« PreviousContinue »
As added emphasis to his words, Major Miret delivered his speech in the presence of the reserve troops of the University of Havana, massed in the "Juan Abrantes” Stadium.
Despite statements to the contrary, unity of action and ideology among Latin American Communists is far from being an accomplished fact. This is a source of apprehension for the Havana Communists.
The differences between Antonio Yon Sosa and the late Luis Augusto Turcios Lima, leaders of two guerrilla bands in Guatemala, reached such proportions that Fidel Castro saw fit to denounce them in his closing speech to the delegates of the Tricontinental Conference. As an object lesson, all material assistance to Yon Sosa was suspended with consequent near neutralization of Yon's dissident group:
More recently, in a speech delivered at the University of Havana on March 13, 1967, Fidel Castro bitterly denounced the Communist Party of Venezuela for not accepting his directives.
Actually the Venezuelan Communist Party had joined the other Venezuelan political organizations in condemning the political assassination by pro-Castro guerrillas of Julio Irribaren Borges, brother of Venezuela's Foreign Minister. (Elias Manuit Camero, Havanabased spokesman for the guerrillas, cynically claimed responsibility for the "execution” in a bulletin published March 6, 1967 in Granma, official organ of the Cuban Communist Party as follows: STATEMENT OF COMMANDANTE Elias Manuit ON THE EXECUTION OF
IRIBARREN IN CARACAS The Government of Raul Leoni in a new show of its increasing weakness and frightened by the numerous attacks which the revolutionary forces have carried out against it, has just decreed a new suspension of the constitutional guarantees using as a pretext the recent execution of Julio Iribarren Borges.
Because of the disappearance of the revolutionary leaders Andres Pasquier and Felipe Malaver, assassinated by the Government, the national command of the FLN-FALN of Venezuela issued a communique to the effect that, for every fighter of the revolutionary movement assassinated by the Government, the patriotic forces would counteract by applying revolutionary justice to three representatives of the Government who are responsible for the oppression and poverty which our country, governed by traitors at the service of the Yankees, is suffering at this moment.
As in the cases of the different members of the revolutionary movement who have disappeared (it was proven later that they had been assassinated by the Government), the petitions before the ordinary tribunals of the country were of no avail. The same happened to the requests for information of the places of detention and the statements to the press by the mothers and wives of those victims. For these reasons, as the leaflets which were circulated in Caracas proclaimed, our movement decided to apply revolutionary justice to Julio Iribarren Borges. (He was) A high official of the Government and an accomplice in the deceit and outrages perpetrated on the Venezuelan workers through the Social Security system, which, until a few days ago, he directed. In addition, he was spying and reporting for the DIGEPOL. Many innocent workers and officials of the Social Security were incarcerated as a result of the reports of Julio Iribarren Borges, acting as an agent of the DIGEPOL.
With every execution, the assassins of the tyrannical government find an echo to their lamentations among their followers and also among those who pretend to be neutral or in the opposition. (Despite this) The people support and salute every one of these acts (executions), There is going to be a struggle to the death against the enemies of our people who, directly or indirectly, are involved in the predicament which Venezuela is now going through. The progressive measures of Leoni, the new suspension of constitutional guarantees, the arrest, tortures and assassinations will be of no avail. The Venezuelan people are no longer unarmed. They have an armed vanguard, firm, decided, and consistent that will protect it at any moment, will exact vengeance for each dead, and will lead it to the final victory which is total and final independence. FIGHT UNTIL VICTORY OR DEATH.
Commandante ELIAS MANUIT CAMERO,
of FLN-FALN of Venezuela. HAVANA, CUBA, March 4, 1967.
It was in this climate, and with the knowledge of the forthcoming summit meeting of the Organization of American States, that the Organizing Committee of the Latin American Solidarity Organization, (OLAS), as the assembly is called, met on February 15, 1967, to give its final approval to the agenda and the proclamation calling for a conclave of hemispheric Communists to convene in Havana from July 28 to August 5, 1967.
On February 22, 1967, Haydee Santamaria Cuadrado de Hart, secretary general of the organization and members of the central committee of the Communist Party of Cuba, made public the announcement at a conference attended by the other members of the Organizing Committee.
In an unprecedented move of direct intervention into the internal affairs of the United States, the agenda, under chapter 3 (Solidarity of the Latin American Peoples with the struggles of National Liberation), contains the following item:
Support of the Negro people of the United States in their struggle against racial discrimination and in defense of their civil rights and liberty.
(From Granma, Feb. 26, 1967)
The duty of
(Call to the First Conference of Solidarity of the Peoples of Latin America)
PRIMERA CONFERENCIA DE SOLIDARIDAD DE LOS
ASIA AFRICA Y AMERICA LATINA
is war duty to carry out the resolutions of the Tricontinental Conference, which proclaim the right of the peoples to suppose the violence of
imperialism and reaction with revolutionary violence."
Full text of this agenda follows:
DRAFT AGENDA 1. The Anti-Imperialist Revolutionary Struggle in Latin America.
(a) The experiences of the different forms of revolutionary struggle. Armed insurrection in the process of Latin American national liberation.
(6) Consideration of the specific struggles of the working class, peasants, students, intellectuals and all other progressive sectors of society as regards the process of national liberation. (c) The eradication of all forms of colonialism in Latin America.
2. Common Position and Action in the Face of Political-Military Intervention and the Economic and Ideological Penetration of Imperialism in Latin America.
(a) The political-military intervention of Yankee imperialism in the internal affairs of Latin American countries. Imperialist policy of coordinated repression against the liberation movements: The Organization of American States (OAS), the Inter-American Peace Force, the Central American Defense Council, bases, missions and all other military pacts.
(b) The imperialist economic policy of penetration, subjugation and exploitation of the nations of Latin America. Its methods of control: financial resources and foreign commerce.
(c) Imperialism's policy of ideological penetration in the socio-cultural field as part of its continental strategy. The struggle against all forms of discrimination in Latin America.
(d) The policy of reformism as a means of curtailing social conflicts and diverting the peoples from their true objective: economic and political independence.
(e) The policy of open repression against national liberation movements, and the maintenance of exploitation of the peoples of Latin America pursued by the oligarchies and those who seek power through coups d'etat.
(f) The need of all Latin American revolutionary movements to achieve a common strategy to defeat the continental strategy that imperialism has drawn for the purpose of maintaining its control over the peoples of Latin
America. 3. Solidarity of the Latin American Peoples with the National Liberation Struggles.
(a) Anti-imperialist solidarity in Latin America.
(6) Most effective supports for the peoples who are waging the armed struggle against imperialism and colonialism.
(c) Support of the Negro people of the United States in their struggle against racial discrimination and in defense of their civil rights and liberty.
(d) Defense of the Cuban Revolution: the struggle against the economic blockade, isolation and other forms of Yankee imperialist aggression against
the Cuban Revolution. 4. The Statutes of the Latin American Organization of Solidarity (OLAS).
The similar past history, common enemy and common destiny of the peoples of Latin America oblige them to join forces in an analysis of their current struggle to strengthen the bonds of militant solidarity and outline a global strategy that will make social redemption, on which the entire continent's hopes are poised, a reality.
The peoples of Latin America must study the experiences of their common struggle, the hopes that these experiences engender, and the organization of their inexorable battle against imperialism. Hunger, poverty, disease, unemployment and death by starvation are the common lot millions of Latin Americans who, when they refuse to resign themselves to this fate, must confront a monstrously implacable wave of terror, that leaves its wake of blood and death throughout our America.
The generator of this reality is U.S. imperialism, which is joined by its indefatigable and bloody henchmen, the native oligarchies. The enemy is united on all fronts-military, political, cultural, and financial. It elaborates joint programs, marshals the action of is mercenary armies, of its repressive forces, schooling them in crime and abuse in the new Washington-sponsored "scientific academies, thus consolidating and making even more intolerable the chains that oppress our countries.
Despite widespread popular protest and the vacillation of its own irresolute allies, the U.S. government, in collaboration with the native oligarchies, attempts to enforce the Permanent Inter-American Force program, or plans new plunder of our riches and prepares broad “common” markets to facilitate new monopoly capital investments through the treacherous Alliance for Progress and Latin America Economic Integration Programs. Washington also plans to wield its complete control in the OAS in order to organize a conclave of Latin American governments that will permit it to carry out its policy of absolute domination, backed up by continent-wide repression.
We, the peoples of Latin America, are the heirs and standard-bearers of an heroic legacy. From the original natives, from Tupac Amaru, and later, Bolívar, Martí, Tiradentes, Artigas, Juárez, San Martín and Sandino, flow the combative spirit that spurs us on to struggle for the total independence of our countries. By their example, numerous martyrs such as Luis de la Puente Uceda, Camilo Torres, Fabricio Ojeda, Luis Augusto Turcio Lima, have shown us the way. The