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latter led many persons to search the Scriptures with a view to find it, so the former caused many persons to search the book-stores and libraries for the work from which it was said to be extracted.*

In the beginning of April following, he was attack. ed with fever and a complaint of his breast, which ter. ininted his existence. The following account of his last illness was written by his friend and physician, Dr. Jones.

“ The stone, with which he had been afflicted fo Beveral years, had for the last twelve months confin ad him chiefly to his bed ; anil, during the extreme sainful paroxysms, he was obliged to take large doses of laudanın to mitigate his cortures-still, in the 'ntervals of pain, he not only amused hiinself with "eading and conversing cheerfully with his family, and a few friends who visited him, but was often employed in doing business of a public as well as private nature, with various persons who waited on him for that purpose; and in every instance display. ed, not only that readiness and disposition of doing, good, which was the distinguished characterestic of his life, but the fullest and clearest possession of his uncominon mental abdities; and not unfrequently indulged himself in those jaux d'esprit and entertain. ing anecrlotes, which were the delight of all who heard him.

“ About sixteen days before his death, he was seized with a feverish indisposition, without any particular symptoms attending it, till the third o fourth day, when he complained of a pain in the left breast, which increased lill it became extremely acuté, attended with a cough and laborious breath ing. During this state, when the severity of his pains sometimes drew furth a groan of complaint, he would observe that he was afraid he did not bear them as he ought-acknowledged his grateful sense of the many blessings he had received from that Supreme Being, who had raised hin froin small and low beginnings to such high rank and consideration

• This speech will be found among bis Esuyu

among men--and made no doubt but his present af dictions were kindly intended to wcan hins from a world, in which he was no longe fit to act the part assigned him. In this frame of boriy and mind he continued till five days before his death, when bis pain and difficulty of breathing entirely left him, and his family were flattering theinselves with the hopes of his recovery, when an imposthuination, which tiad formed itself in his lungs, suddenly burst, and i'is diaryed a great quantity of matter, which he con. tinued to throw up, while he had sufficient strength 10 do it; but, as that failed, the organs of respiration became gradually cppressed -a calin lethargic stata succeeded—and, on the 17th of April, 1790, about eleven o'clock at night, he quietly expired, closing a long and useful life of eighty-four years and three months.”

It may not be amiss to add to the above accoumt, that Dr. Franklin, in the year 1735, had a severe pleurisy, which terninated in an abscess of the left lobe of his lungs, and he was then alınost suffocated with the quantity and suddenness of the cisciiarge. A second attack, of a siinilar nature, happer.ed some years after this, from which he soun recovzreil, and did not appear to suffer any inconvenience in his espiration from these events.

The following epitaph on himself, was kiitten by him many years previous to his death




(like the cover of an old hook,

its contents tom out,
and script of its lettering and gilding

lies here food for worms;
yet the work itself shall not be lost,

for it will (as he believed) appear once moro

in a new
and more beautiful edition,
corrected and aniended





With regard to my hooks, those I had in France, and thuse left in Philadelphia, being now assembled together here, and a catalogue made of them, it is my intention to dispose of the saine as follows:

Aly “ History of the Academy of Sciences," in sixty or seventy volumes quarto, I give to the philosophical socie:y of l'hila lelphia, of which I have the honour to be president. Aly collection in folio of “Les Arts et les Metiers,"' 'I give to the American philosophical society, establisheu in New England, of which I am a inember. My quarto edition of the sane, “ Arts et Metiers,” I give to the linrary com. pany of Philadelphia. Such and so many of my books as I shall mark, in the said catalogue, with the name of my granison, Benjamin Franklin Bache, I do hcrery give to him: and such and so many of my bocks as I shall mark in the said catalogue with the name of my grandson William Bache, I do hereby give to him: and such as shall be marked with the of Jonathan Williams, I hereby give to my cuusin of that came. The residue and remainder of all my houks, manuscripts and papers, I do give to my grandsou Williain Temple Franklin. My share in the library company of Philadelphia I give to my granılson Benjamin Franklin Bache, confiding that he will permit his brothers and sisters to share in the uw of it.

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I was born in Boston, in New England, and owe my first instructions in literature to the free granınar. schools established there. I therefore give one hun. dred pounds sterling to my executors, to be by them, the survivors or survior of them, paid over to the managers or directors of the free-sca ols in my native town of Boston, to be by thein, or the person or per. sons, who shall have the superintendence and management of the said schools, put out to interest, and so continued at interest forever; which inierest an nually shall be laid out in silver medals, and given as honorary rewards annually by the directors of the said free schools, for the encouragernent of scholarship in the said schools, belonging to the said town, in such manner as to the discretion of the select men of the said town shall seem meet.

Out of the salary that may remain due to me, as president of the state, I give the sun of two thousand pounds to my executors, tu be by them, the survirors or survivor of thein, paid over to such person or persons as the legislature of this state, by an act of the assembly, shall appoint to receive the same, in trust, to be employed for making the Schuylkill navigable.

During the number of years I was in business as a stationer, printer, and post-master, a great many small sums became due io me, för books, advertise inents, postage of letters, and other matters, which were not collected, when, in 1757, I was sent by the Assembly to England as their agent-and by subsequent appointments continued there till 1775—when, on my return, I was immediately engaged in the affairs of congress, and sent to France in 1776, where I remained nine years, not returning till 1785; and the said dobts not being demande:in such a length of time, have become in a manner obsolete, yet are nevertheless justly due. These as they are stated in my great folió ledger, E, I bequeath to the contribu. tors of the Pennsylvania hospital, hoping that those debtors, and the descendants of such as are deceased, who now, as I find, make some difficulty of satisfying such antiquated demands as just debts, may, how. ever, be induced to pay or give them as charity to that excellent institution. I am sensible Uiat much


must be inevitably lost; but I hope something considerable may be recovered. It is possible, too, that semme of che parties charged may have existing old unsettled accounts against me; in which case the managers of the said hospital will allow and deduct the amount, or pay the balance, if they find it against

I request my freinds, Henry H:11, Esq. John Jay, Esq. Francis Hopkinson, and Mr. Edward Duffield of Bonfield, in Philadelphia co:inty, to be the execu tors of this inyi last will and testament, and I hereby aconinate and appomt them for that purpose.

I would have my body buried with as little expense or ceremony as may be. PHILADELPHIA,

July, 17, 1788.


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I, BENJAMIN FRANKlix, in the foregoing or annexed rast w:V and testament, having further considered the saine, do think proper to make and publish the fol. lowing coclizil, or addition thereto :

It having long been a fixed and political opinion of mine, that in a democratical state there oughi to le na offices of profit, for the reason I had given in an arti. cle of my drawing in our constituticn, it was my intention, when I accepted the office of president, to devote the appointed salary to some public use : ac. cordingly I had aheady, before I maile my last will, in July lası, given large sums of it to colleges, schools, building of churches, &c. anrl in that will I bequeath. ed two thousand pounds more to tie state, for the purpose of w.aking the Schuylkill navigable; but understanding since, that such a sum would do but lite tle towards arconiplishing such a work, and that the project is not likely to be undertaken for many years income and liaving entertained another idea, which I hope may be more extensively useful, I do hereby revoke and aanul the bequest, and direct that the

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