Page images
PDF
EPUB

SUMMARY BY PRESBYTERIES.-Continued.

[blocks in formation]

Communicants.

[blocks in formation]

1,479 5,720 2,730

2,898

[blocks in formation]

56 53 29 44 64 20 45 32 16 13 24 36 59 21 43 21 13 71 34 24 28

[blocks in formation]

Value of Church Property. $50,442 402,700 170, 100 94,500 70,690 47,100 98,550 55,465 43,200

7,750 133, 100

72,700 158,950

44,900 339,450 144,850 209,300 194,700 203,350 115,000

79,750 230,011

52,950 433,920 362,700 226,800

76,590 140,500

41,100 107,600 49,350 33,000 47,200 23,950

Eastern Texas ...
Eastern Hanover..
Ebenezer...
Enoree
Fayetteville
Florida ..
Greenbrier
Harmony
Holston
Indian ..
Knoxville
Lafayette
Lexington
Louisiana
Louisville
Macon..
Maryland
Mecklenburg
Memphis.
Mississippi
Missouri
Montgomery
Muhlenberg.
Nashville..
New Orleans
North Alabama .
North Mississippi .
Orange ..
Ouachita.
Paducah
Palmyra
Paris
Peedee
Pine Bluff.
Potosi
Red River.
Roanoke.
Saint John
Saint Louis.
Savannah ...
South Alabama .
South Carolina
Suwanee

24

Seating

Capacity. 9,965 21,195

7,545 14,605 23,140

5,425 12,455 8,890 6,775 5,250 6,225 7,540 19,320

5,100 14,200 5,775 4,385 21,125 9,100 6,865 7,250 16,990

3,475 16,325 10,565 11,145

6,680 14,920 5,400 5,400 5,950 4,170 6,975 5,300 4,400 6,835 11,330 5,650 5,515 5,697 16, 100 11,505 4,940

48
16

61 16 42 24 35 24

7,388 1,064 3,023 1,932 2,705

629 2,012 2,194 7,451

808 4,433 1,261 1,607 7,299 2,807 1,957 2,330 4,202

959 5,013 3,635 3,427 1,721 3,949 1,198 1,750 1,598

38

19

37 29 55 35 39 22 16 23 21 24 18 17 30 40 25 21 21 55 52 22

17

920 1,489 1,131

961 1,202 2,805 1,103 1,472 1,420 3,783 3,203 1,277

2012 15 24 17 13

37,800

44 25 17 22 48 53 20

65.085 95,200 40,700 283,940

93,000 210.925 80,350 74,650

[blocks in formation]

The Associate Presbyterians began with a secession in 1733 of Ebenezer Erskine and three other ministers from the Church of Scotland. Twenty years later the first associate presbytery in this country, that of Pennsylvania, was organized. In 1782 most of these Presbyterians, who held what are known as the Marrow doctrines, united with Reformed Presbyterians, whence came, in course of time, various bodies of Associate Reformed Presbyterians. There were Associate Presbyterians, however, who did not join this union, and these organized in 1801 a synod, embracing several presbyteries. In 1858 there was a union of Associate and Associate Reformed Presbyterians, resulting in the United Presbyterian Church. Some Associate Presbyterians, however, remained separate still. These are known as the Associate Church of North America.

The Associate Presbyterians were very pronounced against slavery. As early as 1800 the Associate Presbytery denounced slavery as immoral and unjustifiable. In 1811 it repeated this declaration, and in 1831 it resolved to exclude slaveholders from its communion, losing thereby its Southern congregations.

There are now 4 presbyteries, with 31 organizations and 1053 communicants, scattered among eight States, the majority of them being in Pennsylvania and Iowa. They have 23 edifices, with an average seating capacity of 211, and an average value of $1270; 8 halls, with a seating capacity of 345, are occupied.

[blocks in formation]

8.—THE ASSOCIATE REFORMED SYNOD OF THE SOUTH.

The union of Associate and Reformed Presbyterians in 1782 resulted in a body called Associate Reformed Presbyterians. There have been various divisions bearing this name, but all have ceased to exist, having joined with Associate Presbyterians to form the United Presbyterian Church, or been absorbed by other Presbyterian bodies, except the Associate Reformed Synod of the South. In consequence of differences in the general synod of the Associate Reformed Church, which had been formed in 1804, on the psalmody and communion questions, the Associate Reformed Synod of the Carolinas withdrew in 1821 and became the next year an independent body, under the title of The Associate Reformed Synod of the South.

The synod acc.pts the Westminster Confession of Faith, with those sections treating of the power of civil magistrates in ecclesiastical matters changed so as to eliminate their“ Erastian doctrine." In 1871 the synod also adopted a “summary of doctrines," consisting of thirty-five articles, together with a brief declaration of church order and terms of communion. Its distinctive principles are contained in the sections concerning psalmody and the communion. Psalms only and not uninspired hymns may be used in worship, and persons“ holding to error or corrupt worship, or notoriously belonging to societies which so hold,” may not be admitted to the Lord's Table.

Connected with the synod are 8 presbyteries, with 116 organizations, the same number of edifices, and 8501 communicants. The average seating capacity of the edifices is 319; their average value, $1826. The main body of communicants is to be found in the two Carolinas and Tennessee. Five halls, with a seating capacity of 540, are occupied.

[blocks in formation]

The Reformed Presbyterians of the United States, of whom there are several branches, are ecclesiastically descended from the Cameronians, or Reformed Presbyterians of Scotland, otherwise called Covenanters. The first presbytery in Scotland was organized in 1743. Eight years later the first Covenanter minister arrived in this

« PreviousContinue »