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to renounce their abominable practice of bread and cheuse with beer; and they procured, like me, from a neighbouring house, a good basıl of warm gruel, in which was a small slice of butter, with toaster bread and nutmey. This was a much better break. fast. which did not cost more than a pint of beer, namely, three-halfpence, and at the same time pra. served the head clearer. Those who continued to gorge theinselves with beer, often lost their credit with the publican, from neglecting to pay their score. They had then recourse to me, to become security for them; Cheir light, as they used to call it, being out. I altended at the pay-table every Saturday evening, to take
up the litile sum which I had made myself answerahle for; and which sometimes amounted to nearly thirty shillings a week.
This circunstance, added to my reputation of bee lag a tolerable good gabber, or, in other words, skilful in the art of burlesque, kept up my importance in the chapel. I had besides recommended myselí to the esteem of my mazer by iny assiduous application to business, never observing Saint Murday. My extraordinary quickness in cornposing always procured me such work as was most uryent, and which is com monly best paid; and thus my time passed away ip a very plaasant manner.
My lodging in Little Britain being too far from the printing-house, I took another in Duke-strect, oppo. site the Roman Catholic chapel. It was at the back of an Italian warehouse. The house was kept by a widow, who had a daughter, a servant, and a shopboy; but the latter slept out of the house. After sending to the people with whom I lodgedt in Little Britain, to inquire into my character, she agreed to take me in at the same price, three and sixpence a weck; contenting herself, she said, with so little, because of the secu, ity she should clerirc, as they were all women, froin having a man lodger in the house.
She was a woman rather advanced in life, the daughter of a clergyınan. She had beer: educated a Protestant; but ler husband, whose memory sho bighly revered, bad converter her to the Catholic reBicon. She has lived in habits of intimacy with
persons of distinction; of whom she knew various Anecdoies as far back as the time of Charles Il. Bc. ing subject to fits of the gout, wirich often confined her to her room, she was soinetimes disposed to sce company. Her's was so amusing to me, that I was glad to pass the evening witli her as often as she de sired it. Our supper cousisted only of half an aide chovy a-piece, upon a slice of bread and butter, with lia!f a pint of ale between us. But the entertainment was in her conversation.
The ca.ly hours I kept, and the little trouble I 00 casioned in the family, made her leth to part with me; and when I mentioned another ludging I had foundl, nearer the printing-liouše, at 10 shillings a week, which fell in with my plan of saving, she pers buaded me to give it up, making herself an abatemens of two shillings: and in!1s I continued to lodge with her, during the reinainder of my abode in London, at eighteen-pence a week.
In a garret of tne house there lived, in a snost retired inariner, a lady, seventy years of age, of whom I received the following account from my landlady. She was a Poman Catholic. In her early years she bail been sent to the contirent, and entered a conrens with the design of becoming a num; but the climate not agreeing with lier constitution, she was obliged to return to England, where, as iliere were no monasteries, she trade a vow to lead a niopastic iise, in as rigid a manner as circunstances would permit. She accordingly disposed of all her property to be applied to charitable uses; reserving to herself only twelvé pounds a year: and of this sınall pit:ance she gave a part 10 the poor, living on watergruel, and never inaking rise of fire but to boil it. Slie had lived in this garrel a great many years, without paying rent to the successive Catholic inliabita its thai nail kepi the house; who indeed considered her abode with them as a blessing. A miest came every day to confess her. "I have asked hier," said iny landlady, “how, living as she diil, she cound find so much em. ployment for a confessor? To which she answerella that it was impossible to avoid vaiu thoughts." I was unice pernitied to visit her. She was chocr.
ful and polite, and her conversation agreeab:e. Her apartment was neat; but the whole furniture consisted of a mattress, a table, on which was a crucifix and a book, a chair, which she gave me to sit on, and over the mantlepicce a picture of St. Veronica displaying her handkerchief, on which was seen ihe miraculous impression of the face of Christ, which she explained to me with great gravity. Her countenance was pale, but she had never experiez ced sicknes; and I may adduce her as another proof low litile ia si:fficient tú maintain life and health.
At the printing-hruse, I contracted an intimacy with a sensible young man of the name of Wygate, who, as his parents were in good circumstances, had received a better educatiou than is common ariong printers. He was a toleravle Latin scholar, spoke French fuently, and was ford of reading. I taught vin, as well as a friend or his, to swim, by taking heni iwice oniy into the river ; after which they stood in need of no farther assistance. We one day made a party to go by water 19 Chelsea, in order to see the College, and Don Soltero's curiosities. On our return, at the request of the company, whose cu. riosity Wygate had excited, I undressed myself, and leaped into the river. I swanı from near Chelsea the whole way to Black-friars-bridge, exhibiting, during my course, a variety of tears of activity and address, both upon the surface of the water, as well as under it. This sight occasioncı much astonishment and pleasure tu those to whom it was new. In my youth I took great delight in this exercise. I knew, and could execute, ali the evolutions and positions of Theveno“; and I added to them some of my own nvention, in which I endeavoured to unite graceful ness and utility. I took a pleasure in displaying them all on this occasion, and was highly flattered with the admiration thev excited.
Wygate, besides his beirg desirous of perfecting himseif in this ar was the more attached to me from there being, in other repects, a conformity in ous tastes and studies. He at length proposed to nie tu inake the tour of Europe with himn, maintaining our selves at the sanie tinue by working at nur prosessiuth.
61 vas on the point of consenting, when I mentioned À lo my friend, Mr. Denham, with whom I was glad e pass an hour whenever I had leisure. He disa nisded me fruin the s-oject, and advised me to think of retuming to Philadelphia, which he was about in do himself. I must relate iri this place a trait of this worth, v man's character.
He had forineriy been in business at Bristu. but failing, he compounded with his creditors, and de parted sor America, where, by assiduous applicatios is a inerchant, he acquired in a few years a very considerable fortune. Returning to England in the same vessel with myseif, as I have related above, le invited all his old creditors to a feast. When asseinbled, he tharked them for the readis.ess with which they had received his small corposition; and, while they expected nothing more than a simple entertain. ment, each found unsler his plate, when it came to bo removed, a dra't upon a banker for the residue of his debt, with interest.
He told me that it was his intention to carry back with him to Phila, telphia, a great quantity of goouls, in order to open a etore; and he offered to take ire with him in the ca, 'acity of clerk, to keep his books, in which he woul:t instruct rre, copy letters, and su. perintend the store. He arideid, that as soon as I had acquired a knowledgr of mercantila transactions, he would improve my sitration, by sending me with a cargo of corn und flour to the American islands, and by procuring me other lucrative commissions ; su iliot, with good managemen! an:l economy, 1 inight in tuno begin husiness with advantage fos myself.
i relished these proposals London began to tire me; the agrecable hours I had passed at Philadelphin presented themseives to my binu, and I wished to sce them revive. I conseque.'tly engaged nyseif to Mr. Denhani, at a salary of fifty pounds a year. This was indeed less than I earred as a compositor, bus then I had a much fairer prospect. I took leave, therefore, as I believed for ever, of printing, and gave myself up to my new occupation, spending all my tine cither in going from house to house with Mi. Deuhan to purchase goods, or in packing the run
or in espediting the workmen, &c. &c. When every thing, however, was on board, I had at last a few days leisure.
During this interval, I was one day sent for by a genilenian, whom I knew only by wanie. It was Sir William Wyndhani. I went to his house. He had by scrie means heard of any performances between Chelsea and Blackfriars, and that I had taught the ar swimming to Wygate and another young mani in the course of a few hours. His two sons were on the puint of setting out on their travels; lie was de. sirous that they should previously learn to swiin, and offeröd me a very liberal reward if I would undertake to instruct them. They were not yet arrived in town, and the stay I should make was uncertain ; I could not therefore accept his proposal. I was led, how, ever, to suppose from this incident, that if I had wished to remain in London, and open a swimming school, I should perhaps have gained a great cival of money. The idea struck me so forcibiy, that, had the ofícı been made sooner, I should have dismissed the thought of returning as yet to Anierica. Some years after, you and I liad a more important business io settle wiin one of the sons of Sir William Wynd. ham, then Lord Egremont. But let us not anticipate events.
I thus passed al'out eighteen months in London, working almost without intermission at my trade, avoiding all expense on my own account, except go. ing now and then to the play, and purchasing a few books. But my friend Ralpi kept me poor. He owed me about twenty-seven pounds, which was so much money lost, and when considered as taken from my Lale savings, was a very great sum. I had, potwith. randing this, a regard for liin, as he possessed many amiale qualities. But though I had done nothing for myself in point of fortune, 1 had increased iny stork of knowlerige, either by the many excellent books i rad read, or the conversation of learned and uterary persons with whum I was acquainted.
We sailed from Gravesend on the 23. of July, 1725. Fortie incidents of my voyage I reíer you to my Journal, where you will find all iis circumstances