The use of human biological materials in the development of biomedical products: hearing before the Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight of the Committee on Science and Technology, House of Representatives, Ninety-ninth Congress, first session, October 29, 1985
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1986 - Biomedical engineering - 278 pages
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academic activity addition applications appropriate approved basic become believe benefits biological materials biomedical biotechnology blood Board body cells Chairman changes commercial concerned conducted consider continue Department determine direct disease doctor ethical example fact Federal funding gift give given going Government grant Health human subjects important individual industry informed consent institution interest involved issues knowledge LEVINE materials matter means MOORE obtained opportunity organ PACKARD participation particular patient person physician possible potential practice presented probably problem procedures profit programs proposed protection published question reasonably regulations REIMERS relationship removed representative respect risk scientific scientists Secretary situation specific statement subpart Thank things tion tissue understand unique VOLKMER
Page 160 - ... the expected duration of the subject's participation, a description of the procedures to be followed, and identification of any procedures which are experimental. (2) A description of any reasonably foreseeable risks or discomforts to the subject.
Page 172 - Suspension or termination of IRB approval of research. An IRB shall have authority to suspend or terminate approval of research that is not being conducted in accordance with the IRB's requirements or that has been associated with unexpected serious harm to subjects.
Page 170 - Human subject means a living Individual about whom an Investigator (whether professional or student) conducting research obtains (1) Data through intervention or Interaction with the individual, or (2) Identifiable private information.
Page 170 - Minimal risk means that the probability and magnitude of harm or discomfort anticipated in the research are not greater in and of themselves than those ordinarily encountered in daily life or during the performance of routine physical or psychological examinations or tests.
Page 174 - That the only record linking the subject and the research would be the consent document and the principal risk would be potential harm resulting from a breach of confidentiality.
Page 188 - This is a question of justice, in the sense of "fairness in distribution" or "what is deserved." An injustice occurs when some benefit to which a person is entitled is denied without good reason or when some burden is imposed unduly. Another way of conceiving the principle of justice is that equals ought to be treated equally.
Page 177 - The purpose of the activity is to meet the health needs of the particular fetus and the fetus will be placed at risk only to the minimum extent necessary to meet such needs...
Page 180 - The Secretary, after consultation with a panel of experts in pertinent disciplines (for example: science, medicine, education, ethics, law) and following opportunity for public review and comment, has determined either: (1) That the research in fact satisfies the conditions of...
Page 178 - The risks to the subject are so outweighed by the sum of the benefit to the subject and the importance of the knowledge to be gained as to warrant a decision to allow the subject to accept these risks...
Page 176 - Viable" as it pertains to the fetus means being able, after either spontaneous or induced delivery, to survive (given the benefit of available medical therapy) to the point of independently maintaining heart beat and respiration. The Secretary may from time to time, taking into account medical advances, publish in the FEDERAL REGISTER guidelines to assist in determining whether a fetus is viable for purposes of this subpart. If a fetus is viable after delivery, it is a premature infant. (e) "Nonviable...