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Change in real payof selected workers between November 1963 and
November 1964Continued

Percent Losers:

change Soft drink workers--

-0.6 Veterans on compensation..

-1.2 Ship and boat builders--

-2.7 As measured by change in average weekly earnings of a worker with three dependents after adjustment for Federal income and social security taxes and price changes between November 1963 and November 1964. October data used where November earnings data were not available. Data source : Table C-2, Employment and Earnings, December 1964, vol. 11, No. 6, U.S. Department of Labor.

* Annual average weekly earnings used for 1963, as November 1964 data reflected effects of strike in the auto industry.

The Annual Report of the Council of Economic Advisers, which was submitted with the January 1964 Economic Report of the President to the Congress, in considering the measurement of poverty, stated : "Various studies provide support for using, as a boundary, a family whose annual income from all sources was $3,000 (before taxes and expressed in 1962 prices).

The $3,000 income figure has become a nationally recognized standard, symbolic of the brink of poverty. A veteran who became totally disabled during a war period has a basic compensation for total disability of $250 a month which equals exactly $3,000 a year. The compensation of a veteran, similarly disabled during other than war service, is 80 percent of the war service rate, or $2,400 a year. The foregoing annual amounts may be increased if the veteran is married, i.e., $276 wartime and $216 peacetime. In addition $192 or $156 a year respectively may be paid for a child. Each additional child would increase the compensation by $144 or $120 annually.

The following report, taken from the Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1963, page 343, is adopted as a means of demonstrating the disparity between the amounts of disability compensation ("earnings”) for total disability ($3,000 or $2,400 depending on type of service in which incurred), and the average annual earning of employees for the year 1962.

Average annual earnings per employee by industry All industries.

$5, 024 Private industries_

5, 025 Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries..

1, 855 Mining-

6,064 Contract construction..

5, 893 Manufacturing----

5, 723 Wholesale and retail trade.

4, 660 Finance, insurance, and real estate_

5, 175 Transportation..

6, 279 Communication and public utilities.

6, 179 Services.

3, 928 Government and Government enterprises---

5, 020 The above figures, on an industry basis, are inclusive of all levels of employment, from top executive to lowest wage earner, as well as bonuses, tips, and payments in kind. It is reasonable to assume that, in the absence of the service-connected totally disabling condition, the level of achievement of these veterans in any listed industry would approximate a normal distribution pattern and the averages established. As such, the veteran's compensation is more than $2,000 a year short not only in the average for all industries, but also the average in each of the specific industries except services and the group composed of agriculture, forestry, and fisheries.

Page 343, table No. 459 of the same source provides a further basis of comparison of incomes. Listed below are the mean incomes of spending units, shown for 1961, the latest available year, by occupational groups. (A spending unit is all persons living in same dwelling and belonging to the same family. Income may be "pooled” or a spending unit may consists of only one person.)

All spending units (average).

$6,050 Professional and semiprofessional..

8, 960 Managerial and self-employed.

12, 200 Managerial.-Self-employed.--

11, 720

12, 680 Clerical and sales --Skilled and semiskilled..

6,300 Skilled.

5, 764 Semiskilled

6, 430 Farm operator.

5, 200

4, 250 The comment made to reported average earnings per employee are generally also applicable to the above averages.

Comparing various incomes on a family basis, the same source, on page 337, table No. 449 provides the following status for 1961, the latest available year, in the area of "Family Personal Income Received by Each Fifth * * * of Families and Unattached Individuals."

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In recent pay increases for the military services, 1963 and 1964, congressional reports emphasized the importance of maintaining comparability with salaries and wages in the civilian economy as pledged by the late President Kennedy and incumbent President Johnson. The latest military pay bill granted a 2.5percent increase to all officers, warrant officers, and enlisted personnel with over 2 years of service. An increase of 8.5 percent was approved for officers and warrant officers with less than 2 years. The concept of comparability was also responsible for the recent further pay increase for Federal executives, elected officials, and civilian personnel.

While the cost of living has increased for the totally disabled veteran to the same extent as it has for the employee in private industry or the Federal Government, and for military personnel, his compensation has remained constant since October 1, 1962.


Washington, D.C., December 29, 1964. Mr. OLIVER MEADOWS, Staff Director, Committee on Veterans' Affairs, House Office Building, Washington, D.C.

DEAR MR. MEADOWS: The last time we had occasion to visit you mentioned needing some information on our service-connected totally disabled veterans for use in future legislative work. On December 1, 1964, we started a survey of those service-connected members of our organization, hoping to secure most of the information you requested.

I am enclosing a sample copy of the questionnaire and information sheet which went out to these members. I am hopeful that it covers all the information you need. Although it is quite early yet we have received close to 50 replies but expect many more.

In about 2 weeks I expect to be in your neighborhood, and with your permission will drop in to discuss this matter with you. Sincerely,


Executive Secretary. Enclosures.



Washington, D.C. To: All service officers. From: Harry A. Schweikert, Jr., executive secretary. Subject: Veterans' legislative questionnaire.

Enclosed you will find copies of a two-page questionnaire which are to be completed by as many service-connected members as possible. Please complete them as rapidly as possible and mail them back to me as soon as they are completed. I am enclosing some self-addressed, stamped envelopes for this purpose.

REASON FOR QUESTIONNAIRE We have been requested to obtain this information by the Committee on Veterans' Affairs as a basis for future legislation affecting the service-connected totally disabled. It is urgent, therefore, that we secure as much information from as many members as possible. All information is to be anonymous, so there should be no reason to deny, misrepresent or exaggerate the facts.


We have created as simple a questionnaire as possible, which would still give us all the information we need. For those questions which might arise, we hope the following will be helpful. (Refer to sections of questionnaire.) Section 1

If injury is traumatic, it is only necessary to mark off “paraplegia X” or "quadriplegia X.” If source of injury is disease, please identify source and extent of disability. Section 2

If specific dates are not remembered, months and years will do. Section 3

Just circle the number of years. Other education should be described using back of sheet if necessary. If a member had acquired any degrees before injury, please note. Do the same for those degrees he acquired after injury. It is important to keep information on education identified as before injury and after injury. Section 4

We are trying to determine here the number of persons dependent upon the veteran. State veterans present marital status. It is not necessary to go into past history if it is changed. For instance, if a veteran was married and divorced, you would note this under “divorced X.” If he was married, divorced, and then remarried, it would be noted only as “married X." Of course, all children would be listed, regardless of age. Be careful to note which and how many children are still being supported by the veteran. Section 5

Again, as in section 3, it is important to identify those jobs held and salaries made before injury as compared with those after injury. Specific dates are not important, but months and years should be reported as accurately as possible. Average wages is sufficient. It is essential that we know specific reason for his not being employed since his injury, the reason he left or was fired from each or any job since his injury, if he is currently employed or why he isn't. Section 6

This section could have a lot of bearing on section 5, so complete it as accurately as possible. Section y

Income from all sources should be separated and identified, such as VA, social security, workmen's compensation, employment, etc. Total it all up and enter at end of paragraph where called for. (It is apparent that this information will be compared with the amount of expenditure in next section.)

Section 8

Although this section is pretty general, I am hoping more information will be noted than called for. Upkeep of home includes rent, mortgage, utilities, maintenance, etc. Maintenance of family means cost of food, clothing, etc. Medical care means the out-of-pocket expenses for medical and dental care, hospital insurance, etc., for members of the veterans family and himself. (Do not include any costs which are reimbursted by the Federal Government.) The same goes for medical supplies, prosthetics, etc. Transportation expenses by automobile or other means should be emphasized. Please note any other extraordinary expenses, such as clothing which wears quickly because of prostheses, inflated recreational expenses necessary because of your wheelchair, etc.


Most of this information may have to be collected by personal interview with members in the hospitals. Many of them could be completed by mailing them to friends and other personal contacts with a short note or a telephone call explaining what we are doing. The help of friends and chapter officers may be enlisted. But I cannot repeat too often the importance of receiving as many completed questionnaires as possible and as quickly as possible. We have been asked to submit this information to the Committee on Veterans' Affairs before the 89th Congress convenes. Please try your best. Sincerely,


Executive Secretary. P.S.—We have plenty of questionnaires on hand. If you need more, let me know and they will be in the very next mail.


1. Type of Injury

Other (describe)
Source of injury: Combat Automotive Swimming Other
Date of birth

Date of injury

2. Military Service

Dated entered
Branch of service
Serial Number

Dated discharged


3. Formal Education
Before injury: Grade school:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 High school:1 2 3 4

College: 1 2 3 4 Other (describe)
After injury: High school: 1 2 3 4 College: 1 2 3 4 Other
4. Marital Status
Single Married

Divorced Separated Persons in house-

Children (Please list by sex and age) Which are dependent upon you for support? Mother

Number of children

(Note: If you are not living with wife or any of your children, but contribute to their support, indicate in this paragraph, or use back of this sheet to explain.)

5. Employment
Before injury: Occupation

Number of years employed Average weekly salary $

(If more than one job, please list additional on back) After injury: Occupation

Number of years employed Average weekly salary $

(If more than one job, please list additional on back) Current: Are you currently employed ?

(If in some position as above please indicate)

If unemployed, please list date you left your last job

Reason for leaving 6. Health Status

How often have you had to return to the hospital for extended care?

(Please give reasons, approximate number of times, dates and lengths of each stay.)

(Please list any additional information on other side of this sheet.) 7. Income Basic compensation Aid and attendance $

Other $Allotments : Mother $- Father $ Wife $

Children $ Non-VA income: (Sources and amounts)

Total of all income 8. Annual Expense Upkeep of home $

Maintenance of family $Medical care $.

Medical supplies, medicine, etc. Other expenses

APRIL 7, 1965.


2 104

Personal appearances before rating board, month of March
Los Angeles, Calif.:

Total personal appearances--
Total personal appearances, San Diego.--

Total annual personal appearances--
Muskogee, Okla.:

Total personal appearances..
Total personal appearances, Oklahoma City.

Total annual personal appearances---
St. Petersburg, Fla.:

Total personal appearances..
Total personal appearances, Miami..
Total annual personal appearances.

8 2 52


0 156

FEBRUARY 24, 1965.


1. To further ascertain the volume of personal appearances, a second study covering a period of 1 week was conducted from February 8 to 12, 1965. Based on the data in this study, there are 7,488 personal appearances annually by claimants seeking information, explanation, or presenting argument. The two separate studies are very consistent.

2. During the current study, the ratio of appearances to substantive decisions is 44 out of every 10,000 as contrasted to 46 in the previous study. The data for the current study as well as comments and data for the previous study are attached.

3. To arrive at an estimated annual appearance rate, the total appearances were distributed on the same percentage basis as the fiscal year 1964 appealable issues. For example, the 33,598 appealable issues in Montgomery are 1.95 percent of the total of 1,726,897 appealable issues for fiscal year 1964; 1.95 percent of the 7,800 total appearances is 152, the estimated annual appearances in Montgomery. The two studies are both computed on the same basis.

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