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tians e) he is to bewail his unbeliet', and labour to have his doubts resolved s; and, so doing, he may and ought to come to the Lord's supper, that he may be further strengthened b.
Q. 173. May any who profess the faith, and desire to come to the Lord's supper, be kept from it?
A. Such as are found to be ignorant or scandalous, notwithstanding their profession of the faith, and desire to come to the Lord's supper, may and ought to be kept from that sacrament, by the power which Christ hath left in hu: church', until they receive instruction, and manifest servant, that walketh in darkness, heard this, they were pricked in and hath no light ? let him trust in their heart, and said unto Peter and the name of the Lord, and stay up to the rest of the apostles, Men and on his God. Psal. Ixvi. 18. If I re. brethren, what shall we do? Acts gard iniquity in my heart, the Lord xvi. 30. And he brought them out, will not hear me. Ver. 19. But and said, Sirs, what must I do to verily, God hath heard me : he hath be saved? attended to the voice of my praytr.
h Rom. iv. 11. And he received Ver. 20. Blessed be God, which the sign of circumcision, a seal of bath not turned away my prayer, the righteousness of the faith which nor his mercy from me.
he had yet being uncircumcised; e Isa xl. 11. He shall feed his that he might be the father of all fock like a shepherd: he shall ga. them that believe, though they be ther the lambs with his arm, and not circumcised; that righteousness carry them in his bosom, and shall might be imputed unto them also. gently lead those that are with 1 Cor. xi 28. But let a man examine young. Ver. 29. He giveth power himself, and so let him eat of that to the faint; and to them that have bread, and drink of that cup no miglit he increaseth strength. 173. i 1 Cor. xi. 27. to the end. Ver. 31. But they that wait upon Wherefore, whosoever shall eat the Lord shall
their this bread, and drink this cup of strength : they shall mount up with the Lord, unworthily, shall be guil. wings as eagles; they shall run, and ty of the body and blood of the not be weary; and they shall walk, Lord. Ver. 28. But let a man exam. and not faint. Matt. xi. 28. Come ine himself, and so let him eat of unto me, all ye that labour and are that bread, and drink of that cnp. heavy laden, and I will give you Ver. 29. For he that eateth and rest. Matt. xii. 20. A bruised reed drinketh unworthily, eateth and shall he not break, and smoking drinketh damnation to himself, not fax shall he not quench, till he send discerning the Lord's body. Ver. forth judgment unto victory. Matt. 30. For this cause many are weak xxvi. 28. For this is my blood of and sickly among you, and many the New Testament, which is shed sleep. Ver. 31. For if we would for many for the remission of sins. judge ourselves, we should not be
f Mark ix. 24. And straightway judged, &c. to the end of the Chapter. the father of the child cried out, Compared with Matt. vii. 6. Give and said with lears, Lord, I believe; not that which is holy into the help thou mine unbelief.
dogs, neither cast ye your pearls Acts ii. 37. Now, when they before swine, lest" they trample
Q. 174. What is required of them that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper in the time of the administration
A. It is required of them that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper, hat, during the time of the administration of it, with all holy reverence and attention they wait upon God in that ordinance ", diligently observe the sacramental elements and actions m, heedfully discern the Lord's body", and affectionately meditate on his death and sufferings, and thereby stir up themselves to a vigorous exercise of their graces P; in judging them
them under their feet, and turn come. Ver. 27. Wherefore, who. again and rend you. And with 1 soever shall eat this bread, and Cor. Chapter v. to the end. And with drink this cup of the Lord, unJude, Ver. 23. And others save worthily, shall be guilty ofthe body with fear, pulling them out of and blood of the Lord. the fire; hating even the garments m Exod. xxiv. 8. And Moses took spotted by the flesh. And with 1 the blood, and sprinkled it on the Tim. v. 22. Lay hands suddenly on people, and said, Behold the blood no man, neither be partakers of of the covenant which the Lord other men's sins : keep thyself hath made with you concerning all pure.
these words. Compared with Matt. de 2 Cor. ii. 7. So that contrari. xxvi. 28 For this is my blood of wise, ye ought rather to forgive the New Testament, which is Dim, and comfort him, lest perbaps shed for many for the remission of such an one should be swallowed sins. up with overmuch sorrow.
n 1 Cor. xi. 29 For he that eateth 174. I Lev. x. 3. Then Moses said and drinketh unworthily, eateth unto Aaron, This is it that the Lord and drinketh damnation to him. spake, saying, I will be sanctified self, not discerning the Lord's in them that come nigh me, and body. before all the people I will be glo. o Luke xxii. 19, And he took rified.-deb. xii. 28. Wherefore, bread, and gave thanks, and brake we receiving a kingdom which it, and gave unto them, saying, cannot be moved, let us have grace, This is my body, which is given whereby we may serve God ac for you: ,this do in remembrance ceptably, with reverence and godly of me. fear. Psal. v. 7. But as for me, p 1 Cor. xi. 26. For as often as ye I will come into thy house in the eat this bread, and drink this cup, multitude of thy mercy; and in thy ye do shew the Lord's death till he fear will I worship toward thy come. 1 Cor. x. 3. And did all eat holy temple. 1 Cor. xi. 17. Now the same spiritual meat; Ver. 4. in this that I declare unto you, I And did all drink the same spiritual praise you not, that ye come toge drink: (for they drank of that spi. ther not for the better, but for the ritual Rock that followed them ; worse. Ver. 26. For as often as ye and that Rock was Christ.) Ver. 5. eat this bread, and drink this cup, But with many of them God was
do shew the Lord's death till be not well pleased ; for they were
selves 9, and sorrowing for sin"; in earnest hungering and thirsting after Christ's, feeding on him by faith t, receiving of his fulness o, trusting in his merits W, rejoicing in his love *, giving thanks for his grace y; in renewing of their covenant with God, and love to all the saints .
Q. 175. What is the duty of Christians, after they have received the sacrament of the Lords supper?
A. The duty of Christians, after they have received the sacrament of the Lord's supper, is seriously to consider how they have behaved themselves therein, and with what success b; if they find quickening and comfort, to bless God for overthrown in the wilderness. Ver. Christ, the righteousness which is 11. Now all these things happened of God by faith. unto them for ensamples; and they * Psal. Ixiii. 4. Thus will I bless are written for our admonition, thee while I live : I will lift up my upon whom the ends of the world hands in thy name Ver. 5. My soul are come. Ver. 14. Wherefore, my shall be satisfied as with marrow dearly beloved, flee from idola. and fatness; and my mouth shall try.
praise thee with joyful lips. 2 i ?
1 Cor. xi. Sn. For if we would Chron. xxx. 21. And the children judge ourselves, we should not be of Israel that were present at Jeru. judged.
salem kept the feast of unleavened r Zech. xii. 10. And I will pour bread seven days with great gladupon the house of David, and upon ness: and the Levites and the the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spi- priests praised the Lord day by rit of grace and of supplications ; day, singing with loud instruments and they shall look upon me whom unto the Lord. they have pierced, and they shall y Psal. xxii. 26. The meek shall mourn for him, as one mourneth eat and be satisfied; they shall for his only son, and shall be in praise the Lord that seek him : your bitterness for him, as one that is in heart shall live for ever. bitterness for his first-born.
2 Jer. 1.5. They shall ask the way s Rev. xxii. 17. And the Spirit and to Zion with their faces thither. the bride say, Come. And let him ward, saying, Come, and let us join that heareth say, Come. And let ourselves to the Lord in a perpetual him that is athirst come. And who. covenant that shall not be forgotten. soever will, let him take the water Psal. 1. 5. Gather my saints together of life freely
unto me: those that have made a + John vi. 35. And Jesus said unto covenant with me by sacrifice. them, I am tbe bread of life: he that a Acts ii. 42. And they continued cometh to me shall never hunger; stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and he that believeth on me shall and fellowship, and in breaking of never thirst.
bread, and in prayers. u John i. 11. And of his fulness 175. 6 Psal. xxviii.7. The Lord have all we received, and grace for is my strength and my shield, my grace,
heart trusted in him, and I am qu Phil. iji. 9. And be found in helped : 'therefore my heart great. him, not having mine own righte. ly rejoiceth, and with my song will ousness, which is of the law, but I praise him. Psal. lxxxv. 8. I will that which is through the faith of hear what God the Lord will speak;
its, beg the continuance of it, watch against relapses', fulfil their vows, and encourage themselves to a frequent attendance on that ordinance 8: but if they find no present benefit, more exactly to review their preparation to, and carriage at, the sacrament h; in both which, if they can approve themselves to God and their own consciences, they are to wait for he will speak peace unto his thoughts of the heart of thy people, people, and to his saints: but let and prepare their heart unto thee. them not turn again to folly. 1 Cor. ei Cor. x. 3. And did all eat the xi. 17. Now in this that I declare same spiritual meat ; Ver. 4. And unto you, I praise you not, that ye did all drink the same spiritual come together not for the better, drink: (for they drank of that spiri. but for the worse. Ver. 30. For tual Rock that followed them; and this cause many are weak and sickly that Rock was Christ.) Ver. 5. among you, and many sleep. Ver. But with many of them God was 31. For if we would judge ourselves, not well pleased; for they were we should not be judged.
overthrown in the wilderness. Ver. c 2 Chron. XXX. 21, 22, 23, 25, 26. 12. Wherefore, let him that thinkVer. 21. And the children of Israel eth he standeth take heed lest he that were present at Jerusalem kept fall. the feast of unleavened bread seven f Psal. l. 14 Offer unto God days with great gladness: and the thanksgiving, and pay thy vows unto Lévites and the priests praised the the Most High. Lord day by day, singing with loud g1 Cor. xi. 25. After the same instruments unto the Lord, Coc. manner also he took the cup, when Acts ii. 42. And they continued he had supped, saying, This cup is stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine the New Testament in my_blood : and fellowship, and in breaking of this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in bread, and in prayers. Ver. 46. And remembrance of me. Ver. 26. For they, continuing daily with one as often as ye eat this bread, and accord in the temple, and breaking drink this cup, ye do shew the bread from house to house, did eat Lord's death till he come. Acts ii. their meat with gladness and single- 42. And they continued stedfastly ness of heart, Ver. 47. Praising God, in the apostles doctrine and fellow. and having favour with all the peo- ship, and in breaking of bread, and ple.
in prayers. Ver. 46. And they, cond Psal. xxxvi. 10. O continue thy tinuing daily with one accord in loving-kindness. unto them that the temple, and breaking bread know thee, and thy righteousness from house to house, did eat their to the upright in heart. Cant. iii. 4. meat with gladness and singleness It was but a little that I passed of heart. from them, but I found him whom h* Cant. v. 1. I am come into my soul loveth : I held him, and my garden, my sister, my spouse : would not let him go, until I bad I have gathered my myrrh with my brought him into my mother's house, spice ; I have eaten my honey.comb and into the chamber of her that with my honey ; I have drunk my conceived me. 1 Chron. xxix. 18. wine with my milk : eat, О friends; O Lord God of Abraham, Isaac, drink, yea, drink abundantly, O be. and of Israel, our fathers, keep this - loved. Ver. 2. I sleep, but my heart for ever in the imagination of the waketh: it is the voice of my beloved
for the fruit of it in due time i: but, if they see they have failed in either, they are to be humbled, and to attend upon it afterward with n:ore care and diligence'. that knocketh, saying, Open to me, yet praise him, who is the health of my sister, my love, my dove, my un. my countenance, and my God. defiled: for my head is filled with k 2 Chron. xxx. 18, For a multidew, and my locks with the drops tude of the people, even many of of the night. Ver. 3. I have put off Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar my coat; how shall I put it on ? [ and Zebulun, had not cleansed bave washed my feet; how shall I themselves, yet did they eat the defile them? Ver. 4. My beloved passover otherwise than it was put in his hand by the hole of the written: but Hezekiah prayed for door, and my bowels were moved them, saying, the good Lord pardon for him. Ver. 5. I rose up to open every one. Ver. 19 That prepareth to my beloved ; and my hands drop- his heart to seek God, the Lord ped with myrrh, and my fingers God of his fathers, though he be with sweet smelling myrrh, upon not cleansed according to the purithe handles of the lock. Ver. 6. I fication of the sanctuary. Isa. i, 16. opened to my beloved ; but my be: Wash ye, make you clean; put away loved had withdrawn himself, and the evil of your doings from before was gone; my soul failed when he mine eyes ; cease to do evil. Ver. spake: I sought him, but I could 18. Come now, and let us reason not find him'; I called him, but he together, saith the Lord: though gave me no answer.
your sins be as scarlet, they shall i Psal. cxxiii. 1. Unto thee lift I be as white as snow; though they up mine eyes, O thou that dwellest be red like crimson, they shall be ab in the heavens. * Ver. 2. Behold, wool. as the eyes of servants look unto the 12 Cor. vii, 11. For, behold, this hand of their masters, and as the self-same thing that ye sorrowed eyes of a maiden unto the hand of after a godly sort, what carefulness her mistress; so our eyes wait upon it wrought in you, yea, what clearthe Lord our God, until that he have ing of yourselves, yea, what indig. mercy upon us. Psal. xlii. 5. Why nation, yea, what fear, yea, what art thou cast down, O my soul? and vehement desire, yea, what zeal, why art thou disquieted in me? hope yea, what revenge! in all things ye thou in God : for I shall yet praise have approved yourselves to be clear him for the help of his countenance. in this matter. 1 Chron. xv. 12. Ver. 8. Yet the Lord will command And (David) said unto them, Ye are his loving-kindness in the day time, the chiei of the fathers of the Le. and in the night his song shall be vites: sanctify yourselves, both ye with me, and my prayer unto the and your brethren, that ye may God of my life. Psal. xliii. 3. O send bring up the ark of the Lord God of out thy light and thy truth; let them Israel unto the place that I have lead me, let them bring me unto thy prepared for it. Ver. 13. For be. holy hill, and to thy tabernacles. cause ye did it not at the first, the Ver. 4. Then will I go unto the al. Lord our God made a breach upon tar of God, unto God my exceeding us, for that we sought him not after joy: yea, upon the harp will I praise the due order. Ver. 14. So the thee, o God, my God. Ver. 5. priests and the Levites sanctified Why art thou cast down, O my themselves to bring up the ark of soul? and why art thou disquieted the Lord Gad of Israel. within me! hope in God: for I shall