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have to be rehabilitated. There is a substantial cost in putting that building in first-class condition. We hope to make a working arrangement with a concessionaire to help finance that cost, but there will be some cost to the Federal Government in connection with that.

Mr. AuCoin. Since it's the only National Park in Oregon, would you call it one of the Crown Jewels in the Oregon National Park System?

Mr. Mott. If you want to call it that.
Mr. AuCoin. Thank you.
Mr. YATES. Thank you. We'll recess until 1:30.



Mr. YATES. Mr. Secretary, I give you the right of reply. Yesterday we had Secretary Herrington before us. In the course of our questions, he commented on Hetch Hetchy. I gave him an article that appeared in the Washington Times for February 1, which began with the statement “Verbal warfare has broken out between two members of President Reagan's Cabinet, his Interior Secretary, Donald Hodel saying Energy Secretary John Herrington should worry more about the job at hand than his future employment prospects.'

Secretary Herrington said that was a low blow. Now, do you want to tell this committee whether it was a low blow or a high blow, or any kind of blow? Let me show you the article.

Mr. HODEL. I was asked, Mr. Chairman, about what I thought might be the motivation, and I was responding based on what Secretary Herrington had said to me, and that's a characterization. The fact is that the proposal for a study on whether or not we should restore Hetch Hetchy Valley to the National Parks is a desirable one, and it would be I keep saying that if the critics are correct about how much cost there would be-that would turn up very quickly in any study, and so we wouldn't even have to complete the study. It seems to me that really the burden ought to be on those who do not wish to restore this kind of area to the National Parks to explain why, when it now appears there is a reason to believe it could be possible, we should not even look at it.

I brought with me some pictures of the area which I'd be happy to show you.

Mr. Yates. I'd be glad to see them. Mr. HODEL. I have some photographs that are photographs of Hetch Hetchy Valley before the dam was completed in 1923. As you can see, it has many similarities to the Yosemite Valley, including waterfalls. I also have a photograph of the area now as it is, with the same waterfalls but with the reservoir filling the valley.

Mr. REGULA. Would the Chairman yield?
Mr. YATES. Sure.

JOHN MUIR'S OBJECTIONS Mr. REGULA. Mr. Secretary, am I not correct that John Muir objected strenuously to this project?

Mr. HODEL. The story has it that within a year of losing this battle, he died and, of course, some say because of this. If I may, Mr. Chairman, I'd like to quote a very short statement from John Muir's 1908 essay, which incidentally was published in a San Francisco newspaper in August, 1987. This was before this issue had arisen, before it was in any way public. For some reason-I do not know what prompted it—they wrote an article about Hetch Hetchy, and they quoted John Muir's essay of 1908 in which he said:

I have always called it the Tuolumne Yosemite for it is a wonderfully exact counterpart of the Merced Yosemite, not only in the sublime rocks and waterfalls, but in the gardens, groves and meadows of its flowery park-like floor.

The floor of Yosemite is about 4,000 feet above the sea; the Hetch Hetchy floor about 3,700 feet. And as the Merced River flows through Yosemite, so does the Tuolumne through Hetch Hetchy.

The walls of both are of gray granite, rise abruptly from the floor, are sculptured in the same style and in both every rock is a glacier monument.

And he goes on in that vein. He was obviously very partial to the area. I'd like to submit this to you for the record, if you would like.

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magnificeat shows us they go their ow, as many wbo bave out sotaa it glacier sculptured way, sliding. seem to suppone, is a grand land leaping, burnhing, covered with scape garden, one of Nature's nan crisp clashing spray made glorious est and most precious mountain with strong sunshine.

templea And beddes all these a lew small As to Yosemite, the gablone streams come over the wall at wide rocks of its walls seem to gou with Internak, leaping from ledge to wte. ledge with birdlike song wad Sad'to ay, that's most precious watering many a hidden chill-gar- and sublime leature of the Yosem den and lernery, but they are too te National Park, one of the great

unsbowy to be nouced in so graadi est of all our natural ruounow for i place

the uplifting joy and peace and i

health of the people, is in danger of The correspondence between being dammed and made tatoare 1 the Hetch Hetchy walls in their ervotr to help supply San Francisco

trends sculpture, physical struc. with water and light, abus Cooding ture, and general arrangement of it from wall to wall and burying its the main rock-masses and those of gardens and groves one or two bunthe Yosemite Valley has excited the dred leet deep ... wondering admiration of every ob That may one would try to do server. We bave seen that the EU stroy such a place secoas incredible, Capitan wod Cathedral rocks occu- but sad experience shows that py the same relative positions in there are people good enough md both valleys, so also do their Yosem- bad enough for aaything the prou. ite points and North Domes.

ponents of the dam scheme bring Again, that part of the Yosemite forward a lot of bad anguments to aorth wall immediately to the east prove that the only righceous thing of the Yosemite Fall has two borto io do with the people's parkos is'to zontal benches, about 500 and 1.500 destroy them bit by bit as they are feet above the floor, tmbered with able. Their arguments are curiously golded cup oak.

like those of the devil, devised for

the destruction of the Orst garden The Noor of the Valley is about

so much of the very best Eden three and a ball miles long. and fruit going to waste; so much of the from a loured to ball a mile wide. best Tuolumne water and Tuolumn. The lower portion is mostly a level de scenery going to waste. ... meadow about a mile long, with the

These temple destroyers, devo wrees restricted to the sides and the tees of ravaging commercialism; river banks, and partially separated seem to have a perfect contempt from the main, upper, forested por. for Nature, and, instead of Uning tion by a low bar of glacier-polished their eyes to the God of the moun: granite across which the river tains, lift them to the Almighty Dok breaks in rapids.


Dam Hetch Hetchy! As well daar

for water tanks the people's entbe It appears, therefore, that Hetch

drals and churches, for ao boller Hetchy Valley, far from being a temple has ever been consecrated plain, common rock-bound mead. by the heart of man


'These temple destroyers, devotees of ravaging commercialism, seem to have a perfect contempt for Nature, and, instead of lifting their eyes to the God of the mountains, lift them to the Almighty Dollar'

John Muir

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