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Civil Service League, accompanied by Rocco Siciliano, member,
Gleason, Hon. John S., Jr., Administrator of Veterans' Affairs ---
the American Nurses Association, New York City, accompained by
Miss Julia C. Thompson, Washington representative..
Macy, Hon. John W., Jr., Chairman, Civil Service Commission.
ciation, accompanied by Max Jordan, vice president, John Emeigh,
May, Hon. Catherine, of Washington, letters from Eugene N. Bowling,
Eugene C. Weber, postmaster, and Everett Ganzman, president,
Nelsen, Hon. Ancher, letter presented for the record from Rod Starz,
zation Conservation County Office Employees, Marks, Miss.,
Perkins, Hon. Carl D., of Kentucky-
tion of Postmasters, accompanied by Roy North, legislative repre-
Rosenthal, Hon. Benjamin S., of New York..
accompanied by Charles R. Braxton, administrative assistant,
Staats, Hon. Elmer E., Deputy Director, Bureau of the Budget
Engineers, AFL/CIÓ, accompanied by Max Shine, Federal employee
representative, American Federation of Technical Engineers - - 592
Vaughn, William T., president, National League of Postmasters,
accompanied by Francis Davenport, editor, Postmaster's Advocate 603
Space Administration, accompanied by Albert F. Siepert, Director,
REVISION OF MAJOR FEDERAL STATUTORY SALARY
THURSDAY, MAY 3, 1962
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Some members have called to say they would be a few minutes late but we will go ahead for the sake of saving the members' time and start the hearings now. I am certain the other members will be here shortly.
This morning the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service will commence hearings on a number of bills which are pending before the committee providing necessary and justified increases in compensation for Federal employees. These bills relate to postal field service employees, classified employees, Foreign Service employees, and other employees in the executive branch of the Government, as well as employees of the judicial and legislative branches of the Government.
A number of independent surveys have demonstrated the need for the enactment of pay increase legislation. For example, when President Kennedy recommended salary increases for Federal employees on February 20, 1962, he stated :
Too many Federal employees are underpaid in proportion to their responsibilities. Too many receive smaller salaries than are paid by many private industries, and even by many States and local governments, for less responsible work. Too many top-grade or supervisory Federal employees are paid little more, and sometimes even less than their subordinates. Too many key career employees are unable to afford continued public service.
Surveys conducted in a number of our States show that janitors, streetcleaners, and custodial employees in private industry are paid more than clerks and carriers in the postal field service.
Many higher paid Federal employees would obtain greater salaries if they were employed by the States, say for example, of Georgia, Ohio, New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Michigan, or California.
Over the years in the postal field service and under the Classification Act we have seen a severe compression between the top and the bottom salary levels. The 8.8 to 1 and the 12 to 1 ratio between the highest and the lowest salaries in the Classification Act and postal field service
grades existing prior to World War II has shrunk to ratios of less than 6 to 1, thus making it impossible as the President statedto offer pay increases consistent with the added responsibilities of grade-to-grade promotions or to offer an appropriate range of incentives within a particular grade.
All of this information plus supporting evidence will be developed during the hearings by representatives of postal and Federal employee organizations and top officials in the executive branch of our Government as well as by many Members of Congress and other witnesses.
It is my earnest hope that the committee's decision in connection with this matter will not be based upon a predetermined dollar
amount which has been theoretically set aside for pay increases. With the vast responsibilities of our Federal Government in these perilous times and the reliance upon our Federal employees for the safety, security, and efficiency of our Federal Government, we cannot afford less than the best possible treatment for our Government employees. The tremendous sums of Federal funds which are under their control and direction and the fearful responsibilities which they exercise from day to day lead me to the conclusion that we must pay our dedicated and loyal Federal employees adequate compensation. In these enlightened times, it should not be necessary for any full-time Federal employee to hold two jobs in order to support himself or herself and his or her family.
We are pleased to have as the first witness at the hearing this morning the Chairman of the U.S. Civil Service Commission, Hon. John Macy, who in my opinion is a very dedicated and brilliant Federal official.
May I suggest that the witness be allowed to complete his prepared statement before the members proceed to ask their questions.
Mr. Macy, will you proceed. STATEMENT OF JOHN W. MACY, JR., CHAIRMAN, CIVIL SERVICE
COMMISSION, ACCOMPANIED BY 0. GLENN STAHL, DIRECTOR, BUREAU OF PROGRAM AND STANDARDS, CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION
Mr. Macy. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
With your permission I would like to have Mr. 0. Glenn Stahl, Director of the Bureau of Program and Standards, accompany me this morning in order to answer any questions that may come up.
Mr. MORRISON. Certainly. And, if you would permit me, before you proceed, to make an additional statement. With the approval of the committee I should like for the record to show that a number of pay increase bills have been introduced by members of this committee which will be given consideration during these hearings. Among these bills are the following: H.R. 10480 by Chairman Murray; H.R. 10908 by Mr. Davis; H.R. 9537 and H.R. 9840 by Mrs. Granahan; H.R. 9535 by Mr. Dulski; H.R. 9543 and H.R. 9651 by Mr. Olsen; H.R. 9615 by Mr. Addabbo; H.R. 9616 by Mr. Daniels; H.R. 9661 and H.R. 9762 by Mr. Broyhill; H.R. 10435 and H.R. 10436 by Mr. Barry; H.R. 750 by Mrs. St. George; H.R. 9531, H.R. 9740, and H.R. 9935 introduced by myself.