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Mr. CASE. Does that apply to such things as the Radio Division and the Motion Picture Division where most of your work is here in the United States?
Mr. HARRIsoN. Yes; it does. The Radio Division personnel generally must be able to speak Portuguese and Spanish.
Mr. OGILVIE. Yes; because most of our programs are broadcast in Spanish and Portuguese. Mr. CASE. In all of these sections, too, it appears that you have quite a group of writers and editors, and in all of them chiefs of the economic section, and chief economic assistants or economic analysts. Have you tried budgeting your work so that your economic analysts, for instance, might serve the Radio Section as well as the Motion Picture Section, and also the Guidance and Reference Section, for example?
Mr. HARRIson. Yes, sir; we have. If you will look at this year's estimate of personnel, you will see that we are tightening up in all of our departments. Permanent positions decrease from 847 to 705, man-years from 827 to 670, and total salaries, excluding overtime, from $2,407,452 to $2,043,666. I would like to make another point here. You will find that generally our salaries are far below the average radio or motion-picture industry salaries.
Mr. CASE. That is true of a good deal of the Government, as far as that is concerned.
- Mr. HARRIson. We have had to go more or less into their own field, SlT. ACTIVITIES OF COMMERCIAL ADVERTISErts
Mr. TABER. I have a question or two that I would like to ask Mr. Harrison, or somebody on this thing. Is there a practice in this territory of folks who have a commercial interest down in South America and who want to sell some of their goods, to hire radio news folks and commentators to talk over the radio? Mr. HARRIson. Yes, sir. United States firms today are spending between $14,000,000 and $16,000,000 in the other Americas for radio and other advertising. Mr. TABER. I am wondering why they do not take over this particular activity so that we jà gradually be working out of it. It is to a certain extent a promotion activity, and we should begin to work out of it, instead of holding it up. Mr. HARRIsoN. We have worked very closely with them, Mr. Taber. In a great many cases United States advertisers have done a great deal of good for the program. They have included interAmerican material in their programs, and, as a matter of fact, we have already turned over something like 23 or 27 of our local programs to them. On the question of decrease, we feel today that we are only able to do an adequate job with the funds requested here, and that we have cut back as far as we can at the present time.
INTERNATIONAL RAdio Broadcasting
Mr. TABER. You know there is going to be, and there is bound to be, resentment on the part of these countries against radio broadcasts that are paid for by another government, shooting into them all of the time. They will take, just like our folks here will take, the broadcasts from commercially sponsored commentators or news folks to very much better advantage. Now, that is a good deal better longrange approach to them, and one that would not create the resentment that would be expected ultimately from this sort of thing. Mr. HARRIson. Our short-wave programs for Latin Americans are roduced for us by the National Broadcasting Co. and the Columbia roadcasting System so that these programs do not appear as Government programs. Mr. TABER. You mean they have not the facilities to handle that sort of thing? Mr. HARRIson. That is correct, sir. All of the short-wave transmitter facilities are operated for the Government for the duration of the emergency. The interest in short-wave broadcasts from the United States among listeners in the other American republics clearly indicates the value of short-wave broadcasting not only as an informational service but as a great vehicle in future economic relations. I think the important thing to keep in mind, however, is that international short-wave radio and local broadcasting in the other American republics are essential parts of an over-all information program which involves radio, press, and movies and also the fact that there has been no decision as yet concerning the extent to which the Government information program will be continued. o TABER. You are putting out mostly news or comments or what? Mr. HARRIson. About 25 percent of our programs are news reports
Mr. TABER. Are you running anything presently except these short-wave set-ups?
Mr. HARRIson. Yes, sir; we have local programs in the other hemisphere countries that are going over the regular local broadcasting stations. I offer the following justification for these activities:
Local radio activities Estimated obligations:
1945---------------------------------------------------- $1, 144,000 1946---------------------------------------------------- 1, 131,000 - Increase or 1945 1946 decrease Talent and production---------------------------------------------- $310,000 $310,000 -----------Station time 368,000 347,000 –$21,000 Administration. 245,000 245,000 -----------Advertising--------------------------------------------------------- 173,000 181,000 +8,000 Special events------------------------------------------------------ 48,000 48,000 -----------Total--------------------------------------------------------- 1, 144,000 1, 131,000 -13,000
The estimate to provide funds for local radio activities in the fiscal year 1946. amounts to $1,131,000, which represents a decrease of $13,000 from the funds available for this activity under the appropriation for the fiscal year 1945.
The activities in the other American republics under this budget title cover broadcasts of radio programs developed and scheduled by the coordination committees and local representatives of the Radio Division.
Under the supervision of specially trained radio representatives, local productions enable the Radio Division to carry out the program of the Office in a manner most suited to local conditions.
The specific programs, and activities are those which, on the basis of surveys and reports from coordination committees and the field representatives, have proved to be the most valuable of those produced and to have the widest local listening audiences.
The changes in the estimates are explained as follows:
Station time.—Decrease $21,000. The transcribed program series produced by the Bivision have been accepted by the radio stations in the other American republics as a service to the stations and their listeners. Consequently, the purchase of station time for transcriptions in all countries will be reduced, thus effecting the decrease.
Advertising.—The increase of $8,000 is necessary to meet increased advertising expenditures.
Mr. RABAUT. We will take up tab No. 7, the regional division. Mr. TABER. Why do you need to keep this going, for the mainte
nance of coordination committees? You have an estimate of $776,289. Why do you need that?
JUSTIFICATION OF ESTIMATES
Mr. HARRIson. This relates to our information work in the field. I offer for the record the following justification:
Objectives.—The primary objective of the regional division is to service the coordination committee system which was established in 1941 by joint action of the Department of State and the Office of Inter-American Affairs. The coordination committee system is designed to utilize the voluntary services of experienced United States residents in the other American republics in the formulation of local policy, adaptation of program, and execution of those phases of the Inter-American program of the United States Government which are appropriately handled outside of the diplomatic missions of the United States. In particular, the coordination committee system is designed to secure guidance from qualified United States residents in the other American republics so that each program may adequately meet the requirements of the individual countries. As it is now organized, there are more than 600 United States citizens resident in the other American republics serving as members of the coordination committees on a voluntary basis. These members have been carefully selected and approved by the Office of Inter-American Affairs and State Department missions in the field as qualified by reason of character, background, experience and knowledge of countries in which they are resident to contribute to the program of the Office and the United States Government. The purpose of the regional division is to provide these coordination committees located in all the principal cities of the 20 American republics, with efficient administration in Washington in order that they may carry out under varying local conditions the programs of the Office developed with the approval of the Department of State to unify and strengthen the relationships between the United States and her Latin-American neighbors. Plan of operation.—The regional division performs a liaison function with respect to the committees. The regional division functions through desk sections each of which is responsible for servicing the activities of the coordination committees in a given area. The desk officers are in personal day-to-day contact with the officials of the operating divisions responsible for policy on committee matters in the press, radio, motion-picture, and educational fields. In addition to the desk sections, there is a control unit responsible for maintaining an efficient flow of coordination committee correspondence. The State Department Liaison Section services all of the Office on matters requiring State Department clearance. Through grants-in-aid the regional division provides the coordination committees with funds required for their administrative operations. Such funds are granted upon receipt of estimates prepared by the committees on an annual basis. The committees are required to submit monthly accounts of their expenditures for examination and verification by the Office of Inter-American Affairs and their accounts are periodically audited locally by the fiscal auditors of the Comptroller's ffice.
Mr. TABER. Why do you need that money? You have a great lot of personnel. In the Department you have 19 positions estimated, and in the field you have 5, and then you have coordination committees. I do not understand what you use this money for.
Mr. HARRIson. The request of $700,000 covers the administrative expenses of the organizations through which our field information program is carried out.
Mr. TABER. You mean clerical help?
Mr. HARRIson. Clerical help and other field employees who are servicing the programs of the operating divisions, as well as general administrative expenses.
Mr. TABER. Other committees from other departments?
Mr. HARRIson. No; this is entirely within the committees. The operating divisions are Radio, Press, and Motion Pictures,
NUMBER And Work or coordination committees
Mr. WIGGLEsworth. How many committees do you have? Mr. HARRison. We have a central committee in each country. Mr. HISLE. These are committees of United States citizens resident in the other American republics who have volunteered their services for the purpose of assisting in our information program. Mr. RABAUT. How many did you have there originally? Mr. HARRIson. The first was formed in fiscal year 1942; by the end of that fiscal year we had a central committee in each country. Mr. RABAUT. The same number of committees, but you have had more personnel. The personnel is tapering off? Mr. HISLE. The personnel reduction is in the Regional Division staff. The Division directs and correlates the administration of the committees which carry on the press and radio and motion picture programs in the field. Mr. W1GGLEsworth. How many committees have you? Mr. HISLE. We have 21 central committees, that is, 1 in each country—with one exception—where there are 2–Ecuador. Mr. WIGGLEsworth. How many people do you have on a committee; what will they average? Mr. HISLE. That varies from country to country. Mr. WIGGLEsworth. What is your personnel of the 21 committees, over all? Mr. HISLE. The average number of employees is about 10 per committee. We have 234 employees in the committee administrative set-up. Mr. Wigglesworth. Are these all American citizens, or are some of them from the other countries? Mr. AKIN. The coordination committees are composed of outstanding United States citizens resident in these various countries who, by reason of their abilities, and experience in Latin America, are particularly well equipped to give advice and direction to the local staffs who are handling the programs. The committees have been granted funds with which to maintain paid staffs. About 90 percent of the local staff is made up of citizens of the countries in which the committee is located. Mr. WIGGLEsworth. You have an average of $35,000 per committee. Will you give us a typical break-down of the $35,000?
Mr. HISLE. A. country average is misleading, since the other American republics vary greatly in size. The over-all total is $700,000. We have a statement showing 234 employees for all committees with an average salary of $1,579. (Other figures from the statement referred to are quoted later in the testimony of the Regional Division.) Mr. TABER. Each committee has an average of 8 or 10 employees? Mr. HARRIsoN. The number varies with each country. Mr. WIGGLEsworth. I thought you had one in every country. Mr. HISLE. We have one central committee in each country, except one country where there are two—Equador. Mr. WIGGLEsworth. How many committees have you, all told? Have you that figure? - Mr. AKIN. We have a total of 67 central and regional committees. Mr. WIGGLEsworth. What is the personnel on those committees? Mr. Hislo. The total personnel on the administrative pay rolls of those committees is 234. Mr. WIGGLEsworth. For 67 committees? Mr. HISLE. All the committee members serve without salary. The paid staff hired by the committees, both central and regional,
*. WIGGLEsworth. Can you give us a break-down of the $700,000 for the maintenance of coordination committees?
Mr. HIslE. The total personal-service cost is $369,597; for travel expenses the amount is $30,741; for transportation of things the amount is $7,105; for communications expenses the amount is $31,308; for rents and utilities the amount is $68,493. That covers all rentals of space required in operating the committees, including their motionpicture, press, and radio activities.
For printing and binding the amount is $11,734; for contractual services the amount is $48,636; for supplies and materials the amount is $45,384; for equipment the amount is $24,833; and for small local projects which the committees carry out, the amount is $62,169.
NUMBER of coordination committees
Mr. WIGGLEsworth. Have you always had these 67 committees? Mr. AKIN. No; we set up one at a time in each country. Mr. WIGGLEsworth. How many did you have in the last fiscal ear? y Mr. HIsle. We had approximately the same number. Mr. W1GGLEsworth. You are planning for the same number in the next fiscal year? Mr. AKIN. We are planning the same number because these members serve without pay, and they are instrumental in carrying on the work outside of strictly governmental channels, carrying the program to the people. The number of committee members who serve without compensation of course, does not in any way affect the amount of funds supplied to them. Mr. WIGGLEsworth. But the number of committees . does, definitely. Mr. AKIN. Yes; the number of committees does affect the number of people on the paid staff. Mr. WIGGLEsworth. Do you need all of these regional committees?