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(h) If the location of the home offices PART 241-BARRELS FOR FRUITS, is stated and this is not the place of manufacture within the meaning of the

VEGETABLES AND OTHER DRY above definition, an additional state

COMMODITIES, AND FOR CRANment must be included to this effect:

BERRIES "Manufactured at

(giving the Sec. location of the plant).

241.1 Capacities. (Secs. 2, 3, 39 Stat. 630; 16 U.S.C. 238, 239)

241.2 Legal standard arrels.

241.3 Application of tolerance for "distance $ 240.6 Tolerances.

between heads." (a) When lime is packed in barrels

241.4 Application of tolerance for "diameter

of bead.” the tolerance to be allowed on the large

241.5 Standard dimensions. barrel or the small barrel of lime shall 241.6 Classes of barrels for tolerance appllbe 5 pounds in excess or in deficiency on

cation. any individual barrel: Provided, how- 241.7 Tolerances to be allowed. ever, That the average error on 10 bar

AUTHORITY: The provisions of this part 241 rels of the same nominal weight and issued under sec. 3, 38 Stat. 1187; 15 U.S.C. packed by the same manufacturer shall 236, unless otherwise noted. in no case be greater than 2 pounds in

SOURCE: The provisions of this Part 241 excess or in deficiency. In case all the

appear at 13 F.R. 8373, Dec. 28, 1948, unless barrels available are not weighed, those otherwise noted. which are weighed shall be selected at NOTE: The rules and regulations in this random.

part refer entirely to individual barrels, and (b) When lime is packed in containers no separate tolerance has been placed on the of less capacity than the standard small average content of a number of barrels taken

at random from a shipment. It is not bebarrel, the tolerance to be allowed in ex

lieved that barrels can be so made as to take cess or in deficiency on individual con.

advantage of the tolerances, and, of course, tainers of various weights, shall be the

no attempt should be made to do this. It values given in the column headed "Tol

is, therefore, expected that as many barrels erance on individual package," of the will be above as below the standard capacity. following table: Provided, however, That

§ 241.1 Capacities. the average error on 10 containers of the same nominal weight and packed by the (a) The capacities of the standard same manufacturer shall in no case be barrel for fruits, vegetables, and other greater than the values given in the col- dry commodities, other than cranberries,

headed "Tolerance on umn

average

and its subdivisions, are as follows: weight," of the following table. In case all the containers available are not

Size

Cubic inches

Bushels 1 Quarts ? weighed, those which are weighed shall be selected at random.

Barrel.

7056 3. 281 105 barrel.

8292 2. 461 7894
34 barrel.

3528 1. 641 5244
Toler-
Toler * barrel.

2352
1. 094

35
Weight of package

individ-
ual
average

1 Struck measure.
package
weigh

(b) The capacities of the standard

cranberry barrel and its subdivisions are Pounds Pounds

14 Not greater than 60 lbs..

as follows:

98
More than 50 lbs. and not greater
than 100 lbs.

2
4
Size

Cubic
More than 100 lbs. and not greater

inches

Bushels 1 Quarts ? then 150 lbs.

144
More than 150 lbs. and less than
180 lbs..

14
Cranberry barrel.

5826

2. 709 864564 * cranberry barrel. 4369.5 2. 032

65464 cranberry barrel. 2913

1. 355 431153 (c) When lime in bulk is sold, charged * cranberry barrel.

1942

.903 289932 for, or purported to be delivered as a defi

1 Struck measure. nite number of large or small barrels, the

(Sec. 1, 38 Stat. 1186; 16 U. S. C. 234) tolerance to be allowed in excess or in deficiency on such amounts of lime shall 8 241.2 Legal standard barrels. be 15 pounds per 1,800 pounds (10 small

(a) Any barrel having the dimensions barrels), or 25 pounds per 2,800 pounds

specified for a standard barrel for fruits, (10 large barrels).

vegetables, and other dry commodities,

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other than cranberries, in section 1 of been manufactured with but one head the standard-barrel law, or any barrel or and no croze ring or other means for the & subdivision thereof having the contents insertion of a head at the opposite end, specified in section 1 of the standard- and it is desired to insert a second head, barrel law and in § 241.1 (a) regardless of the croze ring shall be so cut that the its form or dimensions, is a legal stand- inside edge shall not be more than 1%8 ard barrel for fruits, vegetables, or other inches from the end of the staves in the dry commodities other than cranberries, case of a barrel or 34 barrel or not more or a legal subdivision thereof. No other than 1 inch or 78 inch from the end of barrel or subdivision in barrel form is a the staves in the case of the 12 barrel legal container for fruits, vegetables, or and 13 barrel, respectively, or the other other dry commodities other than cran- means shall be so adjusted that the inberries.

side surface of the head when inserted (b) Any barrel having the dimensions shall not exceed these distances from specified for a standard barrel for cran- the end of the staves. berries in section 1 of the standard-bar

§ 241.4. Application of tolerance for rel law, or any subdivision thereof hav

"diameter of head." ing the contents specified in § 241.1 (b),

(a) The tolerance established in this regardless of its form or dimensions, 18

part for the dimension specified as & legal standard barrel for cranberries or

“diameter of head" shall be applied to & legal subdivision thereof. No other barrel or subdivision in barrel form is &

the diameter of the head over all, includ. legal container for cranberries.

ing the part which fits into the croze ring

of the completed barrel. (Sec. 1, 38 Stat. 1188; 16 U. S. C. 294)

(b) The tolerance established in this § 241.3 Application of tolerance for

part for the dimension specified as "ef“distance between heads."

fective diameter of head” shall be apThe tolerance established in this part plied as follows on the various types of for the dimension specified as “distance barrels and subdivisions in use; between heads" shall be applied as fol- (1) When a barrel or subdivision lows on the various types of barrels in thereof has two heads, the tolerance use:

shall be applied to the mean of the av(a) When a barrel or subdivision erage diameters from inside to inside of thereof has two heads, the tolerance shall staves at the inner edges of the heads. be applied to the distance between the (2) When a barrel or subdivision inside surfaces of the heads and perpen- thereof has but one head and a croze dicular to them.

ring or other means for the insertion of (b) When a barrel or subdivision a head at the opposite end, the tolerance thereof has but one head and a croze shall be applied to the mean of the averring or other means for the insertion of age diameters, one taken from inside to a head, such as an inside hoop, etc., at inside of staves at the inner edge of the the opposite end, the tolerance shall be head, the other from inside to inside of applied to the distance from the inside staves at the inner edge of the croze surface of the bottom head and perpen- ring, or from inside to inside of staves at dicular to it to the inside edge of the & point where the inside surface of a croze ring, or to a point where the in

head would come were such head inside surface of a head would come were serted in the barrel. such head inserted in the barrel.

(3) When a barrel or subdivision (c) When a barrel or subdivision

thereof has but one head and no croze thereof has but one head and no croze

ring or other means for the insertion of ring or other means for the insertion

a head at the opposite end, the tolerance of a head, such as an inside hoop, etc.,

shall be applied to the mean of the avat the opposite end, the tolerance shali be applied to the distance from the in

erage diameters, one taken from inside to

inside of staves at the inner edge of the side surface of the bottom head and

head, the other taken from inside to inperpendicular to it to a point 148 inches

side of staves at a point 148 inches from from the opposite end of the staves in

the end of the staves in the case of a barthe case of a barrel or a 34 barrel, and to a point 1 inch or 76 inch from the

rel or 34 barrel, or at a point 1 inch or 7 opposite end of the staves in the case of

inch from the end of the staves in the the 12 barrel and 13 barrel, respectively.

case of a 1/2 barrel or 43 barrel, respecWhen a barrel or subdivision thereof has tively.

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(c) The standard allowance for depth SUBDIVISIONS OF BARREL TOR CRANBERRIES of croze ring shall be 3416 inch. Therefore, the standard "effective diameter of

Effective diameter of head Inches Inches | Inches head” in the case of the standard barrel (see $ 241.4)

1478 1298 11 is 1634 inches and in the case of the

Distance between heads.

23 20 174

Circumference of bulge, outstandard cranberry barrel is 1578 inches. side measurement.

539% 47 41% § 241.5 Standard dimensions. Whenever in the rules and regulations

(Sec. 1, 38 Stat. 1186; 15 U. S. C. 234) in this part the error on a dimension is § 241.6 Classes of barrels for tolerance mentioned, this error shall be determined application. by taking the difference between the

For the purpose of the application of actual measured dimension and the

tolerances, barrels for fruits, vegetables, standard dimension. The error is an

and other dry commodities other than error in excess and is to be preceded by

cranberries, are hereby divided into two a plus sign when the measured dimension

classes as follows: is greater than the standard dimension.

(a) Class 1 shall include (1) all barThe error is an error in deficiency and is

rels no dimension of which is in error to be preceded by a minus sign when the

by more than the following amounts, and measured dimension is less than the

(2) all barrels one or more of the dimenstandard dimension.

sions of which are in error by more than (a) The standard dimensions of a bar

the following amounts, and which in rel for fruits, vegetables, and other dry

addition have no dimension in error in commodities other than cranberries, and

the opposite direction: of a barrel for cranberries, with which

Error, the actual measured dimensions are to

inches be compared, are as follows:

Effective diameter of heada.

1⁄2 % Distance between heads.--

1⁄2
Barrel for

Circumference of bulge, outside meas-
fruits, veg
urement...

142
etables,

and other Barrel for (b) Class 2 shall include all barrels at
Dimensions

dry com- cranberries least one dimension of which is in error
modities
other than

by more than the amounts given above,
cranberries

but which in addition have at least one

dimension in error in the opposite direcInches Inches tion. (This class includes all barrels

1735 16% Diameter of head.

mentioned in section 1 of the law in the Effective diameter of head

1694 (see $ 241.4).

15% proviso reading: "Provided, That any

26 Distance between heads.

barrel of a different form having a caCircumference of bulge, out

64

5874 pacity of seven thousand and fifty-six side measurement.

2842 28% Length of stave.

cubic inches shall be a standard barrel.")

(Sec. 1, 38 Stat. 1186; 15 U. S. C. 234) (b) In the case of all subdivisions of

§ 241.7 Tolerances to be allowed. the barrel for fruits, vegetables, and other dry commodities other than cran

(a) The tolerances to be allowed in berries, and all subdivisions of the barrel

excess or in deficiency on the dimensions for cranberries, the following dimensions

of all barrels of Class 1 shall be as are hereby standardized for the purpose

follows: of the application of tolerances, and the

Tolerance actual measured dimensions are to be

inches Diameter of head...

44 compared with these:

Effective diameter of head.. SUBDIVISIONS OF BARREL FOR FRUITS, VEGETABLES,

Distance between heads.--
AND OTHER DRY COMMODITIES OTHER THAN CRAN-

Circumference of bulge, outside meas-
urementar

142
34 % 36 Length of stave.--
Dimensions
barrel barrel barrel

(1) If no dimension of a barrel of Class
Inches Inches

1 is in error by more than the tolerance

Inches Effective diameter of head

1574 (see 3 241.4).

given above, then the barrel is within the

2397 Distance between heads.

2022
18

tolerance allowed. Circumference of bulge, out

5842 5128 48% side measurement.

(2) If one or more of the dimensions of a barrel of Class 1 is in error by more

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than the tolerance given above, then the (2) If one or more of the dimensions barrel is not within the tolerance allowed. of a barrel for cranberries is in error by

(b) The tolerance to be allowed in ex- more than the tolerance given above, cess or in deficiency on all barrels of then the barrel is not within the tolerClass 2 shall be 142 inches (1.5) inches, ance allowed. and this tolerance is to be applied to the (d) The tolerances to be allowed in exresult obtained by the application of the cess or in deficiency on all subdivisions following rule:

of the standard barrel for fruits, vege(1) Having determined the errors of tables, and other dry commodities other each dimension and given to each its than cranberries, and on all subdivisions proper sign (see § 241.4), add the errors of the standard barrel for cranberries, on the effective diameter of head and the shall be the values given in the following distance between heads algebraically and table, and these tolerances are to be apmultiply the result by 1.67 (or 53). Then plied to the result obtained by the appliadd this result to the error on the cir- cation of the following rule: cumference of bulge algebraically. If (1) Having determined the errors on the result obtained is not greater than each dimension and given to each its the tolerance given above, then the bar- proper sign (see § 241,5), add the errors rel is within the tolerance allowed; if the on the effective diameter of head and result is greater than this tolerance, then the distance between heads algebraically the barrel is not within the tolerance and multiply the result by 1.67 (or 53). allowed.

Then add this result to the error on the Note: To find the algebraic sum of a num- circumference of bulge algebraically. If ber of quantities having different signs, first the result obtained is not greater than add all those having one sign; then add all

the tolerance given in the following table those having the opposite sign; then subtract the smaller sum from the larger, giving this

for the proper subdivision, then the bar. result the sign of the larger quantity.

rel is within the tolerance allowed; it (c) The tolerance to be allowed in ex

the result is greater than this tolerance, cess or in deficiency on the dimensions

then the barrel is not within the toler-
of all barrels for cranberries shall be as ance allowed.
follows:
Tolerance,

Tolerance
inches
Diameter of head.

% %
Effective diameter of bead.

Size of subdivision

For fruits,
Distance between heads..

vegetables,

and other Circumference of bulge, outside meas

dry com urement.

1%

modities
Length of stave.

%
(1) If no dimension of a barrel for

Inches Inches cranberries is in error by more than the

4 barrel.

136 (1.375) 1% (1.25) * barrel.

144 (1.25) tolerance given above, then the barrel is 18 barrel.

148 (1.125)

148 (1.125) 1 (1.00) within the tolerance allowed.

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For cranberries

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SUBCHAPTER EFELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES 1

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PART 255--FELLOWSHIP IN LABORA-
TORY STANDARDIZATION AND
TESTING FOR QUALIFIED CITIZENS
OF OTHER AMERICAN REPUBLICS

che

Sec.

265.1 Type of fellowships.
255.2 Quallications.
255.3 Award of fellowships,
265.4 Allowances and expenses.
256.5 Progress reports,
265.8 Duration of fellowships.
255.7 Official notifcation.

AUTHORITY: The provisions of this Part 255 issued under R.S. 161; sec. 1, 53 Stat. 1290; 22 U.S.C. 501.

SOURCE: The provisions of this Part 255 appear at 13 F.R. 8374, Dec. 28, 1948, unless otherwise noted. $ 255.1 Type of fellowships.

Fellowships shall be of the combined intern-training and training-in-research type, and may include any or all of the following courses:

(a) Orientation courses consisting of lectures and conferences at the National Bureau of Standards pertaining to lab

oratory standardization and testing.

Clasi ance

sions more

132 F.R. 10252, July 12, 1967.

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(b) Practical laboratory training in various branches of physics, chemistry, and engineering research, under the direction of the National Bureau of Standards, which will include the usual subdivisions of physics (weights and measures, heat, optics, mechanics, atomic physics, electrical measurements and radio) and also technologic applications in research and testing on metals, rubber, leather, paper, textiles, plastics, and clay and sillcate products.

(c) Observation and study in such other laboratories within the continental United States as may be selected by the Director of the National Bureau of Standards.

(d) Courses of instruction or research assignments supplementing the practical laboratory training, in universities or colleges selected by the Director of the National Bureau of Standards. $ 255.2 Qualifications.

Each applicant selected for a fellowship shall be:

(a) A citizen of an American republic other than the United States;

(b) In possession of a certificate of medical examination issued by a licensed physician within 60 days of the date of application, describing the applicant's physical condition and stating that he is free from any communicable disease, physical deformity or disability that would interfere with the proper pursuit of training, research, or any other activity or work incident to the fellowship;

(c) Able to speak, read, write and understand the English language;

(d) Of good moral character and possessing intellectual ability and suitable personal qualities; and

(e) In possession of acceptable evidence that he has successfully completed the equivalent of a four-year university course in a recognized university, college or other institution of learning, with some training or experience in the field of activity which he desires to pursue. Equivalent experience may be substituted for the university training in the case of candidates who are otherwise specially well qualified. 8 255.3 Award of fellowships.

Fellowships shall be awarded by the Director of the National Bureau of Standards, with the approval of the

Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary of State, or the duly authorized representative of the Secretary of State. Applications shall be transmitted to the Secretary of State by the government of the American republic of which the applicant is a citizen through the American diplomatic mission accredited to that government. 8 255.4 Allowances and expenses.

Allowances and expenses shall be as provided in State Department regulations given in 22 CFR Part 61, and as provided in Department of Commerce Administrative Order No. 202-3. 8 255.5 Progress reports.

Applicants awarded fellowships under the regulations in this part shall submit written reports of progress in training and research at such intervals as the Director of the National Bureau of Standards may determine. 8 255.6 Duration of fellowships.

Fellowships may be awarded for periods of varying length, not exceeding one 12-month period of actual training and research and may be extended for not exceeding the same periods in the manner prescribed under 8 255.3 and subject to the availability of appropriations. Fellowships may be cancelled for cause by the Director of the National Bureau of Standards, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary of State, or the duly authorized representative of the Secretary of State. 8 255.7 Official notification.

Each applicant selected by the Director of the National Bureau of Standards and approved by the Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary of State, or the duly authorized representative of the Secretary of State, shall be notified of his award through diplomatic channels. The notification shall state the duration and type of fellowship, outline the program of training and research, and state the allowances authorized: Provided, however, That the Director of the National Bureau of Standards may subsequently amend the program and duration of the fellowship if in his opinion

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