Page images


[ocr errors]


o neah;


[ocr errors]


ti and communicated to the world, philomaths, and well-wishers to “ for the full satisfaction of phi. the mathematics, were hilofophers, alchymnits, &c. all in merous in this reign than they “ fix books, with a small Cymi. have been at any other period. “ cal Dictionary ;" Lond. 1662; There a large collection of 8vo. “ Hamm guleh Hampan- their works in the Harleian Li.

the Rofie Crucian brary. “ Crown, set with seven angels, “ seven planets, seven genii, twelve s ligns, twelve ideas, fixteen fin gures; and their occult powers

Jon PORDAGE. upon the seven metals, and their o miraculous virtues in medi- (OHN Pordage, who is placed “ cines; with the perfect and full “ discovery of the Pantarva, and Behmenifti, was some time preacher « Elixirs of Metals, prepared to of St. Laurence's church in Read

Diseases : whereunto is ing, and afterwards rector of Brad" added Elhauareuna presorio, Re- field in Berk!hire. He was a man "gio Lucis et Pfonthon; Lond. of much natural enthufiafm; and 1665; 8vo. - The author, who having over-heated his imagination has given us the outlines of his by reading the works of Jacob Behcharacter in the title-pages of his men, he, like that visionary, fancied books, was much resorted to by himself inspired. He pretended to the duke of Buckingham; who, know divine truth by a clearer like the gedlefs regent mentioned by light than that of the scripture, Mr. Pope, was much infatuated with which he considered as little better judicial astrology. He employed than a dead litter. He was accused Heydon to calculate the king's and by Christopher Fowler, a clergyhis own nativity; and was assured man of Reading, before the comthat his stars had promised him missioners of Berks, for ejecting great things. He was also em- minifters, of preaching anti-fcrip, ployed by the duke in some trea- tural doctrine, of blafphemy, and sonable and feditious practices, for familiarity with evil spirits. Much which he was sent to the Tower; of the history of this Itrange enwhere he was

more honourably thufiaft may be seen in Fowler's lodged than he had ever been be- " Dæmonium Meridianum." He fore. He loft much of his former acknowledges himself, reputation, by telling Richard swer to that book, that he had fenCromwell and Thurloe, who went sible cominunion with angels, and to him disguised like cavaliers, that that he knew good spirits from bad Oliver would infallibly be hanged by his fight, and even by his smell. by a certain time, which he out- He also acknowledges, that his lived several years. He married the house was, for a month, infested widow of Nicholas Culpepper, and with evil spirits; and that he had a fucceeded to much of his business. visible conflict with a fiery dragon,

which fiiled a large room ;

" that The mercurialists, phyfiogno. " an impression was made in the miits, chiromancers, astrologers, “ brick-wall of his chinney, of a

só coach

his an


os coach drawn with tigers and that “ she was more likely to have « lions, which could not be got o maintained the post of protec

out, till it was hewed out with tor) than either of her brothers; pick-axes ; and another on his

“ according to a saying that went “giass window, which yet re- ~ of her, « That those who wore

maineth.” But these spirits, as “ breeches deserved petticoats bethe believed, were raised by one Eve

ter ;

but if those in petticoats rard, whom he looked upon as a “ had been in breeches, they would conjuror. This man, who appeared « have held faster.” After Richard to be a profelyte of Pordage's, was was deposed, who, 'as the well for several weeks a sojourner in his knew, was never formed for regal family.—The character of Pordage power, she exerted herself in behalf may be summed up in very few of Charles II. and is faid to have words: he was far gone in one of had a great and successful hand in the most incurable kinds of mad- his Restoration. It is very certain ness, the frenzy of enthusiasm.

that her husband was sent to the Tower by the Committee of Safety,

a little before that great event, and Lady FALCONBERG.

that he stood very high in the king's

favour*. Ob. March 14, 1712. WE E are told by Dr. Swift, in

of his.« Let“ ters,” that she was extremely

Dutchefs of ALBEMARLE. like the pictures he had seen of her father.

Mary, third daughter of Oliver ANNE Clarges, dutchess of Cromwell , a lady of great beauty, of a blacksmith t, who gave

her but of greater spirit, was second an education suitable to the emwife of Thomas Tord viscount Fal. ployment she was bred to, which conberg. Bishop Burnet, who styles was that of a milliner. As the her a wife and worthy woman, says, manners are generally formed early

vol. V. p. 943



* I am very .credibly informed that lady Falconberg frequented the established church. When she was in town she went to St. Anne's, Soho ; when in the country, to Chiswick. She was a very genteel woman, but pale and sickly. She was known to be very charitable. From the information of a person who knew her in the decline of life

. See a remarkable passage concerning her in Dr. Z. Grey's.“ Examination of Neal's History of the Puritans," p. 36.

+ The following quotation is from a manuscript of Mr. Aubrey, in Almole's Mufeum; “ When he (Monck) wa. prisoner in the tower, his femptress, Nan Clarges

, a blacksmith's daughter, was kind to him in a double capacity. It must be remem. “ bered that he was then in want, and that she aliifted him. Here she was got with .child. She was not at all handsome nor cleanly: her mother was one of the five "s women barbers, and a woman of ill fame. A ballad was made on her and the other " four : the burden of it was,

“ Did you ever hear the like,
" Or ever hear the same,
" Of five women barbers,
“ That lived in Drury-lane."

in life, she retained something of

Lord Russel. the smith's daughter, even at her highest elevation. She was first the mitress, and afterwards the wife the WILLIAM, lord Rumel, was

a man of probity and virtue, general Monk; who had such an and worthy of a better age than opinion of her understanding, that that in which he lived; an age, he often consulted her in the great- when silence and freedom of speech eft emergencies. As she was a tho. were equally criminal; when a sough royalist, it is probable that perjured witness was more esteemed she had no inconsiderable share in than an honest patriot, and law and the Restoration. She is supposed equity were wrested to the purposes to have recommended several of the of an enraged faction, and an arprivy-counsellors, in the list which bitrary court.

As he was apprethe general presented to the king hensive for the civil and religious soon after his landing. It is more liberties of his country, he distinthan probable that she carried on guished himself by promoting the a very lucrative trade in selling of bill for excluding the duke of York offices, which were generally filled from the crown, which he carried her most money*. up to the house of

peers See was an implacable enemy' to thought resistance preferable to salord Clarendon ; and had so great very; he had moreover the honesty an influence over her husband, as to avow it, and persisted in it to the to prevail with him to help ruin laft, though a retractation of his that excellent man, though he was principles would probably have one of his best friends. Indeed, faved his life. He was accused of the general was afraid to offend being an accomplice in the Ryeher, as she presently took fire ; and house plot, and consequently of anger knew no bounds.

She conspiring the death of the king, a was a great mistress of all the low crime of which he was absolutely eloquence of abusive rage, and fel. innocent. All

that was proved dom failed to discharge a volley of against him, by suspected witnesses, curses against fuch as thoroughly was, that treasonable words were provoked hert. Nothing is more uttered in his presence, though he certain, than that the intrepid com- bore no part in, or assented to mander, who was never afraid of the conversation which occafioned

was often terrified by the them. When he had taken his fury of his wife,

last leave of his lady, he said that or the bitterness of death

“ past;

by such as gave

si. He




E 3

* See the “ Continuation of Lord Clarendon's Life." p. 46.
# Vide the “ Continuation of Lord Clarendon's Life," p. 621.

I Col. Titus, in his speech for excluding the 'duke of York, declared, " That to accept of expedients for securing the Proteftant religion, after such

king mounted the throne, was as strange as if there were a lion in the lobby, and they lould vote, that they would rather secure themselves by

letting him in and chaining him, than by keeping him out." This sentiment is put into verse by Bramiton, in his '“ Art of Politicks."

[ocr errors]


TH ponov, general of his

* paft;" and he soon afrer went to and at the battle of Mons contric his execution, and submitted to the buted greatly to the retreat of Mar, fatal stroke with a resolution worthy shal Luxemburg, to whom Lewis of the cause in which he suffered. XIV. was indebted for the greatest He was the protomartyr of patri part of his military glory. He, on otism in this reign : Algernon Sid. this occasion, received the thanks ney was the second, Beheaded of the duke of Villa Herinosa, go, 21 July, 1683.

vernor of the Si anish Netherlands, and also the thanks of his Catholic majetty himself. His speech, ad

dressed to the earl of Shaftesbury, Earl of Ossory.

in vindication of his father, was

universally applauded : it even conHOMAS Lord Butler, earl founded that intrepid orator, who

was in the fenate what the ear) of majesty's subjects of Great Britain, Oflory was in the field. These his in the service of his higliness the great qualities were adorned by a prince of Orange, and the States fingular modesty, and a probity of the United Provinces; lieute- which nothing

corrupt. nant-general of his imajesty's forces Poets and historians praise him in in the kingdom of Ireland; lord much the same terms, as prose nachamberlain to the queen; one of turally rises to the language of the lords of his majeliy's mot hot poetry on so elevated a subject. He nourable privy-council, in the king- died 30 July, 1680, in the 46th doms of England and Ireland; one year of his age. The duke of Orof the lords of his inajesty's bed-mond, his father, faid, “ that he chamber; and knignt of the most " would not exchange his dead noble order of the garter.

fon for any living fon in christenA pompous hit of tities and he. ç don." nours, under the portraits of inen This gallant nobleman is well of rank, fonetiines compose the his- known to have fought fame in every tory of the persons represenred. part of Europe, and in every scene Here we have a man who thone of action where it was to be acwith unborrowed luítre, whose quired. In 1666, upon his return merit was the foundation of his from Ireland, he paid a visit to the fame. Though he seemed born for earl of Arlington, at his feat at the camp only, he was perfectly Eufton in Suffolk; where he hapqualified for the court; not as a pened to hear the firing of guns wit, a mimic, or buffoon, but by a at fea, in the famous battle that propriety of behaviour, the result began the ift of June. He inof good sense and- good breeding. ftantly prepared to go on board the His courage on board the fleet was fleet, where he arrived on the 3d of scarcely exceeded by that of prince that month; and had the fatisfacRupert and the duke of Albemarle; tion of informing the duke of Aland theirs was never exceeded by bemarle, that prince Rupert was that of any other sea-officer. He haftening to join him. commanded the English troops in his share in the glorious actions the service of the prince of Orange; of that and the fucceeding day,

He had

His reputation was much in- college in Cambridge; whence he creased by his behaviour in the is said to have been expelled for engagement off Southwold bay. his irregular behaviourt." He af. In 1673, he was successively made terwards betook himself to the rear-admiral of the blue and the ftage, where he acquired that gefred squadrons; he having, in the ticulation and buffoonery which he battle of the 11th of August that practised in the pulpit. He was year, covered the Royal Prince, on admitted into holy orders by Dr. board of which Sir Edward Spragge Mountaine, bishop of London ; commanded, and at length brought and was, for a confiderable time, off the shattered vessel in tow. On lecturer of St. Sepulchre's in that the 10th of September following, city : but being profecuted for crihe was, by the king, appointed minal conversation with another admiral of the whole fleet, during man's wifejl, he fled to Rotterdam, the absence of prince Rupert.

where he was pastor of the English church, together with the learned

Dr. William Ames. He afterwards HUGH Peters.

exercised his ministry in New-Eng

land, where he continued about se. UGH Peters, in the pulpit; ven years.

a great prea full congregation: he is tender to the faintly character, a represented turning an hour-glafs; vehement declaimer againtt Charles near him are these words; «I I. and one of the foremost to en

are good fellows, courage and justify the rebellion. u stay and take the other glass.' The historical and critical account Before his Life, by William Young, of his life, published a few years M. D. (a Welsh physician.) 12 mo. fince, is chiefly taken from

" A 166;.

dying Father's laft Legacy, &c. Hugh Peters, who was the son of or, H. Peters's Advice to his a merchant* at Foy in Cornwall, “ Daughter." was sometime a member of Jesus The following verses were pre



He was

o know you

[ocr errors]


E 4


[ocr errors]

* See ** H. Peters's Legacy to his Daughter," p. 98. + See his Life by Dr. Young, p. 6.

| Life, p.77 The English language was much corrupted by the preachers at this period. The eloquence of the pulpit differed widely from every other species, and abounded with such figures of speech as rhetoric has found' no name for*. The language of prayer.

no less corrupted than that of preaching: the second person in the Trinity was frequently addressed in the familiar, the fond, and

66 The the fulsome style; much of which seems to have been borrowed from

Academy of Compliments," a foolish book published about this time. || Life, p, 20. * This is exemplified in a printed account of a sermon of Hugh Peters's on Pfalm

“ He led them forth by the right way, that they might go to the city of " habitation.” He told his audience, that God was forty years leading Israel through the wilderness to Canaan, which was not forty days march; but that God's right way was great way about. He then made a circumfl'x'on his cushion, and said, that the Israelites were led

“ crinkledom cum crankledom.". See the story at large in the " Parliamentary history," vol. XXII. p. 72.

cvii. ver. 7.

« PreviousContinue »