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Another message to him concerning the preamble to the 40001. bill on behalf of the proprietaries.
The governor's answer.
He sends down another preamble, which is not relished; refuses to pass the excise bill, and expunges the clause in the 40,0001. bill for taxing the proprietary estate.
His message concerning Indian affairs, and the expence of conducting them.
The assembly's answer.
A parting compliment from general Shirley to the province.
A new session, and the governor's message thereon.
The business of the assembly at a stand for a few days.
Their address : and message, requesting copies of his proprietary instructions.
Certain of the said instructions communicated.
A bill prepared for striking the sum of 60,000). for the king's use, to be sunk by an excise.
A conference on the said bill.
The governor's answer, signifying, that he would not give his assent to it. Resolutions of the essembly after a protest against the
instructions, and a salvo for their own rights, to prepare a new bill.
A new bill prepared and passed.
A brief apology for the conduct of the assembly on this occasion.
A remonstrance voted.
Conclusion ; with a testimonial of commodore Sprag in behalf of the assembly.
An Appendix, containing sundry original papers relative to the several points in controversy between the governors and assemblies of Pensylvania, viz.
1. The representation of the assembly to the proprietaries, requesting them to bear a proportionable part of Indian expences.
2. The proprietaries' answer; and assembly's remarks thereon.
3. A message from governor Morris, containing his additional arguments to shew the unreasonableness of taxing the proprietary estate for its defence, and in support of the restrictions he was under in that respect.
4. The assembly's answer thereto. 5. The governor's reply.
6. The assembly's rejoinder. [Note. In the above four messages great part of the
points in dispute between the proprietaries and people of the province are fully litigated ; and the perusal of them is necessary to those who would have a thorough knowledge of the controversy.]
7. The speaker of the Pensylvanian assembly's paper of authorities relating to the rights of the commons over money-bills, and in support of the 50,0001, bils
passed by the assembly, so far as it relates to the taxing the proprietary estate within that province.
8. Report of a committee of assembly on the proprietary instructions relative to money-bills; clearly demonstrating, that though the proprietaries would at length appear to be willing to have their estates taxed in common with other estates, yet that were laws pas sed pursuant to these instructions, much the greatest part of their estate would be exempted, and that the sums necessary to be granted for his majesty's service in that province could not possibly be raised thereby, &c. &c. A paper of importance.
9. Mr. Thomas Penn's estimate of the value of the proprietary estate in Pensylvania, upwards of twenty years ago; with remarks thereon, showing its prodigious increase since that time, the profits arising to the House of Penn from their Indian purchases, and the huckstering manner in which they dispose of lands to the king's subjects in that province.
10. A specimen of the anonymous abuses continually published against the inhabitants of Pensylvania, by the proprietaries and their agents, with Mr. W. Franklin's refutation thereof.
11. Some remarks on the conduct of the last and present governor, with regard to their employing the provincial forces as regulars, rather than as rangers; and showing the secret reason why that province is at present without a militia-law, notwithstanding the several bills which have been lately passed by the assembly for that purpose,
12. An account of sundry sums of money paid by the province for his majesty's service, since the commencement of the present troubles in America.
13. An extract from an original letter of Mr. Logan, containing, among other things, his opinion of the proprietary right to the government of the three Delaware counties; and which serves to account for the particular favour shown that government from time to time.
The Interest of Great Britain considered, with Regard to her co
lonies, and the Acquisitions of Canada and Guadaloupe*.
I HAVE perused with no small pleasure the Letter addressed to Two Great Men, and the Remarks on that letter. It is not merely from the beauty, the force and perspicuity of expression, or the general elegance of manner conspicuous in both pamphlets, that my pleasure chiefly arises; it is rather from this, that I have lived to see subjects of the greatest importance to this pation publicly discussed without party views, or party beat, with decency and politeness, and with no other warmth, than what a zeal for the honour and happiness of our king and country may inspire; and this by writers, whose understanding (however they may differ from each other) appears not unequal to their candour and the uprightness of their intention.
* In the year 1760, upon the prospect of a peace with France, the late Earl of Bath addressed a Letter to Two Great Men (Mr. Pitt and the Duke of Newcastle) on the terms necessary to be insisted upon in the negociation. He preferred the acquisition of Canada, to acquisitions in the West Iodies. In the same year there appeared Remarks on the letter addressed to two great men, containing opposite opinions on this and other subjects. At this inoment a philosopher stepped into the controversy, and wrote a pamphlet, entitled, The Interest of Great Britain considered, with Regard to her Colonies, &c. The arguments he used, appear to have carried weight with them at the Courts of London and Paris, for Canada was kept by the peace,
The editor thinks it necessary to add the following further explanations.—The above piece (which first came to his hands in the shape of a pamphlet, printed for Becket, 1761, 2d edit.) has uone of the eight subdi
visions visions it is now thrown into, marked out by the author. He conceived bowever that they might be useful, and has taken the liberty of making them, but guards it with this apology. The better to suit his purpose, the division of the paragraplıs, &c. and the italics of the original, are not accurately adhered to. It was impossible for him however to alter one word in the sense, style, or disposition, of his auther : this was a liberty for which he could make no apology.
But, as great abilities have not always the best information, there are, I apprehend, in the Remarks, some opinions pot well founded, and some mistakes of so important a nature, as to render a few observations on them necessary for the better information of the public.
The author of the Letter, who must be every way best able to support his own sentiments, will, I hope, excuse me, if I seem officiously to interfere; when he considers, that the spirit of patriotism, like other qualities good and bad, is catching; and that his long si
In the original, the author has added his observations concerning the Increase of Mankind, Peopling of Countries, &c. [printed in the 2d Vol. of this work] and introduced it with the following note. " In confirmation of the writer's opinion concerning population, manufactures, &c. he has thought it not amiss to add an extract from a piece written some years since in America, where the facts must be well known, on which the reasonings are founded. It is entitled, Observations, &c."
With respect to the arguments used by the authors of the Letter, and of the'Remarks, it is useless to repeat tbem here. As far as they are necessary for the understanding of Dr. Franklin, they are to be collected from his own work. B. V.