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The story of Elmer Dewey Hill, as documented in the subcommittee's hearings, was partly concerned with the misadventures of an American official overseas who indulged in drinking sprees, polka dancing, and piano pounding in a Warsaw restaurant in the presence of foreign groups.

It was more than that, however, since it was the account of the then deputy chief of one of the State Department's divisions—that of Technical Security Services—which spent, during his tenure, $1.5 million for research and development of electronic equipment.?

It also involved a recital of efforts at the State Department to bury reports of Hill's misconduct, of the downgrading of the efficiency rating of Mr. George Pasquale, one of the men who had reported on Hill's party performances, and of how Mr. Pasquale was "persuaded" to resign.

Turned up in the digging for the facts concerning Mr. Hill's conduct was testimony about informal” inquiries 4 substituted for confrontation, and repeated references to "rumors” about what was going

There was also testimony that one official, John F. Reilly, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Security, had said that Mr. Hill "must be protected." 5

George Pasquale, a security engineer in electronics, assigned to European centers, began the story when he testified on September 10, 1963. He told of Mr. Hill's arrival at Frankfurt, Germany, during a technical inspection tour of various posts in Europe.

Mr. Hill arrived in Frankfurt on the Thursday preceding Easter Sunday- April 19, 1962, Mr. Pasquale said, and that Mr. Frederick York, Foreign Service officer in charge of the Frankfurt test center gave a cocktail party at his home in honor of Mr. Hill.

Mr. SOURWINE. Did you attend that party?
Mr. PASQUALE. No, I did not attend the party.

Mr. SOURWINE. Have the events of that party been described to you by Mr. and Mrs. Frederick York?

Mr. PASQUALE. Yes, sir.

Mr. SOURWINE. Were the mother and father of Frederick York present at the party?

Mr. PASQUALE. Yes, they were.

Mr. SOURWINE. Was it reported to you that, during the evening, Mr. Hill became intoxicated?

Mr. PASQUALE. Yes, sir.

Mr. SOURWINE. That he removed his coat, shirt, and tie, so he was wearing only his trousers and a T-shirt?

Mr. PASQUALE. That's correct.
Mr. SOURWINE. But he began using vulgar and obscene words?

Mr. PasQUALE. In the course of the evening, he became inebriated and started using very foul language, four-letter words. State Department Security hearings, pt. 14, pp. 1093–1100. a Ibid., p. 1118. 3 Ibid., pp. 1054-1055, 1063–1064, 1084-1085. * Ibid., pp. 1122, 1124. * Ibid., pp. 1110, 1111. • Ibid., p. 1090.

Mr. SOURWINE. That during the festivities he eventually fell asleep on the couch, waking up at 3 a.m. after the guests had departed and the hosts had gone to bed?

Mr. PASQUALE. That's correct. He woke up in the middle of the night and, without any knowledge to the Yorks, he disappeared and it was not until the following day, about 12:00, he arrived-called our office wondering how to get to our office.

Mr. SOURWINE. Well, if they were asleep and there wasn't anybody in the room, how does anybody know when he woke up?

Mr. PASQUALE. Well, they said it was midmorning, early in the morning, because I think someone got up and went probably to the bathroom, I would assume, and he was gone. Mr. SOURWINE. They missed him early in the morning. That is all you know. Mr. PASQUALE. Yes.

Mr. SOURWINE. He was asleep on the couch in a drunken stupor when they went to bed, and in the early morning he had disappeared.

Mr. PASQUALE. That's correct.

Then Mr. Hill and Mr. Pasquale were off to Warsaw, Poland, on April 21, 1962, where they were met by Victor Dikeos, security officer at the American Embassy, who gave a cocktail party for the visitors and others.

Mr. SOURWINE. Did those other guests include diplomatic personnel of foreign nations?

Mr. PASQUALE. Yes, sir.
Mr. SOURWINE. Specifically whom, if you remember?
Mr. PASQUALE. Not of foreign nations—the people that were guests at his home.
Mr. SOURWINE. Included are the diplomatic personnel of the United States?
Mr. PasQUALE. Other American Embassy personnel.
Mr. SOURWINE. Were there any foreigners present?
Mr. PASQUALE. No foreigners present.
Mr. SOURWINE. Now, did Mr. Hill

, on the occasion of this party, at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Dikeos, become intoxicated?

Mr. PASQUALE. He became completely intoxicated.

Mr. SOURWINE. Did he in your presence and within your hearing use vulgar and obscene language?

Mr. PASQUALE. Yes, he did, very much so.

Mr. SOURWINE. Did he repeatedly make derogatory and obscene references to women?

Mr. PasQUALE. That's correct.
Mr. SOURWINE. Did he break any cocktail glasses?
Mr. PASQUALE. He certainly did.
Mr. SOURWINE. How did this happen? Was it intentional or careless, or what?

Mr. PasQUALE. Oh, I would say he was so inebriated-and in a fit of anger-
I don't know what he was thinking about at the time, but he made some obscene
remarks about women in general and hit the glass and it fell on the floor and spilled
all over the place.
Mr. SOURWINE. Where was the glass when he hit it?
Mr. PasQUALE. He was sitting at the small cocktail bar.
Mr. SOURWINE. He only broke one glass?
Mr. PASQUALE. No, I think he broke two.

Mr. Pasquale charged that during that party, Mr. Hill was "preaching the gospel of socialism to these people. "I couldn't believe my ears" he said, adding he thought everybody was "a little upset." 8

Mr. SOURWINE. Now, I note that I asked you about socialism and communism, and you have confined your answer to socialism. Did he say anything about communism? I don't want you to say yes unless you are sure he did.

Mr. PASQUALE. Well, he was talking about socialism and Leninism, talking about Lenin and indicating that Lenin was such a great man-along lines dealing with Lenin and socialism in general.

Mr. SOURWINE. Did he at the same time proclaim himself to be an atheist?
Mr. PasqUALE. Yes, this he did.
? State Department Security bearings, pt. 14, p. 1091.
State Department Security bearings, pt. 14, p. 1092.

Then they were off to Vienna, and then to Warsaw. There, on April 23, the Monday after Easter, they called at the American Embassy, to meet the Ambassador and consult with the administrative officer, Henry Boudreau.

Mr. Pasquale told of an argument between Mr. Hill and Mr. Boudreau: 0

Mr. SOURWINE. Do you have any information respecting an argument at that time between Mr. Hill and the Embassy administrative officer, Henry Boudreau?

Mr. PASQUALE. Yes, that morning after we arrived at the office, normal procedure is to go in, if you have not already met the security office in charge-you also see the administrative officer, and meet the Ambassador. And so we proceeded to his office, to Henry Boudreau. I walked out of the room to start checking on other things that had to be done in the Embassy, while they talked.

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He proceeded to Boudreau's office. I went to another room.

Shortly thereafter I happened to go back to Mr. Boudreau's office, and Mr. Boudreau got hold of me and said, "George, who is this man, coming to my post and telling me how to run my office?” Apparently he had a flareup with him.

Mr. ŞOURWINE. Wait a minute. You say Boudreau told you this?
Mr. PaSQUALE. Yes.

Mr. SOURWINE. What do you mean apparently? Did Boudreau tell you there had been a flareup?

Mr. SOURWINE. Boudreau told you he had an argument with Mr. Hill?
Mr. PASQUALE. With Mr. Hill.

Mr. SOURWINE. Because in Boudreau's opinion, as he told it to you, Hill was trying to tell Boudreau how to run Boudreau's office? Mr. PASQUALE. That's right.

Mr. SOURWINE. Did Mr. Boudreau give you any additional details of the argument?

Mr. PASQUALE. No, but he was upset, and as far as he was concerned he would not have the man around his post again.

Mr. SOURWINE. Did he tell you that?

They decided to go to a Polish restaurant known as the Krokodil, on the evening of April 25, 1962. It had an orchestra and dancing."

Mr. SOURWINE. Now, at any time during that day and prior to going to the restaurant did you purchase any alcoholic beverage?

Mr. PASQUALE. We went to the Embassy, and Mr. Hill requested from Mr. Boudreau if it would be possible he wanted to buy a bottle of dry sec sherry. And so Mr. Boudreau said yes, he could procure it in the commissary. So he purchased a bottle of dry sec sherry.

Mr. SOURWINE. I asked you if you purchased anything.

Mr. PASQUALE. I bought-normally when we go to a post, we get very much assistance from the marines, because they are always very helpful doing things for

Senator HRUSKA. Mr. Witness, the question was whether you purchased any.
Mr. PASQUALE. I did buy a bottle of scotch.
Mr. SOURWINE. Scotch whisky?
Mr. PASQUALE. That's correct.
Mr. SOURWINE. How big a bottle?
Mr. SOURWINE. Was it a fifth, a quart?
Mr. PASQUALE. No, it would be a fifth at the most.
Mr. SOURWINE. You don't remember whether it was a fifth or a pint?
Mr. PASQUALE. I would say a fifth.
Mr. SOURWINE. For what purpose did you purchase that scotch whisky?

Mr. PASQUALE. I purchased the bottle of scotch and gave it to the marines prior to leaving Warsaw, because they helped us doing a lot of heavy work.




• Ibid., pp. 1092, 1093. 19 Ibid., p. 1093–1096.

Mr. SOURWINE. What did Mr. Hill do with his bottle of sherry, if you know? Was that a tall bottle? a quart? or a split? or what?

Mr. PASQUALE. A fifth.
Mr. SOURWINE. What did he do with it, if you know?

Mr. PASQUALE. Well, I left him about 5:30. He went to his room. And we were supposed to leave about 7, 7:30, to go out to dinner. And I waited and waited; 7 passed, about 7:30, it must have been pretty close to 8. I finally went to his door, because I was getting my hunger pains, and knocked on the door. And finally he came to the door, bleary eyed, and I said, “Are you still planning to go out to eat dinner?

And he said, “Yes." And he was fumbling around.

I looked over in the corner--there is a little shelf there and looked, and the bottle was down to about this [indicating).

Mr. SOURWINE. You are pointing to a space about an inch and a half above the table.

Mr. PASQUALE. I would say he had about an eighth of the bottle left, if that. It was a very small amount left.

Mr. SOURWINE. Do you know whether he had drunk it or given it to somebody or poured it down the sink?

Mr. PASQUALE. No--I said, “You mean to say you polished off all that liquor in that short time?

And he said, “Yes; it wasn't bad.”
So I said, “Well, do you still feel like eating dinner?”
He said, "Oh, yes; I guess I will go."

So Mr. Hill got dressed and they taxied to the Krokodil and got a "good table” next to the dance floor.

Mr. SOURWINE. All right. Then what happened?

Mr. PASQUALE. Well, the orchestra was playing the usual Polish music, and American songs-strange as it may seem they do play a lot of American songs. And all of a sudden, the orchestra stopped playing, and it was intermission. I noticed he beckoned

Mr. SOURWINE. Who is he?

Mr. PASQUALE. Mr. Hill. He beckoned to the captain of the waiters to come to our table. I looked at Hill. I was wondering what he was going to say, because he did not look too good to me. He asked the captain of the waiters if he could sit at the piano and play some music. And I could not imagine what he would do at the piano, particularly in his condition.

Mr. SOURwINE. Do you know whether Mr. Hill plays the piano?
Mr. Sourwine. Did you ever hear him play the piano on any other occasion?

Mr. PASQUALE. Never; never. So Mr. Hill-welĩ, rather, the captain of the waiters went back to another room and talked to the manager. And I saw him talking to the manager. I noticed the rest of the fellows in the band were there talking.

Mr. SOURWINE. He was in another room, but you saw him talking to the manager?

Mr. PASQUALE. It was in the corridor between the two rooms-you could see him standing there. He was talking.

And they finally, apparently, gave the go-ahead that during the intermission that Mr. Hill could sit down at the piano and play.

Well, I figured maybe he is a concert pianist or something, and maybe he is really good.


Mr. SOURWINE. Before you go any further, in what language did Mr. Hill speak to the captain of waiters?

Mr. PASQUALE. This man spoke English, and Hill spoke English, too—both of them in English. And adjoining--the adjoining tables nearby, one table had the British, quite a large number of people from the British Embassy entertaining some people, candlelight ceremony. And then there were other diplomats on the other side. And then on this table over here behind us was a group of people in the Communist League, the local Communist crowd was sitting over there having a big to-do.

Mr. SOURWINE. Talking about Polish Communist Party officials?
Mr. PasQUALE. Yes.
Mr. SOURWINE. Polish Government authorities, in other words.
Mr. PASQUALE. Yes-sitting over there.

Mr. SOURWINE. All right.
Now, did Mr. Hill go to the piano?

Mr. PASQUALE. The room became very quiet as everybody waited for Mr. Hill to start playing. And the room was

Mr. SOURWINE. Do you have to tell this like it is a story? I am just asking questions. Did he go to the piano?


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Mr. SOURWINE. Did he start to play?

Mr. PASQUALE. He just sat and banged on the table. There was no music. For 15 minutes there was just solid banging at the table—no music whatsoever. And he was just hitting the keys, no chords.

Mr. SOURWINE. How did he hold his fingers?
Mr. PASQUALE. He was just-

Mr. SOURwINE. Let the record show that the witness held all his fingers together.

You want us to understand Mr. Hill held all his fingers on each hand together and was hitting the piano with his whole hand?

Mr. PASQUALE. He actually was not playing like a pianist would play.



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When he had finished, there was no applause, Mr. Pasquale said. And then: 11

Mr. PasQUALE. Well, the orchestra started playing and he immediately got up and went over--well, prior to going over, he was ogling all the women in the place. And then finally

Mr. SOURWINE. What do you mean by that?

Mr. PASQUALE. Well, you know, staring at every—just staring like that, you know-like one particular woman in this Communist group—just kept on staring.

Mr. SOURwINE. Staring fixedly at one woman after another.

Mr. PASQUALE. To the point of embarrassment. Finally, he got up and went over there and asked

Mr. SOURWINE. You mean a woman with the Polish Communist group?
Mr. PASQUALE. That's correct. And he
Mr. SOURWINE. A young woman or a middle-aged or an old woman?
Mr. PASQUALE. I would say a woman about 39.
Mr. SourWINE. Blond or brunette?

Mr. PASQUALE. In this case, I think it was blond, if I remember correctly. I would say blond.

Mr. SOURWINE. Do you have any doubts about whether you remember correctly what took place on this evening?

Mr. PASQUALE. No; I would say she was a blond, definitely.
Mr. SOURWINE. He went over to her table, and what did he do?
Mr. PASQUALE. He grabbed the woman, got her on the floor.

Mr. SOURWINE. Wait a minute. You say he grabbed her. Did he ask her to dance with him?

Mr. PASQUALE. Yes, he did.
Mr. SOURWINE. Did she agree?
Mr. SOURWINE. Was this done politely?
Mr. PASQUALE. Well, you might say as polite as he could in his condition.
Mr. SOURWINE. He asked her, and she agreed, and she arose from her chair?
Mr. PASQUALE. She arose from her chair.
Mr. SOURWINE. And they went to the floor to dance.

Mr. PASQUALE. And they danced. And he practically dragged her to the floor while he was on the floor dancing. And finally

Mr. SOURWINE. You mean he stumbled?

Mr. PASQUALE. He was stumbling all over the floor. And finally I think she kind of eased him toward where her table was and finally excused herself and sat down.

Mr. SOURwINE. What kind of a dance were they playing?
Mr. PASQUALE. It was a polka.
There was more:12
11 State Department Security hearings, pt. 14, p. 1098.
1: State Department Security hearings, pt. 14, p. 1098.

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