Society, State, and Urbanism: Ibn Khaldun's Sociological Thought

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SUNY Press, Jul 8, 1988 - Social Science - 175 pages
Ilm al- umran is ...an independent science. This science has its own peculiar object that is, human civilization and social organization. The discussion of this topic is something new, extraordinary, and highly useful. Penetrating research has shown the way to it. Ibn Khaldun

This book probes the nature, scope, and methods of ilm al- umran, the new science of human social organization, as it is developed in Ibn Khaldun s 14th-century masterpiece, the Mugaddimah. It explores his ideas and observations on society, culture, socialization, social control, the state, asabiyah (social solidarity), history as a cyclical movement, urbanization, and the typology of badawa (primitive life) and hadara (civilized life or urbanism).

Through a comparative perspective, this study illustrates that Khaldun s ideas about society have conceptually preceded those of Machiavelli, Vico, and Turgot, as well as those of Montesqueau, Comte, Durkheim, Gumplowicz, Spengler, Tonnies, and even Marx. Society, State, and Urbanism demonstrates that Ibn Khaldun s thought is relevant to contemporary sociological theory, and that his very language differs little from that of classical and modern sociologists.
 

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Contents

The Man and His Background
1
II Ibn Khalduns Work
5
The New Science Ilm alUmran
11
I Ibn Khalduns New Science
13
Convergencies and Divergencies
21
Society Culture and Socialization
27
Sui generis
28
II Culture
33
The Cyclical Pattern History as a Cycle
69
Ibn Khaldun and Other Social Thinkers
75
Urbanization and Urbanism as a Mode of Life
83
Requirements for Town Planning
84
Size and Density
85
II Urbanism as a Way of Life
87
Ibn Khaldun and Other Writers
90
The Khaldunian Typology
95

III Socialization Process
35
IV Social Control
40
Asabiyah Social Solidarity
43
The Rise and Decline of the State
53
Qualities of Rulership
55
Factors for the Decline of the State
59
Ibn Khaldun and Other Social Thinkers
63
II Relation to Other Typologies
102
Summary and Conclusion
107
Notes
115
Bibliography
157
Index
169
Copyright

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About the author (1988)

Dr. Fuad Baali is Professor of Sociology at Western Kentucky University in Bowling Green.

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