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III. Christ, by his obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are thus-justified, and did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to his Father's justice in their behalf.f Yet, in as much as he was given by the Father for them, s and his obedience and satisfaction accepted in their stead, and both freely, not for any thing

the body without the spirit is dead, so griefs, and carried our sorrows : yet faith without works is dead also. we did esteem him stricken, smitten Gal. v. 6. For in Jesus Christ neither of God, and amicted. Ver. 5. But circumcision availeth any thing, nor he was wounded for our transgres.' uncircumcision, but faith which work- *sions, he was bruised for our iniqui. eth by love.

ties; the chastisement of our peace Ill, f Rom. v. 8. But God com was upon him, and with his stripes mendeth his love towards us, in that we are healed. Ver. 6. All we like while we were yet sinners Christ died sheep have gone astray; we have for us.

Ver. 9. Much more then, turned every one to his own way, and being now justified by his blood, we the Lord hath laid on him the iniquishall be saved from wrath through ty of us all. Ver. 10. Yet it pleased him. Ver. 10. For if, when we were the Lord to bruise him ; he hath put enemies, we were reconciled to God him to grief: when theu shalt make by the death of his Son; much more, his soul an offering for sin, he shall being reconciled, we shall be saved by see his seed, he shall prolong his days, his life. V. 19. For as by one man's and the pleasure of the Lord shall disobedience many were made sin- prosper in his hand. Ver. 11. He ners; so by the obedience of one shall shall see of the travail of his soul, and many be made righteous. 1 Tim. ii. 5. shall be satisfied: by his knowledge For there is one God, and one Media. shall my righteous servant justify mator between God and men, the man ny; for he shall bear their iniquities. Christ Jesus: Ver. 6. Who gave him. Ver. 12. Therefore will I divide him self a ransom for all, to be testified in a portion with the great, and he shall due time. Heb. x. 10. By the which divide the spoil with the strong; bewill we are sanctified, through the of. cause he hath poured out his soul unto fering of the body of Jesus Christ death: and he was numbered with once for all. Ver. 14. For by one of the transgressors; and he bare the sin fering he hath perfected for ever them of many, and made intercession for what are sanctified. Dan. ix. 24. Se.' the transgressors, venty weeks are determined upon thy & Rom. viii. 32. He that spared people, and upon thy holy city, to fi. not his own Son, but delivered him nish the transgression, and to make an up for us all, how shall he not with end of sins, and to make reconcilia. him also freely give us all things ? tion for iniquity, and to bring in ever b 2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made lasting righteousness, and to seal up him to be sin for us, who knew no the vision and prophecy, and to anoint sin; that we might be made the righthe most holy. Ver. 26. And after teousness of God in him. Matth. iii. threescore and two weeks shall Mes. 17. And, lo, a voice from heaven, siah be cut off, but not for himself: saying, This is my beloved Son, in and the people of the prince that shall whom I am well pleased. Eph. v. 2. come shall destroy the city, and the And walk in love, as Christ aiso ha:h sanctuary : and the end thereof shall loved us, and hath given himself for be with a flood; and unto the end of us, an offering and a sacrifice to God the war desolations are determined. for a sweet-smelling savour. Isa. liii. 4. Surely he hath borne our

in them, their justification is only of free grace ;' that both the exact justice and rich grace of God might be glorified in the justification of sinners. *

IŤ. God did, from all eternity, decree to justify all the elect;' and Christ did, in the fulness of time, die for their sins, and rise again for their justification : nevertheless, they are not justified, until the Holy Spirit doth in due time actually apply Christ unto them. A

V. God doth continue to forgive the sins of those that arë justified : ° and although they can never fall from the

i Rom. jji. 24. Being justified free. himself a ransom for all, to be testifi. ly by his grace, through the redemp- ed in due time. Rom. iv. 25. Who tion that is in Christ Jesus. Eph. 1. was delivered for our offences, and 7. In whom we have redemption was raised again for our justification. through his blood, the forgiveness n Col. i. 21. And you that were of sins, according to the riches of his some time alienated, and enemies in grace.

your mind by wicked works, yet now k Rom. iii. 26. To declare, I say, hath he reconciled, Ver. 22. In the at this time his righteousness; that body of his flesh through death, to he might be just, and the justifier of present you holy, and unblameable, him which believeth in Jesus. Eph. and unreproveable in his sight. Gal. ii. 7. That in the ages to come he ii. 16. [See letter c immediately foremight shew the exceeding riches of going.]Tit. iii. 4. But after that the his grace, in his kindness towards us kindness and love of God our Saviour through Christ Jesus.

toward man appeared, Ver. 5. Not IV. Gal. iii. 8. And the scripture by works of righteousness which we foreseeing that God would justify the have done, but according to his mercy heathen through faith, preached be. he saved us, by the washing of regefore the gospel unto Abraham, saying, neration, and renewing of the Holy In thee shall all nations be blessed. Ghost; Ver. 6. Which he shed on us 1 Pet. i. 2. Elect according to the abundantly, through Jesus Christ our foreknowledge of God the Father, Saviour ; Ver. 7. That being justifi. through sanctification of the Spirit ed by his grace, we should be made unto obedience, and sprinkling of the heirs according to the hope of eternal blood of Jesus Christ. Ver. 19. But' life. with the precious blood of Christ, as V. o Matth. vi. 12. And forgive us of a lamb without blemish and with. our debts, as we forgive our debtors. out spot : Ver. 20. Who verily was 1 John i. 7. But if we walk in the fore-ordained before the foundation of light, as he is in the light, we have the world, but was manifest in these fellowship one with another; and the last times for you. Rom. viii. 30. blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanMoreover, whom he did predestinate, seth us from all sin: Ver. 9. If we them he also called ; and whom he confess our sins, he is faithful and called, them he also justified ; and just to forgive us our sins, and to whom he justified, them he also glo. cleanse us from all unrighteousness. rified.

1 John ii. 1. My little children, these m Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness things write I unto you, that ye sin of the time was come, God sent forth not. And if any man sin, we have his Son, made of a woman, made un an advocate with the Father, Jesus der the law. 1 Tim. ii. 6. Who gave Christ the righteous. Ver. 2. And

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state of justification, P yet they may by their sins fall under God's fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of his countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance. !

VI. The justification of believers under the Old Testament was, in all these respects, one and the same with the justification of believers under the New Testament".

CHAP. XII. Of Adoption.

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LL those that are justified, God vouchsafeth, in and for

his only Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the he is the propitiation for our sins: thy free Spirit. Psal. xxxii. 5. I acand not for ours only, but also for the knowledged my sin unto thee, and sins of the whole world.

mine iniquity have I not hid : I said, P Luke xxii. 32. But I havé pray. I will confess my transgressions unto ed for thee, that thy faith fail not; the Lord ; and thou forgavest the inand when thou art converied, strength. quity of my sin. Matt. xxvi. 75. And en thy brethren. John x. 28. And I. Peter remembered the words of Jesus, give unto them eternal life, and they which said unto him, Before the cock shall never perish, neither shall any crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And pluck them out of my hand. Heb. x. he went out, and wept bitterly. 1 14. For by one offering he hath per- Cor. xi. 30 For this cause many are. fected for ever them that are sancti. weak and sickly among you, and mafied.

ny sleep. Ver. 32. But when we are q Psal. Ixxxix. 31. If they break judged, we are chastened of the Lord, my statutes, and keep not my com that we should not be condemned with mandments; Ver. 32. Then will I the world. Luke i. 20 And, beliold, visit their transgression with the rod, thou shalt be dumb, and not able to and their iniquity with stripes. Ver. speak, until the day that these things 33. Nevertheless my loving-kindness shall be performed, because, thou bewill I not utterly take from him, nor lievest not my words, which shall be suffer my faithfulgess to fail. Psal. fulfilled in their season. 1.7. Purge me with hyssop, and I VI. « Gal. iii. 9.' So then they shall be clean ; wash me, and I which he of faith are blessed with shall be whiter than snow. Ver. 8. faithful Abraham. Ver. 13 Christ Make me to hear joy and gladness, hath redeemed us from the curse of the that the bones which thou hast bro. law, being made a curse for us: for it is. kén may rejoice. Ver. 9. Hide thy written, Cursed isevery one that hangface from my sins, and blot out all eth on a tree: Ver. 14. That the blessmine iniquities. Ver. 10. Create in ing of Abraham might come on the me a clean heart, O God; and renew Gentiles through Jesus Chirst ; that a right spirit within me. Ver. 11. we might receive the promise of the Cast me not away from thy presence, Spirit through faith. "Rom. iv. 22.and take not thy Holy Spirit from me. And therefore it was imputed to him Ver. 12. Restore unto me the joy of for righteousness. Ver. 23. Now is thy sulvation: and uphold me with was not written for his sake alone,

grace of adoption * : by which they are taken into the number, and enjoy the liberties and privileges of the children of Godb; have his name put upon them", receive the Spirit of adoption d; have access to the throne of grace with boldnesse; are enabled to cry, Abba, Father'; are pitieds, protected", provided for, and chastened by him as by a father k; yet never cast off, but sealed to the day of redemption “, and inherit the promises ", as heirs of everlasting salvation

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that it was imputed to him; Ver. 24. to fear; but ye have received the SpiBut for us also, to whom it shall be rit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, imputed, if we believe on him that Father. raised up Jesus our Lord from the e Eph. ii. 12. In whom we have dead. Heb. xiii. 8. Jesus Christ, the boldness, and access with confidence, same yesterday, and to-day, and for by the faith of him. Rom. v. 2. By

whom also we have access by faith I. a Eph. i. 5. Having predestina. into this grace wherein we stand, and ted us unto the adoption of children rejoice in hope of the glory of God. by Jesus Christ to himself, according Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are to the good pleasure of his will. Gal. sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit iv. 4. But when the fulness of the of his Son into your hearts, crying, time was come, God sent forth his Abba, Father. Son, made of a woman, made under

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Psal. cii. 13. Like as a Father the law, Ver. 5. To redeem them that pitieth his children: so the Lord piwere under the law, that we might re tieth them that fear him. ceive the adoption of sons.

b Prov. xiv. 26. In the fear of the b Rom. viii. 17. And children, Lord is strong confidence; and his then heirs ; heirs of God, and joint children shall have a place of refuge. heirs with Christ ; if so be that we i Matt, vi. 30. Wherefore, if God suffer with bim, that we may be also so clothe the grass of the field, which glorified together. John i. 12. But to-day is, and to-morrow. is cast into as many as received him, to them gave the oven, sball he not much more the power, to become thes ons of God, clothe you, O ye of little faith ? Ver. even to them that believe on his name. 32. For your heavenly Father know

c Jer. xiv. I. Yet thou, O Lord, art eth that ye have need of all these in the midst of us, and we are called things. 1 Pet. v. 7. Casting all your by thy name, leave us not. 2 Cor. care upon him, for he careth for you. vi. 18. And will be a Father unto you,

de Heb. xii, 6. For whom the Lord and ye shall be my sons and daugh- loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth ters, saith the Lord Almighty. Rev. every son whom he receiveth. iii. 12. Him that overcometh will I I Lam. jii. 31. For the Lord will make a pillar in the temple of my God, not cast off for ever. and he shall go no more out.. and I m Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the will write upon him the name of my Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are God, and the name of the city of my sealed unto the day of redemption. God, which is new Jerusalem, which n Heb. vi. 12. That ye be not slothcometh down out of heaven from my ful, but followers of them, who God; and I will write upon him my through faith and patience inherit the new name.

promises. d Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not o 1 Pet. i. 3. Blessed be the God received the spirit of bondage again and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,

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CHAP. XIII. Of Sanctification.
HEY who are effectually called and regenerated, hav-

ing a new heart and a new spirit created in them, are farther sanctified, really and personally, through the virtue of Christ's death and resurrection, by his word and Spirit dwelling in them b; the dominion of the whole body of sin is destroyed, and the several Justs thereof are more and more weakened and mortified d, and they more and more quickened and strengthened in all saving gracese, to the practice of true holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord f.

which, according to his abundant mer to God for you, brethren, beloved of cy, hath begotten us again unto a the Lord, because God hath from the lively hope, by the resurrection of Je- beginning chosen you to salvation, sus Christ from the dead, Ver. 4. To through sanctification of the Spirit, an inheritance incorruptible, and un and belief of the truth. defiled, and that fadeth not away, re- 2 c Rom. vi. 6. Knowing this, that served in heaven for you. Heb. i. 14. our old man is crucified with him, that Are they not a!) ministering spirits, the body of sin might be destroyed, sent forth to minister for them who that henceforth we should not serve sliall be heirs of salvation ?

sin. Ver. 14. For sin shall not have I. a 1 Cor. vi. 11. And sach were dominion over you: for ye are not unsome of you: but ye are washed, but der the law, but under grace. ye are sanctified, but ye are justified, d Gal. v. 24. And they that are in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by Christ's have crucified the flesh, with the Spirit of our God. Acts xx. 32. the affections and lusts. Rom. viii. And now, brethren, I commend you 13. For if ye live after the flesh, ye to God, and to the word of his grace, shall die : biit if ye through the Spirit which is able to build you up, and to do mortify the deeds of the body, ye give you an inheritance among all them shall live. which are sanctified. Phil. ii. 10. e Col. i. 11. Strengthened with all That I may know him, and the pow. might according to his glorious power, er of his resurrection, and the fellow unto all patience and long-suffering ship of his sufferings, being made con with joyfulness. Eph. ii. 16. That formable unto his death. Rom. vi. 5. he wonld grant you, according to the For if we have been planted together riches of his glory, to be strengthened in the likeness of his death, we shall with might hy his Spirit in the inner be also in the likeness of his resurrec man. Ver. 17. That Christ may dwell tion: Ver. 6. Knowing this, that our in your hearts by faith ; that ye, being old man is crucified with hiny, that rooted and grounded in love, Ver. 18. the body of sin might be destroyed, May be able to comprehend with hat henceforih we should not serve all saints what is the breadth, and sin.

length, and depth, and height; Ver. 6 John xvii. 17. Sanctify them 19. And to know the love of Christ, through thy truth : thy word is truth. which passeth knowledge, that ye Eph. v. 26. That he might sanctify might be filled with all the fulness of and cleanse it with the washing of wa. God. ter by the word. 2 Thess. ij: 13. But f 2 Cor. vii. 1. Having therefore

e are bound to give thanks alway these promises, dearly beloved, let us

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