regions have a use index below .65.
p. 24 ).
Time-series analysis of underutilization
A further perspective of the underutilization of blacks
can be gained from examining their status over a period of
Nationwide, the trend has been for the segment which
example, the proportion which blacks comprise of all GS-15's
rose from 2.4 percent in 1965 to 8.3 percent in 1971 while
the segment of professional GS-5's comprised by blacks in
creased from 15 to 45 percent.
As the result of roughly
The data used in this section were taken from old computer printouts which are available in the EEO office. The analysis considers only professionals and excludes professionals in grades 6, 8 and 10.
comparable gains in the proportion of black professionals
for grades GS 5-15 and the lack of a significant increase
in their representation among supergrades, the average
salary of black professionals did not register a significant
gain over 1965-1971.
The average salary of black profes
sionals was 85 percent of that for all professionals in 1965 compared to 88 percent in 1971.10/
(Chart 6, p. 29 ).
in the field increased sharply between 1968 and 1969 only
to drop again between 1969 and 1970.
This rise and fall
appears to have resulted from a decline in the number of
black GS-5 professionals in 1969.
Overall, the difference
in the salary of black and all professionals was smaller
in the field compared to the National Office in 1965 and
this pattern has been maintained over time.
This includes professionals in grades GS-6, 8, and 10.
Chart 6. PERCENT BLACKS COMPRISE OF PROFESSIONALS IN DOL,
GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION. 1965-1970
Source: Tables 2-5 pp.243-246.
If the trend since 1965 in the employment of black
professionals continues, the under-representation of blacks
among professionals in the field will improve measurably.
In contrast, no such improvement could be expected concern
ing the inequitable distribution of blacks in professional
At the rate given by the trend since 1968
(which is the time period over which the salary difference
between black, and all professionals has decreased most
markedly, it would still take well over a decade for blacks to gain an equitable distribution. 11
Office where they comprise only 0.9 percent of the profes
In the field, 5.2 percent of all professionals
are nonblack minorities.
(Chart 7, p. 31 ).
The historical data used in this section are not available for nonblack minorities or women.