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of the Godhead” substantially, who is the one true and alone Mediator of his church, having “ all power in heaven and earth,» being filled, as Mediator, with all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge;" having a sovereign and indisputable right to ordain, settle, and command what ordinances he pleased, being Lord and King over his own house, the church; it pleased his Majesty to institute this sacred memorial of his sorrows, sufferings, sacrifice and death, as subservient to advance his own glory, and the real spiritual good, profit, and advantage of his beloved and called people. It pleased him also to deliver the plan and form of the administration of this his sacred ordinance, tá this his beloved apostle Paul; wło, as he received it from Christ himself, as risen from the dead and entered into heaven, being crowned and declared by his eternal Father to be “both Lord and Christ;" so he faithfully delivered it, giving the very same account of it which he had received concerning it from his Lord and Master, ') If it be '
asked, when it was the apostle received from the Lord Jesus this. account of his sacred Supper; the answer is, he had it by revelation from Christ, either when he appeared unto him at his first conversion, and made him a minister and an apostle; or he had it from him when he was caught up into the third heaven, and heard things unspeakable and unlawful for him to utter., '"For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread.”
The Prince of Peace, the Lord of Glory, the everlasting Father, even the great Shepherd of the flock, who is the author of their eternal salvation, instituted this feast. The consideration of which demands our reverence and esteem of it, as an essential part and branch of sacred worship; and it should teach us carefully to keep in view the end and design of Christ in his appointment of it.
I proceed, secondly, to consider the time when the Lord Jesus instituted and appointed it; it was “the same night in which he was betrayed ;" which may serve as a testimony to us, and lead us to take a view of his boundless, bottomless, incomprehensible love towards his dear, precious, and beloved children and people, whom the Father had given to bim, and for whom he gave himself to be an offering, and a sacrifice to God for a sweet smelling savour."
This circumstance of time is mentioned, not merely to point out to us that it was in the night when Christ celebrated it; but to signify that he foreknew all which was that very night to befal him. What griefs, sorrows, agonies, and sufferings he was to be invaded, surrounded, and overwhelmed with! He being about to stand as the representative, surety, and Mediator of his people, in their : lawplace, room and stead; to bear the weight of sin imputed ;. to feel the whole curse and wrath of his divine Father, due to the sins of all his people, inflicted upon himself; to be betrayed by Judas, denied by Peter, and forsaken by all his disciples. And yet, as though unmindful of himself, and of what he was to sus. tain for us to obtain and accomplish our salvation, he ordains this memorial, and gives this pledge of his everlasting love to his church, by appointing this ordinance as a proof of it. : “ The same night in which he was betrayed,” before he entered the garden of Gethsemane, where he might truly say, “ Now is my soul troubled," and where he did say, “My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death;" where he began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy;" where “the sorrows of death compassed him about, and the pains of hell got hold - upon him, when he found trouble and heaviness :" and being in an agony, he prayed, and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground;" when he might say, “I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint; 'my heart is like
it is melted in the midst of my bowels."
Though he clearly saw and knew the whole he was that night to encounter with, yet, as though he loved his church more than himself, and as if his thoughts were more employed and engaged about his people than upon his own personal sufferings; he instituted this feast for a commemoration of his love. Stupendous, unutterable, ineffable grace! teach us, holy Jesus, to admire, praise, and esteem thee: for it.! fill our hearts with a real sense and enjoyment of it ! let us have spiritual views, and high-raised apprehensions of it. The institution of this ordinance by “the Lord Jesus Christ, the same night in which he was betrayed,” may be looked upon by us as a sacred item, to assure us that his heart is immutably and eternally fixed upon us, and that he will remember us with everlasting kindness.
I pass on, thirdly, to consider the institution itself, which is expressed thus : “ He took bread, and when he had given thanks he brake it, and said, Take, eat, this is my body which is broken for you ; this do in remembrance of me; after the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the New Testament in my blood; this do ye as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me."
In which we have the signs, actions,