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forming Arts. Perth Amboy, N.J., was given timated, more than 200,000 small businesses highly effective community development procredit for a facility it planned to build later. will have been closed by urban renewal--a gram of the United States Chamber of ComThe GAO reports are full of such cases.
catastrophe largely overlooked in rosy de- merce, says, “The responsibility for redevel2. The program operates like Robin Hood scriptions of these programs.
oping and revitalizing a city belongs to the in reverse. It approves the taking of prop- 5. The program encourages landgrabbing people of that city, and to nobody else. Reerty by police power from ordinary citizens and hasty starts on 111-conceived projects, development is essential, but it must be an and selling it by advance arrangement to often followed by long periods of stagnation. orderly self-help program, not a gigantic other, often wealthy, private citizens at prices About 20 percent of all projects are aban- blitzkrieg. Genuine new life for a city can frequently as low as 30 percent of acquisition doned. Seventy percent of all land seized only be generated from within. It cannot be cost. That 70-percent writedown constitutes so far has not yet been put to the use desig- granted from above, or imposed from the outa huge subsidy which robs taxpayers every- nated.
side by drastic action which destroys the where for the benefit of chosen redevelopers. Boston, for instance, now has 19 urban- very civic values it must have to succeed.
For example: In Washington, D.C., accord- renewal projects involving $227,960,000. People in cities all over America are rediscov. ing to Senator JOHN WILLIAMS, Republican,
When the books of the Boston Redevelop- ing the classic truth that 'free Federal of Delaware, the city's redevelopment agency ment Authority were examined by State au- money' costs far too much." paid the D.C. Transit System, of which O. ditor Thomas J. Buckley, he reported: "The Congress must now take a full, hard look Roy Chalk is president, $1,266,605 for some principal result of BRA operations has been at the entire Federal urban renewal program, property, then later leased it back to his the creation of numerous parking lots on which, to date, has fallen far short of its Chalk House West, Inc., for 99 years at a valuable lands, which have been rented to
goals. It must insure that adequate housbargain rental of $43,221 a year. private operators at a fraction of their value.
ing is made available to families displaced Some of these deals extend subsidized Land owned by BRA is not subject to real by urban renewal-one of the major points housing to middle-income families and so estate taxes, and therefore the delay is con- President Lyndon B. Johnson made clear in widen the scope of the welfare state. When struction has cost the city thousands of dol- calling for a “revised" program. We must end it was begun 15 years ago, Washington's slow lars in tax revenues."
the waste, favoritism, and arbitrary use of moving $100 million Southwest Urban Re- During the period of Buckley's audit (late
power that helps the greedy and hurts the newal Area B project was supposed to provide 1957 to early 1963), approximately $1,675,000
needy. These are the minimum steps that housing at $17 per room per month. Instead, was paid to various contractors for main- must be taken before a new "crash" effort in as Representative JOHN KYL, Republican, of
tenance and major repairs to property urban renewal is allowed to send still more Iowa, says, "The area is full of super-duper scheduled for demolition. Buckley was un
billions down the slippery political sluiceglass apartments which rent for $175 per able to find a single case in which this work
ways. month and up, unfurnished."
was done under contract resulting from 3. It forces poor but independent home- competitive bidding. owners into subsidized public housing. A 6. Urban renewal programs often enrich
One Quick Step, and a Hop Away
A slum landlord can split well-known Washington judge, E. Barrett slum owners. Prettyman, spoke eloquently of the people in
single apartments in two and then, because a well-kept area doomed because it failed of crowding aggravated by demolitions else
EXTENSION OF REMARKS to meet modern standards. "What if its where, charge huge rents. Finally he sells owners and occupants like it that way?" he
out to urban renewal, and since slums pay asked. “Suppose they are old fashioned and high returns per square foot of space, he
HON. JAMES A. HALEY prefer single-family dwellings; suppose they receives a handsome price. He takes his
OF FLORIDA bonanza, pays a 25-percent capital gains tax, like small flower gardens, believe that a plot of ground is the place to rear children?" or buys another slum, and waits for urban IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES suppose these people can't afford to own more renewal to buy him out again-ad nauseam.
Wednesday, March 4, 1964 modern homes? The poor, the slow, the old, 7. The HHFA in Washington-given rethe small in ambition have no less right to markably broad discretionary powers-runs Mr. HALEY. Mr. Speaker, with perproperty than the quick, the young, the the urban renewal show. Once a city council
mission to extend my remarks, I wish aggressive. Are such questions to be decided applies for and receives Federal aid on a
to place in the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD at by the Government?" project, it must subordinate itself to Fed
this time an editorial column, “One Urban renewal in practice seems to dis- eral laws and regulations, under the threat of forfeiture of Federal funds. Worse, com
Quick Step, and a Hop Away,” which was place, most often, poor Negroes. Declared
written by Mr. Malcolm A. Johnson and Representative WILLIAM B. WIDNALL, Repub- munities with their own master plans for lican, of New Jersey, “The pattern in the Dis- private building suddenly find the plans appeared in the February 23, 1964, issue
within the renewal area frozen for the life trict of Columbia in this regard follows the
of the Tallahassee Democrat, one of national pattern, so much so that urban re
of the Federal project-sometimes for as long Florida's leading daily newspapers. newal has come to mean 'Negro removal' in as 40 years.
Mr. Johnson is one of the most knowlthe minds of those it was intended to help."
Once & program is started, no one is free
edgeable, clear-thinking and outstandAdds the Most Reverend Patrick A. O'Boyle,
from condemnation on whim. If but one
ing newspapermen of the Southeastern Catholic archbishop of Washington: "We
States. In this article he deals with the can be declared substandard, all houses or gain nothing by tearing down slum housing if we force the residents to create new slums
businesses in that block can be condemned action of the Supreme Court of the
for urban renewal. elsewhere by overcrowding."
Thus, local initiative United States in ruling that congressional In Alexandria, Va., the Durant Civic Asso- to improve property is throttled, and blight districts within a State must be substanciation is struggling desperately to prevent
is accelerated by the very law designed to tially equal in population. I hope that destruction of a neighborhood of neat, clean, cure it.
each of my colleagues will read Mr. older houses, owned and well kept by thrifty
8. Community development programs may be used for the extension of political power
Johnson's commentary of what could Negroes whose families have lived there for
take place as a result of this decision. as long as 100 years. "Where can our people by whichever party is in the saddle. United States Chamber of Commerce cites
The article follows: buy equal housing with the money they will get?" asks A. Melvin Miller, the attorney two recent instances in which the admin
ONE QUICK STEP, AND A HOP AWAY leading the fight. istration asked 2,400 city mayors to use their
(By Malcolm B. Johnson) 4. Urban renewal ruins thousands of small influence for passage of legislation. One was
Just one quick step and a hop, now, and business enterprises, many of which could a foreign aid bill, the other the plan to set
our Federal judiciary will be in a position up a new Department of Urban Affairs and survive and even flourish under programs to
to declare any number of seats in the U.S. rehabilitate rather than raze their areas.
Housing. "If this political alliance between
House of Representatives vacant, then proMany concerns lease their premises; when
ceed to dictate district lines in such a way to become fully effective," the chamber urban renewal uproots them, the owners of warns, "the national two-party system would
as to separate your Congressman from his the buildings receive fair market value for
electorate and influence. the property, but the renters get nothing for
almost certainly be impaired, and the effec-
This assumption of power by appointive, the worth of their going businesses (which would deteriorate."
life-term judges over the constituency of the includes goodwill, customers, etc.).1
These are a few of the major complaints directly elected Representatives of the people Moving to new neighborhoods where they against federally subsidized urban renewal.
should bother you-unless you are naive are not known often means tragedy and Flaws in its operation have become so ob
enough to think a moral lawyer-politician heartbreak, especially for older merchants. A vious that even the lure of "something for
gains supreme wisdom and benevolence when study by Brown University showed that 40 nothing" is losing its charm. In some cities,
someone puts a black robe on him. percent of the shops uprooted in the Providence, R. I., urban-renewal program had to
such as Los Angeles and Richmond, Va., city The Supreme Court of the United States
councils have rejected projects after vigorous kicked over 175 years of contrary rulings last go out of business. By 1970, it has been es
civic protests. In others, such as Dallas week to decree that our Constitution, al
and Lincoln, Nebr., voters have turned down though it reads the same as before, now 1 See “Bulldozers at Your Door," "The Federal aid by 2-to-1 margins.
means districts from which a State's conReader's Digest," September 1963.
S. Howard Evans, principal architect of the gressmen are elected must be substantially at
THE GRAVER ISSUE
TIME FOR CHECKS AND BALANCES
equal in population; and if they aren't, the of laws into the very realm of making gove cles relative to the imperfections of the Federal courts can do something about it. ernment.
draft, which appeared recently in one Since the Court conceded population Specifically, an unscrupulous majority of
of New York City's leading newspapers equality among districts can't be achieved five on the Court could, right now, shift the
the New York World-Telegram. I feel precisely (even through its omniscience), it line of succession to the Presidency by cutleft undeclared just how much inequality
that in publishing these articles, this ting House Speaker John McCORMACK out of equals practicable equality. his Massachusetts district (which has nearly
crusading newspaper has performed a As in the plague of cases involving ap- 25 percent more people than another dis- valuable public service in calling attenportionment of representation in State leg- trict) and making him run in a predomi- tion to the pressing need for updating islatures these past couple of years, the issue nantly Republican district. If he lost, the the draft law to meet present day miliof population equity in this matter of lining House would have to elect a new Speaker
tary manpower requirements. up congressional districts is secondary. who would become President if anything
As the sponsor of H.R. 10211 in this No one will argue that we have lawmaking happened to Lyndon Johnson.
House-a bill which is identical with S. representation anywhere near proportionate More plausibly, a Supreme Court conspirto population, although we might debate acy could bring chaos to the seniority system,
2432, the proposed legislation introduced whether that is the primary consideration in on which the whole House is organized and in the other body by Senator KEATING, our system.
operated, by gerrymandering older members and which calls for the establishment of We could argue, too, about whether the into districts where they would have to run a commission to make a comprehensive disparities give us bad government, or if their against each other or would be
study and investigation of the adequacy elimination—if possible-would improve it; disadvantage.
of the present system of compulsory but that argument has been lost in mass of A really clever redistricting, such as might military training under the Universal arithmetic surrounding the issue, and it come from judges who learned about politi
Act-I might be good to recall that we were warned cal machinations in their youth, could even
Military Training and Service by either Alexander Hamilton or James maneuver out of office a chairman of the was particularly pleased and impressed Madison in an unsigned Federalist paper that powerful Committee on Rules, or of Judici- by the objective approach of these arti"nothing can be more fallacious than to ary, or Appropriations, or Armed Services or cles, and by the well-documented infound our political calculations on arith- others who might be obstacles to their desires
equities which were found to exist under metical principles."
or to the ambitions of executive or military the present law.
Because I feel that these articles by assing suits that could knock a Congressman The graver question today is whether the courts should, for any reason, move in on the out of his district might be enough to whip Lee Townsend present a highly effective
review of the inequities and shortcomhim into line. hitherto exclusive legislative business of
ings of the draft-inequities and short-, making representation adjustments indicated by population growth and shifts. Un- There are just lots of ways & Supreme tention of Members of the Congress, be
comings which should be called to the attil a generation ago, few judges would claim Court with this kind of power could gain the the Constitution gave them any right to top hand in Washington, all in the name
cause of the valuable background matemake or change law when it seemed to them of giving the people more equal representa
rial in the series on the need for updatthat constitutional lawmaking agencies were tion.
ing the Universal Military Training and moving too slowly or in the wrong direction. But such things needn't happen. Our Service Act-I ask for unanimous conThe Constitution hasn't been changed, but proud system of checks and balances can sent to have the first of this excellent they've been declaring more and more power head off any such flagrant abuse of power series of the New York World-Telegram for themselves.
if we still have such a system in operative articles on the draft printed in the ApThis is the point at which we might try to condition.
pendix of the RECORD. anticipate the quick step and the hop which The House could bow up and refuse to could bring us a judicial tyranny unless recognize court-made districts and men
WHAT'S REALLY WRONG WITH THE DRAFT someone hobbles the Supreme Court in its elected from them by exercising its consti- "Avoiding the draft is no more immoral eager rush.
tutional authority to pass on qualifications than avoiding rain puddles." The quick step is almost on us. Already and elections of its own Members; but that
A STUDENT. pending before the U.S. Supreme Court on would require an election contest in the dis- “Attitudes toward the draft are an invitaappeal is an order of three appointive Federal
tricts, where enforcement of court orders tion to national disaster." judges who actually laid down an apportion- would be a stronger influence on ballot ar
A MANPOWER EXPERT. ment of representation in the Oklahoma rangements than efforts to hold the status "Guys never get called for physicals but I Legislature because divisions by the legisla- quo.
got taken. Is that justice?" ture, under the State constitution, and by Also, Congress has power to remove judges
INDUCTEE AT FORT Dix. the elective Oklahoma Supreme Court didn't by impeachment if it catches them at such
(By Lee Townsend) suit them. tactics. And it can limit judicial authority
A Queens inductee, who knew little more It is generally agreed among shoulderby statute, or by proposing to the States a
about the draft than the fact that he was shrugging lawyers that, sooner or later, the
constitutional amendment to supersede a Supreme Court will say that lower Federal bad court judgment (the only amendment
caught in it, recently gave this evaluation of Judges, or the Big Court itself, can allot respecting the judiciary
we've ever adopted, peacetime conscription: those seats in State legislatures. It logically the 11th, was for that very purpose).
"It stinks." It's amazing that we haven't heard a loud
Detailed study of this Nation's so-called follows that, having done it once, they can do it whenever an imbalance of population demand in Congress for bringing some of
universal military training program shows these checks and balances into play since
he's right. is shown-which in a growing, shifting State
In its 15-year history, the peacetime draft the Court stuck its nose into this business like Florida could be about once a year. last Monday. It would be even more amaz.
system has taken the few and left the many. Then would come the hop, and not a very
In an elaborate attempt to be flexible and ing if we found there haven't been a good long one:
fair it has often favored the rich over the many cloakroom strategy conferences along The reasoning behind the ruling last week this very line.
poor, the shrewd over the naive, the highly that Georgia has an unconstitutional lineup
educated over the unlettered, the unsavory
For those who might scoff that the fine of congressional districts is exactly the
over the wholesome and, most recently, the men on the U.S. Supreme Court wouldn't reasoning in the earlier cases on State legis
married over the single. think of any such skulduggery, we might lature representation. So, if the Supreme recall that Thomas Jefferson said: "It can
It has taken men out of good civilian jobs Court says how many delegates to the Okla
and left others to stand on unemployment never be too often repeated, that the time homa State Legislature must come from each
lines. for fixing every essential right on a legal county or group of counties, it would hardly basis is while our rulers are honest, and
It has made most youths feel there's blanch at decreeing which geographical areas ourselves united."
nothing wrong in avoiding military service. of the various States may send delegates to
It has made the few who get drafted feel they the U.S. House of Representatives.
are members of a very unlucky minority.
Postwar conscription has grown up to be Change the Draft
a Government giant whose eyes are far bigger Now, almost any small group of intelligent
than its stomach. It has growled menacmen could sit down and give us congressional
EXTENSION OF REMARKS
ingly at every young man since its birth in districts and State legislature representation
1948 but it has gobbled up only about 15 of more nearly proportionate to population
every 100 New York males registered for the than we have if they were clothed with the HON. SEYMOUR HALPERN draft in all that time. arbitrary power to do it; but who wants to
And this figure includes everyone inducted grant any little group that kind of arbitrary
here during the Korean war, the 1961 Berlin power?
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
crisis and every other emergency of the The minute those nine men on the U.S.
Wednesday, February 26, 1964
atomic age. Supreme Court decide they can decree the
Selective service currently gives Uncle Sam constituency of the U.S. House of Represent- Mr. HALPERN. Mr. Speaker, I have only 7 percent of his fighting men.
And atives they will go even beyond the making been much impressed by a series of arti- there is no conclusive proof that it is very
IF YOU HAD THE POWER
OF NEW YORK
effective in bulldozing men into other certain deferments—such as the ones for include in the RECORD the very excellent branches of the service to avoid the draft. schools or jobs—have their draft liability ex
speech of Arthur J. Campbell, of DeadStrip away the rumors and myths about tended from the age of 26 to 35.
wood, S. Dak., winner of the 1964 Voice selective service and there seem to be more Therefore, many youths think eventually
of Democracy Contest in South Dakota. of these around than draftees—and you have they will be called, no matter how long they
Arthur is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Robkeep a deferment. This isn't true. Before this simple fact:
ert V. Campbell, and a sophomore in If you can reach 26 without putting on a anyone over 26 can be drafted, every eligible
the Deadwood High School. His speech, military uniform, chances are you never will man under that age has to be taken.
And a New York draft spokesman said, “The Challenge of Citizenship," is as wear one unless there's a war.
A man can artfully avoid a call to patri- “Selective Service officials are certain that all follows: otism if he reaches the "magic age" of 26 manpower requests of the military short of a
THE CHALLENGE OF CITIZENSHIP by keeping a school deferment, an "essential declaration of war can be met by unmarried
(By Arthur Campbell, Deadwood, S. Dak.) job," a wife-or even, in some cases, a psy- registrants not yet 26 years of age.” chiatrist.
A Presidential order issued last September Challenges--they meet man every day the
world over. allows you to stay a safe distance from the
The mountaineer scales a peak The most popular way to stay out of the Army-at least if numbers are any indica- draft if you take a wife.
because it is there. Doctors fight the chal
lenge of disease and astronauts circle the tion--is to flunk out. Induction stations
SIX THOUSAND MARRIED
earth hoping to conquer challenging space. tell about half the men hauled down for
This has already taken nearly 6,000 New
But, Americans, there is an even greater preinduction examinations that they are not Yorkers from the pool of available men, with
challenge facing us today-a challenge so physically, mentally or morally fit to be the number guaranteed to rise sharply.
often forgotten in the whirling pace of the drafted.
The new "out" has also created a situation Right now in this city there are nearly which points up one of the inequities of the
20th century, yet one so important it de200,000 draft-age men in this group of re
mands our full strength and talent. If, Selective Service System.
when confronted with this challenge, we rejecteestwice the number of New Yorkers
With husbands joining the thousands of spond we will remain free-free thinking, free currently in any military uniform * * .
other untouchables, draft officials predict acting, but if we turn away from the those in Reserve and college ROTC units.
that the pool of available men here will drop challenge, America's entire concept of freeFIVE THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED DRAFTED LAST YEAR to the point that men of college age soon
dom and its entire way of life will be lost With so many safely tucked away in one will be eyed for induction for the first time
as we absentmindedly look on-for the challoophole or another, it's no wonder a Brook
At present the lowest age of call
lenge of which I speak is the challenge of lyn draftee-one of the 5,500 men drafted is between 22 and 23.
citizenship. here last year-said in an interview at Fort Local draft boards have the undisputed
Not every citizen of every nation is preDix: authority to determine whether each job and
sented with this challenge. One look will "There are about 10 guys in my neighbor- school deferment should be renewed in the
tell you why. hood who never even got called for physi- national interest.
Look at the faces of the commoners in cals, but I got taken. What kind of justice Faced with a shortage of readily available
other lands. There are few smiles as they is that?" men, it would be possible for draft boards
toil and sweat for a government and ideal to decide certain students would best serve At the beginning of last month, this city
that binds them in the shackles of servitude of nearly 8 million people, had only 1,500 the national interest in uniform, while others
and inequality. They exist merely for the men ripe for the draft-hardly a large are allowed to stay in the classroom.
benefit of the state. enough crowd to cause a good rush-hour
This also means that some students soon
To these oppressed, America means & subway jam. may be taken out of college while others
chance to become more than a common These men were the only ones in the ages who came before them not only finished
slave-a chance to dream the dreams of an currently being inducted—22 to 26—who their undergraduate work undisturbed but
unshackled were allowed to go on to graduate school-
individual with individual weren't deferred, exempt or unfit. And only 568 of the 1,500 had been examined. if they had the money.
worth-a chance not only to dream dreams of
success and greatness but to actually fulfill A group of Columbia students interviewed
these dreams for, you see, in America the a few days ago said frankly that they thought
There are other paradoxes, inequities, and Government is a servant of the people; not there was nothing immoral about avoiding
inconsistencies in the draft which give good the people a servant of the Government. the draft through legal means.
cause to wonder why it has gone virtually America is truly the stronghold of freedom. Sophomore Mike Teitelman-one of the
free from organized criticism so long and 25,000 New Yorkers with school deferments
Because these things are true-because has been renewed with rubberstamp regusaid avoiding the draft was no more immoral
our Nation represents rights and democracy larity every 4 years by Congress.
and because our ideal is exclusive, we are than "avoiding stepping in rain puddles.
For instance, a man who avoids service beNo one wants to step in puddles or be
presented with a challenge. How do we precause he is morally unfit to wear a uniform drafted."
serve and protect this ideal that makes need do nothing to serve his country. But
us indiivduals? This is the challenge of DRAFT IMMORAL a man who is a sincere conscientious objec
citizenship. His classmate, Michael Flug, said: “The tor usually has to work 2 years at a nondraft itself is immoral. Any refusal to co
We find the answer to our question in hisprofit, often menial Job in return for the
tory. What about our forefathers, those who operate is justified."
right to stay out of the Army. Dan Colbert, another sophomore, felt it
passed the torch of freedom to us? Were they Last week, the Pentagon announced it
Casper Milquetoasts or Mr. Do-Nothings? was no more wrong to stay out of "than it would study the draft laws and procedures is immoral to try and pay the minimum taxes
When they saw tyranny closing in about with an eye to possible reforms. But milithat you owe."
them did they shrink from the challenging tary officials made it clear there was little One student said dodging the draft was
call to freedom or relax in their easy chairs chance the draft would be abolished. “all part of the American game. It's played
and wait for Joe to do something? No.
Since the beginning of the Korean war, with the realization that you'll eventually slightly more than 175,000 New Yorkers have
They fought a hard fight and many of them be taken, but it's your duty to avoid it if posbeen inducted, less than 15 percent of the 1.3
gave their lives to regain freedom from the jaws of tyranny.
But that was not all. sible. If you give in, you have no American mililon males registered with the Selective
Those early Americans used their freedoms spirit."
Service System here.
too. They spoke against those things which
slowly would undermine the principles for human resources project at Columbia called York draft reservoir each month-about the current attitude toward the draft an "in- twice the number who are leaving the pool
which blood was shed. They considered who vitation to national disaster."
could best lead them and they had the inchances are draft-eligible males of tomorrow
terest to go to the polls and vote for these A history major said he planned to earn will have even better than an 85 percent
candidates. Through civil war, world wars, his doctorate which, he said, should keep chance of never answering "Greetings."
turmoil, and confusion-for nearly 200 years him deferred until he's 26. A science major
our American ideal of freedom and indiboasted he would teach until he was 26 and
vidual worth bas endured. Now in the 20th skip the draft.
century we too must meet the challenge of TEN THOUSAND DEFERRED The Challenge of Citizenship
citizenship by using our freedoms wisely. There are currently 10,000 New Yorkers de
It is said we never really appreciate anyferred for what draft boards determine to be
EXTENSION OF REMARKS thing unless we work and fight for it. Then essential industry Jobs.
work and fight for freedom
must. They include high school and college
Around us too are those forces which would science teachers and some language teachers.
HON. E. Y. BERRY
slowly undermine our way of life--corrupAlso certain mathematicians, tool and die
tion, tyranny, complacency. Around us are
OF SOUTH DAKOTA makers, patternmakers, physicists, glass,
the millions who look to you and me, Ameriblowers, and men in a host of other jobs.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
cans, as the protectors of individual worth If these men keep these Jobs until they're
Wednesday, March 4, 1964
and freedom. There is the generation yet to 26 they will "have it made," as they say in
come. Let us not pass on to them an Amerthe Army.
Mr. BERRY. Mr. Speaker, under per- ica in which freedom is past tense because Selective service registrants who receive mission to extend my remarks, I wish to we did not meet the confronting challenge
to preserve, protect, exercise, and pass on The daily newspaper, more than any other representative in the United Nations and our heritage.
institution, reflects the life and character of at other international forums has been passWe must meet the greatest challenge in a the community, and its success is measured ing as the protector of all subjugated peoworld of challenge. Will you join me in the directly in its accurate fulfillment of that ples, especially former colonies in Africa and meeting of this challenge the challenge of responsibility.
Asia: Therefore be it citizenship.
The ownership and management of the "Resolved, That we the Americans of Florida Publishing Co, and every member of Lithuanian descent in Lowell do hereby ex
the staff who dedicate their time and talents press our gratitude to the Government of the New Florida Times-Union Building
to the production of the best newspaper pos- United States of America for its support of
sible are therefore keenly conscious that the Lithuania's cause for freedom and for its reHonors Century of Service
overriding concern of their efforts is the fusal to recognize the occupation and illegal "end product," a newspaper which meets the annexation of Baltic States-Lithuania,
needs of its readers for information, thought- Latvia and Estonia by the Soviet Union; and EXTENSION OF REMARKS
provoking comment and entertaining fea- "Resolved, That we Americans of Lithuatures, presented in attractive format and
nian descent are determined and united to HON. CHARLES E. BENNETT reliably delivered to their hands.
uphold the efforts of the Lithuanian people Those who now carry the responsibility of to regain their liberation and national inserving the readership of the Florida Times
dependence; and IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Union are custodians of a rich heritage from "Resolved, That the Government of the
those who, over the past century, have con- United States approve or endorse no agreeMonday, March 2, 1964
tributed so much to the building of an en- ment which would in any manner accede to Mr. BENNETT of Florida. Mr.
the terprise which is synonymous with
the outgrowth of any past, present or future growth and progress of the community.
Soviet aggressive action; and Speaker, for 99 years my hometown
The beautiful new physical plant to house "Resolved, That the Government of the daily newspaper, the Florida Times
the operations, therefore, is not an end with- United States take appropriate steps through Union, published in Jacksonville, Fla., has
in itself, but a symbol and challenge to ever the United Nations and other channels to been a leader in the growth and develop- greater service.
stop the Soviet Union's policy of colonialism ment of Florida and the South. It has As expressed by Robert C. Millar, president in Eastern Europe and to force the Soviet taken its place among the great news- of the Florida Publishing Co., "the develop- Union to withdraw its occupation forces papers of this country. Recently it was
ment of the best newspaper men and ma- from the Baltic States; and announced that the Times-Union and chines can produce is the responsibility of “Resolved, That the copies of these resoluwhich we are most conscious."
tions be forwarded to the President of the its afternoon companion, the Jackson
United States, His Excellency Lyndon B. ville Journal-a bright and lively, well
Johnson; to the Secretary of State, the Honwritten sister newspaper-would con
orable Dean Rusk; to the U.S. Representative struct a modern $11 million plant to
of the United Nations, Ambassador Adlai
Lithuanian Independence house the editorial, business, and me
Stevenson; to the U.S. Senators of Massa
chusetts, the Honorable Leverett Saltonstall chanical departments of the Florida
EXTENSION OF REMARKS
and the Honorable Edward M. Kennedy: the Publishing Co., publishers of the two
Representative of the Fifth Congressional papers.
District of Massachusetts, the Honorable This new building will be built on the HON. F. BRADFORD MORSE Bradford Morse and to the press." shores of the St. Johns River in down
LOUIS PIULAUSKAS, town pulsing Jacksonville, the gateway
Chairman, IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES to the space age, and the South's most
EDWARD J. BAUMEL, progressive business and financial city. Wednesday, March 4, 1964
Secretary It will take its place in Jacksonville's ex
Mr. MORSE. Mr. Speaker, on the 46th panding downtown redevelopment program which was accomplished primarily Day on February 23, 1964, the American
anniversary of Lithuanian Independence First District of Michigan Questionnaire with private funds and local funds, not Lithuanian community of Lowell met to
Results Federal loans or grants.
adopt a resolution in commemoration of I commend to the Members of the the occasion. The resolution is a fine EXTENSION OF REMARKS House of Representatives the Florida statement of the principles involved in Publishing Co., which goes forth with the long battle to achieve freedom and great enthusiasm and respect into its independence once more for the embat
HON. LUCIEN N. NEDZI second century of leadership in the tled people of that gallant nation. Unfourth estate.
der unanimous consent I include the res- IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES An editorial from the Friday, Feb
olution in the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD: ruary 28, 1964, issue of the Florida
Wednesday, March 4, 1964 RESOLUTION BY LITHUANIAN COMMUNITY OF Times-Union follows:
Mr. NEDZI. Mr. Speaker, a strong GROWTR IS A CHALLENGE TO GREATER SERVICE
Lithuanian resolutions committee having interest in public issues was indicated The magnificient new building soon to rise assembled at DLK Vytautas Club, 447 Central by the heavy response to my questionas an addition to Jacksonville's growing sky- Street, Lowell, Mass., on February 23, 1964, to naire, sent out to voters in the new First line, housing the most modern facilities and commemorate the 46th anniversary of Lithu- District of Michigan. equipment which technical advances can anian Independence Day, the members of the
The recipients of my questionnaire provide for the publication of the Florida committee, as well as the American LithuTimes-Union and the Jacksonville Journal, anian community of Lowell, unanimously borhood or party affiliation.
were selected without regard to neighrepresents the realization of a long cherished adopted and passed the following resolutions: dream. "Whereas the people and the Government
It is significant that voters favor the The 11-story tower and adjoining produc- of the United States believe in inalienable overall record of the Kennedy-Johnson tlon building, occupying a 9-acre site between principles of individual and national free- administration by over 4 to 1. This is Riverside Avenue and the St. Johns Just west dom and dignity as enunciated in our Dec- heavier than the Democratic-Repubof the Acosta Bridge, will add striking new laration of Independence, the Constitution of
lican breakdown in this predominantly beauty to Jacksonville's midtown develop- the United States, the Atlantic Charter and
Democratic district. Of course, as the ment which has won for the city national the Charter of the United Nations; and recognition, and which testifies to its eco- "Whereas the Soviet Union in pursuance of
election nears, partisan feeling will innomic strength and vitality.
crease and the margin can be expected secret agreement between Stalin and Hitler The new building should be well on its way in 1940 invaded, occupied and subjugated to narrow. to completion on January 1, 1965, when the three independent Baltic States, Lithuania, On foreign policy issues, the voters Florida Times-Union will begin the obsery- Latvia and Estonia; and
favor our assisting South Vietnam's ance of a full century of service to Jackson- “Whereas Soviet occupation forces, Rod fight against the Communists, and U.S. ville and the vast area of north Florida and Army and secret police have conducted and
support of the U.N. But, evident from south Georgia where its readership extends continue to conduct an elaborate plan of
comments added to responses, there is and where its influence is felt.
genocide, aiming at destruction of the peo- much confusion and dissatisfaction over The Florida Publishing Co. naturally takes ples of these three Baltic nations by execupride in its record of growth in fulflling its tions and mass deportations to remote re
our Cuba policy. Much of this appears function as a mirror of the growth and de- gions of the Soviet Union; and
to be an emotional response, an irritavelopment of the city and region it serves. "Whereas the Soviet Union through her ti arising from Castro harangues,
Communist terrorist activity in Latin rights bill is supported by better than others, the United States and Britain, wring
The United Arab Republic intervenes in
the Yemen in defense of the UN, Indonesia
On domestic issues, medicare under I think the Congress must face the property, and destroys the British Embassy
in Jakarta, Panama “demands" control of the
teenage unemployment. The civil vacancy in the office of Vice President:
He may shortly have to give up the cur-
rent comedy and send many more Amer-
icans to South Vietnam; as soldiers, not just
as advisers and chauffeurs. He may have to
In short, he may have to start acting more
like a Texan and less like a frightened atomic
scientist of the "rather Red than dead"
school. How such a change would affect his
4. Do you favor continued U.S. financial support of the United Nations?.
lion Americans sick at heart of over 20 years'
appeasement of the Soviet Union and re-
store our allies' confidence in us.
And it would enhance L.B.J.'s place in
of State, rather than the Speaker of the House, is next in line?.
Quality Stabilization Legislation
From Panama to South Vietnam, by way
of abdication pursued by the Kennedy ad-
volved in this legislation.
ministration is bursting out all over and
the country's buying public.
2.0 assumption that soft answers, plenty of
PROTECTION FOR CONSUMERS
United States and its major allies (even while ity stabilization, now before Congress, must
Red Russia and Red China were continuing be: Is it good for the country and its con-
the reality behind the dream: World order nearly 2 million independent retail busi-
can exist only when it is enforced; if not by nesses, along with a very sizable bloc of
Mr. BOB WILSON. Mr. Speaker, great powers, Red Russia and Red China, chandisers, which for some time passed as