Page images
PDF
EPUB

actual amount of underutilization is generally more severe

than that shown Department-wide since the goals for minor

ity and female employment apply to each National Office and

Field unit of every administration.

The Department may

meet a goal at the Department-wide level, but may fail to

meet that same goal in a particular administration.

The

criteria for minority and female employment used in this

report do not allow for an administration with an equitable

[blocks in formation]

utilization in each administration will be shown by a "use

[blocks in formation]

professional workforce, 14 percent, meets the minimum cri

[blocks in formation]

The basis on which blacks are under utilized in the

Department, Nationwide, is in terms of their distribution

within the professional classification.

Examining the

proportion of professional employees who are black at each

grade discloses that they make up a very large segment of

the grades GS 5, 7, 9, and 11--45 percent, 20 percent, 26

percent, and 17 percent, respectively in each grade.

On

the other hand, blacks comprise at most 10 percent, but

generally less than this proportion of the employees in

each grade above GS-ll (with the exception of GS-18 where

two of the eight employees at this level are black). /

This same pattern prevails among black men and women.

For

example, black males account for 5 percent of all male

[blocks in formation]

? The ADP records for GS-18 are not correct.

PERCENT 50

44%

Chart 2. PERCENT OF PROFESSIONALS IN EACH GRADE LEVEL WHO ARE BLACK, BY GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION,

MARCH 31, 1971

[graphic]

40

30

20

10

0

[merged small][merged small][graphic][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][merged small]

Source: Tables 8, 17, & 26, pp. 69,

19

Comparing the average salary for blacks to that for

all employees discloses the extent to which blacks are

under-represented in the higher professional grades.

Black male professionals earn 12 percent less than all male

professionals and a slightly smaller disparity prevails

for black females compared to all female professionals.

However, the lower salaried women comprise a larger segment

of black professionals than of all professionals.

Conse

quently, the overall underutilization of blacks is reflected

by the average salary of blacks being 15 percent below the

[blocks in formation]

sentation of blacks in professional positions, 19 percent,

compared to the Field where blacks comprise only 10 percent

of the professional workforce.

This representation exists

among both black men and women.

But in contrast to their

poor representation, black professionals in the Field are

distributed much more equitably than they are in the Nation+

al Office.

Their average salary in the field is 90 percent

of that for all professionals there, while in the National

Office blacks earn 81 percent of the average salary for

all professionals.

This pattern applies to both men and

women.

However, it is especially evident for black males who

earn 93 percent of the average for all professionals in

the Field, but only 82 percent of the average in the Na

tional Office.

As a result of this pattern, black profes

sionals in the Field are paid more than those in the Nation

al Office even though all professionals in the field earn

less than their counterparts in the National Office.

(Chart

2, p. 19 ; and Tables ll and 20 pp. 258 and 261).

Underutilization in administrations and regions

To analyze the status of minorities and women in each

administration, this study developed a "use index."

This

index is composed of the minority or female representation

as a percent of their goal, multiplied times the percent

which their average salary comprises of that for all pro

fessionals.

Use indices are calculated for the National

Office and Field units of an administration, and then combined into a Nationwide index for that administration. 8/

8/ see p. 220 for an explanation of the use index.

« PreviousContinue »