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part in its deliberations. At the convention of 1785 a committee was appointed to draft a constitution, to prepare such alterations in the liturgy as were necessary, and to report a plan for securing the consecration of bishops. All of these matters were considered by the committee, and the convention acted upon the several reports it made. The first Episcopal consecration was that of Bishop Seabury, of Connecticut, which took place in Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1784, the Scottish bishops officiating. In 1787 Drs. William White and Samuel Provoost were consecrated bishops in London, by the Archbishop of Canterbury. The consecration of Bishop Seabury was recognized by the general convention of 1789, and the church was thus fully organized and fully equipped, with bishops of the Scottish and English succession, a constitution, a general convention, and a prayer-book. When the general convention of 1792 was held, it was estimated that there were in this country about 200 clergymen. The church developed quite slowly until after the first quarter of the present century. The clerical list reported at the convention of 1832 contained nearly 600 names; three years later it had swelled to 763, and in 1838 it reached 951. In the next thirty years this number was considerably more than doubled. It now has 52 dioceses and 13 missionary jurisdictions, besides 5 missionary jurisdictions in foreign lands. The number of its bishops is 75.

The doctrinal symbols of the Protestant Episcopal Church are the Apostles' and the Nicene creeds, together with the Thirty-nine Articles of the Church of England slightly altered.

The legislative authority of the church is vested in a general convention, which meets triennially. The convention consists of two houses, the house of bishops and the house of clerical and lay deputies. The deputies are elected by diocesan conventions. Every diocese, regardless of the number of clergymen and communicants within its bounds, is entitled to eight deputies, four clerical and four lay. The concurrence of both orders in the house of deputies and the consent of both houses are necessary to the enactment of legislation. The general convention has the power to adopt, alter, or repeal canons pertaining to the regulation of the general affairs of the church, to ratify measures for the erection of new dioceses, and to make alterations in the constitution and Book of Common Prayer under certain restrictions. It is the supreme legislative, executive, and judicial power. The legislation of the general convention is in the form of canons, which are arranged under four titles: "I. Of the orders in the ministry and of the doctrine

and worship of the church. “II. Of discipline. "III. Of the organized bodies and officers of the church. “IV. Miscellaneous provisions.”

There is in each diocese a convention consisting of the clergy and representatives of the laity. The bishop of the diocese is the presiding officer. The diocesan convention has power to provide by legislation for such diocesan matters as are not regulated by the general canons of the church. The unit of the diocese is the parish, with its rector, churchwardens, vestrymen, and congregation. The vestrymen are the trustees and hold the property for the corporation. The wardens, of whom there are usually two, represent the body of the parish, and have charge of the records, collect the alms, and look after the repairs of the church. Vestry meetings, to be valid, require the presence of at least one warden. The rector, who must be a priest, , presides, and has exclusive direction of the spiritual affairs of the church.

Three orders are recognized in the ministry: bishops, priests, deacons. A bishop is elected by the diocesan convention and consecrated by bishops after consent has been given by the standing committees of the various dioceses and by the bishops. He licenses lay readers, ordains deacons and priests, administers the right of confirmation to members, institutes rectors, and is required to visit every parish in his diocese at least once in three years.

The number of organizations is 5019; of church edifices, 5019, which have an aggregate value of $81,220,317. Worship is also held in 312 halls, etc., with an aggregate seating capacity of 28,007. There are in all 532,054 communicants. Of these New York reports the largest number (127,218) among the States. Pennsylvania comes second, with 54,720; New Jersey third, with 30,103; Massachusetts fourth, with 26,855; and Connecticut fifth, with 26,652. Maryland has more than Virginia, and the District of Columbia a larger number than Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, or any of the other Southern States, excepting only North Carolina and Virginia. The church is represented in all the States and Territories. The largest diocese is that of New York, with 53,593 communicants. Pennsylvania comes second, with 33,459; Maryland third, with 28,273; and Massachusetts fourth, with 26,855. There are 51 dioceses, besides a number of missions and missionary jurisdictions. The multiplication of dioceses has been quite rapid in the last quarter of a century.

The average seating capacity of the church edifices is 266, and the average value $16,182.

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58

$655,752 6,085

I

Alabama..
Alaska
Arizona ..
Arkansas
California.
Colorado..
Connecticut
Delaware
Dist. of Columbia .

Florida ..

9 30 103

52 161 38 18 100 46

13 186

65 105 96 47 85 38

5,162

166

62,553

Georgia.
Idaho..
Illinois.
Indiana.
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana .
Maine
Maryland.
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana.
Nebraska
Nevada ...
New Hampshire .
New Jersey..
New Mexico
New York...
North Carolina
North Dakota..
Ohio .....
Oklahoma.
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island.
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee

166 189 171

68 III

30 IIO

9 44

59 16,755
1
200
1,200

6 4 800 24,216

179 28 7,575 196,122 2,381 95 19,700 1,019,695 9,221 44 8,663 700,065 3,814 187 64,275

3,403,170 26,652 44 11,215 371,500 2,719 28 10,825 790,500 7,476 84 13,569 390,561

4,225 50 13,282 492,300 5,515

364 179 47,523 2,117,275 19,099 61 15,660 537,600

5,185 77 17,385

887,400 6,481 48 9,090 316,225 3,593 57 34,935 758,800 7,161 65 15,099 387,950 37 10,342 406,590 3,291 244

2,381,406 23,938 172 57,613 4,676, 193 26,855 175 46,639 1,645.551 18,034 148 27,070 931, 100 I1,142 61 13,589 322,960 3,560 84 23,035

8,828 22 2,375

1,104 11,665 580,145

4,036 9 1,825 19,500 535 46

10,550 541,400 2,911
62,125 3,815,850 30,103
1,140
41,165

373 827 252,343 30,862,213 127,218 161 34,721 545,010

8,186

892 49,419 2,069,787 17,454

325 4,000 105 25 4,014 361,930 1,849 418 134,967 10,854,131 54,720 61

952,600

165,450

68

184 234

184

2

16 731 178

39 166

20,949 1,189,700 88

21,041 571,833 5,742 69 9,295 234,532

2,649 63 16,275 575,900 5,671

4 31 369 50 94 83 69

9,458

SUMMARY BY STATES.—Continued.

STATES.

IO

Seating Value of
Organi- Church

Com-
Ca-

Church zations. Edifices.

muni

pacity. Property. cants. Texas

139 IIO 23, 120 $624,900 7,097 Utah.

1ο

1,525 71,250 751 Vermont.

63

56 13,087 472,050 4,335 Virginia

245

330 79,340 1,697,375 20,371 Washington.

23 18

3,731 242,800 1,698 West Virginia

61 63
13,898 276,687

2,906 Wisconsin

133 117 21,830 1,035,978 10,457 Wyoming 16

467 Total. ....... 5,019 5,019 1,336,952 $81,220,317 532,054

SUMMARY BY DIOCESES AND MISSIONS.

DIOCESES.

58 143 30 76 152 117 90

8,107

52

44

161

38

84

Alabama....
Albany
Arkansas
California .
Central New York.
Cent'l Pennsylvania
Chicago...
Colorado.
Connecticut
Delaware.
East Carolina.
Easton...
Florida
Fond du Lac
Georgia.
Indiana
Iowa.
Kansas.
Kentucky
Long Island
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan...
Milwaukee
Minnesota..
Mississippi .

51 37 100 57 46 65 105

42

59

16,755 $655,752 6,085 153 41,796 2,323,600 18,556 28 7,575 196,122 2,381 70 15,375 900,353 158% 40,362 1,873,500 16,159 141 37,870 2,211,115 10,658 88 26,688 1,721,050 13,597 8,663

700,065 3,814 187 64,275 3,403,170 26,652 44 11,215

371,500 2,719 49 13,125 243,910 3,351 68 12,636 338,762

3,141 13,569

390,561 4,225 9,105 190,150 3,751 50 13,282

492,300 5,515 61 15,660

537,600 5,185 77 17,385

887,400

6,481 9,090 316,225 3,593 57 34,935 758,800 7,161 147 43,642 4,868,500 23,690 65 15,099 387.950 37 10,342 406,590 3,291 204 60,742 2,833,144 28,273 172 57,613 4,676,193 26,855 123

33,771 1,301,580 13,559 75 12,725

845, 828

6,706 148 27,070 931,100 11,142

13,589 322,960 3,560

96

48

5,162

47 IIO 85 38 147 166 126

76 171 68

61

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