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self as my master, and treated me as an apprentice. He thought himself entitled to th:e same services from me as from any other person. On the contrary, I conceived that, in many instances, he was 100 rigorous, and that, on the part of a brother, I had a right to expect greater indulgence. Our disputes were frequently brought before my father; and either my brother was generally in the wrong, or I was the better pleader of the two, for judgment was commonly given in my favour. But my brother was passionate, and often had recourse to blows, a circumstance which I took in very ill part. This severe and tyrannical treatment contributed, I believe, to imprint on my mind that aversion to arbitrary power, which, during my whole life, I have ever preserved. My apprenticeship became insupportable to me, and I continually sighed for an opportunity of shortening it, whicb at length unexpectedly offered.
Ån article inserted in our paper, upon some politi. Gal subject which I have now forgotten, gave offence o the Assembly. My brother was taken into custolly, censured, and ordered into confinement for a month, because, i presume, he would not discover the author. I was also taken up, and examined before the council; but, though gave theio no satisfactioli, they contented themselves with reprimanding, and then dismissing me; considering me probably as bonnd, in quality of apprentice, to keep my master's ser els.
The imprisonment of my brother kindled my re. centment, notwithstanding cur private quarrel.. Dur. ing its continuance, the management of th: paper was entrusted to me, and I was boid enough io insert some pasquinades against the governors, which ligh. ý pleased my brother, while others began to look upon me in an unfavourable point of view, considering me as a young wit, inclined to satire and lani poon
My brother's enlargement was accompanied with an arbitary order froin the House of Assembly, "'That James Franklin should no lopger printihe newspaper entitled tne New Enyiand Courant.'»
In this con. juncture, we lield a consultation of our friends at the picting-louse, in order in determine what was to be
ante. Some proposed to evade the order, b, hanging the title of the paper : but my brother forseeing irtconveniences that would result from this step, thought it better that it should in future be printed in the name of Benjamin Franklin; and, to avoid the cen. gure of the Asseinbly, who might charge him with still printing the paper himself, under the name of his apprentice, it was resolved that my old indenture shouid be given up to me, with a full and entire dis charge written on the back, in order to be produce upon an emergency: but that, to secure to my brothe the benefit of my service, I should sign a new contrari, which should he kept secret during the remainder of the term. This was a very shallow arrangement. It was, however, warried into immediate execution, and the paper continued, in consequence, wo make its appearance for some months in my name. A: length a new difference arising between my brother and me, I rentured to take advantage of my liberty, presuming that he would not dare in produce the new con. tract. It was undoubtedly dishu. vahle to avail myself of this circumstance, and I rooikon this action as one of the first entors of my life, but I was little capable of estimating it at its true value, embittered as my mind had beon by the recollection of the blows I had received. Exclusive of his passionate treatment to me, my brother was by no means a man of an ill temper, and perhaps my manners had too much im. pertinence noi to afford it a very natural pretext.
When he knew that it was my determination to qu'r him, he wished to prevent my finding employment elsewhere. He went to all the printing-houses in the town, and prejudiced the nasters against me; who accordingly refused to employ me. The idea then uggested itself to me of going to New York, the wear est town in which there was a printing office. Farther reflection confirmer! me in the design of leaving Bos. ton, where I had already rendered myself an object of suspicion to the governing party. Il was probable, from the arbitary proceedings of the Assembly in the affair of my brother, that, by remaining, I should soon have been exposed to difficulties, which I had the greater reason to apprehend, as, from my indiscreet disputes upon the subject of religion, I began to bo regardal by pious souls, with horror, either as an Apostate or an atheist. I came tierefore to a resolu. lion: but my father, siding with my brother, I pre. sumed that if I attempted to depart openly, measures would be taken to prevent me. My friend Collins urkiertook to favour my flight. He agreed for my pas cage with a captain of a New-York sloop, to whom he represented me as a young man of his acquaintauce, who had an affair with a girl of bad character whose parents wished to colapel me to marry her, and of consequence I could neither make my appearance, nor go off publicly. I sold part of my books to procure a sınall sum of money, and went privately on board the sloop. By favour of a good wind, I found inyself in three days at New-York, nearly three hun. red miles from my home, at the age only of seventeen years, without knowing an individual in the place, and with very little inoney in my pocket.
The inclination I had felt for a sea-faring life was entirely subsided, or I should now have been able to gratify it; but, havir.g another trade, and believing myself to be a tolerable workian, I hesitated not to offer my services to the old Mr. William Eradford, who had been the first prinier iu Pennsylvania, but had quitted the province on account of a quarrel with George Keith, the governor. He could not give me employ. ment hinself, having little to do, and already as many persons as he wanted; but he told me that his son, printer at Philarlelphia, had lately lost his principal workinan, Aquila Rose, who was dead, and that if I would go thither, he believed that he would engage me. Philadelphia was a hundred miles farther. Ite. sitawar! not to embark in a boat in order to repair, by the shortest cut of the sea, to Amboy, leaving my trunk and effects to come after me by the usual and more tedious conveyance. In crossing the bay we met with a squall, which shattered to pieces our rotten sails prevented us from entering the Kill, and threw us up on Long Island
During the squall, a drunken Dutchman, who, like myself, was a passenger in the boat, fell into the sea. As the moment that he was sinking, I seized hiin big
the fore-top, saved him, and drew him on board. This immersion sobered hini a little, so that he fell aslecy. after having taken from his pocket a volume which he requested me to dry. This volume I found to be my old favourite work, Bunyan's Pilgrim, in Dutch, a beautiful impression on fine paper, with copper-piate cngravings; a dress in which I had never seen it in its original language. I have since learned that it has been translated into almost all the languages of Europe, an.), next to the Bible, I am persuaded it is ona of the books that has had the greatest spreall. Honest John is the first, that I know of, who has mixed nar. rative and dialogue together; a inocle of writing very engaging to the reader, who in the most vieresting passages finds himself admitted, as it were, into the compauy, and present at the conversation. De Foe has imitated it with success in his Robinson Crusoe, his Moll Flanders, and other works; as also Richardson in his Pamela, &c.
In approaching the island, we found that we had made a part of the coast where it was not possible to land, on account of the strong brea'ers produced by the rocky shore. We cast anchor and veered the ca ble towards the shore. Some men who stuod upon the brink, halloed to us, while we did the same on our part; but the wind was so high, and the waves so noisy, ibat we could weither of us hear each other. There were come canoes upon the bank, and we called our to them, and made signs to prevail on them to come and take us up; but either they did not understand us, or they deemed our request impracticable, anci withdrew. Night came on, and nothing remained for us but to wait quietly the subsiding of the wind; till when, we determined, that is, the pilot and I, to sleep if possible. For thai purpose we went below the haiches along with the Duichman, who was drenched with water. The sea broke over the boat, and reach. ea us in our retreat, so that we were presently as cum. pletely drenched as he.
We had very little repose during the whole night; but the wind abating the next day, we succeeded in ninching Amboy before it was dark, after having passod thirty hours without provisions, and wish no other
drink than a bottle of bad rum, the water upon which we rowed being salt. In the evening I went tú hed with a very violent lever. I nad soinewhere read that cold water, drank plentifully, was a remedy in such
I follower the prescription, was in a profuse sweat for the greater part of the night, and the fever left me. The next day I crossed the river in a ferry. boat, and continued my journey ou foot. I had fifty miles to waik, in order to reach Burlington, where I was told I should find passage-boats that would con vey me to Philadelphia. It rained haid the whole cay, so that I was wet to the skin. Finding niyself fatigued about noon, I stopped at a paltry inn, where I passed the rest of the day and the whole night, beginning to regre: that I had quitted my hoine. I made besides so wretched a figure, that I was suspected to be some runaway servant. This I discovered by the questions that were asked me; and I felt that I was every moment in danger of being taken up as such. The next day, however, I continued my journey, and arrived in the evening at an inn, eight or ten miles from Burlingto"!, that was kept by onc Dr. Brown.
This man entered into conversation with me while I took soine refreshment, and perceiving thal I had read a little, he expressed towards me considerable interest and friendship. Cur acquaintance continued during the remainder of his life. I believe him to have been what is called an itinerant doctor; for there was no town in England, or indeer in Europe, of which he could not give a particular account. Ile was neither deficient in understanding or literature, but he was a sad infidel; and, some years after, wickedly undertook to travesty the Bible, in burlesque verse, as Cot. tou travesticd Virgil. He exhibited, by this means many facts in a very ludicrous point of view, which would have given unibrage to weak minds, had his work been published, which it never was.
I spent thie nigh:t at his house, and reached Burling. con thu next morning. On my arrival, I had the inor. tification to learn that the ordinary passage-boats had sailed a little before. This was on a Saturday, and diere would be no other boat till the Tucsday follow. ing il returned to the house of an old woman in the