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ministry and maintenance thereof '; religious fasțing"; swearing by the name of God", and vowing unto hims: as also the disapproving, detesting, opposing, all false worship Y; and, according to each one's place and calling, * removing it, and all monuments of idolatry 2.

Q. 109. Whůt are the sins forbidden in the second commandment ?

A. The sins forbidden in the second commandment are, all devisinga, counselling , commandingo, using", and any

t Eph. iv. 11. And he gave some presents unto him that ought to be apostles, and some prophets, and some feared. evangelists, and some pastors and y Acts xvii, 16 Now while Paul teachers ; Ver. 12. For the perfecting waited for them at Athens, his spirit of the saints, for the work of the min was stirred in him, when he saw the istry, for the edifying of the body of city wholly given to idolatry. Ver. 17. Christ. 1 Tim. y. 17. Let the elders Therefore disputed he in the syna. that rule well be coonted worthy of gogue with the Jews, and with the double honour, especially they whola- devout persons, and in the market daibour in the word and doctrine. Ver. ly with them that met with him. Psal. 18. For the scripture saith, Thou shalt xvi. 4. Their sorrows shall be multinot muzzle the ox that treadeth out plied that hasten after another god : the corn: and, The labourer is wor. their drink-offerings of blood will I thy of his reward. 1 Cor. ix. 7–15. not offer, nor take up their names into Who goeth a warfare any time at his my lips. own charges ? who planteth a vine z Deut. vii. 5. But thus shall ye yard, and eateth not of the fruit there. deal with them ; ye shall destroy their of? or who feedeth a flock, and eat. altars, and break down their images, eth not of the milk of the Rock ? &c. and cut down their groves, and burn

u Joel ii. 12. Therefore also now, their graven images with fire Isa. saith the Lord, Turn ye even to me

XXX. 22 Ye shall defile also the cov. with all your heart, and with fasting, ering of thy graven images of silver, and with weeping, and with mourn and the ornament of thy molten ima. ing. Ver. 13. And rend your heart, ges of gold; thou shalt cast them a. and not your garments, and turn unto way as a menstruous cloth; thou shalt the Lord your God : for he is gracious say unto it, Get thee hence. and merciful. I Cor. vii. 5. Defraud 109. a Numb. xv. 39. And it shall ye not one the other, except it be with be unto you for a fringe, that ye may consent for a time, that ye may give look upon it, and remember all the yourselves to fasting and

prayer ; commandments of the Lord, and do w Deut. vi. 13 Thou shalt fear the them : and that ye seek not after your Lord thy God, and serve him, and own heart, and your own eyes, after shalt swear by his name,

which ye use to go a whoring. * Isą. xix. 21 And the Lord shall 6 Deut. xiii, 6. If thy brother, the be known to Egypt, and the Egyptians Son of thy mother, or thy Son, or thy shall know the Lord in that day, and daughter, or the wife of thy bosom, shall do sacrifice and oblation; yea, or thy friend, which is as thine owa they shall vow a vow unto the Lord, soul, entice thee secretly,, saying Let, and perform it

Psal. lxxvi. 11. Vow, us go and serve other gods, which and pay unto the Lord your God; thou hast not known, thou, nor thy Let all that be round about him bring farhers : Ver. 7. Namely, of the

. See the notes on the Confession of Faith, Chap. XXII. sect. 2, 3, &*2*: *8.74**

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wise approving, any religious worship not instituted by God himself e, * tolerating a false religion"; the making any representation of God, of all or of any of the three persons, gods of the people which are round their sons and their daughters they about you, nigh' unto thee, or far off have burnt in the fire to their gods. from thee, from the one end of the Ver. 32. What thing soever I comearth even unto the other end of the mand you, observe to do it: thor earth; Ver. 8. Thou shalt not con. shalt not add thereto, nor diminish sent unto him, nor hearken unto him: from it. neitlier shall thine eye pity him, nei f Deut. xiii. from Verse 6. to 12. ther shalt thou spare, neither shalt [See letter b.] Zech. xiii. 2. And it thou conceal him.

shall come to pass in that day, saith c Hosea v. 11. Ephraim is oppres. the Lord of hosts, that I will cut off sed and broken in judgment, because the names of the idols out of the land, he willingly walked after the com. and they shall no more be remembermandment. Micah vi. 16 For the ed: and also I will cause the prophets statutes of Omri are kept, and all the and the unclean spirit to pass out of works of the house of Ahab, and ye the land. Ver. 3. And it shall come walk in their counsels; that I should to pass, that when any shall yet promake thee a desolation, and the inha- phesy, then his father and his mother bitants thereof an hissing : therefore that begat him shall say unto him, ye shall bear the reproach of my peo- Thou shalt not live ; for thou speak. ple.

est lies in the name of the Lord : and d* 1 Kings xi. 33. Because that his father and his mother that begat they have forsaken me, and have wor- him shall thrust him through when he shipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the prophesieth. Rev. ii. 2. I know thy Zidonians, Chemosh the god of the works, and thy labour, and thy paMoabites, and Milcom the god of the tience, and how thou canst not bear children of Ammon, and have not them which are evil: and thou hast walked in my ways, to do that which tried them which say they are apostles, is right in mine eyes, and to keep my and are not, and hast found them li. statutes and my judgments, as did Da. ars. Ver. 14. But I have a few things vid his father. 1 Kings xii 33. So against thee, because thou hast there he offered upon the altar which he them that hold the doctrine of Ba. had made in Beth-el, the fifteenth day laam, who taught Balac to cast a of the eighth month, even in the stumbling block before the children month which he had devised of his of Israel, to eat things sacrificed untos own heart; and ordained a feast un to idols, and to commit fornicarion. the children of Israel : and he offered Ver. 15. So häst thou also them'that upon the altar, and burnt incense. hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitanes,

e Deut. xii. 30. Take heed to thy which thing I hare, Ver 20. Notself that thou be not snared by follow. withstanding, I have a few things a. ing them, after that they be destroy. gainst thee, because thou sufferest that ed from before thee; and that thou woman Jezebel, which' calleth herself enquire not after their gods, sa'; ing, prophetess, to teach and to seduce How did these nations serve their mý servants to commit fornication, gods ? even so will I do likewise. Ver. and to eat things sacrificed unto idols. 31. Thou shalt not do so unto the Rev. xvii: 12. And the ten horns Lord thy God; for every abomination which thou sa west are ten king's, to the Lord which he hateth have which have received no kingdom as they done unto their gods ; för even yet; but receive power as kings dhe • Sec the notes on the Confession of Faith, Chap. XX. Sect. 4. and Chap. XXIII. 8.06, 3.

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1 either inwardly in our mind, or outwardly in any kind of

image or likeness of any creature whatsoever 6; all worshipping of it“, or God in it, or by it i; the making of any representation of feigned deities, and all worship of them, or service belonging to them'; all superstitious devices m, hour with the beast. Ver. 16. And man, and to birds, and four-footed the ten horns which thou sawest up. beasts, and creeping things. Ver. 25. on the beast, these shall hate the Who changed the truth of God into a whore, and shall make her desolate lie, and worshipped and served the and naked, and shall eat her flesh, creature more than the Creator, who and burn her with fire. Ver. 17. For is blessed for ever. Amen. God hath put in their hearts to fulfil b Dan. iii. 18. But if not, be it his will, and to agree, and give their known unto thee, O king that we will kingdom unto the beast, until the not serve thy gods, nor worship the words of God shall be fulfilled. golden image which thou hast set up.

Dent. iv. 15. Take ye therefore Gal. iv. 8. How beit then, when ye good heed unto yourselves; (for ye knew not God, ye did service unto saw no manner of similitude on the them which by nature are no gods. day that the Lord spake unto you in i Exod. xxxii. 5. And when Aaron Horeb out of the midst of the fire :) saw it, he built an altar before it; and Ver. 16. Lest ye corrupt yourselves, Aaron made proclamation, and said, and make you a graven image, the Tomorrow is a feast to the Lord. similitude of any figure, the likeness k Exod. xxxii. 8 They have turnof male or female ; Ver. 17. The ed aside quickly out of the way which Jikeness of any beast that is on the I commanded them: they have made earth, the likeness of any winged them a molten calf, and have worship fowl that flieth in the air ; Ver. 18. ped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, The likeness of any thing that creep- and said, These be thy gods, O Israel, eth on the ground, the inbness of any which have brought thee up out of the fish that is in the waters beneath the land of Egypt. earth : Ver. 19. And lest thou lift 1 1 Kings xviii. 26. And they took up thine eyes unto heaven, and when the bullock which was given them, thou seest the sun, and the moon, and and they dressed it, and called on the the stars, even all the host of hea. name of Baal from morning even unven, shouldest be driven to worship til noon, saying, O Baal, hear us. But them, and serve them, which the there was no voice, nor any that an. Lord thy God hath divided un swered. And they leaped upon the alto all nations under the whole hea tar which was made Ver 28. And ven. Acts xvii. 29. Forasmuch then they cried aloud, and cut themselves as we are the offspring of God, we after their manner with knives and ought not to think that the Godhead lancets, till the blood gushed out upon is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, them. Isa. Ixv. 11 But ye are they graven by art and man's device. Rom. chat forsake the Lord, that forget my i. 21. -Because that, when they knew holy mountain, that prepare a table God, they glorified him not as God, for that troop, and thai furnish the neither were thankful: but became drink-offering unto that number. vain in their imaginations, and their m Acts xvii. 22. Then Paul stood foolish heart was darkened Ver 22. in the midst of Mars.hill, and said, Professing themselves to be wise, they Ye men of Athens, 1 perceive that in became fools, Ver. 23. And changed all things ye are too superstitious. the glory of the uncorruptible God in. Col.ji. 21 (Touch not, taste not, hanto an image made like to corruptible dle not: Ver. 22. Which all are to

corrupting the worship of God”, adding to it, or taking from ito, whether invented and taken up of ourselves P, or received by tradition from others !, though under the title of antiquity", custom', devotion', good intent, or any other pretence whatsoever"; Simony"; sacrilege'; all neperish with the using.) after the com- Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: mandments and doctrines of men. for then had we plenty of victuals, Ver. 23. Which things have indeed a and were well, and saw no evil. shew of wisdom in will-worship and + Isa. Ixv. 3. A people that provohumility, and neglecting of the body, keth me to anger continually to my not in any honour to the satisfying of face, that sacrificeth in gardens, and the flesh.

burneth incense upon altars of brick: n Mal. i. 7. Ye offer polluted bread Ver 4. Which remain among the upon mine altar; and ye say, Where. graves, and lodge in the monuments ; in have we polluted thee? In that ye which eat swines' Alesh, and broth of say, The table of the L.ord is con- abominable hings is in their vessels: temptible. Ver. 8. And if ye offer the Ver. 5 Which say, Stand by thyself, blind for sacrifice, is it not evil ? and if come not near to me, for I am holier ye offer the lame and sick, is it not than thod : these are a smoke in my evil ? offer it now unto thy governor: nose, a fire that burneth all the day. will he be pleased with thee, or accept Gal. i. 13. For ye have heard of my thy person? saith the Lord of hosts. conversation in time past in the Jews? Ver. 14. But carsed be the deceiver, religion, how thật beyond measure I which hath in his flock a male, and persecuted the church of God, and · voweth, and sacrificeth unto the Lord wasted it: Ver. 14. And profited in a corrupt thing: for I am a great the Jews' religion above many my eKing, saith the Lord of hosts, and my quals in mine own nation, being more name is dreadful among the heathen exceedingl'atzalous of the traditions

o Deut. iv. 2. Ye shall not add un of my farheis to the word which I command you, u 1 Sam. xiii. 11. And Samuel neither shall ye diminish ought from said, What hast thou done? And it, that ye may keep the command- Saul said, Because I saw that the peoments of the Lord your God, which I ple were scartered from me, and ihat command you.

thou camest not within the days app Psal. cvi. 39. Thus were they de. pointed, and that the Philistines ga. filed with their own works, and went thered themselves together to Micha whoring with their own inventions. mash; Ver. 12. Therefore said I,

9 Matt. xv. 9 But in vain they do The Philistines will come down now worship me, teaching for doctrines the upon me to Gilgal, and I have not commandments of men.

made supplication unto the Lord i I. r 1 Pet. i 18. Forasmuch as ye forced myself therefore, and offered a know that ye were not redeemed with burnt-offering 1 Sam. xv. 21. But corrupsible things, as silver and gold, 'the pe ple (said Saul) took of the from your vain conversation received spoil, sheep and oxen, the chief of the by tradition from your fathers, things which should have been utter

& Jer. xliv 17 But we will certain- ly destroyed, to sacrifice unto the ly do whatsoever thing goeth forth Lord thy God in Gilgal, out of our own mouth, to burn incense W Acis viii. 18. And when Simon unto the queen of heaven, and to pour saw that through la, ingon of the aposout drink-offerings unto her, as we tles' hands i he Holy Ghost was given, bave done, we and our fathers, our he offered them money. kings and our princes, in the cities of * Rom. ji. 22. Toon that abhorrest

glect y, contempt, hindering', and opposing the worship and ordinances which God hath appointed

Q. 110. What are the reasons annexed to the second conmandment, the more to enforce it ?

A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment, the more to enforce it, contained in these words, For I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me ; and shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments c; are, besides God's sovereignty over us, and propriety in us d, his fervent zeal for dis own worship, and his revengeful indignation against all false worship, as being a spiritual whoredom; idols, dost thou commit sacrilege ? together to hear the word of God Ver.

Mal. iii. 8. Will a man rob God ? yet 45 But when the Jews saw the mul. 1 ye have robbed me: but ye say, Where. titudes, they were filled with envy,and

in have we robbed thee? In tithes and spake against those things which offerings.

were spoken by Paul, contradicting y Exod. iv. 24. And it came to pass and blaspheming. 1 Thes. ii. 15. Who by the way in the inn, that the Lord both killed the Lord Jesus and their met him, and sought to kill him. Ver. own prophets, and have persecuted us;' 25. Then Zipporah took a sharp stone, and they please not God, and are con. i and cut off the foreskin of her son, and trary to all men : Ver. 16. Forbidding

cast it at his feet, and said, 'Surely a us to speak to the Gentiles, that they i bloody husband art thou to me. Ver, might be saved, to fill up their sins al. 26. So he let him go : then she said, way: for the wrath is come upon them A bloody husband thou art, because of to the uttermost. the circumcision.

110. c Exod. xx, 5, 6. z Mat xxii. 5. But they made light d Psal. xlv. 11. So shall the King of it, and went their ways, one to his greatly desire thy beauty : for he is thy farm, another to his merchandise. Lord, and worship thou him. Rev. xv. Mal. i. 7. Ye offer polluted bread upon 3. And they sing the song of Moses mine altar; and ye say, Wherein have the servant of God, and the song of

we polluted thee? In that ye say, The the Lamb, saying, Great and marvel1 table of the Lord is contemptible. Ver. lous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; '

13. Ye said also, Behold, what a wea. just and true are thy ways, thou King riness is it! and ye have snuffed at of saints. Ver. 4. Who shall not fear it, saith the Lord of hosts; and ye thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name! brought that which was torn, and the for thou only art holy : for all nations lame, and the sick ; thus ye brought shall come and worship before thee ;

an offering : should I accept this of for thy judgments are made manifest. Ef your hand? saith the Lord.

. Exod. xxxiv. 13. But ye shall dea Mat. xxiii. 13. But woe unto you, stroy their altars, break their images, scribes and Pharisees,hypocrites! for ye and cut down their groves. Ver. 14. shur up the kingdom of heaven against. For thou shalt worship no other god : men: for ye neither goin yourselves,nei- for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, ther suffer ye them that are entering to is a jeal»us God.

fi Cor. x 20. But I say, that the 6 Aets xiii. 44. And the next sab- things which the Gentiles sacrifice, bath-day came almost the whole city. they sacrifice to devils, and not to God.

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