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actual amount of underutilization is generally more severe
than that shown Department-wide since the goals for minor
ity and female employment apply to each National Office and
Field unit of every administration.
The Department may
meet a goal at the Department-wide level, but may fail to
meet that same goal in a particular administration.
criteria for minority and female employment used in this
report do not allow for an administration with an equitable
utilization in each administration will be shown by a "use
professional workforce, 14 percent, meets the minimum cri
The basis on which blacks are under utilized in the
Department, Nationwide, is in terms of their distribution
within the professional classification.
proportion of professional employees who are black at each
grade discloses that they make up a very large segment of
the grades GS 5, 7, 9, and 11--45 percent, 20 percent, 26
percent, and 17 percent, respectively in each grade.
the other hand, blacks comprise at most 10 percent, but
generally less than this proportion of the employees in
each grade above GS-ll (with the exception of GS-18 where
two of the eight employees at this level are black). /
This same pattern prevails among black men and women.
example, black males account for 5 percent of all male
? The ADP records for GS-18 are not correct.
Chart 2. PERCENT OF PROFESSIONALS IN EACH GRADE LEVEL WHO ARE BLACK, BY GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION,
MARCH 31, 1971
Source: Tables 8, 17, & 26, pp. 69,
Comparing the average salary for blacks to that for
all employees discloses the extent to which blacks are
under-represented in the higher professional grades.
Black male professionals earn 12 percent less than all male
professionals and a slightly smaller disparity prevails
for black females compared to all female professionals.
However, the lower salaried women comprise a larger segment
of black professionals than of all professionals.
quently, the overall underutilization of blacks is reflected
by the average salary of blacks being 15 percent below the
sentation of blacks in professional positions, 19 percent,
compared to the Field where blacks comprise only 10 percent
of the professional workforce.
This representation exists
among both black men and women.
But in contrast to their
poor representation, black professionals in the Field are
distributed much more equitably than they are in the Nation+
Their average salary in the field is 90 percent
of that for all professionals there, while in the National
Office blacks earn 81 percent of the average salary for
This pattern applies to both men and
However, it is especially evident for black males who
earn 93 percent of the average for all professionals in
the Field, but only 82 percent of the average in the Na
As a result of this pattern, black profes
sionals in the Field are paid more than those in the Nation
al Office even though all professionals in the field earn
less than their counterparts in the National Office.
2, p. 19 ; and Tables ll and 20 pp. 258 and 261).
Underutilization in administrations and regions
To analyze the status of minorities and women in each
administration, this study developed a "use index."
index is composed of the minority or female representation
as a percent of their goal, multiplied times the percent
which their average salary comprises of that for all pro
Use indices are calculated for the National
Office and Field units of an administration, and then combined into a Nationwide index for that administration. 8/
8/ see p. 220 for an explanation of the use index.