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Marquis of MONTROSE.

AMES GRAHAM, marquis IR John Suckling, the poet, SIR

who had made campaign un- of Montrose, was comparable der Guftavus Adolphus, 'raised a to the greatest heroes of antiquity. fplendid troop of horse, at the ex- He undertook, against almost every pence of twelve thousand pounds, obstacle that could terrify a less for the service of the king. This enterprising genius, to reduce the troop, with Sir John at its head, kingdom of Scotland to the obebehaved so ill in the engagement dience of the king; and his fucwith the Scots, upon the English cess was answerable to the greatborders, in 1639, as to occasion the ness of his undertaking. By a famons lampoon composed by Sir thousand efforts of stratagem and John Mennis; “Sir John he got valour, he, in a few months, effec« him an ambling nag,” &c. tuated his great design ; but for This ballad, which was set to a want of fupplies, was forced to brisk tune, was much sung by the abandon his conquests. After the parliamentarians, and continues death of Charles, he, with a few be sung to this day. This disas- men, made a second attempt, but trous expedition, and the ridicule was presently defeated by a numethat attended it, was supposed to rous army: As he was leaving the have haftened his death.

kingdom in disguise, he was beSir John, who was a poet of great trayed into the hands of the enevivacity, and some elegance, was my, by the lord Afton, his treaone of the fineî gentlemen of his cherous friend. He was carried to time. His prose writings, particu- his execution with every circumlar his “ Discourse of Religion,” stance of indignity that wanton addressed to Lord Dorset, are cruelty could invent, and hanged thought equal to the best of his upon a gibbet' thirty feet high, poetical performances. His ballad with the book of his exploits apon a wedding, and his “ Session of pendent to his neck. He bore his or the Poets, are oftener remem- reverse of fortune with his usual bered than any of his works. This greatness of nind, and expressed a ballad was occasioned by the mar- juft scorn at the rage and insult of riage of Roger Boyle, the first earl his enemies. We meet with many of Orrery, with lady Margaret instances of valour in this active Howard, daughter of the earl of reign; but Montrose is the only Suffolk. There was a great inti. instance of heroism. Executed, macy betwixt Sir John and the earl May 21, 1650. of Orrary, then lord Broghill. In his “ Sesion of the Poets,' he has given us fome traits of the charac

Sir KENELM DIGBY. ters of his poetical brethren, and has not forgot Sir William Date Sir Kenelmu Digby by abis subject of more satyrical jokes than seemed to be born only for conany other nose that ever existed. templation. But he was thought ob. 1641, 1. 28.

to be fo well qualified for action,


reader may

that, in 1628, he was appointed Italy, who had no child, was decommander of a squadron fent into firous that his princess should bring the Mediterranean, to chastise the him a fon by Sir Kenelm, whoia Algerine pirates and the Venetian he esteemed a juft model of pers fleet. The former had committed fection. His book of « Bodies,' frequent depredations on the vessels and that of “ The Nature of Man's of our merchants, and the latter « Soul," are reckoned among the had obstructed their trade. He ex- best of his works. He fometimes erted himself with all the fpirit and descended to much humbler subconduct of a brave and experienced jects, and wrote « Directions for oficer; and having brought the Cookery,” &c. Ob. 11 June, Venetians to reason, made reprisals 1665.—The curious on the Algerines, and set at liberty see a paper concerning him, puba great number of English llaves, lithed by Hcarne, at the end of he returned home with credit to his « Walt. Hemingford,” , p. 581 : country, and honour to himself,

it is worth remarking, as it difThis eminent person was, for agrees with Wood's account; but the early pregnancy of his parts, the facts mentioned by the latter and his great proficiency in learn- are sufficiently proved in the aring, compared to the celebrated ticle of Sir Kenelm Digby in the Picus de Mirondola, who was one “ Biographia Britannica,” p. 1709. of the wonders of human nature. note (L). His knowledge, though various and extensive, appeared to be greater than it really was; as he had all

Sir GEORGE Lisle. the powers of elocution and address to recommend it. He knew IR George Lifle, of a how to shine in a circle of ladies, or philosophers; and was as much military education in the Netherattended to when he spoke on the lands. He signalized himself upon most trivial subjects, as when he many occasions in the civil war; spoke on the molt important. Tho' particularly at the laft battle of he applied himself to experiment, Newbury; where, in the dusk of he was sometimes hypothetical in the evening, he led his men to the his philofophy; and there are in-charge in his shirt, that his person ftances of his being very bold and might be more conspicuous." The paradoxical in his. conjectures; king, who was an eye-witness of his hence he was called “ the Pliny bravery, knighted him in the field " of his age for lying*.” It ist of battle. In 1648, he rose for said that one of the princes of his majesty in Essex; and was one

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* There are traditional and hypothetical errors to be found in the works of all the philosophers, who wrote before natural science was ascertained by experiment, from the age of Aristole to that' of Charles I. The great Lord Bacon himself was not exempt from them. But there is a wide difference betwixt errors of this fort, and falsehoods evidently imposed upon mankind. -The above reflection on Sir Kenelm, was made by Henry Stubbe, who is not always to be relied on Lor his characters,


And a pen


great in ditance, he defired tem

, T and antiquary was mafer, in


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of the royalists who fo obftinately With one fole pen I writ this defended Colcheiter, and who died book, for their defence of it. This brave Made of a grey goofe quill; man, having tenderly embraced the A


it was when it I took, corpse of Sir Charles Lucas, his

I leave it ftill. departed friend, immediately presented himself to the soldiers, who ready for his execution.

JOHN GREAVES. Thinking at too

HIS eminent mathematician to come nearer: one of them said, o I warrant you, Sir, we shall hit a high degree, of the natural and « you.” He replied, with a smile, acquired qualifications which were « Friends, I have been nearer necessary ro extend those branches you, when you have missed of science to which he applied him

Executed, Augult 28, self. He was educated at Balioi 1648.

college, in Oxford, from which he removed to Merton. He was after

wards, on the foot of his great mePHILEMON HOLLAND, M. D.

rit, chosen geometry professor of Gresham college. His ardent thirst

of knowledge foon carried him into monly called the “ Transla. several parts of Europe, where he tor General of his age,” was edu- eagerly feized every opportunity of cated in the university of Cam- improving it. His next voyage bridge. He was, for many years,

was into the eastern countries; a school.master at Coventry, where where nothing remarkable in the he practised physic. He translated heavens, earth, or even fubterra. • Livy, Pliny's Natural History, neous places, seem to have escaped « Plutarch's Morals, Suetonius, his nice observation. He, with inAmmianus, Marcellinus, Xeno- defatigable induftry, and even at « phon's Cyropædia, and Camden's the peril of his life, collected a « Britannia," into English ; and confiderable number of Arabic, the geographical part of Speed's Perfic, and Greek manuscripts, for “ Theatre of Great Britain,” into archbishop Laud. Of these he well Latin. The “ Britannia," to which knew the value, as he was a mafter he made many useful additions, was of the languages in which they the most valuable of his works. It were written. He also collected is surprising that a man of two pro- for that prelate many oriental gems fefsions could find time to translate and coins. He took a more accuso much; but it appears from the rate survey of the pyramids than date of the " Cyropædia," that he any traveller who went before him. continued to translate till he was On his return from the east, he vi. 80 years of age. Ob. 1636, Æt. fited several parts of Italy a second 85.--He made the following epi. time. During his stay at Rome, gram, upon writing a large folio he made a particular enquiry into with a single pen:

the true state of the ancient weights



and measures. Soon after he had art; as he tells us, that she prayed finished his second voyage, he was “ for several weeks to those angels chosen Savilian profeffor of aftro- “ who were thought and believed nomy at Oxford. He was emi- s by wife men to teach and instruct nently qualified for this professor

66 in all the several liberal sci. Thip, as the works of ancient and " ences*.” In 1647, he finished modern astronomers were familiar his book, called " Christian Ar. to him. His books relating to “ trology;" but has

any oriental learning, his “ Pyrami- where signified that the angels lent “ dographia, or a Defcription of him their alistance in that work; " the Pyranids in Ægypt,” his nor does it appear that there is any

Epochæ Celebriores," and other thing in it more than the author curious and useful pieces, of which himself was well able to perform t. Mr. Ward has given us a cata

It is very certain that he regarded logue, shew him to have been a judicial astrology as a science; and great man. Those which he in- it is no less certain that he prostitended to publish would have tuted his pen to the political purthewn him to be a greater ; but he poses of the parliament, and of Oliver was stopped in his great career by Cromwell I Astrological predicdeath, the 8th of October, 1652, tions and prophecies were perfectly in the 'goth year of his age.

suited to the enthusiasm of these times; and Lilly well knew how

to apply them to the hopes and WILLIAM LILLY, Student in

fears of the populace.

He was Aftrology.

frequently ambiguous and oracular, and sometimes amused the people

with hieroglyphics; many of which, tive of Fiskerton Mills, as we are told by Mr. Aubrey, he near Newark


Trent. He was, stole from an old monkilh manufor several years, in the condition fcript. Moore, the almanack-maker, of a fervant; but having the good has' stolen several from him; and lúck to marry his master's widow, there is no doubt but fume future with a fortune of 1000l. he ap- almanack-maker will steal them plied himself to the study of aftro- from Moore. Ob.9 June, 16813 logy. He made so great a profi- Lilly's Almanack, which mainciency, that in seven or eight tained its reputation for a long weeks he perfe&tly underitood how course of years, seems to have been to set a figure. He intimates, that one of those books which were there was something supernatural thought necry for all families. I in the progress he made in this can easily imagine that the author Vol. XII.



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WILLIAM Lilly was


* He says, that “ the angels very rarely speak to any operator or master; and when they do speak, it is like the Irish, much in the throat.” Lilly's Life,” by himself, P. 88, last edit.

+ There is before this book a good head of the author, by Marshall. I "When Cromwell was in Scotland, a soldier stood with Lilly's (Merlinus)

Anglicus in his hand, and said, as the several troops passed by him, " Lo! hear " What Lilly faith, you are promised victory, fight it out, brave boys; and then read " that month's predi&ion,”ss Life," p. 83.

scarce ever went into the house of respectable. Others, who looked a inechanic where he did not see it upon their art as sorcery, regarded lyiog upon the same shelf with them with horror and 'deteftation. • The Practice of Piety," and the The white witches were commonly “ Whole Duty of Man.

thought to be masters of the black John Case, a native of Lime Re- art, but were supposed to have too gis in Dorsetshire, was many years much probity to put it in practice. à noted practitioner in physic and astrology. He was looked upon as the successor of the famous Lilly,

JOHN HEYDON, Astrologer. magical

TOHN Heydon

assumed the in derision to his intimate friends; Theodidactus; was a great preand particularly “ the dark cham

tender to skill in the Rosicrutan “ ber and pictures, whereby Lilly philosophy and the celestial sciences. “used to impose upon people, un- There is something truly original in « der fretence of sewing them his books; and he appears to have « persons who were absent." The far out-canted all the rest of his dottor is said to have got more by brethren. His chemical and astrothis distich than Dryden did by all logical works are numerous: but I his works:

shall pass over that in which he has ". Within this place made “ A Discovery of the true

" Lives doctor Cafe." « Cælum Terræ," and that which He was, doubtless, very well paid

contains ". The occult Power of for composing that which he affixed “ the Angels of Astronomy in the to his pill-boxes:

Telesmatical Sculptures of the “ Here's fourteen pills for thir- several others equally extraordi

“ Persians and Egyptians;" and « Enough in any man's own their titles, namely, “The Eng

nary; and transcribe only two of 6 con-sci-ence."

“ lish Physician's Guide, or the I think he was living in the reign“ Holy Guide; leading the way of Anne.

" to know all things paft, present, The respect then paid to astrolo- " and to come; to resolve all man. gers, by the generality of men of “ ner of questions, cure all dis

. learning, was equal to

“ eases: leading the way to virtempt they lie under at present*. " tue, art, and nature; and to Some among the vulgar beheld “ the golden treasures of nature them with a rude admiration, and « by transmutation; with the Ro. thought that an order of men who « fie Cross uncovered, and the were familiarly acquainted with the places, temples, holy houses, stars, and privy to the decrees of r castles, and invincible heaven, were in the highest degree “ tains of the brethren discovered

« teen pence,

or and

the con


* The famous Mr. Joseph Mede spent much of his time in the study of astrology; and the most valuable of Lilly's astrological books belonged to the exa ecilent bishop Bedell, whole - Life" was written by Dr. Burnet. Sce Lilly's Life, D., 23; edii. 1715..

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