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East Michigan ..
Genesce
Illinois.
lowa
Kansas
Louisiana
Michigan
Minnesota and

North Iowa
Missouri ..
Nebraska
New York.
North Indiana
North Michigan
North Minnesota ..
Ohio
Oregon and Wash-

ington ...
Pittsburg
Susquehanna.
Texas
Wabash
West Iowa
West Kansas
Wisconsin

41 18 II 50 20 63 27 54

2 27 12 38 6

2,164
1,720

275
6,425
3,350
12,200

800 10,300

12,350
7,870

1,200
73,875
11,250
32,915

750 28,900

609 300 171 962

317 1,632

351 897

29

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Total ......

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16.—THE INDEPENDENT METHODISTS.

These consist of congregations in Maryland, Tennessee, and the District of Columbia, which are not connected with any annual conference. They are members of an association which, however, has no ecclesiastical authority whatever. Each congregation is entirely independent. There is i hall, with a seating capacity of 100.

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This organization of Colored Methodists was formed in 1886 by ministers and members in Ohio who withdrew from the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church for various reasons. It has no creed but the Bible; but, according to its bishop, it inclines in belief to the doctrine that there is but one divine person, Jesus Christ,“ in whom dwells all the Godhead bodily.” It has ii organizations, in the States of Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin. Nine halls, with a seating capacity of 2650, are occupied.

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Alabama.
Alaska
Arizona.
Arkansas
California
Colorado.
Connecticut
Delaware

17 1,493 438

23 1,709

559 146 239 247

4,700 375,

,622 123,874 32,200 72,582 65,940

58,100 1,200,842 2,575,631 1,105,700 2,225,730 1,116,125

656 123,316 36,874 10,850 30,815

117

235 258

25,786 96,377 107, 100 2,360 18,305,200 265,551 2,418,984 276,336

SUMMARY BY STATES OF ALL METHODISTS.-Continued.

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cants.

1,162

Seating

Capacity. 37,925 180,142 735,033

5,925 640,797 529,600

33,110 355,990 219,839 391,635 182,525

87,301 353,235 163,472 329,907

97,800

Dist. of Columbia Florida. Georgia Idaho. Illinois. Indiana. Indian Territory Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana. Nebraska Nevada .. New Hampshire New Jersey.. New Mexico. New York... North Carolina North Dakota... Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont. Virginia Washington. West Virginia Wisconsin. Wyoming

62 58 776

816 2,406 2,663

42 30 2,457 2,229 1,901 1,832 351

181 1,579 1,387 1,529 894 1,700 1,408 810

780 356 290 1,340 1,324

422 406 1,578 1,198 591

448 1,885 1,935 2,412 1,888

74 54 738 490

12 I2 134 129 727 707 60

42 2,563 2,388 2,413 2,335

140 61 2,798 2,713 51

20 294 199 2,536 2,359

52 45 1,456 1,709

306 148 2,443 2,351 2,716 1,940

32 29 234 200 1,737 1,646

239 171 1,543 1,097 784 672 16

12

466,026
518,301

11,805
119,303

2,700 40,505 229,831

418

Value of

Com-
Church

muniProperty. $1,543,000 16,369 829,551

70,458 2,783,267 275,784

74,200 7,807, 118 189,358 4,656,235 179,613 75,243

11,601 3,602,860 122,607 2,230,265 95,781 2,718,518 141,521 1,134,992 65,693 1,152,875 23,041 5,347,527

123,618 5,398,825 61,138 4,144,427 101,951 1,764,493 32,199 1,652,269 164,589 4,232,428

162,514 247,850 2,425 1,336,475 42,941

78,800 614,350 12,354 5,500,640

139,985 4,889 9,600,820 272,737

37,550 2,029

693,275 11,927 14,476,904 260,388

606,368 7,353 1,658,182 251,477

384,обо 12,116 3,491,360 223,116 2,677,391 218,890

223,650 1,055

765,650 17,527 2,910,853 154,693

763,175 12,697 1,450,448 85,102 1,889,200 43,696

52,700 912

8,025

723,349
739,577

11,100
818,940

4,650 44,940 732,641

20,335 497,873

33, 174 689,446 570,328

6,205 57,076 410,335

44,615 274,891 144,693

2,390

Total ...... 51,489 46,138 12,863,178 $132,140,179 4,589,284 CHAPTER XXX.

THE MORAVIANS.

This is the name by which the members of the Unitas Fratrum are generally known. The Unitas Fratrum, or Unity of Brethren, originated in Germany, and has no connection with the United Brethren in Christ, a denomination which sprang up in this country near the beginning of the present century.

The Moravians trace their rise back to the time of Huss. The fruit of the Huss reformation appeared in the National Church of Bohemia. The Bohemian Brethren were an organization formed within the Bohemian Church, pledged to take the Bible as their only rule of faith and practice and maintain a Scriptural discipline. The Bohemian Brethren were persecuted and their organization was overthrown in Bohemia and Moravia, but it was resuscitated in 1722–35, among a colony of refugees from Bohemia and Moravia, settled on the estate of Count Zinzendorf in Berthelsdorf, Saxony. There the colony built the town of Herrnhut, which became the center of the Renewed Brethren.

The first Moravians who came to the United States settled in Georgia in 1735, the year when the first bishop of the Renewed Church was consecrated. The colony left Georgia five years later and founded Bethlehem, in Pennsylvania. At Bethlehem, and also at Nazareth and Lititz, in the same State, Moravian Church settlements were formed. “The lands were the property of the church, and the farms and the various departments of mechanical industry were stocked by it and worked for its benefit. In return the church provided the inhabitants with all the necessaries of life. Whoever had private means retained them." There was, however, no common treasury, and the settlements did not adopt a communal life. The economical system was abolished in 1762, having lasted twenty years. The Brethren, however, continued to maintain the church system of communal government until 1844-56, when it disappeared. This system, in a modified form, is still maintained in Germany.

The Unity of Brethren consists of three provinces, the German, British, and American. All are under a central government, the seat of which is in Herrnhut, Germany. There is a general synod, which meets once in ten years. It consists of delegates from each of the provinces and also from the various foreign mission fields, and is empowered “to consult and legislate upon those matters which are of general import." It decides as to all questions of doctrine, all essential points of the liturgy, all fundamental rules of discipline, conditions of membership, nomination and appointment of bishops, etc. In the interim between its meetings it is represented by the Unity's Elders' Conference, which is a sort of executive committee. Each province has a synod of its own, which legislates for and controls provincial affairs.

Bishops, presbyters, and deacons are recognized in the ministry of the Brethren. Bishops are general, not dio

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