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We believe Cumberland's character to have been justly, as well as affectionately, summed up in the sermon preached on occasion of his funeral, by his venerable friend, Dr Vincent, then Dean of Westminster. “ The person you now see deposited, is Richard Cumberland, an author of no small merit; his writings were chiefly for the stage, but of strict moral tendency—they were not without their faults, but these were not of a gross description. He wrote as much as any, and few wrote better; and his works will be held in the highest estimation, so long as the English language is understood. He considered the theatre as a school for moral improvement, and his remains are truly worthy of mingling with the illustrious dead which surround us. In his subjects on Divinity, you find the true Christian spirit ; and may God, in his mercy, assign him the true Christian reward !"
CATALOGUE OF CUMBERLAND'S WORKS,
INDEX TO HIS MEMOIRS.
Verses to Dr James. False Impressions.
Lord Mansfield. First Love.
on Nelson's Death. Hint to Husbands.
Ode to the Sun. Impostor.
Lines addressed to Pitt. Jew.
--on Pride. Joanna of Montfaucon; a Drama. -on Prudery. tic Romance.
to the Prince of Wales. Last of the Family.
-to Romney the Painter Mysterious Husband.
Elegy on St Mark's Eve.. Natural Son.
Translations from the Troades. Note of Hand.
- from Virgil. Sailor's Daughter.
Prose Publications. Shakspeare in the Shades.
Curtius Redeemed from the Timon of Athens.
Evidences of the Christian ReveWalloons.
lation. Wat Tyler.
Controversy with Lowth on the West Indian.
· Subject of Dr Bentley. Wheel of Fortune.
Miscellaneous. Widow of Delphi.
Anecdotes of Eminent Painters in Word for Nature.
Catalogue of Paintings in the Affectation.
King of Spain's Palace. Lines to Princess Amelia.
Periodical Papers . in the Ob. Dreams.
Translation of the Psalms. Epilogue to the Arab.
John de Lancaster, Judges.
To this formidable list there remain yet to be added the critical papers written by the author for the London Review ; Retrospection, a poem, in blank verse, on the author's own past life ; and perhaps other publications, unknown to the Editor.
Abbotsford, December, 1824.
Our biographical notices of distinguished Novelists were in some degree proportioned to the space which their labours occupy in the Collection for which these sketches were originally written. On that principle, the present subject, so interesting in every other point of view, could not be permitted long to detain us. The circumstances also of Dr Goldsmith's life, his early struggles with poverty and distress, the success of his brief and brilliant career after he had become distinguished as an author, are so well known, and have been so well and so often told, that a short outline is all that ought here to be attempted.
Oliver Goldsmith was born on the 29th November, 1728, at Pallas, (or · rather Palice,) in the parish of Farney, and county of Longford, in Ireland, where his father, the Rev. Charles Goldsmith, a minister of the Church of England, at that time resided. This worthy clergyman, whose virtues his celebrated son afterwards rendered immortal, in the character of the Village Preacher, 2 had a family of seven children, for whom he was enabled to provide but very indifferently. He obtained ultimately a benefice in the county of Roscommon, but died early ; for the careful researches of the Rev. John Graham of Lifford have found his widow nigra veste senescens, residing with her son Oliver in Ballymahon, so early as 1740. Among the shop accounts of a petty grocer of the place, Mrs Goldsmith's name occurs frequently as a customer for trifling articles ; on which occasions Master Noll appears to have been his mother's usual emissary. He was recollected, however, in the neighbourhood, by more poetical employments, as that of playing on the flute, and wandering in solitude on the shores, or among the islands of the river Inny, which is remarkably beautiful at Ballymahon.
1 [It is understood that Mr Prior, the author of the Life of Burke, has prepared for the press Memoirs of Goldsmith, on a very extensive scale, and enriched with many new and important details, and original documents. 1834.] . : [See the Deserted Village.]
Oliver early distinguished himself by the display of lively talents, as well as by that uncertainty of humour which is so often attached to genius, as the slave in the chariot of the Roman triumph. An uncle by affinity, the Rev. Thomas Contarine, undertook the expense of affording to so promising a youth the advantages of a scholastic education. He was put to school at Edgeworths-town,' and, in June 1744, was sent to Dublin College as a sizer ; a situation which subjected him to much discouragement and ill usage, especially as he had the misfortune to fall under the charge of a brutal tutor. 1
1 [" This benevolent man,” says Mr Campbell, “was descended from the noble family of the Contarini of Venice. His ancestor having married a nun in his native country, was obliged to fly with her into France, where she died of the small-pux. Being pursued by ecclesiastical censures, Contarini came to England; but the puritanical manners, which then prevailed, having afforded him but a cold reception, he was on his way to Ireland, when, at Chester, he met with a young lady, of the name of Chaloner, whom he married. Having afterwards conformed to the Established Church, he,
On 15th June, 1747, Goldsmith obtained his qnly academical laurel, being an Exhibition on the foundation of Erasmus Smythe, Esq. Some indiscreet frolic induced him soon afterwards to quit the
through the interest of his wife's family, obtained ecclesiastical preferment in the diocese of Elphin. Their lineal descendant was the benefactor of Goldsmith."-Specimens, vol. vi., p. 252.]
i [“ Though he occasionally distinguished himself by his translations from the classics, his general appearance at the University corresponded neither with the former promises, nor future developement of his talents. He was, like Johnson, a lounger at the college-gate. He gained neither premiums nor a scholarship, and was not admitted to the degree of bachelor of arts, till two years after the regular time. His back.. wardness, it would appear, was the effect of despair rather than of wilful negligence. He had been placed under a savage tutor, named Theaker Wilder, who used to insult him at public examinations, and to treat his delinquencies with a ferocity that broke his spirit. On one occasion, poor Oliver was so imprudent as to invite a company of young people, of both sexes, to a dance and supper in his rooms. On receiving intelligence of which, Theaker grimly repaired to the place of revelry, belaboured him before his guests, and rudely broke up the assembly. The disgrace of this inhuman treatment drove him for a time from the University. He set out from Dublin, intending to sail from Cork for some other country, he knew not whither ; but after wandering about till he was reduced to such famine, that he thought a handful of grey peas, which a girl gave him at a wake, the sweetest repast be had ever tasted, he returned home, like the prodigal son, and matters were adjusted for his being received again at college." -CAMPBELL. ]