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SUMMARY BY STATES OF ALL REFORMED BODIES.

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California
Colorado.
Connecticut
Delaware.
Dist. of Columbia .
Illinois..
Indiana.
Iowa
Kansas.
Kentucky
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan..
Minnesota.
Missouri
Nebraska
New Jersey.
New York...
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oregon
Pennsylvania
South Dakota
Tennessee.
Virginia
Washington.
West Virginia
Wisconsin....

2 62 64 66 29 IO 67

I 106 17 II 20 142 323 39

300
250
450
200

375
19,645
17,080
17,689
3,882

1,630 27,320

450 40,284 2,361 1,475 2,560 71,749 150,225 14,150

2 61 61 65 18

6 63

I 114 12

Value of

ComChurch muniProperty. $11,000 68 20,000 35 18,000 150

2,000 69 31,000 301 272,000 5,385 243,775 6,761 176,250 5,741 55,400

1,139 37,500 1,350 484,225 10,741

56,000 62 484,800 15,404 28,620

968 18,800 22,800

586

Total. ...

6 299

10 762

530 91,229

1,000 327,103 6,429

450 7,260

550 1,850 17,725

7 14 174 379 36

4 288

6 628 31

3 22 4 5 71

1,408 2,230,329 26,210 7,698,280 55,973 49,000 2,903 1,850

287 1,155,875 36,255

29,300 298 5,299,828 124,700 41,650

1,883 2,500 236

1,819 11,410 167 25,300 794 191,950 7,765

44,800

3 20 5 6 70

2,181 2,080 825,931 $18,744,242 309,458

CHAPTER XXXIV.

THE SALVATION ARMY.

THIS body was organized in London, England, in 1876, by William Booth. He had been engaged for several years previously in evangelistic work in the east of London, chiefly among those who were beyond the reach of ordinary religious influences. He was formerly a minister of the Methodist New Connection, withdrawing from the regular ministry in 1861 for independent evangelistic work. The new organization was speedily introduced into various countries of Europe, into the United States, Australia, and elsewhere.

In doctrine the Salvation Army is thoroughly evangelical. Its teachings are given in a book which has been prepared by the “general” of the Army, Mr. Booth. This book of doctrine and discipline sets forth the ordinary doctrines respecting God and Christ; the sinfulness of man; the work of redemption; the atonement, which is described as general; election, of which the Arminian view is taken ; the Holy Ghost; repentance and faith as conditions of salvation; the forgiveness of sins; conversion; the two natures of man; assurance, setting forth the Methodist view; sanctification, which is emphasized as one of the more important doctrines.

Entire sanctification is described as a complete deliverance." Sin is destroyed out of the soul, and all the powers, faculties, possessions, and influences of the soul are given up to the service and glory of God." No fewer than seven sections of the Book of Discipline are given to the doctrine of sanctification; backsliding also forms a section, and so also do final perseverance, “ death and after," hell, the Bible, and baptism. The Army recognizes women's right to preach, and full directions are given how to proceed " in getting men saved.”

The government is military in form, and military titles are used in designating the various officers, and military terms in describing the various departments of the work. The officers are: (1) the commander-in-chief, who has the general direction of the entire army; (2) the chief of staff, who has the oversight of all the business at the war office, known as headquarters; (3) a lieutenant-general, who travels under the direction of the commander-in-chief and inspects various divisions; (4) a general, who has command of a division; (5) a captain, who commands a single corps; (6) a lieutenant, who is under the direction of the captain; (7) a color sergeant, who has charge of the colors and carries them in procession; (8) a paymaster-sergeant, or treasurer, who cares for all the moneys of a corps; (9) a paymaster-secretary. There are also sergeants who lead bands, and there are various other officers. The sergeants are appointed by the captains. The treasurers and secretaries are recommended for appointment to the generals of divisions, and the commissions are issued by the general-in-chief. The term of office is indefinite.

All members of the Salvation Army on active duty wear a uniform. The places where meetings are regularly held are usually called "barracks."

The Salvation Army in the United States is represented in thirty States, also in the territory of Utah and the District of Columbia. It has 329 organizations, with 27 church edifices, or barracks, which are valued at $38,150. Of halls, etc., 300, with a seating capacity of 87,101, are occupied. There are in all 8742 communicants or members. It is not the chief aim of the army to make converts for membership in its own organization. Many of those who are converted through its labors join various other denominations.

SUMMARY BY STATES.

STATES.

Organic Church
zations. Edifices.

Seating

Ca. pacity.

Com. muni. cants.

Value of Church Property. $9,188 2,000 2,235

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5,130
1,000
7,575

800

California
Colorado..
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia.
Illinois...
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Missouri
Montana.
Nebraska
New Hampshire.
New Jersey
New York..
North Carolina
Ohio.
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island.
South Dakota
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin

5 3

340 214 203 153

23 922 104 397 307 265 213 656 1,099 460 340 30 19 26 156 625

59 655

44 772 31 41 35

4 54

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156

2 14

7 322

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Colorado and Wyo

ming ..
Central
East Pennsylvania..
Iowa and Dakota. ..
Illinois and Indiana.
Kansas, Missouri,

and Nebraska ... Massachusetts, Con

necticut, and

Rhode Island....
Maine and New

Hampshire
Michigan
New York State.
Northwestern.
Ohio..
Pittsburg and West

Pennsylvania
Pacific Coast..
Southern...
Texas.

3

1,900

3,235

890

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