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Berlin, Germany, in 1916, and for 2 months was in charge of the American Legation in Brussels, Belgium; in the Department of State at Washington, D. C., 1917 and 1919; in 1918 was assistant commissioner and secretary of special diplomatic mission to draw up prisoner-of-war agreement with Germany and secretary of American Peace Commission; executive secretary, European Relief Council

, 1920; personal assistant to Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover, 1921-24; editor of the Independent, 1924-28; asso te editor and vice president of the Sportsman, 1927–37; visiting lecturer on Government, Harvard University, 1929–30; member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, 1931-43, serving as speaker 1939–43; president of the Republican Club of Massachusetts, 1937-41; overseer of Harvard University, 1940-44; trustee of many philanthropic and charitable organizations; deputy director, Office of Facts and Figures, Washington, D. C., from December 1941 to June 1942; married Mary Caroline Pratt, of Brooklyn, N. Y., in 1917; four children, Christian A., Jr., Dr. Frederic P.; Mrs. Joseph Seronde, Jr., and Miles; elected to the Seventy-eighth, Seventyninth, and Eightieth Congresses.

ELEVENTH DISTRICT.-MIDDLESEX COUNTY: City of Cambridge and city of Somerville, wards 1, 2,

and 3. SUFFOLK COUNTY: City of Boston, wards 1, 2, 3, and 22. Population (1940), 328,051. JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY, Democrat, of Boston, Mass.; born in Brookline, Mass., May 29, 1917; Harvard University, 1940, B. S. cum laude; London School of Economics; joined Navy in September 1941; served in P. T. boats in Pacific; retired in April 1945; received Navy and Marine Corps Medal and the Purple Heart; correspondent, International News Service, covering San Francisco Conference, British election of 1945, and Potsdam meeting, 1945; unmarried; author of Why England Slept; elected to the Eightieth Congress on November 5, 1946.

TWELFTH DISTRICT.-SUFFOLK COUNTY: City of Boston, wards 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, and 17.

Population (1940), 329,294. JOHN W. McCORMACK, Democrat, of Dorchester; born in South Boston; lawyer; educated in the Boston public schools; admitted to practice law in Massachusetts in 1913 and the United States district court in 1915; married to M. Harriet Joyce of South Boston; member of the constitutional convention, 1917–18; member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives 1920, 1921, and 1922, and the Massachusetts Senate 1923, 1924, 1925, and 1926, the last 2 years as Democratic leader; Member Seventieth Congress, filling unexpired term of the late James A. Gallivan; Member Seventy-first, Seventy-second, Seventy-third, Seventy-fourth, Seventy-fifth, Seventy-sixth, Seventy-seventh, Seventy-eighth, and Seventy-ninth Congresses; majority leader; reelected to the Eightieth Congress, minority whip; World War I veteran; awarded honorary degrees of LL. D. by Boston University, Boston, Mass., March 13, 1942; LL. D. by Holy Cross College, Worcester, Mass., May 5, 1942; LL. D. by Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Mass., June 13, 1945; member of Knights of Columbus.

THIRTEENTH DISTRICT.-NORFOLK COUNTY: City of Quincy; towns of Avon, Braintree, Canton, Dedham, Holbrook, Milton, Needham, Norwood, Randolph, Westwood, and Weymouth. PLYMOUTH

COUNTY: City of Brockton.' SUFFOLK COUNTY: City of Boston, ward 18. Population (1940), 306,750. RICHARD B. WIGGLESWORTH, Republican, of Milton; born in Boston, April 25, 1891; educated at Harvard (Ả. B. 1912, LL. B. 1916); married Florence Joyes Booth of Louisville, Ky., April 30, 1931; children, Ann Joyes, Mary Dixwell, and Jane Booth; assistant private secretary to Hon. W. Cameron Forbes, Governor General of the Philippine Islands, 1913; lawyer; served in France during World War as captain, Battery E, and commanding officer, First Battalion, Three Hundred and Third Field Artillery, Seventy-sixth Division; office of Secretary of the Treasury as legal adviser to Assistant Secretary in charge of foreign loans and railway payments, and secretary of World War Foreign Debt Commission, 1922–24; assistant to agent general for reparation payments, Berlin, 1924-27; Paris representative and general counsel for organizations created under Dawes plan, 1927-28; member of American Bar Association, Massachusetts Bar Association, American Legion, "40 and 8”, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Military Order World War, Military Order Foreign Wars; elected November 6, 1928, to the Seventieth Congress for the unexpired term of the late Hon. Louis A. Frothingham; reelected to the Seventy-first, Seventy-second, Seventy-third, Seventyfourth, Seventy-fifth, Seventy-sixth, Seventy-seventh, Seventy-eighth, Seventyninth, and Eightieth Congresses.

FOURTEENTH DISTRICT.-BRISTOL COUNTY: City of Attleboro, city of Fall River, wards 1, 2, 3, 4,

5, 7, 8, and 9, and city of Taunton; towns of Berkley, Dighton, Easton, Freetown, Mansfield, North Attleboro, Norton, Raynham, Rehoboth, Seekonk, Somerset, and Swansea. MIDDLESEX COUNTY: Towns of Holliston, Natick, and Sherborn. NORFOLK COUNTY: Towns of Bellingham, Dover, Foxborough, Franklin, Medfield, Medway, Millis, Norfolk, Plainville, Sharon, Stoughton, Walpole, Wellesley, and Wrentham. WORCESTER COUNTY: Towns of Hopedale and 'Mendon. Population (1940), 302,182.

JOSEPH WILLIAM MARTIN, JR., Republican, of North Attleboro, Mass.; born November 3, 1884; educated in the public schools of North Attleboro; honorary degrees: LL. D. from Tufts College, Medford, Mass.; LL. D., Pennsylvania Military College, Chester, Pa.; D. C. L., Boston University, Boston, Mass.; M. S. B. X., Bryant College, Providence, R. I.; publisher of Evening

Chronicle, North Attleboro and Franklin Sentinel, Franklin, Mass.; member, Massachusetts House of Representatives, 1912-14; member, Massachusetts State Senate, 1914–17; delegate to Republican National Convention, 1916; chairman, Massachusetts Street Railway Investigating Committee, 1917; chairman, Massachusetts Republican Legislative Campaign Committee, 1917; Harding-Coolidge Presidential elector, 1920; executive secretary, Republican State committee, 1922–25; delegate at large to Republican National Convention at Cleveland in 1936; chairman of the Republican Congressional Campaign Committee in 1938; permanent chairman of the Republican National Convention at Philadelphia in 1940; member of Republican National Committee, 1936 to 1940; elected chairman of the Republican National Committee, July 1940; resigned chairmanship in November 1942; delegate at large to Republican National Convention at Chicago in 1944 and served as permanent chairman; in 1924, elected Member of the Sixty-ninth and to each succeeding Congress, including the Eightieth; elected Minority Leader, House of Representatives, Seventy-sixth Congress; elected Speaker on January 3, 1947.


(Population (1940), 5,256,106)

SENATORS ARTHUR H. VANDENBERG, Republican, of Grand Rapids, was born in that city on March 22, 1884, the son of Aaron and Alpha (Hendrick); educated in the common schools, later studying law in the University of Michigan; has an honorary M. A. and LL. D. from his alma mater and an honorary LL. D. from Hope College, Alma College, and Syracuse University; also honorary D. C. L. from Union College, New York, and Albion College; editor and publisher of the Grand Rapids Herald until appointment to the United States Senate; author of several books dealing with Alexander Hamilton; in 1912 a member of the Grand Rapids Charter Commission; in 1913 chairman of the Michigan commission which put Zachariah Chandler's statue in the Washington Capitol; in 1916 and in 1928 was chairman of the Michigan Republican State convention; from 1912 to 1918 member of the Republican State central committee of Michigan; married Hazel H. Whitaker, of Fort Wayne, Ind.; his three children are Arthur, Jr., Barbara, and Elizabeth; appointed to the United States Senate March 31, 1928; elected on November 6, 1928, for the short term and for the long term ending in 1935; reelected for the terms ending in 1941, 1947, and 1953; Republican nominee for President pro tempore of the Senate, 1932, 1936, 1941, 1943, 1945; elected President pro tempore on January 3, 1947; United States delegate to United Nations Organization meeting at San Francisco, 1945; United States delegate to first General Assembly of the United Nations, London, 1946, and to the Second General Assembly in New York, 1946; United States delegate to Council of Foreign Ministers, Paris, 1946, and to Paris Peace Conference, 1946; United States delegate to Pan-American Treaty Conference at Rio de Janeiro, 1947; given Collier award for Distinguished Congressional Service, 1946.

HOMER FERGUSON, Republican, of Detroit, Mich.; born in Harrison City, Pa., February 25, 1889; attended the University of Pittsburgh and was graduated from the University of Michigan in 1913 with LL. B. degree; lawyer; appointed circuit judge of the Circuit Court for Wayne County, Mich., in 1929, elected in 1930, and reelected in 1935 and 1941; married Myrtle Jones in 1913; one daughter, Mrs. Charles R. Beltz; elected to the United States Senate on November 3, 1942 for the term ending January 3, 1949.

REPRESENTATIVES FIRST DISTRICT.-CITY OF DETROIT: Wards 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, and 15, and city of Hamtramek. Population

(1940), 352,977. GEORGE G. SADOWSKI, Democrat, of Detroit, Mich., was born in Detroit, March 12, 1903, the son of Charles and' Ludwika Sadowski; attended the Ferry School at Detroit, Mich., and the Foley (Ala.) High School, graduating from Northeastern High School at Detroit in 1920, and from the law college of the University of Detroit, receiving the degree of LL. B. in 1924; married Eleanor Leppek and they have four children-Caroline, Eleanor, George, and Ludwika; law, real estate, insurance; State senator, 1931–32; member of Detroit Democratic Club, Wayne County Democratic Committee, Michigan Bar Association, Detroit Bar Association, Polish National Alliance, Polish Falcons, University of Detroit Alumni Association, Chene Business Association, Sunnybrook Golf Club; elected to the Seventy-third, Seventy-fourth, Seventy-fifth, "Seventy-eighth, Seventyninth, and Eightieth Congresses. SECOND DISTRICT.-COUNTIES: Jackson, Lenawee, Monroe, and Washtenaw (4 counties). Popula.

tion (1940), 285,648. EARL CORY MICHENER, Republican, of Adrian, Mich.; educated in public schools of Adrian, the University of Michigan, and the law department of Columbian University; admitted to the bar in 1903; served throughout the SpanishAmerican War; elected to the Sixty-sixth, Sixty-seventh, Sixty-eighth, Sixtyninth, Seventieth, Seventy-first, Seventy-second, Seventy-fourth, Seventy-fifth, Seventy-sixth, Seventy-seventh, Seventy-eighth, Seventy-ninth, and Eightieth Congresses.

THIRD DISTRICT.-COUNTIES: Branch, Calhoun, Eaton, Hillsdale, and Kalamazoo (5 counties). Pop

ulation (1940), 283,352.

PAUL W. SHAFER, Republican, Bronson, Mich.; elected to Seventy-fifth and succeeding Congresses.

FOURTH DISTRICT.-COUNTIES: Allegan, Barry, Berrien, Cass, St. Joseph, and Van Buren (6 counties).

Population (1940), 242,339.

CLARE E. HOFFMAN, Republican, Allegan, Mich.; born Vicksburg, Pa., September 10, 1875; public schools; Northwestern University Law School'; married; elected Seventy-fourth Congress, November 6, 1934; reelected November 3, 1936, with a plurality of 5,276; reelected November 8, 1938, with a plurality of 15,367; reelected November 5, 1940, with a plurality of 25,224; reelected November 3, 1942, with a plurality of 23,588, which was 69 percent of the vote cast, highest previous plurality being 61' percent; reelected November 7, 1944, with a plurality of 30,479; reelected November 5, 1946, with a plurality of 37,284, which was 73 percent of the vote cast. FIFTH DISTRICT.--COUNTIES: Kent and Ottawa (2 counties). Population (1940), 305,908.

BARTEL J. JONKMAN, Republican, of Grand Rapids, Mich.; born in that city April 28, 1884, the son of John B. and Sarah (Holwerda) Jonkman; educated in the common schools; married Anna Vanden Bosch, September 28, 1904, and they have three children-Cecilia, Gwendolyn, and Esther; graduated from the University of Michigan in 1914, with degree of LL. B.; prosecuting attorney of Kent County, Mich., four terms, 1929-36; elected to the Seventy-sixth Congress at a special election held February 19, 1940; reelected to the Seventy-seventh Congress November 5, 1940; reelected to the Seventy-eighth Congress November 3, 1942; reelected to the Seventy-ninth Congress November 7, 1944; reelected to the Eightieth Congress November 5, 1946. SIXTH DISTRICT.-COUNTIES: Genesee, Ingham, and Livingston (3 counties). Population (1940),


WILLIAM W. BLACKNEY, Republican, of Flint, Mich.; born at Clio, Genesee County, Mich.į educated in the public schools of Genesee County'; attended school at Big Rapids, Mich., and Olivet College, Olivet, Mich.; was graduated from the law department of the University of Michigan in 1912, since which time he has practiced law in Genesee County; he was assistant prosecuting attorney from 1913 to 1917; member of the board of education, Flint, for 10 years; has been instructor of the factory night school at Flint for 14 years; married to Cassie F. Miller, December 28, 1904, and they have three children-Shirley Mae

Cunningham, William W., Jr., and Jack Arnold; was elected to the Seventy-fourth Congress on November 6, 1934, to the Seventy-sixth Congress on November 8, 1938, to the Seventy-seventh Congress on November 5, 1940, to the Seventyeighth Congress on November 3, 1942, to the Seventy-ninth Congress on November 7, 1944, and to the Eightieth Congress on November 5, 1946. SEVENTH DISTRICT.-COUNTIES: Huron, Lapeer, Macomb, Sanilac, St. Clair, and Tuscola (6counties).

Population (1940) 314,368. JESSE PAINE WOLCOTT, Republican, of Port Huron, Mich., was born March 3, 1893, at Gardner, Mass.; attended public and high schools of Gardner, Mass., Detroit Technical Institute at Detroit, Mich., and was graduated from the Detroit College of Law, with degree of LL. B.; during the World War served as second lieutenant, Machine Gun Company, Twenty-sixth Infantry, First Division, and saw active service in France during the Meuse-Argonne offensive; after the war, settled in Port Huron; was elected assistant police judge in 1921, serving in that capacity until he was appointed assistant prosecuting attorney of St. Clair County on January 1, 1922; served as assistant prosecutor until he was elected prosecuting attorney, 1927-30; district governor, Lions Clubs of Michigan, 1925–26; State commander, Veterans of Foreign Wars, 1926-27; first vice president, Prosecuting Attorney's Association, 1930–31; member of Masons, Knights of Pythias (past chancellor, Port Huron Lodge, 1922), Odd Fellows, B. P. O. E., American Legion, and Veterans of Foreign Wars, past department commander, 1926–27; married Grace A. Sullivan, February 26, 1927, and they have one son, Jesse Paine, Jr.; elected to the Seventy-second Congress, November 4, 1930; reelected to the Seventy-third, Seventy-fourth, Seventy-fifth, Seventy-sixth, Seventy-seventh, Seventy-eighth, Seventy-ninth, and Eightieth Congresses; chairman, House Committee on Banking and Currency; vice chairman, Joint Committee on Economic Report; given Collier award for Distinguished Congressional Service, 1947.

EIGHTH DISTRICT.-COUNTIES: Clinton, Gratiot,! Ionia, Montcalm, Saginaw, and Shiawassee

(6 counties). Population (1940), 204,842.
FRED L. CRAWFORD, Republican, Saginaw, Mich.

NINTH DISTRICT.-COUNTIES: Benzie, Grand Traverse, Lake, Leelanau, Manistee, Mason, Missaukee,

Muskegon, Newaygo, Oceana, and Wexford (11 counties). Population (1940), 236,861.

ALBERT J. ENGEL, Republican, of Muskegon, Mich.; born in New Washington, Crawford County, Ohio, January 1, 1888; educated in the first eight grades of public schools of Michigan; took high-school and preparatory work at Central Y. M. C. A. at Chicago; was graduated from Northwestern University Law School, 1910, degree of LL. B.; unanimously elected an honorary alumnus by the board of regents of the University of Michigan on the 19th of June 1937; married to Bertha M. Bielby and they have three children-Mrs. Robert L. Cavanagh, of Dayton, Ohio, Albert J. Engel, Jr., law student, University of Michigan, and Helen Louise, age 16 years; elected prosecuting attorney of Missaukee County, Mich., in 1916; enlisted during the World War on May 15,

1917; commissioned first lieutenant, A. G. D., at Fort Sheridan Training Camp, · August 15, 1917; served in War Department at Washington from September 1 to

October 15, 1917; sailed for France October 15, 1917; was promoted to rank of captain and returned from France September 15, 1919, having served 23 months in France and Germany; served in Michigan State Senate 1921, 1927, 1929, and 1931; elected to the Seventy-fourth and succeeding Congresses.

TENTH DISTRICT.-COUNTIES: Alcona, Arenac, Bay, Clare, Crawford, Gladwin, Iosco, Isabella,

Mecosta, Midland, Ogemaw, Osceola, Oscoda, and Roscommon (14 counties). Population (1940), 218,768.

ROY ORCHARD WOODRUFF, Republican, of Bay City, Mich.; elected to the Sixty-third, Sixty-seventh, Sixty-eighth, Sixty-ninth, Seventieth, Seventyfirst, Seventy-second, Seventy-third, Seventy-fourth, Seventy-fifth, Seventysixth, Seventy-seventh, Seventy-eighth, Seventy-ninth, and Eightieth Congresses; married; two children-daughter, Mrs. Ronald Houck, and son, Lt. Col. Devere H, Woodruff; member, Ways and Means Committee; 'member, Joint Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation; chairman, Republican Conference; member, National Forest Reservation Commission.

ELEVENTH DISTRICT.-COUNTIES: Alger, Alpena, Antrim, Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Chippewa,

Delta, Emmet, Kalkaska, Luce, Mackinac, Menominee, Montmorency, Otsego, Presque Isle, and Schoolcraft (16 counties). Population (1940), 224,551.

CHARLES EDWARD POTTER, Republican, of Cheboygan, Mich.; born in Lapeer, Mich., October 30, 1916; graduated from Michigan State Normal College with A. B. degree in social science; married Miss Lorraine Eddy of Cheboygan; administrator of Bureau of Social Aid, Cheboygan County, from 1938 until entering Army in May 1942 as private; served as commissioned officer with Twentyeighth Infantry Division, seeing combat in European Theater of Operations; seriously wounded for third time at Colmar, France, January 31, 1945, resulting in loss of lower limbs; separated from service as major on July 10, 1946; vocational rehabilitation representative for Retraining and Reemployment Administration until resignation in June 1947; member of American Legion, Disabled American Veterans, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Fraternal Order of Eagles, and Kiwanis International; elected to the Eightieth Congress August 26, 1947, to fill the vacancy caused by the passing of Hon. Fred Bradley of Rogers City. TWELFTH DISTRICT.-COUNTIES: Baraga, Dickinson, Gogebic, Houghton, Iron, Keweenaw, Mar

quette, and Ontonagon (8 counties). Population (1940), 200,265.. JOHN B. BENNETT, Republican, of Ontonagon, Mich.; born in Garden, Mich., January 10, 1904; graduate of Watersmeet (Mich.) High School; attended Marquette University Law School 1921-25; postgraduate at Chicago University Law School in 1926; admitted to Wisconsin bar in 1925, Michigan in 1926; prosecuting attorney of Ontonagon County for three terms; deputy commissioner of the State department of labor and industry, 1935–37; general law practice for the past 20 years; married Corinne Waldhuetter of Milwaukee, Wis., and they have three children-Marilyn, Nancy Ruth, and John B. 2d; elected to the Seventy-eighth Congress; reelected to Eightieth Congress on November 5, 1946. THIRTEENTH DISTRICT.-CITY OF DETROIT: Wards 1 to 4, 6, and 8, and Highland Park City. Popu

lation (1940), 367,775. HOWARD ALDRIDGE COFFIN, Republican, of Detroit, Mich.; born in Middleboro, Mass., June 11, 1877, son of George Henry and Jane. Clifford (Guild) C.; A. B. Brown University, 1901; business executive; married Abbie Sweetland Ghodey, October 4, 1904; children-Richard Guild, Carolyn (wife of Lt. Frederick C. Nash, U. S. Navy), Dean Fiske, Gail Coffin (wife of Duncan Edmands, U. S. C. G.); teacher, Friends School, Providence, R. I.; representative Ginn & Co., book publishers, 1901-11; controller, Warren Motor Car Co., Detroit, Mich., 1911-13; manager, Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. (for Michigan), 1913-18; sec retary, Detroit Pressed Steel Co., 1918–21; assistant to president, Cadillac Motor Car Co., Detroit, 1921–25; vice president, later president, White Star Refining Co., 1925–33; general manager, Socony-Vacuum Oil Co., Inc. (purchaser White Star Refining Co.) (Michigan-Ohio Division), since 1933: vice chairman, Appeal Board No. 1, Selective Service, Michigan; trustee, Grace Hospital (Detroit), Detroit College of Law; clubs: Detroit Athletic (past director), Rotary (past director, past president), Detroit Golf Club (past director), Economic (director) Detroit; elected to the Eightieth Congress on November 5, 1946. FOURTEENTH DISTRICT.-CITY OF DETROIT: Wards 17, 19, and 21 and townships of Gratiot and

Grosse Pointe, in Wayne County. Population (1940), 386,437. HAROLD FRANCIS YOUNGBLOOD, Republican, of Detroit, Mich.; born in Detroit, August 7, 1907; educated in Detroit schools and St. Joseph's Commercial College; engaged as plumbing and heating contractor since 1940; was member of staff of Wayne County Board of Auditors for 7 years and 2 years in Detroit Office of the Secretary of State of Michigan;

has had 7 years service in Michigan National Guard, Thirty-second Division, Company C, One Hundred Twenty-fifth Infantry; elected to the Eightieth Congress November 5, 1946, defeating Louis C. Rabaut by approximately 10,000 votes. FIFTEENTH DISTRICT.-CITY OF DETROIT: Wards 10, 12, 14, and 16. Population (1940), 382,399.

JOHN D. DINGELL, Democrat, of Detroit, Mich.; born at Detroit, Mich., February 2, 1894; married Grace B. Bigler, April 27, 1925, and they have three children-John David, Jr., James Victor, and Julé Jane; elected to the Seventythird Congress from the Fifteenth District; reelected each succeeding Congress; member of the Ways and Means Committee.

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