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(g) Watertight doors. Each watertight door shall be numbered in at least 2-inch letters and figures "W. T. D. 1,” 2, 3, etc. The color of the marking shall be in contrast to the background. All watertight door remote hand-closing stations shall be marked in at least 2-inch letters and figures "W. T. D. 1," 2, 3, etc. The direction of operation of the lever or wheel provided to close or open the door at all watertight door remote hand-closing stations shall be marked. The color of the sign shall contrast with the background.
(h) Instructions for changing steering gear. Instructions in at least 1-inch letters and figures shall be posted at each emergency steering station and in the steering engine room, relating in order, the different steps to be taken in changing to the emergency steering gear. Each clutch, gear wheel, level, valve, or switch which is used during the changeover shall be numbered or lettered on a brass plate or painted so that the markings can be recognized at a reasonable distance. The instructions shall indicate each clutch or pin to be "in" or "out" and each valve or switch which is to be "opened" or "closed" in shifting to any means of steering for which the vessel is equipped. Instructions shall be included to line up all steering wheels and rudder amidship before changing gears.
(i) Rudder orders. At all steering stations, there shall be installed a suitable notice on the wheel or device or at such other position as to be directly in the helmsman's line of vision, to indicate the direction in which the wheel or device must be turned for "right rudder" and for “left rudder."
(j) Nautical school ship's name on equipment. All lifeboats, life rafts, life floats, buoyant apparatus, including equipment, also life preservers, life buoys, fire hose, and axes shall be painted or branded with the name of the nautical school ship. SUBPART 167.60—CERTIFICATES OF
INSPECTION $ 167.60-1 Issuance by Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection. (a) Every nautical school ship shall be inspected annually and if in the opinion of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, the nautical school ship can be operated safely, he shall issue a certificate of inspection with the following indorsement:
“Nautical School Ship" in lieu of the classification “Passenger vessel", "cargo vessel", etc.
(b) When a nautical school ship, in the opinion of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, may be navigated on the waters of any ocean or the Gulf of Mexico more than 20 nautical miles offshore, the route shall be designated on certificate of inspection as “Ocean".
(c) When a nautical school ship, in the opinion of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, may be navigated on the waters of any ocean or the Gulf of Mexico 20 nautical miles or less offshore, the route shall be designated on the certificate of inspection as “Coastwise".
$ 167.60–5 Period of time for which valid. A certificate of inspection for any period less than one year shall not be issued, but nothing herein shall be construed as preventing the revocation or suspension of a certificate of inspection in case such process is authorized by law.
$ 167.60–10 Exhibition of certificate of inspection. On every nautical school ship, the original certificate of inspection shall be framed under glass and posted in a conspicuous place.
$ 167.60–15 Persons allowed to be carried. In view of the fact that nautical school ships normally are not merchant vessels of the United States and are, therefore, not documented, manning requirements shall not be stated in the certificate of inspection. The certificate of inspection shall show the total number of persons allowed to be carried. This total shall be based on the total capacity of the vessel's lifeboats. SUBPART 167.65—-SPECIAL OPERATING
REQUIREMENTS § 167.65–1 Station bills, drills, and log book entries-(a) Station bills and muster lists. It shall be the duty of the master of every nautical school ship to cause station bills and muster lists to be prepared before the nautical school ship sails, which shall be signed by the master who shall be responsible for their preparation. The station bills and muster lists shall be posted in conspicuous places in several parts of the nautical school ship, particularly in the quarters, and must contain full particulars of the signals which will be used for calling all persons to their stations for emergency duties. Special duties shall be allotted to each person and the muster lists shall
show all these special duties and indicate the station to which each man must go and the duties he has to perform. The special duties should, as far as possible, be comparable to the regular work of the individual. When practicable, several members of the crew shall be designated as an emergency squad and required to report to the bridge with certain equipment for instructions. The duties provided for by the muster lists should include:
(1) The closing of airports, watertight doors, fire doors, and fire screens, the covers and all valves of all scuppers, sanitary and other discharges which lead through the ship's hull below the margin line, and stopping the fans and ventilating systems.
(2) The extinction of fire.
(3) The equipment of boats, rafts, and buoyant apparatus and their preparation for launching.
(4) The muster of all persons aboard.
(b) Emergency signals—(1) Fire alarm signals. (i) The general fire alarm signal shall be a continuous rapid ringing of the ship's bell for a period not less than 10 seconds supplemented by the continuous ringing of the general alarm bells for not less than 10 seconds.
(ii) For dismissal from fire-alarm stations, the general alarm bells shall be sounded three times, supplemented by three short blasts of the whistle.
(2) Boat station or boat drill signals. (i) The signal for boat drill or boat stations shall be more than six short blasts and one long blast of the whistle, supplemented by the same signal on the general alarm bells.
(ii) Where whistle signals are used for handling boats, they shall be as follows:
(a) To lower boats, one short blast of the whistle.
(b) To stop lowering the boats, two short blasts of the whistle.
(C) For dismissal from boat stations, three short blasts of the whistle.
(3) Other emergency signals. The master of any vessel may establish such other emergency signal, in addition to the above, so that all persons will have positive and certain notice of the existing emergency. The signals used for the assembly of the emergency squad should not conflict with the navigational signals or the signals used for a general alarm.
(c) Drills, tests, and inspection. (1) It shall be the duty of the master or the mate or officer in command, once at least in each week, to call all hands to quarters and exercise them, weather permitting, in the unlashing and swinging out of the lifeboats, the closing of all hand or power-operated watertight doors which are in use at sea, closing all fire doors and fire screens, the use of fire pumps and all other apparatus for the safety of life on board of such vessels, with special regard for the drill of the crew in the method of adjusting life preservers and educating others in this procedure, and to see that all the equipments required by law are in complete working order for immediate use; the fact of exercise of the crew, as herein contemplated, shall be entered in the log book.
(2) The requirements relating to fire and boat drills contemplate that such drills shall be conducted precisely as though an emergency existed. To accomplish the purpose of this section, lifeboat covers and strongbacks shall be removed, plugs or caps put in place, boat ladders secured in position for use, painters carried forward and tended so as to provide a good lead and slack to hold the boat in position under the davits when in the water. The person in charge of each lifeboat or life raft should have a list of its crew and should see that the men under his orders are acquainted with their several duties. The hand pumps and fire pumps shall be operated long enough and a sufficient number of outlets used to insure that such equipment is in order and effectual. The motor and the hand-operated propeller gear of each lifeboat shall be operated for a period of not less than 5 minutes once at least in every 7 days, in order that it may be ready for service at any time. Such operation shall be a part of the lifeboat drill and the fact of such operation shall be made a part of the report of such drill. When emergency breathing apparatus, such as gas masks, or other special equipment is carried, certain members of the crew shall be trained in the use of the equipment.
(d) Log book entries. The entries in the log book relating to the exercise of the crew in fire and boat drills shall state the day of the month and the hour when so exercised, length of time of the drill, number on the boats swung out, number of lengths of hose used, together with a statement of the condition of all fire and lifesaving apparatus, watertight door mechanism, valves, etc.
$ 167.65-5 Flashing the rays of a searchlight or other blinding light. Flashing the rays of a searchlight or other blinding ght onto the bridge or into the pilothouse of any vessel under way is prohibited.
§ 167.65–10 Unauthorized lights. Any master or pilot of a nautical school ship shall not authorize or permit the carrying of any light, electric or otherwise, not required by law that in any way will interfere with distinguishing the lights required to be carried.
§ 167.65–15 Routing instructions; strict compliance with. Due to existing mine field dangers, all masters, officers, and seamen on nautical school ships shall comply strictly with the routing instructions issued by competent naval authority. Nothing herein shall be construed as relieving the master of the responsibility for the safety of his nautical school ship.
$ 167.65-20 Unnecessary whistling. Unnecessary sounding of a nautical school ship's whistle is prohibited within any harbor limits of the United States.
$ 167.65-25 Steering gear tests. On all nautical school ships making voyages of more than 48 hours' duration, the entire steering gear, the whistle, the means of communication and the signaling appliances between the bridge or pilothouse and engine room shall be examined and tested by an oficer of the nautical school ship within a period of not more than 12 hours before leaving port. All nautical school ships making voyages of less than 48 hours' duration shall be so examined and tested at least once in every week. The fact and time of such examination and test shall be recorded in the log book.
§ 167.65–30 Steering orders. (a) “Right rudder' shall be given only when it is intended that the wheel, the rudder blade, and the head of the nautical school ship should go to the right.
(b) “Left rudder" shall be given only when it is intended that the wheel, the rudder blade, and the head of the nautical school ship should go to the left.
(c) Where rudder indicators are provided, they shall be installed consistent with the foregoing.
$ 167.65-40 Draft. The master of every nautical school ship over 50 gross tons shall, whenever leaving port, enter the maximum draft of his nautical school ship in the log book.
$ 167.65-45 Notice to mariners; aids to navigation. (a) Officers are required to acquaint themselves with the latest information published by the Coast Guard and the United States Navy regarding aids to navigation, and neglect to do so is evidence of neglect of duty. It is desirable that nautical school ships navigating oceans and coastwise and Great Lakes waters shall have available in the pilothouse for convenient reference at all times a file of the applicable Notice to Mariners. All nautical school ships shall have charts of the waters on which they operate available for convenient reference at all times.
(b) Notice to Mariners published weekly by the Coast Guard which contains announcements and information regarding aids to navigation and charts of waters of the United States is available for free distribution at the following places: Field offices of the Coast Guard; United States Coast and Geodetic Survey field stations; and the Marine Division, Customhouse. Notice to Mariners published weekly by the United States Navy for the correction of charts, sailing directions, light lists and other publications, and which includes foreign waters and certain waters of the United States, is available for free distribution at the Hydrographic Office, Branch Hydrographic Offices, or any of the agencies of seaboard ports, and is also on file in the United States consulates where they may be inspected.
§ 167.65-50 Posting placards containing instructions for use of breeches buoy. A placard containing instructions for the use of breeches buoy gear, Form CG 811, shall be posted in the pilothouse, engine room, and in the seamen's, firemen's, and stewards' departments of every nautical school ship.
§ 167.65-60 Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer. It shall be the duty of an engineer when he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a nautical school ship to examine the same forthwith and thoroughly, and if he finds any part thereof in bad condition, he shall immediately report the facts to the master, owner, or agent, and to the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, of the district, who shall thereupon investigate the matter and take such actions as may be necessary.
$ 167.65-65 Notice of casualty and doyage records. (a) The owner, agent, master, or person in charge of a nautical school ship involved in a marine casualty shall give notice as soon as possible to the nearest marine inspection office of the U. S. Coast Guard whenever the casualty results in any of the following:
(1) Damage to property in excess of $1,500.
(2) Material damage affecting the seaworthiness or efficiency of a vessel.
(3) Stranding or grounding.
(5) Injury causing any persons to remain incapacitated for a period in excess of 72 hours.
(b) The notice required by paragraph (a) of this section shall show the name and official number (if any) of the nautical school ship involved, the owner or agent thereof, the nature and probable cause of the casualty, the locality in which it occurred, the nature and extent of injury to persons and the damage to property.
(c) In addition to the notice required by paragraph (a) of this section, the person in charge of the nautical school ship shall, as soon as possible, report in writing and in person to the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, at the port in which the casualty occurred or nearest the port of first arrival: Provided, That when from distance it may be inconvenient to report in person it may be done in writing only. The wi en report required for personal accident not involving death shall be made on Form CG 924E and for all other marine casualties or accidents the written report shall be made on Form CG 2692.
NOTE: If filed without delay these forms may also provide the notice required by paragraph (a) of this section.
(d) The owner, agent, master, or other person in charge of any nautical school ship involved in a marine casualty shall retain such voyage records of the nautical school ship that are maintained, such as both rough and smooth deck and engine room logs, bell books, navigation charts, navigation work books, compass deviation cards, gyrocompass records, stowage plans, record of draft, aids to mariners, radiograms sent and received, the radio log, and lists of persons aboard.
The owner, agent, master, or other officer in charge, shall make these records available to a duly authorized Coast Guard officer or employee for examination upon request.
(e) Whenever a nautical school ship collides with a lightship, buoy, or other aid to navigation under the jurisdiction of the Coast Guard, or is connected with any such collision, it shall be the duty of the person in charge of such nautical school ship to report the accident to the nearest Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection. No report on Form CG 2692 is required unless one of the results listed in paragraph (a) of this section occurs.
$ 167.65-70 Reports of accidents, repairs, and unsafe boilers and machinery by engineers. (a) Before making repairs to a boiler of a nautical school ship the engineer in charge shall report, in writing, the nature of such repairs to the nearest Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, where such repairs are to be made.
(b) And it shall be the duty of all engineers when an accident occurs to the boilers or machinery in their charge tending to render the further use of such boilers or machinery unsafe until repairs are made, or when, by reason of ordinary wear, such boilers or machinery have become unsafe, to report the same to the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, immediately upon the arrival of the nautical school ship at the first port reached subsequent to the accident, or after the discovery of such unsafe condition by said engineer.
Part 168—Civilian Nautical
Subpart 168.01-Authority and Purpose Sec. 168.01-1 Purpose of regulations. 168.01-5 Assignment of functions. 168.01-10 Authority for regulations.
Subpart 168.05—General Requirements 168.05-1 Application of passenger vessel in
spection laws. 168.05-5 Application of passenger vessel in
spection regulations. Subpart 168.10-Definitions of Terms Used in
this Part 168.10-1 Vessel. 168.10-5 Civilian nautical school.
Subpart 168.15-Accommodations 168.15-1 Intent. 168.15--5 Location
AUTHORITY: $$ 168.01-1 to 168.15-60 issued under sec. 3, 54 Stat. 347, as amended; 46 U.S. C. 1333. Interpret or apply E. O. 10402, 17 F. R. 9917, 3 CFR, 1952 Supp.
SOURCE: $$ 168.01-1 to 168.15-60 contained in CGFR 52-43, 17 F. R. 9543, Oct. 18, 1952. SUBPART 168.01-AUTHORITY AND PURPOSE
$ 168.01-1 Purpose of regulations. (a) The purpose of the regulations in this part is to set forth uniform minimum requirements for vessels, whether being navigated or not, which are used by or in connection with any civilian nautical school, except vessels of the Navy or Coast Guard.
§ 168.01–5 Assignment of functions. (a) By Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1946, effective July 16, 1946 (3 CFR, 1946 Supp.), the marine inspection functions of the former Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation and its officers and employees were transferred to the Commandant, United States Coast Guard. By Reorganization Plan No. 26 of 1950, effective July 31, 1950 (3 CFR, 1950 Supp., the functions formerly vested in the Commandant, United States Coast Guard were transferred to the Secretary of the Treasury with certain specified exceptions. The Secretary of the Treasury by an order dated July 31, 1950 (15 F. R. 6521), delegated to the Commandant the functions formerly performed by him under Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1946.
$ 168.01-10 Authority for regulations. (a) The authority to prescribe regulations is in section 3 of the act of June 12, 1940, as amended (sec. 3, 54 Stat. 346, 46 U. S. C. 1333). SUBPART 168.05-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
$ 168.05-1 Application of passenger vessel inspection laws. (a) All laws covering the inspection of passenger vessels are hereby made applicable to all vessels or other floating equipment used by or in connection with any civilian nautical school, whether such vessels or other
floating equipment are being navigated or not, except vessels of the Navy or Coast Guard.
$ 168.05–5 Application of passenger vessel inspection regulations. (a) Where the requirements are not covered specifically in this part, all the regulations applying to passenger vessels in Subchapter E (Load Lines), F (Marine Engineering), H (Passenger Vessels), J (Electrical Engineering), P (Manning), and Q (Specifications) are hereby made applicable to all vessels or other floating equipment used by or in connection with any civilian nautical school, whether such vessels or other floating equipment are being navigated or not, except vessels of the Navy or Coast Guard. SUBPART 168.10-DEFINITIONS OF TERMS USED
IN THIS PART $ 168.10-1 Vessel. (a) The term "vessel" means any vessel, whether being navigated or not, which is used by or in connection with any civilian nautical school, except vessels of the Navy or Coast Guard.
$ 168.10–5 Civilian nautical school. (a) The term “civilian nautical school" means any school or branch thereof operated and conducted in the United States (except State nautical schools and schools operated by the United States or any agency thereof) which offers to persons quartered on board any vessel instruction for the primary purpose of training for service in the merchant marine.
SUBPART 168.15-ACCOMMODATIONS $ 168.15–1 Intent. (a) It is the intent of this subpart to provide minimum standards for the size, ventilation, plumbing, and sanitation of quarters assigned to the members of the crew, passengers, cadets, students, instructors, or any other persons at any time quartered on board any such vessel.
§ 168.15-5 Location. (a) Quarters shall be located so that suficient fresh air and light are obtainable compatible with accepted practice or good arrangement and construction.
(b) Quarters shall not be located forward of the collision bulkhead, nor shall such section or sections of any deck occupied by quarters be below the deepest load line except in special cases which may be approved by the Commandant, U. S. Coast Guard.