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SUMMARY BY States.-Continued.

STATES.

zations,

cants,

3,880

69

I

Georgia.
Idaho.
Illinois ..
Indiana.
Indian Territory
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine ...
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana.
Nebraska
Nevada.
New Hampshire
New Jersey..
New Mexico.
New York.
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma.
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island,
South Carolina
South Dakota..
Tennessee.
Texas
Utah
Vermont.
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin.
Wyoming

Seating Value of
Organi- Church

Com-
Ca-

Church
Edifices.

muni-
pacity. Property
73 58 15,500 $75,350
5 3

420
6,400

105
302 296 103,036 2,975,812 35,830
55
4272 12,200 221,650

3,081 6

127 285 243% 68,081

1,231,886 23,733 183

152 34,975 485,975 11,945 8 6 1,750 20,200 449 20 IT

3,825
23,800

1,057 240 27272

85,591 1,512,030 21,523 3 3 1,150 71,500 336 55967194 298,910 11,030,890 101,890 331 2992

82,458 1,533,055 24,582 175 152 37,403 1,114,800 13,624 7 5 1,150

6,975

210 80

29,550

650,344 7,617 7 5 1,130

38,800 345 172 144 32,019 640,204 10,045 I

200

1,000 50 188 226 73,346 1,405,050 19,712 33

14,050 655,300 4,912 4 4

175 301

324 72 128,179 5,175,262 45,686 20 16

3,705 14,200 1,002 65

5,955

81,800 1,616 247 2522

83,029 2,044,525 32,281 IO

170 27 7,500 160,200 2,037 108 100%

34,605 672,588 34

7,192 3 3

1,100 31,350 376 138

14,967

200,665 5,164 26 20

4,570 106,000 1,429 15 12

3,250 55,300 846 14

600 76,000 460 198 217

65,112 1,318,100 20,465 2 550 7,500

156 104 62 13,698

316,230 3,154 2 750 18,500

136 182 196 52,615 1,089,750 15,841 7 6

36

625

17,800

38

35

9,818

39

19,080

905,800

80

2

2

2

1,350 44,550 339

Total....

4,868 4,736 1,553,080 $43,335,437 512,771

CHAPTER XVIII.

THE DISCIPLES OF CHRIST.

This body, often called also Christians, was one of the results of the great revival movement which began in Tennessee and Kentucky in the early part of the present century. Rev. Barton W. Stone, a Presbyterian minister who was prominent in the revival movement, withdrew from the Presbyterian Church, and in 1804 organized a church with no other creed than the Bible and with no name but that of Christian. One of his objects was to find a basis for the union of all Christian believers. A little later Thomas and Alexander Campbell, father and son, who came from Ireland, where the former had been a Presbyterian minister, organized union societies in Pennsylvania. Changing their views as to baptism, they joined the Redstone Association of Baptists. Shortly after, when Alexander Campbell was charged with not being in harmony with the creed, he followed the Burch Run Church, of which he was pastor, into the Mahoning Baptist Association, which, leavened with his teachings, soon ceased to be known as a Baptist association. In 1827, after some correspondence with Rev. B. W. Stone and his followers of the Christian Connection, there was a union with a large number of congregations in Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee, and the organization variously known as “ Disciples of Christ” and “ Christians” is the result.

The leading principles of the Disciples of Christ are, to quote from one of their tracts: (1) “To restore the lost unity of believers and so of the Church of Christ by a return in doctrine, ordinance, and life to the religion definitely outlined” in the New Testament; (2) no human creed, but the Bible only as the rule of faith and practice; (3) baptism by immersion of believers only, in which

comes a divine assurance of remission of sins and acceptance with God”; (4) the celebration of the Lord's Supper as a "feast of love" every Sunday. The central doctrine of their teaching is that “ Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God." They hold that "personal trust in a personal Redeemer" is the faith that is necessary to salvation.

In polity they are congregational. Their ministers are ordained, but are not, in denominational usage, addressed with the title “Rev.” They have as church officers elders, also called bishops, pastors, or presbyters, deacons, and evangelists. The latter are itinerant missionaries. The churches are united in State and district associations for missionary work, and there is also a national convention for home and another organization for foreign missions, and a Woman's Board of Missions for both home and foreign missions.

The Disciples of Christ are represented in all the States but New Hampshire and Nevada, and in all the Territories except Alaska.

In number of members Missouri leads the States, with 97,773; Indiana is second, with 78,942; Kentucky third, with 77,647; Illinois fourth, with 60,867 ; and Ohio fifth, with 54,425. They have an aggregate of 7246 organizations, 5324 church edifices, valued at $12,206,038, and 641,051 members or communicants. The average seating capacity of the churches is 302, and the average value $2292; 1141 halls, with a seating capacity of 139,325, are occupied.

In many States no little difficulty was encountered in the attempt to gather full statistics for the census. The most competent person in each State was appointed to do the work, but it was not possible to get returns for all congregations known or believed to be in existence. This was particularly true of Tennessee, where estimates only, founded on various sources of information, were possible for several counties. A small percentage of members in a number of the States is not, therefore, embraced in the following tables, which are believed, however, to be the most complete of any ever before published:

SUMMARY BY STATES.

STATES.

cants.

265

4,800

2

Organi- Church

Seating

Cazations. Edifices.

pacity. 201 128 30,818 3 I

150
123 34,785
89 62

17,675
31
18

4,945
2
I

500
4 3 450
2

1,200 49 22 5,150 64 60

20,805 6 I

300
641 550 155,505
733 651 219,320
82

9 2,805
403
308

83,450
352 197 55,045
632 530 169,635

4 4 1,000 9 3 700 14 14

5,200 4 3 1,700

49 14,870

Alabama....
Arizona.
Arkansas.
California
Colorado..
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia.
Idaho.
Illinois.
Indiana.
Indian Territory
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine .
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan

Value of Com-
Church muni-
Property.
$78,185

9,201 3,000 78 106,360 14,385 291,250 7,433 151,625 2,400 16,000 337

95 80,000 700 14,850 1,306 197,925

2,000 350 1,145,275 60,867 1,329,370 78,942

3,350 1,977 708,100 30,988 468,975 25,200 1,321,510 77,647

22,300 202

6,100 293 66,200 1,774 67,200 777 160,650

4,676

73

5,788

SUMMARY BY STATES.-Continued.

STATES.

4

zations.

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22,666

136

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Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Jersey. New Mexico.. New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio ... Oklahoma. Oregon. Pennsylvania. Rhode Island. South Carolina South Dakota.. Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington. West Virginia Wisconsin. Wyoming

Seating Organi- Church Edifices.

Ca

pacity. 37 29 5,070 III 69 12,675 1,120 830 263,280 13 9

1,789 100 83

I 4 41 36 11,810 186

38,520 I 475 446 138,778 9 2

300 40 10,950 125 IOI 33,785 I I

Value of ComChurch muniProperty. cants. $73,000 1,917

55,422 5,729 1,632,531 97,773

58,800 785 269,375 7,715

105

65 363,650 4,316 71,157 12,437

20 1,462,250 54,425 500

265 76,700

4,067 533,147 12,007

3,000 35 10,200 2,880

490 410,660 41,125 467,900 41,859

270 5,000

262 240,929

14, 100 93,400 5,816 92,292 5,807 30,300 1,317

74

10,800

150 50 37 8,обо 15 6

1,350 322 245

80,510 536 267 78,370

2
2
2

475 161

148 86

29 7,150 85 51 16,709 24 18 5,825 2

45,228

48

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