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service

after

Returns re

funded to the corporation in accordance with the pro

visions of section 252. Computation (b) If a corporation makes return for a fiscal year where fiscal year began in 1918. beginning in 1918 and ending in 1919, the tax for such

fiscal year under this title shall be the sum of: (1) the same proportion of a tax for the entire period computed under subdivision (a) of section 301 which the portion of such period falling within the calendar year 1918 is of the entire period, and (2) the same proportion of a tax for the entire period computed under subdivision (b) or (c) of section 301 which the portion of such period falling within the calendar year 1919 is of the entire

period. Partnership or (c) If a partnership or a personal service corporation personal corporation with makes return for a fiscal year beginning in 1917 and ginning in 1919. ending in 1918, it shall pay the same proportion of a

tax for the entire period computed under Title II of the Revenue Act of 1917 which the portion of such period falling within the calendar year 1917 is of the entire

period. Fiscal year be. ginning

Any tax paid by a partnership or personal service corJanuary 1, 1918. poration for any period beginning on or after January

1, 1918, shall be immediately refunded to the partnership or corporation as a tax erroneously or illegally collected.

SEC. 336. That every corporation, not exempt under quired.

section 304, shall make a return for the purposes of this

title. Such returns shall be made, and the taxes imPayment of tax.

posed by this title shall be paid, at the same times and places, in the same manner, and subject to the same conditions, as is provided in the case of returns and payment of income tax by corporations for the purposes of Title II, and all the provisions of that title not inapplicable, including penalties, are hereby made applicable to the taxes imposed by this title.

Acceptance of certificates of indebtedness in payment of taxes due June 16, 1919. (T. D. 2850.)

Amended returns accepted so that taxable year of affiliated corporations will coincide. (T. D. 2805.)

Acceptance of certificates of indebtedness in payment of taxes due September 15, 1919, and December 15, 1919; articles 1731 and 1732, Regulations No. 45, supplemented. (T. D. 2907.)

Regulations governing inspection of returns. (T. D. 2961.)

Furnishing copies of returns. (T. D. 2962.) Tax in case of mines,

Sec. 337. That in the case of a bona fide sale of mines, oil or gas wells, or any interest therein, where the principal value of the property has been demonstrated by prospecting or exploration and discovery work done by the taxpayer, the portion of the tax imposed by this title attributable to such sale shall not exceed 20 per centum of the selling price of such property or interest.

of

Procedure to be followed by collectors with respect to claims for refund or abatement; article 1036. Regulations 45, amended. (T. D. 2871.)

sale etc.

CHAPTER EIGHTEEN.

ESTATE TAX.1, 2

[Title IV, act of February 24, 1919 (40 Stat., 1057).) Sec.

Sec. 400. Definitions.

406. Due date of tax; extension of 401. Taxing percentages based on value

time for payment; interest in of net estate.

case of delinquency. 402. Determination of value of gross 407. Payment of tax; refund of exestate.

cess; interest; receipts. 403. Determination of value of net es- 408. Proceedings to compel payment tate.

of tax; reimbursement. 404. Notice to collector that executor 409. Lien of tax; liability of trustee has qualified or taken posses

or transferee; rights of bona sion; return by executor; as

fide purchasers. sessment by Commissioner. 410. False statement in notice or re405. Return by collector in certain

turn; failure to make disclosure cases.

of information. (Act of April 4, 1918 (40.Stat., 502, 505).) 6. Acceptance of Liberty bonds in

payment of tax.

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TITLE IV.-ESTATE TAX.

Definitions.

Sec. 400. [Act of February 24, 1919 (40 Stat., 1057).] That when used in this title

The term executor means the executor or administrator of the decedent, or, if there is no executor or administrator, any person who takes possession of any property of the decedent; and

The term " collector" means the collector of internal revenue of the district in which was the domicile of the decedent at the time of his death, or, if there was no such domicile in the United States, then the collector of the district in which is situated the part of the gross estate of the decedent in the United States, or, if such part of the gross estate is situated in more than one district, then the collector of internal revenue of such district as may be designated by the Commissioner.

SEC. 401. That (in lieu of the tax imposed by Title Taxing per. II of the Revenue Act of 1916, as amended, and in lieu on value of net of the tax imposed by Title IX of the Revenue Act of estate. 1917) a tax equal to the sum of the following percentages of the value of the net estate (determined as provided in section 403) is hereby imposed upon the transfer of the net estate of every decedent dying after the passage of this Act, whether a resident or nonresident of the United States :

1 per centum of the amount of the net estate not in excess of $50,000;

centages based

See Regulations No. 37, revised. 2 Act of September 8, 1916 (see post, p. 793) : act of March 3, 1917 (see post, p. 845); act of October 3, 1917 (see post, p. 849).

2 per centum of the amount by which the net estate exceeds $50,000 and does not exceed $150,000;

3 per centum of the amount by which the net estate exceeds $150,000 and does not exceed $250,000;

4 per centum of the amount by which the net estate exceeds $250,000 and does not exceed $150,000;

6 per centum of the amount by which the net estate exceeds $450,000 and does not exceed $750,000;

8 per centum of the amount by which the net estate exceeds $750,000 and does not exceed $1,000,000;

10 per centum of the amount by which the net estate exceeds $1,000,000 and does not exceed $1,500,000;

12 per centum of the amount by which the net estate exceeds $1,500,000 and does not exceed $2,000,000;

14 per centum of the amount by which the net estate exceeds $2,000,000 and does not exceed $3,000,000;

16 per centum of the amount by which the net estate exceeds $3,000,000 and does not exceed $1,000,000;

18 per centum of the amount by which the net estate exceeds $4,000,000 and does not exceed $5,000,000;

20 per centum of the amount by which the net estate exceeds $5,000,000 and does not exceed $8,000,000;

22 per centum of the amount by which the net estate exceeds $8,000,000 and does not exceed $10,000,000; and

25 per centum of the amount by which the net estate exceeds $10,000,000.

The taxes imposed by this title or by Title II of the Revenue Act of 1916 (as amended by the Act entitled

“ An Act to provide increased revenue to defray the ex

serv. penses of the increased appropriations for the Army ing in military and Navy and the extensions of fortifications, and for or naval forces. other purposes," approved March 3, 1917) or by Title

IX of the Revenue Act of 1917, shall not apply to the transfer of the net estate of any decedent who has died or may die while serving in the military or naval forces

of the United States in the present war or from injuries Determination received or disease contracted while in such service, and of value of gross any such tax collected upon such transfer shall be re

funded to the executor.

Sec. 402. That the value of the gross estate of the decedent shall be determined by including the value at the time of his death of all property, real or personal, tangible or intangible, wherever situated

(a) To the extent of the interest therein of the decedent at the time of his death which after his death is subject to the payment of the charges against his estate and the expenses of its administration and is subject to distribution as part of his estate;

(b) To the extent of any interest therein of the surviving spouse, existing at the time of the decedent's death as dower, courtesy, or by virtue of a statute creating an estate in lieu of dower or courtesy;

(c) To the extent of any interest therein of which the decedent has at any time made a transfer, or with respect

Persons

to which he has at any time created a trust, in contemplation of or intended to take effect in possession or enjoyment at or after his death (whether such transfer or trust is made or created before or after the passage of this Act), except in case of a bona fide sale for a fair consideration in money or money's worth. Any transfer of a material part of his property in the nature of a final disposition or distribution thereof, made by the decedent within two years prior to his death without such a consideration, shall, unless shown to the contrary, be deemed to have been made in contemplation of death within the meaning of this title;

(d) To the extent of the interest therein held jointly or as tenants in the entirety by the decedent and any other person, or deposited in banks or other institutions in their joint names and payable to either or the survivor, except such part thereof as may be shown to have originally belonged to such other person and never to have belonged to the decedent;

(e) To the extent of any property passing under a general power of appointment exercised by the decedent (1) by will, or (2) by deed executed in contemplation of, or intended to take effect in possession or enjoyment at or after, his death, except in case of a bona fide sale for a fair consideration in money or money's worth; and

(f) To the extent of the amount receivable by the executor as insurance under policies taken out by the decedent upon his own life, and to the extent of the excess over $40,000 of the amount receivable by all other beneficiaries as insurance under policies taken out by the decedent upon his own life. SEC. 403. That for the purpose of the tax the value of Determination

of the net estate shall be determined

(a) In the case of a resident, by deducting from the value of the gross estate

(1) Such amounts for funeral expenses, administration expenses, claims against the estate, unpaid mortgages, losses incurred during the settlement of the estate arising from fires, storms, shipwreck, or other casualty, or from theft, when such losses are not compensated for by insurance or otherwise, and such amounts reasonably required and actually expended for the support during the settlement of the estate of those dependent upon the decedent, as are allowed by the laws of the jurisdiction, whether within or without the United States, under which the estate is being administered, but not including any income taxes upon income received after the death of the decedent, or any estate, succession, legacy, or inheritance taxes;

(2) An amount equal to the value at the time of the decedent's death of any property, real, personal, or mixed, which can be identified as having been received by the decedent as a share in the estate of any person who died

estate.

within five years prior to the death of the decedent, or which can be identified as having been acquired by the decedent in exchange for property so received, if an estate tax under the Revenue Act of 1917 or under this Act was collected from such estate, and if such property is included in the decedent's gross estate;

(3) The amount of all bequests, legacies, devises, or gifts, to or for the use of the United States, any State, Territory, any political subdivision thereof, or the District of Columbia, for exclusively public purposes, or to or for the use of any corporation organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes, including the encouragement of art and the prevention of cruelty to children or animals, no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private stockholder or individual, or to a trustee or trustees exclusively for such religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes. This deduction shall be made in case of the estates of all decedents who have died since December 31, 1917; and

(4) An exemption of $50,000;

(b) In the case of a nonresident, by deducting from the value of that part of his gross estate which at the time of his death is situated in the United States

(1) That proportion of the deductions specified in paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of this section which the value of such part bears to the value of his entire gross estate, wherever situated, but in no case shall the amount so deducted exceed 10 per centum of the value of that part of his gross estate which at the time of his death is situated in the United States;

(2) An amount equal to the value at the time of the decedent's death of any property, real, personal, or mixed, which can be identified as having been received by the decedent as a share in the estate of any person who died within five years prior to the death of the decedent, or which can be identified as having been acquired by the decedent in exchange for property so received, if an estate tax under the Revenue Act of 1917 or under this Act was collected from such estate, and if such property is included in that part of the decedent's gross estate which at the time of his death is situated in the United States; and

(3) The amount of all bequests, legacies, devises, or gifts, to or for the use of the United States, any State, Territory, any political subdivision thereof, or the District of Columbia, for exclusively public purposes, or to or for the use of any domestic corporation organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes, including the encouragement of art and the prevention of cruelty to children or animals, no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private stockholder or individual, or

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