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see, since last October. This chart runs back to the beginning of the fiscal year 1943. These jagged lines (indicating on chart] represent the inflow and outflow of cases, this being the number of cases on hand. It does vary considerably from week to week, although you can see that the inflow runs generally about 150 cases a week. Mr. SNYDER. What makes that difference in the end? Mr. KHEEL. We put on a drive with our regional boards, and we disposed of as many disputes as we could through this intensive drive, and the results are shown here [indicating]. The continuous line represents the disposition of cases and it ran up to about 250, the most we ever disposed of in any one period of time. That reflects itself in the downward turn of this curve. Mr. WooDRUM. How about keeping that drive going, and keeping them going at that same rate? Mr. KHEEL. The drive ran for a period of 3 months which formally ended on April 1. We are planning for another drive to begin about May 1. We specified the figures that we expected each regional board to meet, and followed up on the progress or insufficient progress made by each region. This chart [indicating] represents our voluntary cases. The continuous line at the top represents the number of cases we have on hand. We are at about the lowest we have been. As of April 1, 1945, we had about 12,000 such cases. Mr. CANNoN. That is, as compared with 16,000 last year? Mr. KHEEL. Yes, sir. Mr. TABER. How many have you disposed of in that time? Mr. KHEEL. It is about 197,000. Mr. TABER. That means you are disposing of about 4,000 a week? Mr. KHEEL. About 4,000 a week; yes, sir. Mr. TABER. I thought you said you were only disposing of about 250 with the drive. Mr. KHEEL. I was referring to disputes cases. These are the voluntary cases. We dispose of about 150 to 200 dispute cases each week and about 4,000 voluntary cases each week, on the average. Mr. CANNoN. In view of the fact that you have this heavy backlog on hand which you are decreasing slightly, it would seem that this drive ought to }. continued indefinitely. There is no reason why you should let up in that drive, since you are getting results. Does it involve any additional expense or additional personnel? Dr. TAYLoR. No; except for considerable overtime on part of our staff. But as a matter of fact, there will be groups of cases combed out, once they can be handled quickly, and then you catch up on the more difficult ones after you finish. So it would go in spurts. Mr. CANNON. Then, as a matter of fact, it does not decrease: it merely takes care of the cases which can be quickly disposed of? Dr. TAYLOR. Yes; to some extent. Mr. CANNoN. Always you have a backlog of difficult cases? Dr. TAYLOR. Yes. Mr. CANNoN. You made a very satisfactory record there. Suppose you put that chart in tabulated form and give it to us by months, beginning with January, 1944, showing the number you have received, the number disposed of, and the number carried over. Dr. TAYLOR. Yes; we would be very glad to do that. (The statement requested is as follows:)
18, 253 13, 803 13, 610 12, 727
19, 277 20,787 19,389 18, 559
6 1,782 1, 151
1, 679 904
99 16,615 13, 198 12, 923 12, 163
11, 704 12, 590/ 14, 561 14, 289
RELATION OF WORK TO THAT OF THE CONCILIATION SERVICE
Mr. CANNoN. Last year you told us about a working agreement you had between the Board and the Conciliation Service of the Department of Labor. , Has there been any duplication? Are they doing the same class of work that you are doing? Dr. TAYLOR. No, they are not. We confine ourselves to taking cases only after the Conciliation Service has made every effort to get these dispute cases settled by voluntary means. A great number of dispute cases are settled by †e Conciliation Service by agreement between the parties, and then, in the event that the Conciliation Service †. o get such settlement, the case is certified to the War Labor Oarol. Though we do have the right to take dispute cases on our own motion, I do not know of a single case where that was done in the past year. There may have been one or two where the Board has exercised this authority in taking a case on its motion. But we insist that the Conciliation Service make every effort to settle the matter amicably before we actually work on it. We have a very close relationship with the Conciliation Service, so we know the nature of a case which is certified to us, so we will not have to do the work that their agents have undertaken.
INCREASE FOR PERSONNEL IN LEGAL DIVISION
Mr. CANNoN. In your table which you submit here, while it shows an increase in every item except 3 out of 19, and the increases are comparatively small, with the exception of 1, I notice that there is 1 large increase for personnel in the Legal Division, where you propose an increase of 126 man-years at a cost of $338,859. Why is there this disproportionate increase in the Legal Division? | Dr. TAYLoR. That was the item I mentioned earlier, which has to do with the cases which have piled up on the Board respecting comFo of wage increases, that is, increases beyond the limits pool y the Wage Stabilization Act, and therefore in violation of the law. As you know, the act of October 2 and the Executive orders thereunder provided that no wage increases shall be granted unless they have been approved by the War Labor Board. n the conduct of its work, the Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor makes various investigations in connection with the requirements of the Fair Labor Standards Act. Simultaneously, they also make reports to us about wage increases which have been granted without the approval of the War Labor Board. Also, we have a whole series of complaints coming in from employers, from Government procurement agencies, and the like, about labor piracy because of wage increases being granted without the approval of the War Labor Board. Those cases require a most careful line of investigation and careful handling in keeping with legal requirements, and up until this time we have not been equipped to consider them rapidly; they have piled up and it is necessary to clear them up. If we don’t clear them up a lot of employers don’t know where they stand so far as income-tax liability is concerned or reimbursement on Government contracts.
NATIONAL WAR AGENCIES APPROPRIATION BILL, 1946 11
Mr. CANNoN. You are asking for an increase of 47 percent for personnel in the Legal Division. Is that a permanent increase or is it merely to meet the emergency? Mr. KHEEL. This is primarily to meet the emergency situation. We have on hand about 18,000 cases of alleged complaints against employers. These employers are not in a position to finally wind up their contracts with Government procurement agencies as long as there is doubt about their wage matters. The whole purpose in asking for this additional number of personnel is to clear up those cases so that by the end of the fiscal year 1946 we will be in a current position, and we will be able to advise those employers whether or not there is *Wong wrong with their wage structures. r. CANNoN. You are asking for 10.3 man-years for the Steel Commission at a cost of $47,234. What is the occasion for that increase? Dr. TAYLoR. We recently had in a steel case involving the entire industry in which a problem developed that was of such a nature that we felt it could not be handled by regional boards. The steel industry was not operating on regional lines, and everyone was in agreement that the "...f. were peculiarly steel industry problems. In the Board's decision it set up a Steel Commission to handle those industry-wide problems, so it might be on a stable basis. Mr. LUDLow. Dr. Taylor, would you say that so far as wage stabilization is concerned the line has been held very well? Dr. TAYLOR. I think it has been held very well; yes, sir. Mr. Holow. You think that procedure will continue to hold up VerV. We r. TAYLoR. It is a little difficult to guess about that. We think that as long as there is this danger of inflation, that the wage line should be held, as long as we are under direction of Congress to stabilize wages at the September 15, 1942 level. We think this program in its entirety has been very effective.
HOURS LOST AS RESULT OF STRIKES
Mr. LUDLow. I did not quite understand your answer to Mr. Cannon's question as to the number of hours lost now as compared to pre-war years. You said the number of stoppages is greater, but that the duration of strikes is much less. How would that be, considering the actual time lost?
Dr. TAYLOR. We might clear that up by saying, as I said, that the percentage of available working time lost through stoppages was ten one-hundredths of 1 percent in 1944 as compared o fteen onehundredths of 1 percent in 1943. There has been a decrease there. Instead of fifteen one-hundredths of 1 percent as in 1943 it is ten one-hundredths of 1 percent. .
Mr. LUDLow. Those were both years in the present emergency?
Dr. TAYLoR. Yes.
Mr. LUDLow. What about the preemergency years?
Dr. TAYLoR. In 1942 it was five one-hundredths of 1 percent, but in 1941 it was thirty-two one-hundredths of 1 percent. In 1940 it was ten one-hundredths of 1 percent. It was ten one-hundredths of 1 percent in 1944. In 1939 it was twenty-eight one-hundredths of 1 percent.