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MATHEMATICS.
FROM THE FRENCH OF GA NGANELLI,

Pope Clement 14. Mathematics will enable you to think justly. With. out them, there is a certain method wanting which is necessary to rectify our thoughts, to arrange our ideas, and to determine our judgments aright. It is easy to perceive in reading a book, even a moral one, whether the author be a Mathematician or not. I am seldom deceived in this observation. The famous French Metaphysician would not have composed The Inquiry after Truth*, nor the famous Leibnitz his Theodice, if they had not been Mathematicians. We perceive in their productions that geometrical order which brings their reasonings into small compass while it gives them energy and method. Order is delighiful; there is nothing in nature but what is stamped with it, and without it there could be no harmony. We may likewise say that the Mathematics are an universal science which connects all the rest, and displays them in their happiest relations. The Mathematician, at the first look, is sure to analyse and unravel a subject or proposition with justness; but a man who does not understand this science, sees only in a vague, and almost always in an imperfect manner. Apply your

self then to this great branch of knowledge, so worthy i of our curiosity, and so necessary to the uses of life;

but not in such a degree as to throw you into absence: mendeavour to be always recollected, whatever are your studies. If I was young, and had leisure, I would acquire a more extensive knowledge of Geom. etry. I have always cherished that science with a par.

* Melebranche.

ticular predilection. My turn of mind made me seek with avidity every thing that was methodical; and I pay but little respect to those works which are only the exercises of imagination.

We have three principal sciences, which I compare to the three ese sential parts of the human conposition:- Theology, which, by its spirituality, resembles our soul; the Mathematics, which, by their combination and justness, express our reason; and Natural Philosophy, which, by its mechanical operations, denotes our bod. ies: and these three Sciences (which ought to maintain a perfect harmony) while they keep within their proper sphere, necessarily elevate us towards their au. thor, the source and fullness of all light.

Phi. losophy without Geometry, is like medicine without chemistry. The greater number of modern Philosophers reason inconclusively, only because they are unacquainted with Geometry. They mistake sophisms for truths; and if they lay down just principles, they deduce false conclusions from them.. Study alone will not make a learned man, nor a knowledge of the sciences a Philosopher. But we live in an age where great words impose, and where men think themselves to be eminent geniuses, if they only contrive a set of singular opinions. Distrust those writers who employ themselves rather about the style than the matter, and who hazard every thing for the sake of surprising.

A NOTION OF HONOUR.

BY MR. PRATT.

-Talk not so formally, I am so much a despiser of it, that I never suffer a slip of buckram, even in my coat. I heard that you were insulted, and, for the want of a few scoundrel guineas, unable to redress yourself. Now, insult I am so far from bearing myself, that I cannot endure it should be inflicted on another. If you had a purse in your pocket, a sword at your side, and a cane in your hand: if, sir, provi. dence had thought proper to accoutre you in this manner, I should have left you to revenge your own cause, and fight your own battles: and had you hesitated to do this, under such advantages, I should have rejoiced to hear, that the purse had been taken from you, the sword run through your body, or the cane jaid across your shoulders; because, for man to fear man, in my opinion, is the last error of idolatry, and ten times a greater shame, than bowing the knee to Baal.

ADVICE TO A PRINCE.

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W ouldest thou, my prince, inform thyself of the site uation of thy people, that thou mayest redress their grievances and promote their welfare, consult not the wealthy merchants of Damascus, nor the proud lords of landed inheritance; but turn thine eyes into the shop of the humble mechanic, the cottage of the indus. trious peasant, and the village of the laborious fisher

man.

Contes Arabes,

EPITAPH ON A BIRD.
BY ANNA LÆTITIA BARBAULD.

HERE LIETH,
aged three months and four days,

the body of RICHARD ACANTHUS, a young person of unblemished character: He wastaken in his callow infancy from under.the wing

of a tender parent, by the rough and pitiless hands of a two legged animal

without feathers. Though born with the most aspiring disposition

and unbounded love of freedom, · he was closely confined in a grated prison,

and scarcely permitted to view those fields to the possession of which he had an ancient and

undoubted charter. Deeply sensible of this infringement of his natural

and unalienable rights,
he was often heard to petition for redress;

not with rude and violent clamours, but in the most plaintive notes of harmonious sorrow: at length, tired with fruitless efforts to escape,

his indignant soul
burst the prison which his body could not,
and left a lifeless heap of beauteous feathers.

READER!
if suffering innocence can hope for retribution,

deny not to the genile shade.

of this unfortunate captive, the humble, though uncertain, hope of animating

some happier form;
or trying his new fledged pinions
in some happy Elysium, beyond the reach of

the tyrant of this lower worldha .

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