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44. As the goods for the Indian trade all come from England, and the peltry is chiefly brought to England; perhaps it will be best to lay the duty here, on the exportation of the one, and the importation of the other, to avoid meddling with the question, of the right to lay duties in America by parliament here.
If it is thought proper to carry the trading part of this plan into execution, would it not be well to try it first in a few posts, to which the present colony laws for regulating the Indian trade do not reach; that by experience its utility may be ascertained, or its defects discovered and amended, before it is made general, and those laws repealed to make way for it?- If the Indians find by experience, that they are better used in their trade at the posts, under these regulations, than at other places, may it not make them desirous of having the regulations extended to other places; and when ex. tended, better satisfied with them upon reflection and comparison*?
* The editor has given the following memorandum of Indian fighting men, inhabiting near the distant posts, in 1762 ; to indulge the curious is future times. The paper is in Dr. Franklin's hand-writing: but it must not be mistaken as containing a list of the whole of the nations enumerated, but only such part of them as lived near the places described. B. V.
A list of the number of fighting men of the different nations of Indians, through whieh I (George Croghan) passed, living at or near the several posts.
250 Cbeap was
The MIAMIES. Mincamies or Twigtwees
There is a nation, back of the Bay, who used formerly to come there to visit the French when they were in possession of that post, called La Sieu, computed to be 2500 fighting men; who have this summer sent word to Mr. Gorrell, who commands there, that they purpose paying him a visit late this fall or in the spring.
Causes of the American Discontents before 1768. *
The waves never rise but when the winds blow.
SIR, AS the cause of the present ill humour in America, and of the resolutions taken there to purchase less of our manufactures, does not seem to be generally understood, it may afford some satisfaction to your readers, if you give them the following short historical state of facts.
From the time that the colonies were first considered as capable of grunting aids to the crown, down to the end of the last war, it is said, that the constant mode
* This letter first appeared in a London paper, January 7, 1768, and was afterwards reprinted as a postscript to The true Sentiments of Ametica, printed for Almon, 1768. B. V.