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Install water distillation and distribution systems, Tinang, Philippines Relay Station.



Increase power of SSB transmitters, Kavala Relay Station.



Provide safety enclosure for parts-cleaning area in power plant, Liberia Relay Station.


Replace incandescent lighting with fluorescents, all sites, Greenville Relay Station.


Extend antenna field roads, Rhodes Relay Station...


Provide additional residual oil centrifuge for power plant, Tangier Relay Station.


Replace phase sampling lines for medium wave antenna system, Kavala Relay Station.



Provide new spare engine base for Enterprise diesel units, Tangier Relay Station.



Provide 250 KW emergency generators, Dixon, Delano and Bethany Relay Stations



Install RCA stand-by receivers, Marathon Relay Station (installation only).


Replace accoustical treatment in receiver building, Munich Relay Station.



Install automatic switchgear for emergency diesel power, Marathon Relay Station.



Rehabilitate water treatment system, Munich Relay Station.


Rebuild rectifier stacks removed from Hughes transmitters, for system use.


Replace air conditioners in transmitter vans, Marathon Relay Station.










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The following extraordinary improvement items are required in addition to the normal level of major improvement and replacement projects presented on preceding pages.

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Many items of technical equipment in the old studios (1954) of the Washington Plant are obsolete in terms of performance standards and flexibility for providing essential services required under present operating conditions. A wide range of equipment items in the studios and the tape duplication room need to be rebuilt or replaced; the air conditioning in the latter facility requires rebuilding. Tube-type amplifiers throughout the plant should be replaced with transistorized equipment, to eliminate tube replacement costs and to reduce maintenance and heat load problems. A new house monitoring and program distribution system is required to replace the existing hybrid system, and to consolidate all monitoring and recording feeds into one system.

Augmentation of Power Generating Facilities, Rhodes Relay Station.



The present generating capacity at the Rhodes Relay Station is extremely marginal. Consequently, when one of the two 932 KW diesel generators is out of service for overhaul or maintenance, the available generating capacity is reduced below that required for the transmitter load. This means that the transmitter power has to be reduced accordingly. To remedy this situation, which curtails the effectiveness of the program transmission, an additional large generator (1,250 KW) is required, which can be installed in the present power building.

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Mr. SLACK. You are requesting for fiscal year 1977 the amount of $2,142,000. That is a decrease of $7,993,000 from the appropriation for the current year. How much has been appropriated to date for the East Asia Radio Project ?

Mr. SILVERMAN. To date, sir, the appropriation totals $6,840,000 for the East Asia project in fiscal 1976.

Mr. SLACK. What is the status of authorization of that project?

Mr. SILVERMAN. The Senate, when it passed our authorization bill for 1976, last November, approved the full amount for that project. The bill recently reported by the House International Relations Committee, H.R. 11598, disallows funds for that project, Mr. Chairman. So no authorizing legislation has yet been enacted which includes funds for that project.



Mr. SLACK. Has any thought been given or any discussion been held on sharing the transmitting facilities with Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty?

Mr. KEOGH. Yes, sir, Mr. Chairman, we have discussed that question very intensely. We are at this time working with the Board of International Broadcasting on a contingency plan, in case there should be an interruption of service. This contingency plan would try to work out a situation in which there could be some joint use of facilities. However, I must say that we have many concerns about this. The missions of the radio operations are quite different. Radio Liberty and Radio Free Europe attempt to be a substitute for a free press in the societies into which they broadcast. The Voice of America is an international news medium and a broadcasting enterprise that reports about the United States, tells the rest of the world about the United States. So the missions are quite different. We feel for that reason the operations should be kept as distinct and as separate as possible.

There is another matter of the sensitivities of the host countries. How will the host countries where we have facilities react to any use of these facilities by these other radio operations ? These are issues we have raised. We feel they need and will continue to need serious consideration at very high levels.

Mr. Slack. Feel free to expand on this more if you care to.

Mr. Keogh. There is another problem that should be noted. The Voice of America does not have excess transmitting capacity during desirable broadcasting hours. In fact, VOA has a serious deficiency of capacity. Our concern is that use of VOA transmitting facilities by other radios would necessarily reduce the VOA capacity. As responsible managers of VOA, we do not want to see its capability damaged.

Mr. SLACK. Very good.

If there are no further questions, we thank you, Mr. Keogh, Mr. Silverman, Mr. Kopp, for your appearance before the committee this morning.


Mr. KEOGH. May I add just one or two comments!

With regard to Bangkok and the regional nature of any activities there, I should mention we have there a regional librarian who is simply based there because it is central. That librarian goes out to assist libraries in other countries in that part of the world. We do this elsewhere. We base a regional librarian in a central location and he will go

out and assist in other countries. With regard to Indonesia, we should mention that in addition to our operations in Jakarta we have branch operations and binational centers in Surabaya and Medan.

Mr. Slack. Very well. Thank you, very much. .


Abshire, Hon. D. M. Bakke, K. E.Bamberger, E. C., Jr. Bell, J. R.. Bradley, D. J-Brunner, D. JCaraver, H. S. Chase, Goodwin. Corbett, A. H.-. Cramton, Dean R. CDent, Hon. F. B. Ehrlich, Thomas. Eisenbud, Robert. Garland, A. H. Garside, J. E.. Gidley, B. F. Hackett, J. T Hofman, R. J. Holmberg, Bruce. Holmquist, R. C. Houston, N. B.. Hull, R. E.Ikle, F. C.-Keogh, James. Kobelinski, M. P. Koch, Hon. E. I.. Корр, Е. Р. Lambert, D. M. F. Laun, L. F. Lenches, Dr. GeorgeLinowes, D. F. Malone, J. L-Masterson, F. T. Mattingly, R. M.. McClellan, W. D. Mickelson, Sig Mills, H. T. Oberbillig, R. CParsons, C. W. Quinn, Hon. T. H. Roberts, W. RSasser, J. F. Scheffer, V. B... Silverman, S. M.. Stophel, G. C--Twiss, J. R., Jr.Updegrove, E. D.


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