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Mr. AKIN. In order to maintain the coverage outside of the capitals, we do. - - - Mr. WIGGLEsworth. Will you put in the record a break-down by countries of the committees, and the number of regional committees, and where they are? * - - - -
Mr. AKIN. Yes, sir; we will be glad to do that.
(The statement requested is as follows:)
Central committees, all capitals and Regional committees–Continued.
Nicaragua: Managua Merida Panama: Panama Mexicali Paraguay: Asuncion Monterrey Peru: Lima Nogales Uruguay: Montevideo Nuevo Laredo Venezuela: Caracas Oaxaca Regional committees (46): Pachuca Argentina: Barranqueras Piedras Negras Brazil: Puebla Belem Tampico Curitiba Tapachula Florianapolis Villa Hermosa Manaus Durango Natal Chihuahua Santos Torreon Vitoria San Luis Potosi Chile: Venezuela: Chuquicamata Maracaibo Antofagosta Merida Portrerillos Total central and regional commitCoquimbo tees, 67. Rancagua
GUIDANCE AND REFERENCE DIVISION
Mr. RABAUT. The next item is tab 8, the Guidance and Reference Division.
Mr. TABER. Why do you need $168,790 for this guidance and reference set-up? What do you do with what, and why do you need all that money?
Mr. HARRIsoN. This is the estimate for the Division which gives direction and planning before programs are put into effect.
JUSTIFICATION OF ESTIMATES
MR. TABER. What do you do in that Division? Is this a departmental force entirely? Mr. DIEHL. Yes. I offer for the record the following justification:
GUIDANCE AND REFERENCE DIVISION
Objectives.—The major objectives of this Division are: (1) To establish the strategy by which an integrated, affirmative information program will be pursued and Axis propaganda refuted by the force of facts; (2) prepare special guidance and plans of operation, covering our relations with each P the other American republics, our objectives with respect to situations that affect the Western Hemisphere, and our relations, integrated with those of the other republics, to particularly important countries and areas outside the Western Hemisphere; (3) to analyze and make recommendations concerning economic, social, and political problems which arise in connection with the operations of the Office. Operations.—There is made available to the Division, with appropriate safeguards from a security standpoint, confidential outlines of policy communicated to the Office from departments and independent agencies engaged in the prosecution of the war. e Division also obtains intelligence information through liaison with the operating divisions of the Office, the Military and Naval Establishments, and other war agencies. On the basis of facts developed from these sources and through discussions initiated with, and suggestions and guidance received from, other Government agencies, this Division: 1. Produces twice-daily, weekly, and special-occasion guidance notes for issuance by the Office for the assistance of the coordination committees, short-wave radio programs, and the operating divisions of the Office. 2. Prepares special guidance reports relating to the other American republics and to special situations and critical areas which bear on the relations between the republics of this hemisphere. 3. Integrates the information program of the Office with that of the Office of War Information. 4. Acts as a service division in research for other divisions of the Office and presents reports concerning political, social, and economic developments in the other American republics (current and potential) for the use of the Office. Data are interpreted and analyzed at the request of other divisions of the Office or initiated by the Division in anticipation of such requests. 5. Prepares a daily information bulletin and special economic bulletins for distribution throughout the Office, copies being sent to officials in other Government agencies. 6. Represents the Office on a number of interpartmental committees dealing with specific commodities and problems which arise in the Western Hemisphere.
This is a service division. Information flows into the Office from and concerning the other American republics from various sources. This Division summarizes and analyzes information that comes in from these sources and from the field and supplies that information to the various operating divisions of the Office. The Division also prepares and issues guidance memoranda which direct the emphasis of the daily work of the operating divisions.
Mr. RABAUT. Is that a sort of screening process?
Mr. DIEHL. Yes; it is. Also, the guidance work is most important.
COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS
Mr. TABER. What is the program for cooperative research projects?
Mr. DIEHL. That is mainly to cover projects in cooperation with other governmental agencies, such as the Department of Commerce with which a joint project may be undertaken. I offer for the reco the following justification:
Cooperative research program
Estimo obligations: 1
45------------------------------------------------------- $33,767 1946------------------------------------------------------- 34,500
This covers projects undertaken in cooperation with other Government agencies, principally the Department of Commerce. It is planned during the coming fiscal year to make analytical studies on increased trade between the United States and the other American republics in response to a widespread demand. On the basis of the distribution of current reports it is estimated that the cost involved in the preparation and dissemination of this information will amount to $30,000. here will be a revision of the Handbook of Basic Data on the Other American Republics. This project covers a summary of basic data on the economic, social, geographic, and political factors comprising the economy of each of the 20 other American republics. Copies of this handbook are distributed to libraries of the country, inter-American centers, Government agencies, and to the general public by sale through the Government Printing Office. The cost of printing is estimated at $4,500. Mr. TABER. Are we contributing to that also? Mr. HIsle. Yes, we are. Mr. TABER: Why should this agency be engaged in analytical studies of trade of the United States and other American republics? Mr. HARRIson. Because in carrying out our programs those facts are most helpful to us. Mr. TABER. Have we not got two or three other agencies that have figures concerning trade between the United States and other American republics? Mr. HARRIsoN. Yes, and we use them as much as we can. Mr. RABAUT. What agencies do you get help from? Mr. HARRIson. We get help from the Department of Commerce, some from the F. E. A., and some through the Department of State. Mr. Wigglesworth. Can they not give you what you need; can you not get that information simply by calling them on the telephone? Mr. DIEHL. No, sir.
BASIC DATA CONCERNING OTHER AMERICAN REPUBLICS
Mr. WIGGLEsworth. How far back are you on basic data concerning the other American republics? That must be pretty well up to date. Mr. DIEHL. It is pretty well up to date, up to last year, but some pertinent information has to be held back for security reasons. To bring it up to date for the current year requires additional material and revision. Mr. WIGGLEsworth. If we eliminate the $34,500 in the estimate that would not hurt anybody very much, would it? Mr. HIsle. It would not leave us with any funds for the special type of information that we are interested in getting, or the revision of the basic data handbook, both of which are important to our work. Mr. CASE. Do you check also with the Tariff Commission on their studies of foreign trade possibilities? Mr. DIEHL. Yes, we do. There is an interdepartmental committee on which both our Office and the Tariff Commission are represented. We work with them, using their studies, and they use OurS. Mr. CASE. In what way do your studies relate to a field occupied by the Bureau of Foreign ...' Domestic Commerce and the Tariff ommission?
Mr. DIEHL. I would say that the work is divided. There are certain projects that we are set up to handle particularly well. The Tariff Commission, in turn, is H. well equipped to handle other phases of the problem. The practice has been to divide the * and eliminate any overlapping in order to do the best possible OD. J Mr. CASE. If the entire Guidance and Reference Division were eliminated, would not your Motion Picture and Radio Division and your Administration Division be able to obtain all the information from the Press and Radio Division that you need?
Mr. HARRISON. No, sir, not at all. We have a great quantity of daily information going out. . There must be quick access to current information, and I think we have probably the best library of information and the best source of information of any agency in the Government on Latin American affairs, which has j up over the last 4 years.
Mr. CASE. There are 10 positions carried in the 'press department, and so many of that type of functions that it looks like your press department was pretty well equipped to give guidance and reference,
r. JAMIESON. I might point out that we have a great supply of
incoming information in the Press Department. The Guidance and Reference Division is set up for the purpose of guidance, and is neces*. for that purpose, as well as the analysis and sifting work which it does.
Mr. CASE. In the Press Department, according to your statement, you provide news, news commentaries, and round-ups of the war and world-wide news especially interpreted as it affects the Western Hemisphere, for short-wave broadcast to the other Americas. Special articles and features are supplied regularly to newspapers, magazines, and radio stations, as well as to established commercial feature syndicates which serve clients in the other Americas. I notice that you have economic writers, a director of Economic News Division, and you have analysts, practically the same categories as in the Guidance and Reference Division.
DISTINCTION BETWEEN GUIDANCE AND NEWS
Mr. JAMIEsoN. We make the clear distinction that the Press Department information is largely information for public distribution, whereas the information gathered by the Guidance and Reference Division is largely confidential and over-all information.
Mr. CASE. K sort of “brain trust,”?
Mr. JAMIESON. No, I would not call it that.
For example, the Guidance Division gets material each day from our embassies in the other republics, which does not come in to the members of the staffs of the other divisions. It must then become responsible for guidance based on that information.
SOURCES OF GuIDANCE
Mr. CASE. Does your guidance come to you from military sources, from the Army and the Navy, or do you supply it to them? Mr. DIEHL. It comes from them.
Mr. HARRIson. May I give you a little more detail about the operations? o CASE. Suppose you put a little statement in the record about that.
Mr. HARRIson. Yes; I will be glad to do that.
(The statement referred to is as follows:)
GUIDANCE ANE REFERENCE DIVISION
The Guidance and Reference Division provides direction and material for the operating divisions of the Office and to the coordination committees in Latin America. The effectiveness of action programs is dependent on the accuracy and completeness of the information on which these programs are based. Interpretation is equally important. This should not be confused with technique of presentation to the public, an area in which the operating divisions are specialists. Liaison with other Government agencies and departments is maintained to keep fully informed on our national policy on matters pertaining to Latin America. Information on economic, social, and political developments from a wide variety of sources in the Western Hemisphere is analyzed and summarized. Specifically, the Division. 1. Provides daily, weekly, and long-term guidance, o subject matter . ority and treatment for the operating divisions of the Office, both here an abroad. 2. Prepares reports on political, social, and economic problems on request and in anticipation of the needs of the operating divisions. 3. Represents the Office on a number of interdepartmental committees dealing with hemisphere problems. 4. Maintains a library on inter-American affairs and reports for the use of the Office and other interested agencies. Each separate information group, whether in this country or in the field, could not physically make the necessary contacts to gather for itself the guidance and reference it requires. This Division, by assuming for the operating sections the . described above, eliminates duplication, and insures unity of purpose and action.
Mr. RABAUT. We will proceed now to the consideration of the Education Division.
cAPITALIZATION of INTER-AMERICAN Found ATION, INC.
You have created a corporation known as the Inter-American Educational Foundation, Inc., under authority carried in the previOuS acts. What is the total capitalization of this corporation, and how much cash have you advanced to that fund? Mr. HIsLE. That is shown on page 7 of our justifications. The total capitalization of the Inter-American Educational Foundation is $5,088,275, and the cash grants received by the Foundation to date amount to $2,588,275. The other two and one-half million was provided from contract authority-given the Office of Inter-American Affairs in fiscal year 1945. - Mr. RABAUT. Without objection, we will insert in the record the table on page 7 of the justifications. (The table referred to is as follows:)