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ENGLISH POETS

BY SAMUEL JOHNSON, LL.D.

EDITED BY

GEORGE BIRKBECK HILL, D.C.L.

SOMETIME HONORARY FELLOW OF PEMBROKE COLLEGE, OXFORD

WITH BRIEF MEMOIR OF DR. BIRKBECK HILL, BY HIS NEPHEW

HAROLD SPENCER SCOTT, M.A., NEW COLLEGE, OXFORD

IN THREE VOLUMES

VOL. II

SMITH-SAVAGE

OXFORD

AT THE CLARENDON PRESS

MDCCCCV

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LIVES OF THE ENGLISH POETS

IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER

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ADDISON AKENSIDE BLACKMORE BROOME BUTLER COLLINS CONGREVE. COWLEY DENHAM DORSET. DRYDEN DUKE DYER FENTON GARTH GAY GRANVILLE GRAY HALIFAX HAMMOND HUGHES KING LYTTELTON MALLET MILTON OTWAY

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PARNELL
PHILIPS, A.
PHILIPS, J.
PITT
POMFRET
POPE.
ROCHESTER
PRIOR
ROSCOMMON
ROWE
SAVAGE
SHEFFIELD
SHENSTONE
SMITH, EDMUND
SOMERVILE
SPRAT
STEPNEY
SWIFT
THOMSON
TICKELL
WALLER
WALSH
WATTS
WEST
YALDEN
YOUNG

VOL. PAGE

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III 312

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INI 82

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II 65
II 321
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III 348
II 1
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II

32 I 309 III 1 III 281 II 304 I 249

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328 II 297 III 361

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EDMUND SMITH

,

DMUND SMITH is one of those lucky writers who have 1

without much labour attained high reputation, and who are mentioned with reverence rather for the possession than the exertion of uncommon abilities !.

Of his life little is known; and that little claims no praise but 2 what can be given to intellectual excellence, seldom employed to any virtuous purpose. His character, as given by Mr. Oldisworth? with all the partiality of friendship, which is said by Dr. Burton to show what fine things one man of parts can say of another 3, and which, however, comprises great part of what can be known of Mr. Smith, it is better to transcribe at once, than to take by pieces. I shall subjoin such little memorials as accident has enabled me to collect.

Mr. EDMUND SMITH was the only son of an eminent 3 merchant, one Mr. Neale, by a daughter of the famous baron Lechmere. Some misfortunes of his father, which were soon after followed by his death, were the occasion of the son's being left very young in the hands of a near relation (one who married Mr. Neale's sister) whose name was Smith.

"This gentleman and his lady treated him as their own child, 4 and put him to Westminster-school under the care of Dr. Busbys; whence after the loss of his faithful and generous guardian (whose name he assumed and retained) he was removed to Christ-church, in Oxford, and there by his aunt handsomely maintained till her death ; after which he continued a member of that learned and ingenious society till within five years of his own; though, some time before his leaving Christ-church, he was sent for by his

* His reputation did not win him don's History, Vindicated, &c. By a place in Campbell's Specimens of John Burton, B.D., Fellow of Eton the British Poets, published forty College. 1744, p. 40. Post, SMITH, years after the Lives. Post, BROOME, 3.

Oldisworth * Nicholas Lechmere was one of was editor of the Tory Examiner. the managers against Sacheverell. 'He is, wrote Swift, "an ingenious He was created Baron Lechmere in fellow, but the most contounded vain 1721. He is the hero of Swift's ballad coxcomb in the world, so that I dare Duke upon Duke, Works, xiii. 297. not let him see me.' Swift's Works, iii. Hearne describes him as 'a man of 125. His character of Smith is pre- parts, but a most vile stinking whigg.' fixed to Smith's Works, ed. 1719. Remains, i. 187. 3 The Genuineness of Lord Claren- 5 Ante, DRYDEN, 4.

B

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LIVES OF POSTS. 11

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