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IN SHORT, THE IMPORTANCE OF THESE PROJECTS CANNOT BE

OVEREMPHASIZED DUE TO THE OLD AGE AND DANGEROUS CONDITION OF OUR

PRE-WORLD WAR TOW DOCK FACILITIES.

IN FACT, PART OF THE DOCK HAS

ALREADY COLLAPSED DUE TO THE USE OF HEAVY EQUIPMENT, BUT

FORTUNATELY NO ONE WAS INJURED.

WE, THEREFORE, URGE YOUR SUPPORT

FOR AN OVERCEILING APPROPRIATION REGARDING THE SAIPAN PORT AND

HARBOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT.

JUST AS THE NEW COMMONWEALTH HEALTH

CENTER BECAME A REALITY THROUGH AN OVERCEILING APPROPRIATION, THE

PRECISION NEED FOR CERTAIN PROJECTS SOMETIMES DICTATES URGENT ACTION WHICH MAY BE BEYOND THE MOST CAREFULLY PLANNED BUDGET

PROJECTIONS.

THE PORT AT THE ISLAND OF TINIAN, HOWEVER, REQUIRES A

DIFFERENT SOLUTION BECAUSE OF A MILITARY JOINT-USE AGREEMENT

TINIAN'S BREAKWATER, BUILT BY THE SEABEES IN 1944, HAS

DETERIORATED SO MUCH THAT IT CANNOT HOLD BACK THE SEA DURING

STORMS.

PRIVATE AND COMMERCIAL VESSELS, INCLUDING A FLEET OF

U.S. TUNA BOATS, ARE ALWAYS IN IMMINENT DANGER DURING TYPHOONS.

UNDER OUR LEASE AGREEMENT, MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR OF THE

BREAKWATER IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE U.S. GOVERNMENT.

IN

SUMMARY, THESE CONTRACTUAL RESPONSIBILITIES NEED TO BE FULFILLED.

ANOTHER YBT-TO-BE FULFILLED REQUIREMENT OF THE TINIAN LEASE AGREEMENT IS THE CREATION OF A JOINT CIVIL-MILITARY COUNCIL WITH THE NAVY'S PLANS TO BUILD THREB RADAR TRACKING STATIONS ON

TINIAN, THE NEED TO COORDINATE PLANNING THROUGH THIS COUNCIL IS

IMPERATIVB.

FURTHERMORE, THE U.S. MILITARY HAS ALREADY LEASE TWO-THIRDS

OF TINIAN. AS THE STABILITY OF U.S. FORCES IN THE PHILIPPINES BECOMES QUESTIONABLE FOR THE FUTURE, WE IN THE NORTHERN MARIANAS

STAND READY TO DO OUR PART FOR OUR MUTUAL DEFENSE AND SECURITY.

WE, THEREFORE, WELCOME ANY DECISION BY THE MILITARY TO EXERCISE

ITS LAND USE OPTION UNDER THE TERMS OF THE COVENANT AGREEMENT IN

THIS REGARD.

THE ISLAND OF ROTA IS NOT BLESSED WITH A NATURAL HARBOR LIKE

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SERVICE, AND THE COST OF CONSUMABLE ITEMS, EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES

IS ABOUT 30% HIGHER IN ROTA THAN NEIGHBORING ISLANDS DUE TO HIGH

FREIGHT RATES AND RELATED TRANSSHIPMENT COSTS.

ROTA'S MAIN PORT AT WEST HARBOR WAS BUILT BY THE JAPANESE

BEFORE WORLD WAR TWO TO AUGMENT THE ISLAND'S SUGAR INDUSTRY AND

RELATED AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES.

SUGAR AND OTHER RAW MATERIALS

WERE LOADED ONTO LARGE VESSELS ANCHORED OFFSHORE SINCE THE HARBOR

WAS TOO SMALL FOR MOST SHIPS TO ENTER.

NO IMPROVEMENTS WERE MADE

AFTER THE WAR, OR DURING THE 40 YEAR TRUSTEESHIP, DESPITE NUMEROUS PUBLIC OUTCRIES. FINALLY, IN 1984, IMPROVEMENTS WERE

MADE POSSIBLE BY THE U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS UNDER ITS

DISCRETIONARY FUNDING AUTHORITY WHICH WAS SUPPLEMENTED BY

IL

CNMI FUNDING.

EVEN WITH THESE IMPROVEMENTS, HOWEVER, LARGE

OCEAN-GOING VESSELS STILL CANNOT BE ACCOMMODATED.

FUTURE PLANS FOR THE ROTA HARBOR INCLUDE WIDENING THE ENTRANCE CHANNEL, CONSTRUCTION OF A BREAKWATER, DREDGING THE

TURNING BASIN, EXPANDING THE PIER, AND OTHER RELATED FACILITIES.

THIS FUNDING REQUIREMENT AMOUNTS TO ABOUT $4,000,000, WILL MAKE

THE HARBOR NAVIGABLE FOR LARGER VESSELS, AND GREATLY IMPROVE

COMMERCE BETWEEN THE ISLANDS.

SUCH A REDUCTION IS THE PRESENT

HIGH COST OF ESSENTIAL GOODS AND MATERIALS WILL GREATLY BENEFIT

OUR PEOPLE, WHO NOW PAY THE HIGHEST CONSUMER PRICES IN THE

COMMONWEALTH, AND FROM A LOWER PER CAPITA INCOME BASE.

WAR CLAIMS

THE PEOPLE OF THE NORTHERN MARIANAS WERE CAUGHT BETWEEN TWO

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THE BRAVE AMERICAN SOLDIERS, SAILORS, AND MARINES, WHO FOUGHT SO

COURAGEOUSLY TO LIBERATE US 44 YEARS AGO, FOR MANY YEARS WE WERE

DISMAYED BECAUSE NEITHER JAPAN OR THE U.S. WOULD ADMIT

RESPONSIBILITY FOR OUR LOSSES AND SUFFERING.

FINALLY, IN 1971, AFTER NUMEROUS PETITIONS TO THE U.S. CONGRESS AND UNITED NATIONS, THE MICRONESIAN WAR CLAIMS COMMISSION WAS CREATED. OVER $34,300,000 WAS ADJUDICATED FOR THE ENTIRE TRUST TERRITORY UNDER TITLE I, AND $32,600,000 FOR TITLE

II CLAIMS.

WHILE PART OF THESE CLAIMS WERE PAID BY THE UNITED

STATES, SOME $24,000,000 OF TITLE STILL REMAINS UNPAID, ALTHOUGH

HALF HAS ALREADY BEEN APPROPRIATED BY THE U.S. CONGRESS.

TO

COMPLICATE MATTERS, WE WERE INFORMED BY INTERIOR DEPARTMENT

OFFICIALS IN MARCH THAT NO FUNDING WAS PROVIDED FOR

ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS TO DISTRIBUTE THESE FUNDS.

DOI IS NOW IN

THE PROCESS OF DETERMINING FROM FORMER TRUST TERRITORY GOVERNMENT

RECORDS WHICH OF THE 19,000 RECIPIENTS ARE ELIGIBLE FOR THE

CLAIMS, WHICH ARE STILL LIVING, AND IF NOT, THE DETERMINATION OF

THEIR HEIRS.

MR. CHAIRMAN, 1988 MARKS THE 44TH MEMORIAL ANNIVERSARY OF THE

INVASION OF SAIPAN BY U.S. FORCES.

MANY OF OUR PEOPLE WITH

LEGITIMATE CLAIMS HAVE ALREADY DIED; THOSE WHO REMAIN HAVE ONLY A

SHORT LIFETIME STILL REMAINING.

THE LONG OVERDUE WAR CLAIMS

COMPENSATION SET FORTH UNDER U.S. PUBLIC LAW 95-134 DESERVES YOUR

MOST SYMPATHETIC CONSIDERATION.

LAND GRAND ENDOWMENT

THE NORTHERN MARIANAS COLLEGE HAS EXPERIENCED IMPRESSIVE

GROWTH IN RECENT YEARS.

LAST YEAR OUR FORMER HOSPITAL WAS

CONVERTED INTO A COLLEGE CAMPUS AND AWARDED LAND GRANT STATUS

WHICH OPENS THE DOOR TO ORGANIZED TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

WE ARE

STILL WAITING, HOWEVER, FOR CONGRESS TO APPROPRIATE THE

LONG-AWAITED $3,000,000 FOR THIS EDUCATIONAL EFFORT.

IF

APPROVED, OUR COLLEGE WILL SOON BE ABLE TO DIRECTLY ASSIST IN THE

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