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play so scurvy a trick, and thus grossly deceive a poor young lad, wholly destitute of experience? It was a practice with him. Wishing to please every body, and having little to bestow, he was lavish of promises. He was, in other respec.is, sensible ard judicious, a very tolerable writer, and a good governor for the people; though not so for the proprietaries, whose instructions he frequently disregarded. Many of our lest law were his work, and established during his administra ion.
Ralph aric! I were inseparable companions. W took a lodging together ar inree and sixpence a week, which was as much as we could afford. He met with some relations in London, but they were poor, and not able to assist him. He now, for the first time, informed me of his intention to remain in England, and that he had no thoughts of ever returning tù Philadelphia.' He was totally without money; the lille lie had been able to raise having barely sufficed for his passage. I had still fifteen pistules remaining; and to me he had froin time wo time recourse, while he tried to get employment.
At first believing hinıself cossessed of talents for the stage, he thought of tuning actor; but Wilkes, to whoix he applied, frankiv advised him to renounce the idea, as it was impossible he could succeed. He uest proposed to Roberts, a buokseller in Paternosler-row, to write a weekly paper in the manner of the Spectator, upon terms to which Roberts would not listen. Lastly, he en leavoured tr) procure employment as a copyist, and applied 20 the lawyers and stationers about the Temipie, but he could find no vacancy.
As to myself, I inmediaiely got engaged at l'almer's, at that time a rioted printer in Bartholomew-close, with whoro I continued nearly a year. I applied very assiduously to my work; but I expendert with Ralph almost ali that I carned. Plays, and other places amusement, which we frequented together, having exhausted my pistoles, we lived after this from hand to mouth. He appeared to have entirely forgotten bis wife and child, as I also, by degrees, forgot my cogagements with Miss Read, 10 when I never wrote mure than one letter, and that merely to infurm her
that I was not likely to return soon. This was an viher grand error of my life, which I should be desir. ous of correcting were i to begin my career again. · I was einployed at Palmer's on the second edition of Woulaston's Religion of Nature. Some of his ar. guments appearing in me not to be well founded, I wrote a small metapnysical treatise, in which I ani madverted on those passages. It was entitled a “Dig. sertation on Liberty and Necessity, Pleasure and Pain
jededicated it to my friend Ralph, and printed a smal namber of copies. Palmer, upon this, treated me with more consideration, and regarded me as a young man
of talents; though he seriously took me to task for the · principles of my pamphlet, which he looked upon as abominable. The printing of this work was another error of my life.
While I loviged in Little Britain, I formed an ac. quaintance with a bookseller of the name of Wilcox, whose shop was next door to me. Circulating lihra. ries were not then in use. He had an inimense col. lection of books of all sorts. We ayreed that, for a reasonable retribution, of which I have now forgotten the price, I should have free access to his library, and take what bouks I pleased, which i was to retum wlien I had read thein. I considered this agreement as a very great advantage; and I derived from it as inuch benefit as was in my power.
My pamphlet falling into the hands of a surgeon, of the name of Lyons, author of a book entitled, “In fallibility of Huinan Judgment," was the occasion uf a considerable intimacy between us. He expressed great esteem for me, came frequently to see me, in order to converse upon metaphysical subjects, and mtroduced me to Dr. Mandeville, author of the Fa ole of the Bees, who had instituted a club at a tavern in Cheapside, of which he was the soul: he was a facetious and very amusing character. He also introduced me, at Batson's coffee-house, to Dr. Pemberton, who promise to give me an opportunity of seeing Sir Isaac Newton, which I very ardently de. sired; but he never kept his word.
I had brought some curiosities with me from Amc. rica; the principal of which was a purse made of the ashestos, which fire only purifies. Sir Hans Sloano hearing of it, called upon me, and invited ne to his house in Bloomsbury-square, where, after showing mo every thing that was curious, he prevailed on ine to add this piece to his collection; for which he paid mo very handsomely.
There lodged in the same house with us a young woman, a milliner, who had a shop by the side of the Exchange. Lively and sensible, and having received an education somewhat above her rark, her conversa. tion was very agreeable. Ralph read pilys to her every evening. They became intiinate. She took another lodging, a..d he followed her. They lived for some time together; hut Ralph being without einploymcnt, she having a child, and the prcfits of her business not sufticing for the inaintenance of three, he resolved to quit London, and try a country school. This was a plan in which he thought himself likely to suca ceed; as he wrote a fine hand, anc. was versed in arithinetic and accounts. Bui considering the office as beneath him, and expecting some day to make a better figure in the world, when he should be ashamed of its being known that he had exercoser a profession so little honourable, he changed his name, and dirl me the honour of assuming minc. He wrote to me, soon after his departure, informning me that he was settled at a small village in Berkeshire. In his letter he recommended Mrs. "T. the milliver, to my care, and requested an answer, directed to Mr. Franklin, schoob master, at N***.
He continued to write to me frequently, sending mo large fragments of an epic poem he was composing, and which ne requested me tu criticise and correct. I did so, but not without endeavouring to prevail on him to renounce this pursuit. Young had just pubo lished one of his Satires. I copied and sent him a great part of it; in which the author demonstrates the folly of cultivating the muses, from he hope. by theis instrumentality, of rising in the world. It was all to no purpose; paper after paper of his poem continued to arrive every post.
Meanwhile Mrs. T*** having lost, on his account, both har friends and business, was frequently in dim
tress. In this dilemma she had recourse to me, and, lo extricate her from her difficilties, 1 lent her all tho money I could sparc. I felt a iittle too much fond. ness for her. Flaving at that time no ties of religion, and, taking advantage of her necessitous situation, I attempted liberties another crror of my life,) which she repelled with becoming indignation. She informed Ralph of my conduct; and the affair occasioned a breach between us. When he returned to London he gave me to understand that he considered all th Olligations he owed me as annihilated by this proceeding; whence I concluded that I was never to ex. pect the payment of what money' had lent him, or advanced on his account. I was the less amicted at chis, as he was wholly unavle to pay me; and as, hy losing his friendship, I was relieved at the same tinio from a very heavy burden.
I now began to think of laying by some money. The printing-house of Watts, near Lincoln's-innfields, being a still more considerable one than that in which I worked, it was probable I might find it more advantageous to be employed there. I offered myself, and was accepted ; and in this house. I conwnued during the remainder of my stay in London.
On my e:trance, I worked at first as a pressman, conceiving that I had need of bodily cxercise, to which I had been accustomed in America, where the printers work alternately as compositors and at the press. 1 urank nothing but water. The other work. men, to the nunoer of about fifty, were great drinkers of beer. I carried, occasionally, a large form of letters in each hand, up and down stairs, while the rest employed both hands to carry oue. They were surprised o see, by this, and many other examples, that the American Aquatic, as they used to call me, was stronger than those who drank purter. The beer boy had sufficient enıployınent during the whole day in serving tha. house alone. My fellow-pressman drank, every day, a pint of beer before breakfast, a pint with bread and cheese for breakfast, one between brưakfast and inner, one at dinner, one again about six o'clock in the afternoon, and another after he had finished his day's work. This custom appeared to me abomina. ole; but he had need, he said, of all this boor, in on der to acquire strength to work.
I endeavoured to convince him that the bodily strength furnished by the beer, could only be in pro. portion to the solid part of the harley diss Ived in the water of which the beer was composed: that there was a larger portion of four in a pemiy lor f, and that consequently if he ate this loaf, and drank a pint of water with it, he would derive more stres.gth from : than froin a pint of beer. This reasoning, however did not prevent him froin drinking his accustomer! quantity of beer, and paying every Saturlay night a score of four or five shillings a-week for tnis cursed beverage; an expense from which I was wholly ex. empt. Thus do these poor devils contir uu all thcis lives in a state of voluntary wretchedness and po verty.
At the end of a few weeks, Watts having occasion for me above stairs as a compositor, I quitted the press. The compositors demanded of nic garnishmoney afresh. This I considered as an imprsitiin, having already paid below. Th? master wis of the same opinion, and desired me not to compdy. I thus reinained two or three weeks out of the fraternity: 1 was consequently looked upon as excomn linicated; and whenever I was absent, no little trick that ma. lice could suggest was left unpractised upon me. I found my letters mixed, my pages transpoad, my matter broken, &c. Ric. a!l whicli was aririluted to the spirit that haunted the chapel,* and commented those that were not regularly admittent. I was at last obliged to submit to pay, notwithstanding the protection of the master; convinced of the folly of not keepng up a good understanding with those umcng whon we are destined to live.
After this I lived in the utmost hamnony with my fellow.labourers, and soon acquired considerable in fluence a.mong thein. I proposed soine alteration in the laws of the chapel, which I carried without cura sition. My example prevailed with several of them
* Printing-houses in general are thus denominated by the workmen The spirit they call by the name of Ralpk.