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him;

thought his fortune made, when the a coxcomb and a puppy: the other small

pox seized the minister, and put replied, you have not the least acan end to all Fenton's hopes. quaintance with, or personal know

Mr. Pope esteemed Congreve for ledge of him :-Vanbrugh is the rethe manners of a gentleman and a verse of all this, and the most easy man of honour, and the fageft of careless writer and companion in the the poetic tribe. He thought no- world. This, as he assured an inthing wanting in his comedies, but timate friend, was true. He added, the limplicity and truth of nature. that Vanbrugh wrote and built just

Rowe, in Mr. Pope's opinion, as his fancy led him, or as those he maintained a decent character, but built for and wrote for directed him. had no heart. Mr. Addison was If what he did pleased them, he justly offended with him for some gained his end ; if it displeased behaviour which arose from that them, they might thank themselves. want, and estranged himself from He pretended to no high scientific

which Rowe felt very severe- knowledge in the art of building ; ly. Mr. Pope, their common friend, and he wrote without much attenknowing this, took an opportunity, tion to critical art. Speaking with at, fome juncture of Mr. Addison's Mr. Pope of the Fables in the coadvancement, to tell him how poor medy of Æsop, the latter said to Rowe was grieved at his displea- him, “ Prior is called the English sure, and what satisfaction he ex- • Fontaine, for his Tales; nothing pressed at Mr. Addison's good for- os is more unlike. But your Fables tune; which he expreffed so natu- “ have the very spirit of this celerally, that he (Mr. Pope) could not - brated French poet.'

66 It but think him sincere. Mr. Ad. " may be so," replied Vanbrugh; dison replied, “ I do not suspect “ but, I protest to you, I never " that he feigned; but the levity 66 read Fontaine's Fables.' ~ of his heart is such, that he is Mr. Pope thought Dr. Young " ftruck with any new adventure ;. had much of a sublime genius, " and it would affect him juft in though without common sense ; fo " the same inanner, if he heard I that his genius, having no guide, " was going to be hanged.” was perpetually liable to degenerate Mr. Pope faid, he could not deny into bombast.' This made him pass but Mr. Addison understood Rowe for a foolish youth, the sport of peers well.

But his having a very Mr. Pope used to say of Steele, good heart, enabled him to support that though he led a very careless the clerical character when he afand vicious life, yet he, neverthe- sumed it, first with decency, and less, had a real love and reverence afterward with honour. for virtue.

The want of reasonable ideas in Swift had taken a dislike (with- this ingenious writer, so pregnant out knowing him) to Vanbrugh, with inagination, occasioned the and satirized him feverely, in two fame absence and distraction in or three poems, which displeased company, which has frequently Mr. Pope ; and he remonstrated been observed, to befal philosophic with his friend on this occafion. men, through the abundance of Swift said, he thought Vanbrugh theirs. But his absence being on

that

.

and poets.

On his

that account attended with much largely, but would do nothing absurdity, it was not only excused, till Mr. Pope came to her, whose but enjoyed. He gave, through- company the then fought all opout his life, many wonderful ex- portunities to procure, and was amples of this turn, or rather de- • uneasy to be without it. He was bility of mind ; of which one will " at that time with some friends, fuffice. When he had determined o whom he was unwilling to part to go into orders, he addrefied { with, a hundred miles distant. hiinself, like an honest man, for < But at Mr. Hooke's earnest foli. the best directions in the study of citation, when Mr. Pope found theology. But to whom did he his presence fo essentially conapply? It may, perhaps, be thought, cerned his friend's interest and to Sherlock or Atterbury ; to Bur- • future support, he broke through net or Hare. No! to Mr. Pope ;

all his engagements, and in the who, in a youthful frolic, recom- depth of winter and ill ways, mended Thomas Aquinas to him. < flew to his asistance. With this treasure he retired, in or- (coming, the dutchefs secured to der to be free from interruption, to • Mr. Hooke 5oool. and by that an obscure place in the suburbs. means attach'd him to her ferHis director hearing no

more of vice. But soon after she took him in fix months, and apprehend- occafion, as was usual with her, ing he might have carried the jest ' to quarrel with him. too far, sought after him, and found him out just in time tą • Her ev'ry turn by violence purprevent an irretrievable derange

• fu'd, ment.

• Not more a storm her hate than Mr. Hooke seems to have pos- gratitude.' feffed small share of Mr. Pope's esteem and friendship. His Thus Mr. Hooke represented folicitude to do him service, is the matter. The reason he gave strongly exemplified in the follow- of her sudden disike to him, was ing anecdote.

to pervert her to The first dutchess of Marlbo. popery. This is rough was desirous of having an probability ; for he finding her « account of her public conduet given Grace (as appears from the Ai.

to the world. This Mr. Hooke, count of her conduct) without any

a Roman Catholic, in the mystic religion, - might think it an act of ( way, and compiler of the Roman no common charity to give her his • History, was, by Mr. Pope and « others, recommended her The above particulars are fe• Grace, as a proper person to draw lected from the Life of Mr. Pores • up this Account, under her inspec- compiled by Owen Ruff head, Elq; « tion, and by the assistance of the from original MSS. which he had « papers the communicated to him, the honour to be entrusted with by • he performed this work so much that reverend and learned prelate,

to her Grace's fatisfaction, that the bishop of Gloucester. • the talked of rewarding him

Some

no

his attempt

not without

own.

to

or

Some Account of the Life of the late over their faller enemies; while Thomas Pelham Holles, the low-church party, bereft of all Duke of NEWCASTLE, &c. means of revenge, were obliged to

keep a respectful filence; which 'HIS nobleman was born on proceeded rather from conscious inand succeeded his father as baron patriotism. The new government Pelham of Loughton : and by the seemed less attentive to the religious last will and testament of his uncle causes of the hatred that fubfisted beJohn Holles duke of Newcastle, who tween the two parties, than to the died at his seat at Welbeck in Not- influence which either of those partinghamshire, on the 15th of July, ties might have on the affairs of 1711, was adopted heir to his great ftate. The king had taken a strong eftate, and empowered to bear the prepoffeffion against the tories, arms and name of Holles, together whom he had long been persuaded with the title of duke of Newcastle to consider as Jacobites, and thought upon Tyne.

the whigs his only true friends ; His power

and interest were now and from this motive he threw aside very great, and he exerted both in all reserve, and declared openly in support of his majesty king George their favour. This effected a fatal 1.

" against the party that opposed and instantaneous change in all him.

offices of honour and advantage. It would be unnecessary, as well Among the rest that were distin. as tedious, to enumerate here the guished by the royal favour was the several consequences that flowed duke of Newcastle, who, on the from the hatred which had then 26th of October, 1714, was adlong subsisted between the whig vanced to the dignity of earl of and tory parties : it is well known Clare, in the county of Suffolk, that their mutual animosity was and viscount Naughton, in the carried to a degree of frenzy. It county of Nottingham, with rewas this that brought king Charles mainder to the hon. Henry Pele I. to the scaffold, it was this that ham, his brother and his heirs produced that surprising revolution 'male. in affairs toward the end of Queen Nor did the royal favour termi. Anne's reign.

The same causes nate here : for two days after, namecontinued to operate at the accef- ly, on the 28th of O&tober, he was fion of George I. and even shook constituted lord lieutenant and cufthat monarch on his throne before tos rotulorum of the county of Not. he was well feated in it. The tingham. And on the roth of Nowhole weight of authority had for vember following, cuftos rotulosome time been in the hands of the rum of Middlesex, and lord lieute. tories, while the whigs remained nant of the said county and city of without credit or influence, and at Westminster on the 28th of Decemthe same time endured the farther ber following. The faine year he mortification of seeing their patrons was also constituted steward, warand supporters in difgrace or exile. den, and keeper of the forest of The high-church men indulged Sherwood, and park of Folewood, themselves in an insolent triumph in the county of Nottingham.

This

1

This manifest partiality shewn to St. James's on the 31st of March, the whig pariy in general, greatly 1718, when his grace was elected inflamed the minds of those who one of the knights companions of were alreadly but too much discon- the most noble order of the garter, tented at the late changes; and the and inttalled on the 30th of April Jacobites im; atient under a revolu- following. tion which deprived them of all His grace was also one of the hopes of having the family of peers commiffioned by his majesty, Stuart again on the throne, joined to sign the quadruple alliance, bethe malecontents. The royal party tween the emperor, the king of were, in many places, interrupted Great-Britain, the king of France, in their rejoicings on account of and the states-general. This treaty the coronation, by disorderly and was signed at the Cockpit, White tumultuous rabbles, who crying, hall

, on the 22d of July, 1718. By - Down with the whigs, Sache- this treaty the contracting powers “ verel for ever!" proceeded to engaged for the reciprocal presernumberless disorders. Seditious vation of their several dominions pamphlets were printed and dif- and subjects, and for the maintainpersed without number or decency; ing mutual peace. The former breaking of windows and pulling treatie's of Utrecht and Baden were down meeting houses, was now confirmed, except in some few practised and carried to such an points; and the several powers amazing height, that the whig mutually promised to give no proparty hardly thought themselves tection in any of their dominions, safe, even under the shadow of to those who are, or shall be, deroyal protection.

clared rebels, by any of the other The duke of Newcastle stood contracting powers: and if any one firm in fupport of the royal cause, of the four contracting powers and opposed the lawless attempts should be attacked or disturbed, of a misguided populace: Nor was either by their own subjects, or his master wanting to acknowledge any prince or state, the otħer three his services; he was on the 2d, of mall endeavour to procure them Auguft, 1715, created marquis and justice, and to prevent the aggressor duke of Newcattle under line, with from continuing hoftilities; but remainder to the female issue of his should friendly offices prove insufibrother, the hon. Henry Pelham. cient for reconciling the two con

"On the 2d of April,, 1717, he tending parties, together with famarried the lady Harriot Godol- tisfaction and reparation to the phin, daughter of the right honour-, injured power, the high contracting able Francis carl of Godolphin, parties shall furnish to their ally, by his wife the lady Henrietta, who is attacked, in two months eldest daughter and co-heir of John after requisition shall be made, the duke of Marlborough, He was fuccours specified in the treaty. declared lord chamberlain of his His Majesty having on the 19th Majesty's household on the 13th of of May, 1719, declared his intenApril following, and on the 16th of tions of visiting his Hanoverian doApril sworn a member of the privy- minions, his grace was declared one ouncil. A chapter was held at of the lords justices, for the admi

niftration

tiftration of justice during his ma- It would be tedious to mention jelty's absence.

all the honours and places his Grace Charles XII. of Sweden, had for enjoyed under the auspicious house some time made preparations for of Hanover, whom he had fo invading England; but death put afliduously and faithfully laboured an end to his ambitious project, to fix upon the British throne. We and his fifter, the princess Ulrica, shall, therefore, only add, that in the had ascended the throne. This year 1761, his Grace resigned all was thought a favourable opportu. his employments, and quitted that nity for putting a period to the fatigue and hurry of butinefs, in troubles in the north: accordingly which he had been so long involved, his majesty appointed lords justices, spending the remainder of his days among whom his Grace of New. in retirement. He died at his house castle was one, and embarked for in Lincoln's-inn-fields, on the 17th his German dominions. Ulrica of November, 1768, in the 77th entertained

very different views year of his age. from those of her late ambitious His Grace was, perhaps, one of brother : she saw her kingdom ex- the most disinterested patriots, that haufted of men and money, unable either this, or any other nation, to support a war, and therefore could boast of; his eftate, when ardently wilhed for a good peace. he first came into possesion of it, The Swedish council consented to is said to have been worth 50,000l. cede Bremen and Verden to the per annum, which he greatly reelector of Hanover, so that all the duced in the fervice of his king and difficulties that had hitherto retard- country; notwithstanding which, he ed a pacification were removed: the nobly refused a large penfion when duke of Orleans acted as mediator he retired from public business. on this occasion, to bring about a In private life, his character was reconciliation between all the pow- the most amiable, affable, and reers of the north.

ligious. He caused divine ferHis Grace was again invested vice to be constantly and reguwith this important truft on the larly performed every day in his 26th of May, 1723, when his ma- family, both in town and country : jefty declared to his privy-council, and at proper stated times, the sathat some extraordinary affairs call- crament was administered, at which ed him abroad for the summer. he conftautly allifted with great de

On the 2d of April, 1724, his votion. He received it the day he Grace resigning the post of lord died, - from the hands of the bishop chamberlain,

was declared one of of Salisbury, and yielded up his his majefty's principal secretaries of breath with the most perfect calma ftate. On the 3d of June, 1725, nefs and resignation. he was again appointed one of the His Grace dying without issue, lords justices; and in April, 1726, the title of duke of Newcastle upon chofen recorder of Nottingham. Tyne became extinct, but that of

In July, 1737, he was chosen Newcastle under Line devolved to high steward of Cambridge, and the earl of Lincoln, who married afterwards chancellor of that uni-. the eldest daughter of the late hon.

Henry Pelham, VOL. XII.

NATU.

versity

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