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fied electors of this State and of the district from which they are elected, and shall not be interested in any railroad corporation, or other transportation company, as stockholder, creditor, agent, attorney, or employé; and the act of a majority of said Commissioners shall be deemed the act of said Commission. Said Commissioners shall have the power, and it shall be their duty, to establish rates of charges for the transportation of passengers and freight by railroad or other transportation companies, and publish the same from time to time, with such changes as they may make; to examine the books, records, and papers of all railroad and other transportation companies, and for this purpose they shall have power to issue subpænas and all other necessary process; to hear and determine complaints against railroad and other transportation companies, to send for persons and papers, to administer oaths, take testimony, and punish for contempt of their orders and processes, in the same manner and to the same extent as Courts of rec. ord, and enforce their decisions and correct abuses through the medium of the Courts. Said Commissioners shall prescribe a uniform system of accounts to be kept by all such corporations and companies. Any railroad corporation or transportation company which shall fail or refuse to conform to such rates as shall be established by such Commissioners, or shall charge rates in excess thereof, or shall fail to keep their accounts in accordance with the system prescribed by the Commission, shall be fined not exceeding twenty thousand dollars for each offense; and every officer, agent, or employé of any such corporation or company, who shall demand or receive rates in excess thereof, or who shall in any manner violate the provisions of this section, shall be fined not exceeding five thousand dollars, or be imprisoned in the county jai! not exceeding one year. In all controversies, civil or criminal, the rates of fares and freights established by said Commission shall be deemed conclusively just and reasonable, and in any action against such corporation or company for damages sustained by charging excessive rates, the plaintiff, in addition to the actual damage, may, in the discretion of the Judge or jury, recover exemplary damages. Said Commission shall report to the Governor, annually, their proceedings, and such other facts as may be deemed important. Nothing in this section shall prevent individuals from maintaining actions against any di sith companies. The Legislature may, in addition to any penalties herein prescribed, 'eniorce this article by forfeiture of charter or otherwise, and may confer such further powers on the Commissioners as shall be necessary to enable them to perform the outles, enjoined on them in this and the foregoing section. The Legislature shall have joiner, by a two-thirds vote of all the members elected to each house, to remove apy pnå or more of said Commissioners from office, for dereliction of duty, or corruption, or incompetency; and whenever, from any cause, a vacancy in office shall occur in suid Commission, the Governor shall fill the same by the appointment of a qualified person thereto, who shall hold office for the residue of the unexpired term, and until his.successor shall have been elected and qualified.

CHAPTER LIX.

An Act to organize and define the powers of the Board of Railroad Commissioners.

[Approved April 15, 1880.] The People of the State of California, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

SECTION 1. The three persons elected Railroad Commissioners, pursuant to the provisions of section twenty-two of article twelve of the Constitution of this State, constitute, and shall be known and designated as the “Board of Railroad Commissioners of the State of California." They shall have power to elect one of their number President of said Board, to appoint a Secretary, to appoint a Bailiff, who shall perform the duties of Janitor; also to employ a Stenographer, whenever they may deem it expedient.

Sec. 2. The salary of each Commissioner shall be four thousand dollars per annum; the salary of the Secretary shall be twenty-four hundred dollars per annum: the salary of the Bailiff shall be twelve hundred dollars per annum, such salaries to be paid by the State of California in the same manner as the salaries of State officers are paid. The Stenographer shall receive a reasonable compensation for his services, the amount to be fixed by the State Board of Examiners, and paid by the State. Said Commissioners and the persons in their official employment, when traveling in the performance of their official duties. shall have their traveling expenses other than transportation paid, the amounts to be passed on by the State Board of Examiners, and paid by the State. Said Board of Railroad Commissioners shall be allowed one hundred dollars per month for office rent, and fifty dollars per month for fuel, lights, postage, expressage, subscriptions to publications upon the subject of transportation, and other incidental expenses, to be paid by the State; provided, all moneys remaining unexpended at the expiration of each fiscal year shall be returned to the State Treasury. Said Board is further authorized to expend not to exceed four hundred dollars for office furniture and fixtures, to be paid by the State. The State shall furnish said Board with all necessary stationery and printing, upon requisitions signed by the President of said Board.

Sec. 3. Said Commissioners, and the persons in their official employment, shall, when in the performance of their official duties, have the right to pass free of charge, on all railroads, steamers, ships, vessels, and boats, and on all vehicles employed in or by any railroad or other transportation company engaged in the transportation of freight and passengers within this State.

SEC. 4. It shall be the duty of the Attorney-General, and the District Attorney in every county, on request of said Board, to institute and prosecute, and to appear and to defend, for said Board, in any and all suits and proceedings which they or either of them shall be requested by said Board to institute and prosecute, and to appear in all suits and proceedings to which the Board is a party, shall have precedence over all other business except criminal business; provided, that said Board shall have the power to employ additional counsel to assist said Attorney-General, or said District Attorney, or otherwise, when, in their judgment, the exigencies of the case may so require. The fees and expenses of said additional counsel to be determined by the State Board of Examiners, and paid by the State.

Sec. 5. The office of said Board shall be in the City of San Francisco. Said office shall always be open (legal holidays and non-judicial days excepted). The Board shall hold its sessions at least once a month in said City of San Francisco and at such other times and such other places within this State as may be expedient. The sessions of said Board shall be public, and when held at a place other than the office in the City of San Francisco, notice thereof shall be published once a week for two successive weeks before the commencement of such session, in a newspaper published in the county where such session is to be held; and if no newspaper is published in such county, then in a newspaper published in an adjacent county. Such publication to be paid by the State in the manner as other publications authorized by law are paid.

Sec. 6. The Board shall have a seal, to be devised by its members, or a majority thereof. Such seal shall have the following inscription surrounding it: “Railroad Commission, State of California." The seal shall be affixed only to, first, writs; second, authentications of a copy of a record or other proceeding, or copy of a document on file in the office of said Commission.

Sec. 7. The process issued by said Board shall extend to all parts of the State. The Board shall have power to issue writs of summons and of subpana in like manner as Courts of record. The summons shall direct the defendant to appear and answer within fifteen days from the day of service. The necessary process issued by the Board may be served in any county in this State by the Bailiff of the Board, or by any person authorized to serve process of Courts of record.

Sec. 8.' The Secretary of said Board shall issue all process and notices required to be issued, and do and perform such other duties as the Board may prescribe. The Bailiff shall preserve order during the sessions of said Board, and shall have authority to make arrests for disturbances. He shall also have authority, and it shall be his duty, to serve all process, orders, and notices issued by said Board when directed by the President, and make return of the same. Sec. 9. All

complaints before said Board shall be in writing and under oath. All decisions of said Board shall be given in writing, and the grounds of the decision shall be stated. A record of the proceedings of said Board shall be kept, and the evidence of persons appearing before said Board shall be preserved.

Sec. 10. Whenever the Board shall render any decision within the purview and pursuant to the authority vested in said Board by section twenty-two of article twelve of the Constitution, said Board, or the person, copartnership, company, or corporation making the complaint upon which such decision was rendered, is authorized to sue upon such decision in any Court of competent jurisdiction in this State.

SEC. 11. Whenever said Board, in the discharge of its duties, shall establish or adopt rates of charges for the transportation of passengers and freight, pursuant to the provisions of the Constitution, said Board shall serve a printed schedule of such rates, and of any changes that may be made in such rates, upon the person, copartnership, company, or corporation affected thereby; and upon such service it shall be the duty of such person, copartnership, company, or corporation to immediately cause copies of the same to be posted in all its offices, station houses, warehouses, and landing offices affected by such rates, or changes of rates, in such manner as to be accessible to public inspection during usual business hours. Said Board shall also make such further publication thereof as they shall deem proper and necessary for the public good. If the party to be served, as hereinbefore provided, be a corporation, such service may be made upon the President, Vice-President, Secretary, or Managing Agent thereof, and if a copartnership, upon any partner thereof. The rates of charges established or adopted by said Board, pursuant to the Constitution and this Act, shall go into force and effect on the twentieth day after service of said schedule of rates, or changes in rates, upon the person, copartnership, company, or corporation affected thereby, as herein before provided.

SEC. 12. When jurisdiction is, by the Constitution, conferred on the Board of Railroad Commissioners, all the means necessary to carry it into effect are also conferred on said Board, and when in the exercise of jurisdiction within the purview of the authority conferred on said Board by the Constitution, the course of proceedings be not specifically pointed out, any suitable process or mode of proceedings may be adopted by the Board which may appear most conformable to the spirit of the Constitution.

Sec. 13. The said Board shall, immediately after entering upon the performance of its duties, demand and receive from the Transportation Commissioner, appointed under an Act approved April first, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, section nine, chapter one, all public property belonging to the office of said Transportation Commissioner, in his possession, or under his control, and it is hereby made his duty to deliver the same to the said Board.

Sec. 14. The term "transportation companies” shall be deemed to mean and include:

First-All companies owning and operating railroads (other than street railroads) within this State.

Second-All companies owning and operating steamships engaged in the transportation of freight or passengers from and to ports within this State.

Third-All companies owning and operating steamboats used in transporting freight or passengers upon the rivers or inland waters of this State.

The word "company," as used in this Act, shall be deemed to mean and include corporations, associations, partnerships, trustees, agents, assignees, and individuals. Whenever any railroad company owns and operates, in connection with its road and for the purpose of transporting its cars, freight, or passengers, any steamer or other watercraft, such steamer or other watercraft shall be deemed a part of its said road. Whenever any steamship or steamboat company owns and operates any barge, canal boat, steamer, tug, ferryboat, or lighter, in connection with its ships or boats, the things so owned and operated shall be deemed to be part of its main line.

Sec. 15. The salaries of the Commissioners, Secretary, Bailiff, and all other officers and attachés in any manner employed by the Board of Commissioners, and all expenses of every kind created under this Act, shall be paid out of any money in the General Fund not otherwise appropriated, and the Controller of State is bereby authorized and directed to draw his warrants from time to time for such purposes, and the State Treasurer is hereby authorized and directed to pay the same.

Sec. 16. This Act shall take effect immediately.

RULES OF PROCEDURE OF THE BOARD.

RULE I.—To regulate, establish, or change the rates of charges and schedules of fares or freights of any transportation company in this State, said Commissioners will proceed upon their own motion, or upon the complaint of any person or persons demanding relief, and having an interest therein.

RULE II.-In any case of alleged extortion, discrimination, or other abuse, by any transportation company in this State, subject to the cognizance and control of said Commissioners, they will proceed, upon the complaint of the person or persons injured thereby, to hear and determine the cause of such complaint, and will exercise the remedial and judicial powers conferred by the Constitution, as required thereby, to wit: "In the same manner and to the same extent as Courts of record, and to enforce their decisions and correct abuses through the medium of the Courts."

RULE III.-Such complaint as aforesaid, when presented at the office of said Commissioners, shall be filed by the Secretary, who shall, at the request of the complainant, issue a summons thereon.

RULE IV.—The summons must be directed to the defendant, must be signed by the Secretary, and attested by the seal of the Commissioners, and must contain:

1. The names of the parties to the proceeding. 2. A statement of the nature of the complaint.

3. A direction that the defendant appear and answer it within fifteen days after service hereof.

RULE V.—The summons may be served by the Bailiff of the Commissioners, or by any citizen of the State, and shall be served by delivering a copy thereof, together with a copy of the complaint, to the defendant, or if the defendant is a corporation, to the President, Secretary, Treasurer, or Managing Agent thereof. Proof of service of summons and complaint must be as follows:

1. If made by the Bailiff, his certificate thereof. 2. If by any other person, his affidavit thereof.

RULE VI.--From the time of the service of the summons and the copy of complaint, the Commissioners shall be deemed to have acquired jurisdiction of the parties and subject matter. The voluntary appearance of the defendant is equivalent to personal service.

RULE VII.—The complaint must contain:
1. The names of the parties to the proceeding.

2. A statement of the cause of complaint, in ordinary and concise language, giving such particulars of time, place, and circumstances as may enable the defendant to answer the same intelligently.

3. A demand of the relief claimed.

RULE VIII.—The defendant may, within the time required in the summons to answer, object to the complaint upon the following grounds:

1. That it does not state facts sufficient to authorize the proceedings.

2. That it does not conform to the requirements of Section 9, Chapter 59, Statutes of 1880.

RULE IX.-If the objection be sustained, the complainant may amend his complaint. If the objection be overruled, the defendant may answer the complaint

RULEX.—The answer of the defendant may contain:

1. A general or specific denial of the allegations of the complaint controverted by him.

2. A statement of any new matter of defense in mitigation or explanation of the charges made in the complaint.

RULE XI.-The complainant may, upon service of the answer, object to the same as insufficient, and if the objection is sustained the defendant may amend his answer.

RULE XII.—The complaint, answer, and demurrer must be subscribed by the party, his authorized agent, or attorney. The complaint and answer must be verified as required by the Code of Civil Procedure in civil cases.

RULE XIII.—U pon the appearance, answer, or default of defendant, the Commissioners shall promptly hear and determine the cause of complaint, and upon the law and the facts shall render and file in their office a decision in writing, signed by the Commissioners concurring therein. Within ten days thereafter, upon a petition by either party based upon the record in the case, such decision may be modified or changed by order of the Commissioners, setting forth the reasons therefor.

RULE XIV.-The Secretary of the Commissioners must keep a calendar of cases pending before them, in their chronological order; and in a suitable book, properly indexed, shall enter all orders and decisions of the Board.

RULE XV.—The provisions of Part IV of the Code of Civil Procedure, relating to the general principles, kinds and degrees, production and effect of evidence, and of the rights and duties of witnesses, shall be applicable to proceedings before these Commissioners.

RULE XVI.—These rules may be amended at any regular meeting of the Commissioners, and amendments so made shall go into effect in ten days thereafter.

RULE XVII.—These rules shall be in force from and after the first day of March, 1883.

ADDITIONAL RULES OF PROCEDURE.

WHEREAS, By Section 11, Chapter 59, of the Statutes of 1880, entitled “An Act to organize and define the powers of the Board of Railroad Commissioners,” it is provided that “Whenever said Board, in the discharge of its duties, shall establish or adopt rates of charges for transportation of passengers or freight, pursuant to the provisions of the Constitution, said Board shall serve a printed schedule of such rates, and of any changes that may be made in such rates, upon the person, copartnership, company, or corporation affected thereby; and upon such service it shall be the duty of such person, copartnership, company, or corporation to immediately cause copies of the same to be posted in all of its offices, station houses, warehouses, and landing offices affected by such rates, in such manner as to be accessible to public inspection during usual business hours.” And whereas, it is further provided in said section and Act that “the rates of charges established or adopted by said Board pursuant to the Constitution and this Act shall go into force and effect the twentieth day after service of said schedule of rates or changes of rates upon the person, copartnership, company, or corporation affected thereby, as herein provided. And whereas, unless waived by the party to be affected thereby, as aforesaid, the mode and time prescribed exclude all others. And whereas, it is optional with such party to waive said time, and also service of printed copy of said schedule. And whereas, it is competent and proper for this Commission, when it shall “establish or adopt” rates of charges as aforesaid, to consult the convenience and preference of such party as to the form and clerical preparation of the schedule it is required to copy and post for inspection and use as aforesaid.

Now, therefore, it is hereby ordered, That in pursuance of said section of said Act, this Commission can and will establish or adopt rates of charges for the transportation of passengers and freight only by schedule; and that in the preparation thereof, in the usual form for convenient use as aforesaid, the Secretary of the Commission is hereby authorized and directed to avail himself of such form or draft of such schedule as may be most conveniently copied and used by the party to be most affected thereby.

And it is further ordered, That upon the completion of any schedule of rates of charges, so drafted and prepared as aforesaid, the same shall be submitted to the Commission, and it shall be established and adopted,” as aforesaid. A certified copy of the order adopting the same shall be served by said Secretary upon the party to be affected thereby; and in case such party shall prefer for its own convenience, and to simplify the duties of all concerned, to make its own copies of all such schedules, and shall consent to put the same in operation within twenty days from and after the service of said order, and in accordance therewith, it may do so without further preliminary process or proceeding to enforce the same; provided, that said party, or its general manager, shall, within three days from and after the service of said order, acknowledge the service of said schedule by printed copy, expressly waiving all other service or notice thereof, in writing, addressed to said Commission, and to be filed and remain of record in its office.

And it is further ordered, That if such acknowledgment and waiver, as aforesaid, shall not be filed in said office within three days from and after the service of such order as aforesaid, then, and in that case, said Secretary shall immediately proceed to print such schedule and order, and to serve printed copies thereof on the parties to be affected thereby, and shall keep a record of his action in the minutes of said Commission.

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