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directed; so they were designed to remind them of what is contained in this sacred institution, that they might know what they did when they celebrated it. You may know and remember, that many of them slighted this sacred ordinance, made use of it in vain, and “discerned not the Lord's body," the excellency and usefulness of Christ's body, as broken and offered for us, in which he bore our sins on the tree, and made satisfaction for them : a commemoration of which is made in this ordinance.
The apostle, therefore, in the words before us, would have them know, consider, and understand, that the constant, uniform, unvarying end and intent of it was, to shew forth the Lord's death, and gives them an exhortation, command, and direction, saying, “ Shew ye, the Lord's death :" which words declare what the great end to be answered by the observance of this institution is. . It is to declare, that Christ died for the sins of his people, to represent him as crucified, to set forth the manner of his sufferings and death, by having his body wounded, bruised, and broken, and his blood shed. Also to express the blessings and benefits which come by his death, and his people's faith of interest in them; to shew their sense of gratitude, and declare their thankfulness to him for them.
I will cast the words of my text into the following particulars : hy observing,
First, that the Lord's supper was instituted, and is observed, for the remembering and shewing forth the death of Christ.
Secondly, that it ought frequently to be celebrated.
And lastly, that it is a perpetual and lasting institution, which is to be continued until the Lord come. · I am, in the first place, to observe, that the Lord's supper was instituted, and is observed," for the remembering and shewing forth the death of Christ.”
This appears from the words of the institution, “This is my body which is broken for you, this do in remembrance
This cup is the New Testament in my blood, this do ye as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me."
The actions of minister and people, in taking, blessing, breaking, giving, eating, and dripking, are commemorative signs of Christ, and memorials of his passion.
One observes, that the name of this ordinance doth plainly exalt Christ's person, when it is called THE LORD'S SUPPER. That Christ's death is exalted, when it is called the New Testament in his blood :" that his sorrows, blood, and the everlasting efficacy of bis sacrifice, are exalted in the scripture-names given to this institution by the Holy Ghost, and by which it is called in the Word, which are," the Lord's supper, breaking of bread, Lord's table, feast, the communion of the body of Christ, and the New Testament in Christ's blood;" for which, see 1. Cor. xi, 20; 1 Cor. x. 21; 1 Cor, v. 8; 1 Cor. x. 16; Acts ii. 42; 1 Cor. xi. 25. But to proceed : the bread, which in this ordinance is broken to represent Christ to our faith, as broken in body, and bruised in his soul for us, and for our transgressions ; so we hereby do solemnly call to mind and recognize, how his sacréd body was broken, when buffeted, scourged,
crowned with thorns, stretched on the cross, nailed to it, and pierced with a spear.
The wine, as poured forth, serves to direct our thoughts, especially when they are properly influenced by the Holy Ghost, to recollect with reverence, and contemplate by faith, the inexpressible sorrows, agonies, sufferings, and soultravail of our Lord, when he made his soul an offering for sin. When “the Lord laid on him the iniquities of us all;" when all the iniquities of his people being laid on him, and imputed by Jehovah the Father, with all their guilt and filth to him; the wrath of God, comparable to fire, flamed forth against and lighted upon him. The curse of the law seizing upon, and taking hold of him, put him into an agony, which forced from him a bloody sweat. His soul and body in every part, sense, and faculty, being at this time, the subjects of all those pains, sorrows and sufferings, which were the true and proper desert of sin. The human nature of Christ, though assumed, united, and existing in personal union
with the Son of the living God, was left to feel, endure and sustain those agonies which were of the nature of the torments of hell, and that desertion of God which is the sting of hell. Hence he cried,
My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me ?"
As the Lord's death is shewn forth by solemnly remembering his sorrows and sufferings ; so the painfulness of them is livelily deciphered unto us in the symbols and emblems of Christ's broken body and shed blood. Here Christ is set forth as “evidently crucified before our eyes;” and his intention in his sufferings and death is a part of our remembrance here. We commemorate his death as an expiatory sacrifice, by which the sins of the clect are for ever put away out of the sight of law and justice, and we in faith may sing,
My Saviour's obedience and blood
Hide all my transgressions from view.' We consider and shew forth the suffici. ency and acceptableness of it, confessing our faith in the sacrifice of Christ, as everlastingly sufficient to satisfy God's justice,