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In view of the virulence and stubborn attitudes with which each cause is defended, we, the dispossed, cannot advocate one way or the other of expressing differences, even though at times we agree with the arguments of one side or the other, or with those of one side more than with those of the other. In time of struggle, the manner in which the present differences become evident constitutes a weakness; however, in the condition in which these differences are, it is illusory to think that they can be settled with words. History will erase them or provide a true explanation.
In our world at war, anything that smac of differences on tactics, a method of action to obtain limited goals, must be analyzed with the respect due to the views of others. As for the great strategic objective-the total destruction of imperialism by means of comabt, there we must be instransigent.
Let us thus unite our wishes for victory: The destruction of imperialism by abolishing its strongest bulwark, which is the imperialist domination by the United States of America. We must adopt as our tactical function, the gradual liberation of the peoples, one by one or by groups, forcing the enemy into a difficult struggle away from its home ground, destroying its supply bases, which are its dependent territories.
That means a long war, and we repeat once again, a cruel war. Let no one deceive himself when he goes to start it and let nobody hesitate about starting it for fear of the consequences for his people. It is almost the sole hope for victory.
We cannot evade the call of the hour. We learn this from Vietnam, with its permanent lession of heroism, its tragic daily lesson of battle and death in order to achieve final victory. There, imperialism's soldiers meet with the discomfort of those accustomed to the standard of living enjoyed in the United States and now obliged to face a hostile land, the insecurity of not-repeat—not being able to move without feeling that he is treading on enemy soil, the death that greets those who go beyond their fortified redoubts, the permanent hostility shown by the entire population.
All this is causing a reaction inside the United States. It is bringing out a factor that has been attenuated by imperialism, in its full strength-class warfare even inside its own territory.
How shining and near could we see the future if two, three, or many Vietnams flourished on the face of the earth, with their quota of death and their great tragedies, their daily heroism, their repeated blows dealt imperialism, the obligation for the latter to disperse its forces, under the blast of growing hatred from the peoples of the world. And if we were all capable of uniting so that our blows would be more solid and better delivered, so that every kind of aid to peoples engaged in fighting would be still more effective, how great the future would be, And how near!
If our lot—we who on a small point on the map of the earth are doing the duty we preach and are placing at the disposal of the struggle what little we are able to give: Our life, our sacrifice-is to give up the ghost one of these days in some land, now ours, watered with our blood, let it be known that we have considered the scope of our actions and that we consider ourselves only as elements in the great army of the proletariat; but we are proud of having learned from the Cuban revolution and its great supreme leader the great lesson that is derived from their stand in this part of the world: “What matter the dangers or sacrifices incurred by a man or a people when the destiny of mankind is at stake?”
All our action is a war cry against imperialism and a clamor for the unity of peoples against the great enemy of human kind: The United States of North America. Wherever we are surprised by death, it will be welcome provided this war cry of ours has reached a receptive ear and another hand reaches to take up our weapons and other men prepare to sound the funeral dirge with the rattle of machine gun fire and new shots of war and victory.
Havana Domestic Service in Spanish 1100 GMT, April 19, 1967–F
(Headline: “Latin American Leaders Hail Che Guevara's Victory Message"): The official organ of the Cuban Communist Party (PCC), Granma, has published a number of statements by revolutionary representatives of Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil, Peru, Guatemala, Uruguay, and Mexico, hailing Che Guevara's historic message and expressing unconditional support for the points enunciated in it.
Comrade Silvia Moreno of Venezuela said that Che's message sets forth important definitions for Latin America, particularly for honey revolutionaries who will be utterly unmasked.
Aluizio Palhana of Brazil said that the whole document is an invaluable contribution to the revolutionary movement in Latin America and the world.
Oscar Edmundo Palma of Guatemala highlighted the importance of Guevara's message not-repeat-not only because of the thorough study it makes of the essential problems of the revolutionary movement but also because of its vigorous accusation against the growing domination by Yankee imperialism in our countries.
Similar feelings are expressed by comrade leaders Jesus Maza of Peru, Manuel Cepeda of Colombia, Daniel Nolina of Mexico, J. Martinez and O. Cabrera of Uruguay. They said: Che Guevara's message has come as a herald of struggle and victory in the sake of the dying echoes of the Punta Del Este Conference.
LASO STATEMENTS CONCERNING GUEVARA MESSAGE
Havana Prensa Latina in Spanish 1745 GMT, April 19, 1967–E
HAVANA, APRIL 19— The members of the Organizing Committee of the First Conference of the Latin American Solidarity Organization (LASO) have issued a statement saluting the recent message from Maj. Ernesto Guevara, addressed to all the peoples of the World. “To create two, three, many Vietnams is the goal. This phrase, in our view, summarizes the problem posed by 'Che' in his article,' said Venezuelan Silvia Moreno.
Jesus Maza, of Peru, said that “Major Guevara is neither dead nor a legend. His always real presence is today, after his message, felt everywhere in the contemporary scene of our liberation wars.
For his part, the Colombian delegate, Manuel Cepeda has declared that "the proposals contained in his message attract the attention of an awakening continent, contributing to the universal fence being raised around the enemy of mankind. U.S. imperialism.
Aluizio Palhano, of Brazil, has said that Ernesto Guevara's document constitutes “an incalculable contribution to the Latin American revolutionary movement."
Similarly J. Martinez and 0. Cabrera, Uruguayan representatives, have declared that “his militant word is multiplying the hopes of the peoples and the fear of our oppressors. How could we not applaud the revolutionary intransigence 'Che' Guevara transmits to all of us?"
Finally, the Mexican delegate, Daniel Molina, has stated that “the appearance of the first document from Ernesto 'Che' Guevara has filled all the revolutionaries of the world with profound enthusiasm. Interpreting the feelings and the actions of the revolutionaries of my country, I say, with sincere and worthy emotion: ‘We are always with you, Major, to victory.'
STATEMENTS ON CONFERENCE BY LASO LEADERS
GUATEMALA-FRANCISCO MARROQUIN Havana in Spanish to the Americas 1600 GMT, February 7, 1967–E
(Excerpts) in Cuba, the campaign of solidarity with the Guatemalan people has included several functions in which Cubans have expressed their complete identification with the struggle being waged by their Guatemalan brothers for national liberation. (Passage omitted.)
Francisco Marroquin, representative in Cuba of the Guatemalan rebel armed forces, spoke at the main function held at the Guatemala Sugar Central, formerly owned by United Fruit, Marroquin said: “Our revolution does not-repeatnot involve the polls. Our decision is to fight with our weapons in our hands, with the firm intention of winning or dying for Guatemala.” (Passage omitted.)
Silvia Moreno, a Venezuelan revolutionary leader, has declared, in Pinar Del Rio Province, “Just as imperialism brings its forces together, the revolutionaries must unite in a common front.” Silvia Moreno is a representative of the revolutionary movements of Venezuela to the Latin American Solidarity Organization (LASÓ). The young Venezuelan woman was speaking during a function in Pinar Del Rio held as part of the activities throughout Cuba with a view to the forthcoming LASO conference in Havana in June.
Havana, FEBRUARY 6.-"Guatemala: 5 Years of Armed Struggle,” is the headline of an article by Oscar Edmundo Palma, the representative in Cuba of the Guatemalan Workers Party (PGT) which appeared today in the Havana morning paper Granma, Organ of the Cuban Communist Party.
On the occasion of the world campaign in solidarity with the Guatemalan people which is being held today in response to an appeal by the Afro-AsianLatin American Peoples Solidarity Organization (AALAPSO), Palma reviews the liberation struggle which began in Guatemala on February 6, 1962. He said that the
youths who took part in the army rebellion against the Y digoras Fuentes' tyranny, on November 13, 1960 “Have the historical merit of having opened the real path of the Guatemalan revolution."
Palma adds: “Since then the armed struggle in Guatemala has been the essence of the revolution,” and its main objective is the conquest of power for the people by means of a profound and prolonged war combining all forms of struggle "So as to abolish the burden of centuries of exploitation and oppression by the oligarchy and imperialism and to build a new society.'
The article goes on to say that the Guatemalan guerrillas surmounted their initial setbacks. It reports that the Edgar Ibarra front, which was founded and led by the unforgettable Maj. Turcios Lima and is now under the leadership of Maj. Cesar Montes, is operating in the heart of the Sierra De Las Minas. This front is operating under the banners of the rebel armed forces (FAR), which is a “political-military organization whose role is to direct the people's revolutionary war."
Emphasizing that the guerrilla forces have established themselves firmly over a wide area in the mountains, and have dealt severe blows to the Guatemalan
puppet army upon which they have inflicted heavy losses, Palma adds that there
The author goes on to say that this movement has executed some bold operations
Palma adds that the revolutionary awareness of the masses has increased during
In accordance with the working class party's historic role, the PGT has taken
In conclusion, Palma emphasizes that the revolution in Guatemala, which
Question. Leopoldo (Bruheras), representative of Uruguay to the Latin Ameri-
BRUHERAS. The Latin American peoples have various conditions for the
Of course there are bound to be some cynics, friends of the Americans and
The Uruguayan people, simple and modest, make up a small nation and we
Question. Since you have referred to the first Latin American Peoples Solidarity
BRUHERAS. In brief, I would say that the Uruguayan situation for the past
make up the leftist front; and the the great expansion and strengthening of the l'ruguayan labor movement. For many years in Uruguay, the Urliguayan hierarchy, which is very submissive, and American imperialism, have tried to break this tenacity of the Uruguayan people and particularly, that of the Uruguayan proletariat.
We should tell our radio listeners friends that Uruguay is a relatively industrially developed nation among the Latin American nations. We are very familiar with unemployment and underdevelopment. The Uruguayan prolitariat is at the van of the revolution. I say this categorically and no one can question this in my country. Yet we assert that the reactionary forces of American imperialism, the American Embassy, and Mr. McNamara himself, are concerned about the Uruguayan revolutionary movement. They would like to sponsor, to carry out, in plain words, a guerrilla coup in our country. If they are unsuccessful in pulling it off, it is not-repeat-not as some Latin American representative democrats say, because of the "benevolence” of the American Embassy,” it is because of the vigor of the Uruguayan working class.
ANNOUNCER. You have heard Leopoldo (Bruheras), Uruguay's representative to the Executive Committee of LASO in Havana.
COLOMBIA-MANUEL CEPEDA VARGAS Havana Domestic Service in Spanish 1655 GMT, Feb. 6, 1967–F (Interview with Colombian Delegate to the Latin American Solidarity Organiza
tion (LASO) in Cuba, Manuel Cepeda Vargas-Recorded)
(Summary with quotations) Question. Cepeda, could you explain to us the purpose of the Latin American Solidarity Organization (LASO)?
CEPEDA. LASO was born of the great Tricontinental Conference. The conference revolved around the problem of anti-imperialist struggle. This problem is most acute in Latin America because Latin America is the backyard of North American imperialism. This problem links the people of Latin America in a close brotherhood and when the conference ended last year, the 27 delegations that represented Latin America met on January 16, 1966, and formed LASO. “Its objective is to unite, coordinate, and promote the struggle of solidarity with the countries of Latin America which today are fighting against Yankee imperialism. We can say the reason for the birth of LASO is the great anti-imperialist struggle being waged today in Latin America."
Question. Could you tell us which countries make up the LASO Organizing Committee?
CEPEDA. The LASO Organizing Committee consists of the delegates of the following countries: Brazil, Cuba, Colombia, Guyana, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, Cruguay, and Venezuela. This means that a third of the entire LASO organization is represented in the committee. We must say that the organizing committee has been deliberating and performing its work in an entirely fraternal manner and the tasks that we are performing in preparation for the first LASO conference that is going to be held next July are progressing satisfactorily.
Question. Since you have referred to the upcoming conference to be held in Havana in July, we would like for you to expand on that subject a little and give us some concrete examples of imperialist penetration in the countries of our America.
CEPEDA. We can say that North American imperialism at this very time is lining up its military, financial, and military systems in Latin America. Against this it is necessary to unite and strengthen the common struggle of the Latin American people. The economic, political, and military fence that North American imperialism is building around Cuba, the first country to construct socialism in America; this blockade by Yankee imperialism against Cuba, is a challenge to the conscience of the Latin American people and therefore is a problem that wil receive the attention of the great conference of solidarity which will take place in July of this year.
GUATEMALA-EDMUNDO PALMA Havana Prensa Latina in Spanish 1347 GMT, Match 8, 1967-E
HAVANA, MARCH 8.—Edmundo Palma, the Guatemalan delegate to the Latin American Solidarity Organization (LASO), has declared that the first LASO conference "is called upon to be a great historical event for our countries. For the first time in the history of the Latin American nations, the qualified representa