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Nancy C. Garrett

Assistant Director, Budget and Administration

Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement

Ms. Nancy Garrett has just recently assumed the position of Assistant Director

for Budget and Administration in the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and

Enf or cement (OSMRE). Prior to this assignment Ms. Garrett was Director, Office of

Administration and Deputy Director/Comptroller, Office of Indian Education

Programs in the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA).

Ms. Garrett joined the Department in 1978 as Associate Director for

Administration in the National Park Service.

Between her assignments at the

National Park Service and the BIA, she served as Director of Technical Assistance

for the Assistant Secretary of Territorial and International Affairs.

Other federal service during her 28-year career includes Deputy Assistant

Commissioner, Administration, U.S. Customs Service; Director, Executive Secretariat, Social and Rehabilitation Service, Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW); Budget Officer, 'Dulles and National Airports; and various

other administrative positions in HEW and the State Department.

Ms. Garrett has a degree in accounting.

Mark A. Boster

Assistant Director

Information Systems Management

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Dr. Boster holds a B.S. degree in hydrogeology with work in computer sciences from the Ohio State University, 1970. He was National Science Foundation Graduate Trainee at the University of Arizona where he earned a M.S. degree in water resources administration in 1972 and a Ph.D. degree in 1976 in water resources administration and economics.

Mark Boster has been with the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) since 1978 and has held several supervisory and staff positions. Prior to his appointment as Assistant Director, he was the Chief, Division of Permit and Environmental Analysis where he had responsibility for national policy for mining on Indian and Federal lands and for the agency's compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act. Dr. Boster has also served as the Chief, Branch of Environmental Analysis and the Chief, Branch of Economic Analysis. Prior to joining OSMRE, he held positions with both the Fish and Wildlife Service and the U.S. Geological Survey. He has been a Visiting Associate Professor at the University of Virginia where he taught Water Resources Economics.

He recently completed the Department of the Interior's Senior Executive Service Candidate Development Program. In 1986, he was a Senior Executive Fellow at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government.

Dr. Boster was born in Akron, Ohio, February 28, 1948. He currently resides in Reston, Virginia, with his wife, Gail, and


his son,

Mr. CHRISTENSEN. Mr. Chairman, it's a pleasure to come before you one last time before I leave Washington, D.C. I'm on my way to California to a new job in Fresno County. This will be my last opportunity to appear before you.

Mr. YATES. What are you going to do in Fresno County?

Mr. CHRISTENSEN. I'm going to be the assistant chief administrative officer of the county.

Mr. YATES. That's good.
Mr. CHRISTENSEN. I start at the end of the month.
Mr. YATES. That will be a welcome relief, won't it? (Laughter.]

Mr. CHRISTENSEN. Well, I would not put it in those words, but it will be different. It will be very different.

Mr. YATES. Yes. It's nice being in California. Are you from California originally?

Mr. CHRISTENSEN. No, but I've worked there before.
Mr. YATES. Okay. Well, that's fine.

Mr. CHRISTENSEN. I would like to mention a few issues, since you have had a chance to look at our statement. I'll just make a few comments, if I could.

Mr. YATES. Sure.

Mr. CHRISTENSEN. I would like to recount some of the things that we've accomplished in the last few years as a result of the funding we've received from this Committee.


The first thing that we are very proud about is the effort we've made on collecting civil penalty debt that has been backlogged for over 8 years. We have made an incredible effort to take that $150 million and reclassify it in the sense that we've either collected it or reclassified it and sent it to the Justice Department saying, “As far as we're concerned, this is uncollectible." By the end of this fiscal year, we will be through that major effort of taking care of all that delinquent debt.

Another thing that we have tried to do is emphasize the importance of working with the States and encouraging their primacy efforts. We have gone to great lengths to work with them and other outside parties in all of the activities we've been involved in, such as policy making, regulatory-

Mr. YATES. Continue on. I'm going to make a phone call.

Mr. CHRISTENSEN. Okay. We have involved the states, and feel that has been very beneficial.


Another thing that we have also received funding for is the technical training effort. This is one of the most positive areas that we can look back on that we have been able to encourage the States to do a better job. The technical training effort has given the States the technical expertise to run their programs without a lot of direct intervention from us. They can do their job better. We agree with them on the kinds of things they are doing, what we see on the ground. They are much better trained in their approach. It has been very effective.


Mr. REGULA. May I ask you a question at this point?
Mr. CHRISTENSEN. Certainly.

Mr. REGULA. You mentioned State primacy. Of the States that you have oversight over, how many have primacy as far as reclamation versus those whose programs are conducted by Federal administration?

Mr. CHRISTENSEN. The States where we have Federal programs where there is active mining are Tennessee and Washington.

Mr. REGULA. The rest all have State primacy in their reclamation.

Mr. CHRISTENSEN. There are a couple other States that have had some activity, but there is no active mining going on right now.

Mr. REGULA. Thank you.


Mr. CHRISTENSEN. The one thing I wanted to mention about the technical training effort is that for the first several years of the program we paid 100 percent of the costs for State employees to participate. During the current year, we have stopped that. We provide the training costs, but the States have to provide their own travel costs and per diem.

This, unfortunately, has cut back by 50 percent, the number of State people that have been able to participate. The States simply either cannot afford to send the people, or they are not allowed to use State funds for out of state travel. We're talking about staff who are at lower levels in the organization, and they are not authorized to go on out of state travel. This has cut into our efforts to reach as many State staff as we'd like.

We would like to have further discussion with the Committee to see what kind of arrangements we could work out because we feel that the results of this effort has been very positive.


Something else we have worked on which is currently in the process of being brought up and implemented is what we call the TIPS program. This is a technical effort to provide States and OSMRE with computer assistance in areas pertaining to permitting and technical issues to do the job faster and more accurately. We have purchased the equipment, and are installing it in the State offices right now. We feel that TIPS will be a very positive addition, and will allow States to be able to do their job better.


Under the abandoned mine land program there have been over 55,000 acres of land reclaimed since 1977. And as we speak, a lot more is being done as the States gear up their programs and are able to get their fiscal year 1988 funding for construction, which has been a real battle for us over the last few years.

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