Page images
PDF
EPUB
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

SERIES of Letters from a NobleMAN to his Son.

A New EDITION, carefully corrected.

VOL. III.

LONDON,
Printed for G. G. J. and J. ROBINSON, Paternoster-row; ajand

A. HAMILTON, jun. Falcon-court, Fleet-street. 1789.

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

PA R T I.
From the Rise of the Modern KingDOMS, to the

PEACE of WESTPHALIA, in 1648.

LE T T E R LXIX. & general View of the Transactions of Europe, from the Dearb of Charles IX. in 1574, to the Accession of Henry IV. the firn King of the Branch of Bourbon, to the Throne of France, 'iñ 1589including the Rise of the Republic of Holland, the unhappy Catastrophe of Don Sebastian King of Portugal, the Execution of Mary Queen of Scots, and the Defeat of the

Spanish Armada, A.D.

Page 1574

ACCESSION of Henry III. of France
A He attempts to restore the royal authority by acting as

umpire between the Protestants and Catholics . ibid. 1575 The king of Navarre places himself at the head of the protes

tants. 1570 They obtain advantageous conditions 1577 Are threatened by the famous Catholic League, which is headed

by the Duke of Guise Phillip II. of Spain declares hiuself protector of that league ib: . His motives for so doing Retrospective view of the Civil wars in the Low Countries 5

Az

2

ibid.

ibid,

The

[merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

A.D.

The Flemish sea-adventurers make themselves masters of the

Brille [A. D. 1572)

The provinces of Holland and Zealand throw off the Spanish

yoke ; and William prince of Orange, by forming the re-
volted towns into a league, lays the foundation of the repub.

lic of the United Provinces
The duke of Alva, repulsed before Alcmaer, petitions to be
recalled (A. D. 1573)

ibid.
He is succeeded in the government of the Low Countries by

Requesens, Commandator of Castile
Middleburg taken by the Zealanders (A.D. 1574) ibid.
The fiege of Leyden ; which the Spaniards are compelled to
raise, after the most vigorous exertions

ibid.
The conferences at Breda (A. D. 1575)
The revolted provinces reduced to great distress, offer their fo.
vereignty to Queen Elizabeth

ibid.
She rejects it, for political reasons
The Spanish troops in the Netherlands mutiny on the death of
Requesens (A.D. 1576)

ibid.

The pacificarion of Ghent

ibid.

Don John of Austria, the new governor of the Low Countries,

agrees to confirm it

10

He violates his engagements

1578 Queen Elizabeth engages to support the revolted provinces ib.

Don John deposed by a decree of the States

IL

They are distracted by jealoufies and disentions

ibid.

Death of Don John

He is succeeded in the command of the Spanish army in the

Netherlands by the famous Alexander Farnese, duke of

Parma

ibid.

1579 The UNION of the Seven Provinces signed at Utrecht ibid.

The nature of that Union

1580 The United Provinces finally withdraw their allegiance from

Philip II.

ibid.

The expedition of Don Sebastian, king of Portugal, to the
coast of Africa

14

His death

ibid.

1581 Philip II. makes himself master of the kingdom of Portugal 15

1582 Attempt against the life of the prince of Orange

ibid.

He is opposed to the duke of Parma

Distracted state of affairs in Scotland

ibid.
James, the young king, is made prisoner at Ruthven

1983 The Spaniards invade Ireland

Account of the voyage of Sir Francis Drake

ibid.

Discontents of the Catholics in England

19

Plot

[ocr errors]

19

27

A.D.

Page 1583 Plot against the life of Elizabeth 1584 It is discovered

20 Affaffination of William prince of Orange i ibid. His fon Maurice elected ŝtadtholder

21 The Duke of Parma invests Antwerp

ibid. 1;8; The citizens agree to acknowledge the authority of Philip 22 Rapid decay of that city

ibid. The United Provinces offer their sovereignty to Henry III. of

France He is obliged to reject it, on account of the distracted state of his kingdom

ibid. Queen Elizabeth fends over an army of fix thousand men, un

der the earl of Leicester, to the ailistance of the States 24 And dispatches Sir Francis Drake, with a fleet of twenty fail to distress the Spaniards in the West Indies

ibid. 1536 Success of Drake

ibid.
Misconduct of Leicester
He is recalled
Babington's conspiracy aganst the life of Elizabeth 26
Trial of Mary Queen of Scots

ibid.
Her spirited defence
She is condemned to suffer death

ibid. Examination of the evidence against her

. 28 1387 Affe&ting circumstances attending her execution Her gallant behaviour

. ibid. Her character

30 Hypocritical sorrow of Elizabeth

ibid. James VI. king of Scotland seems determined to revenge the death of his moiher

31 He is induced to live on good terms with the court of England

ibid. Naval exploits of Drake and Cavendish

The failing of the Spanilh Armada is retarded 1388 Philip II. makes new and great preparations for invading Eng.

land
Naval and military force of Elizabeth .
Undaunted courage of the English queen
The Spanish Armada fails

ibid. Defeated by the English fleet, under the earl of Effingham and Sir Francis Drake

36 It is attacked by a violent form and wrecked on the western illes of Scotland, and on the coast of Ireland

37. French Protestants reduced to great distress by the vower of the Catholic League

ibid. Ambition of the second Duke of Guise His violent death

39

29

... 32

ibid.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

33 34

38

A 3

« PreviousContinue »