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12. WHITE'S NATURAL HISTORY OF SELBORNE, with Notes by SIR WM. JARDINE and others, edited, with large additions, by E. JESSE, Esq. With 40 highly-finished Wood Engravings (Coloured, 7s. 6d.)

13. DIDRON'S CHRISTIAN ICONOGRAPHY, with 150 beautiful Engravings. In 2 Vols. Vol. I.

14. REDDING ON WINES. New and Revised Edition, with 20 beautiful Woodcuts. 15 & 16. ALLEN'S BATTLES OF THE BRITISH NAVY. New Edition. Enlarged by the Author. Numerous fine Portraits on Steel. 2 Vols.

17 & 18. ROME IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. Fifth Edition, in 2 Vols., with 34 fine Steel Engravings, and Index.

19. MAXWELL'S VICTORIES OF WELLINGTON AND THE BRITISH ARMIES, with Engravings on Steel.

20. LIFE OF WELLINGTON, by " AN OLD SOLDIER," compiled from the materials of Maxwell, and continued by an eminent Author, with an Account of the Funeral. With 18 highly finished Engravings on Steel.

21. MARY AND WM. HOWITT'S STORIES OF ENGLISH AND FOREIGN LIFE, with 20 beautiful Steel Engravings.

22. BECHSTEIN'S CAGE and CHAMBER BIRDS, including SWEET's Warblers. New Edition, greatly enlarged, numerous Plates (or Coloured, 7s. 6d.)

23. NORWAY AND ITS SCENERY, comprising PRICE's Journal, with large Additions and a Road Book. Edited by THOS. FORESTER, Esq. With 22 Illustrations, beautifully Engraved on Steel by Lucas.

The Road Book is sold separately, price 28.

24. CHINA: PICTORIAL, DESCRIPTIVE, AND HISTORICAL, with some account of Ava and the Burmese, Siam and Assam. Illustrated by nearly 100 Engravings on Wood. 25. PICTORIAL HANDBOOK OF LONDON, comprising its Antiquities, Architecture, Arts, Manufactures, Trade, Social, Literary, and Scientific Institutions, Exhibitions, and Galleries of Art. With 205 Engravings on wood, and large Map. 25. MARY HOWITT'S PICTORIAL CALENDAR OF THE SEASONS, exhibiting the Pleasures, Pursuits, and Characteristics of Country Life, for every Month in the Year; and embodying the whole of AIKEN'S Calendar of Nature. Upwards of 100 Illustrations. 27. DANTE, translated into English Verse by I. C. WRIGHT, M.A. Third Edition, carefully révised. Portrait and 34 Illustrations on Steel, after FLAXMAN.

28 & 29, MUDIE'S BRITISH BIRDS, or History of the Feathered Tribes of the British Islands. Fifth Edition, revised by W. C. L. MARTIN, Esq. Complete in 2 Vols., with 52 figures of Birds, and 7 additional Plates of Eggs. (Or, with the Plates Coloured, 7s. 6d. per Vol.)

30. TASSO'S JERUSALEM DELIVERED, translated into English Spenserian verse, with a Life of the Author by J. H. WIFFEN. Fourth Edition. 24 Engravings by THURSTON on Wood, and 8 on Steel.

31. INDIA: PICTORIAL, DESCRIPTIVE, and HISTORICAL, from the Earliest Times to the Present. Illustrated by upwards of 100 Engravings on Wood, and Map of Hindoostan.

32. NICOLINI'S HISTORY OF THE JESUITS: their Origin, Progress, Doctrines, and Designs. Portraits of Loyola, Lainèz, Xavier, Borgia, Acquaviva, Père la Chaise, Ricci, and Pope Ganganelli.

33. ROBINSON CRUSOE, with Illustrations by STOTHARD and HARVEY, 12 beautiful Engravings on Steel, and 74 on Wood.

34. WALKER'S MANLY EXERCISES; containing Skating, Riding, Driving, Shooting, Sailing, Rowing, Swimming, &c. Revised by "CRAVEN." Tenth Edition, with 44 Plates and numerous Woodcuts. 35. MILLER'S HISTORY OF THE ANGLO-SAXONS, on the basis of SHARON TURNER. With Index, Portrait of Alfred, Map of Saxon Britain, and 12 Engravings on steel after Harvey.

35. MICHAEL ANGELO, AND RAPHAEL, THEIR LIVES AND WORKS. By DUPPA and QUATREMERE DE QUINCY. With 13 highly-finished Engravings, including the Cartoons. 37. WALTON'S COMPLETE ANGLER; with Notes practical and historical. Edited by ED. JESSE and HENRY G. BOHN. Embellished with 203 Engravings on Wood, price 5s.;-or with the addition of 26 Engravings on Steel, 7s. 6d.

38. MARRYAT'S MASTERMAN READY; complete in 1 vol., with 93 Engravings on wood. Post 8vo.

10000

DICTIONARY

OF

༣། ་

OBSOLETE AND PROVINCIAL ENGLISH,

CONTAINING

WORDS FROM THE ENGLISH WRITERS PREVIOUS TO THE NINETEENTH
CENTURY WHICH ARE NO LONGER IN USE, OR ARE

NOT USED IN THE SAME SENSE.

AND WORDS WHICH ARE NOW USED ONLY IN

THE PROVINCIAL DIALECTS.

COMPILED BY

THOMAS WRIGHT, Esq., M.A., F.S.A., H.M.R.S.L., &c.,

CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE INSTITUTE OF FRANCE.

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HENRY G. BOHN, YORK STREET, COVENT GARDEN.*

MDCCCLVII.
RB. P.

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GA, v. To go. North.
GAAM, (1) adj. Clammy. Wills.

(2) v. To daub with dirt. Berks. GAB, S. (A. N.) Talkativeness. GABBARD, adj. Ill-contrived, as GABBERN, rooms; large. West. GABBE, V. (A.-N.) To talk idly; to jest; to lie.

GABBER, (1) v. To talk nonsense. (2) s. A jester. GABBERIES, 8. (1) Deceits. Minsh. (2) Prattle; jests. GABBLE-RATCHES, S. Birds which make a great noise in the evenings. North.

GABBO,S. The game of thrce GOBBO, card loo.

GABEL, S. (4.-N.) An excise. GABERDINE, S. (Fr.) A coarse cloak or mantle.

GABERLILTIE, S. A ballad-singer.

North. GABIE, S.

A large-holed sievc.

North. GABLE, (1) s. (Fr.) A cable. (2) adj. High. GABLE-POLES, s. Rods placed out

side the roof to secure the thatch. GABLET, S. A small ornamental gable or canopy over a tabernacle or niche.

GABLICK, S. A crow-bar. Linc. GABLOCKS, S. Spurs for fightingcocks.

GABRIEL-BELL, S. A local name for the saints' bell or ting-tang. GABRIEL-RATCHET, S. The name of a ghost or night spirit. North. GABY, S. A simpleton.

GACH, S. Filth or dirt of children. Glouc.

GAD, (1) s. (4.-S.) A goad, or sharp point of metal; a spear; a pole pointed with metal.

And, come, I will go get a leaf of brass,
And with a gad of steel will write these
words,
And lay it by.

Tit. Andr., iv, 1.

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The boys [at IIorncastle] annually keep up the festival of the floralia on Mayday, making a procession to this hill with May gads, as they call them, in their hands: this is a white willow wand, the bark peeled off, tied round with Cowslips, a thyrsus of the Bacchanals: at night they have a bonfire and other merriment, which is really a sacrifice or religious festival.

Stukeley's Itiner. Curios., 1776, i, 31.

(2) s. A measuring rod of ten feet.

(3) s. A fishing-rod; any rod or stick. North.

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(5) s. The gad-fly.

(6) v. To flit about as a gad-fly. (7) v. To run madly about the field, said of cattle.

(8) v. To think; to believe. Kennett.

(9) s. A wedge used in mining.
"Pick and gad, and keep the
kibble going," a very common
motto in the mining districts
expressive of bustle and acti-
vity.

GAD-ABOUT, S. A rambler. West.
GADAMAN, adj. Roguish. Heref.
GAD-BEE, S. The gad-fly.
GAD-BIT, S. A nail-passer.
GAD-BREEZE, s. The gad-fly.

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€0. TRANSTER MAR 23 1943

GADS, S. Knobs or spikes of iron used in armour. GAD-STEEL, S. Flemish steel, made in gads, or small bars. GAD-WHIP, S. An ox-whip. Linc. GAERN, S. A garden. Somerset. GAF, pret. t. Gave.

GAFF, (1) s. An iron hook. West. Called also a gaffer. (2) s. A gaffer. Linc.

(3) v. To toss up three pence, a game in the North. GAFFER, S. An old man ; sometimes

a grandfather; the foreman of a
set of labourers. West. Formerly,
a common mode of address
among the lower classes, equiva-
lent to friend, neighbour.

Lord, master, goodman, gaffer, or knave;
lady, mistress, goodwife, gammer, or
whore; so they do but buy my book,
and pay honestly for it, it's all one to
me: a knave's money is as good as an
honest man's.
Poor Robin, 1707.

GAFFLE, (1) s. A part of the crossbow used in bending it, moved in a part called the rack.

My cross-bow in my hand, my gaffle on my rack,

To bend it when I please, or when I please Drayt. Muses' Elys.

to slack.

(2) v. To tease; to incommode.
West.

(3) v. To chirp, or chatter.
(4) v. To gad about. West.
(5) s. A dung-fork. Somerset.
(6) v.

A term applied to ducks when feeding together in the mud. Northampt. GAFFET,

GAFFLET, 8. A cock's spur.

GAFFLED, adj. Silly. Northampt. GAFFLOCK, S. A crow-bar. Derb. GAFFS, S. Spurs for fighting-cocks. GAFT, S. A sort of hook for catching eels. Wilts.

GAFTY, adj. Suspicious. Chesh. GAG, v. (1) To nauseate. Suff. (2) To gad about.

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GAIBESEEN, adj. Gay-looking.

Now lykewyse what saie you to courtiers? These minion gaibeseen gentilmen.

Sir Tho. Chaloner's Moria Enc., Q 2, b. GAIGNAGE, S. (4.-N.) Profit; gain. GAIL, S. A tub used in brewing.

Gail-clear, a tub for wort. Gaildish, a vessel used to pour liquor into a bottle. North.

GAILLARD, adj. (4.-N.) Gay; frisky. GAILY, adj. Pretty well in health. North.

GAIN, adj. Near; convenient; profitable; easy; tolerable; tractable; dexterous; expert; active; respectable; accommodating; good tempered. Var. d. GAINAGE, S. (A.N.) Profit. GAINCOME, S. (4.-S.) Return. GAINCOPE, V. To go across a field the nearest way; to meet with. South.

Some indeed there have been, of a more

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